How to make a chipmaker for making arbolite blocks by yourself

Are you trying to lessen your impact on the environment and increase your home’s energy efficiency? Enhancing your home’s heating and insulation systems is one practical way to accomplish this. In addition to keeping your house warm in the winter and cool in the summer, proper insulation lowers energy costs by lowering the demand for continuous heating and cooling. This post will discuss a do-it-yourself project that can make a big difference in the insulation of your house: building a chipmaker to create arbolite blocks.

Arbolite blocks, sometimes referred to as lightweight concrete blocks, have a high thermal resistance and low density, making them a great option for insulation. Making these blocks yourself gives you control over the materials used as well as the size and quantity, enabling you to create a solution that is unique to the requirements of your house. Furthermore, DIY arbolite production can be less expensive than buying pre-made blocks, giving homeowners a cost-effective choice.

The chipmaker is a crucial tool in the production of arbolite blocks because it shreds expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam into tiny chips. A lightweight, strong material that’s frequently used for insulation is called EPS foam. You make the base material for the arbolite mixture by turning it into chips. Although building your own chipmaker might seem difficult at first, with the correct advice and supplies, it can be a rewarding do-it-yourself project that has a big impact on your house.

The construction of an arbolite block chipmaker requires several necessary components and actions. To effectively shred the EPS foam, you’ll need a shredder that is powered by a motor or hand crank, a strong frame to support the chipmaking mechanism, and blades or other cutting elements. Even though some parts might need to be purchased, many do-it-yourselfers have discovered inventive ways to repurpose pre-existing materials, which lowers costs and has a smaller environmental effect.

Where to get drawings with dimensions

Users offer ready-made drawings of rotary drum chip cutters for the production of wood chips for arbolite on some forums (especially the ones mentioned in this article); these can also be found for free.

Furthermore, an individual skilled in locksmithing With the ability to draw at the school level and at the level of an experienced student, one will be able to create drawings on their own while considering the characteristics of the given material.

Consequently, anyone who knows how to build a wind chopper or chip cutter for the purpose of producing more arbolite or for any other application involving chips that he made himself and is certain that he can assemble said device without any issues will be able to make and its drawing.

Particularly considering that, even with an additional video, the general assembly and part manufacturing of a homemade chip cutter in accordance with the drawing is considerably simpler than without it.

The main components of the chipper

The following drawings are required in order to build a homemade rotary hammer crusher for arbolite production. The parts’ dimensions will need to be chosen based on their own material because the equipment is homemade.

The following units make up their homemade arbolite crusher, which can run on a 220-380 V power source:

  1. Metal housing with removable (or hinged) casing (11,12).
  2. Freely rotating bits with hammers for producing chips directly, sectorally separated by baffles (6).
  3. Disk with knives fixed on it (4).
  4. Calibrating sieve with holes Ø 15-20 mm (7).
  5. Hopper for feeding waste wood (9).

The dimensions and inclusion of specific assemblies in working drawings of various chippers may vary, but the fundamental working principle is always the same. The electric motor transfers its rotation to the drum with blades (4) through the pulley (14) and shaft via a V-belt transmission after providing the apparatus with a 220 V voltage. Wood waste only needs to be placed in the feed hopper; it is then instantly processed into ideal-length (up to 25 mm) chips.

Arbolite chips up to 25 millimeters long and roughly 5 millimeters wide can be produced by hand-assembling an arbolite chip cutter and maintaining the space between the hammers in the crusher. These chips are perfect for preparing or producing arbolite blocks.

Assembly of the unit

You still need hammers to put together a wood chip cutter by hand. They have to be the same. And use metal plates with a 0.5 cm thickness for their manufacturing. The sieve is constructed as a metal cylinder up to 35 cm in diameter. This involves bending a sheet of metal that is between 100 and 110 cm long, and then poking (as opposed to drilling) holes in the surface that have a diameter of 1.0 to 1.2 cm.

A protective cover must be placed over the rotating elements. For it, a metal thickness of 0.8–1.2 cm is required. Installed as stiffeners are metal angles.

The shaft assembly and the lower portion of the casing are fixed to the frame. Verify that when the shaft rotates, it stays away from the frame. The upper portion of the casing is closed if there are no touches. Installing the motor and fastening the belts is possible if there is no resistance against the housing while it rotates. Once the belt tension has been adjusted, examine the machine’s idle performance. There shouldn’t be any shaking. Should there be no unnecessary sounds, tremors, or tapping, the self-assembled chip cutter is prepared and suitable for its intended usage.

Making the body of the wood chip cutter

The shredder’s primary operating component was previously discussed. We can now proceed to the explanation of how the body is made.

  1. You will need 3-5 mm thick sheet metal for this gap. Two identical parts should be cut out of it, which will later serve as the upper and lower plate. In appearance, they look like a circle and a rectangle that have been superimposed on each other. The circle must necessarily be larger in diameter than the flywheel with knives – about 3-5 cm.
  2. For the housing you will also need the so-called "kegs", which can be made from a bar of rectangular cross-section, as well as a curved metal strip – it will serve as the side wall of the housing.
  3. It will not be possible to assemble the housing without welding. First, a curved strip of metal should be welded to the bottom plate. It is necessary to remember about the gap between the side wall and the disk. If the gap is acceptable, you can start tack welding the kegs to the side wall and the bottom plate. After that it is necessary to weld the whole construction from inside and outside.
  4. The barrels must have threaded holes. These holes have their own purpose. With their help, you can later attach the top cover to the housing.
  5. Once the body has been welded, you can proceed to the shredder cover. Holes should be made in it and made according to the position of the kegs. In addition, you should not forget about the holes for the drive shaft, on which the flywheel with knives will be attached.
  6. In the lid it is necessary to make a receiving hole for branches. There must be one is made at a certain angle, so that branches cannot be thrown back.
  7. After welding the body, making the lid and the flywheel with knives, you can start assembling them together with the drive shaft. After that you can add the motor.

The shredder is essentially easy to assemble with your hands. A do-it-yourself chip cutter maker can always refer to instructional videos, masters’ advice, and drawings for guidance.

By the way, the reader can view a video showing the operation of the hand-assembled, homemade chipper. You can see in the video below that a homemade chip cutter can function, provided it has been put together in compliance with all guidelines and specifications.

Preparing the base

First things first, the foundation for the future chipping crusher needs to be ready:

  1. It is necessary grind a solid round disk, which will serve both as a platform for installing the knives and as a handwheel. In principle, it is possible to find a ready-made version that would fit, but such a disk can also be made by hand.
  2. If you make such a disk homemade, then you should take a metal header, the thickness of which will be equal to 16-20 mm. In the center of the disk you need to make a hole for the key. Also, do not forget about the edges – on them should be cut symmetrical slots for chip evacuation.
  3. In the places intended for the knives, it is necessary to drill holes, which will be necessary for fixing the knives.
  4. Now you can move on to fixing the knives. It is recommended to fix the knives countersunk bolts and preferably with a hexagonal wrench. This recommendation is easy to explain: unlike screws for Phillips and flathead screwdrivers, bolts for hexagonal wrench provide sufficient pressure of the fastened knives to the metal disk without "licking" the head grooves. In addition, it is worth mentioning the fact that, using a hexagonal wrench, it is much easier to keep the bolt from turning when tightening the nut, on the other hand, is carried out.
  5. To push the chips outward, on the opposite side of the knives of the flywheel of a homemade wood chipper it is necessary to weld cross bars, which will push the chips out, rotating together with the disk.

How the chipper works

Any chip cutter works on the same basic principle: board cuttings are fed at an angle to a heavy steel disk with slots, which is then covered in sharp knives. The wood is cut obliquely by the knife as it moves at an angle, producing thin plates. Through the disk’s slits, these plates enter the drum and are crushed by steel fingers that are fastened to the same shaft as a heavy steel disk. Unlike the disk, however, the plates are free to rotate on their axis within predetermined bounds.

In addition to the fingers on this shaft, there are also plates that run close to the drum and move the ground wood (chips) along its inner surface. In the lower part of the drum instead of the wall there is a grid – a steel sheet with holes of 10-15 mm diameter punched in it. Plates move the chips along the drum, so some of them immediately fly outward through the mesh. The other part passes a full circle, all the time changing its position and as soon as it is turned vertically, it also flies out through the grid outside. The work of all this mechanism is provided by an electric or gasoline motor with a power of 4-6 kW, and the more powerful the motor, the better the chipper works.

Shredder of twigs for motoblock with their own hands

As we’ve already seen, the aforementioned gadgets are quite helpful. However, because they are expensive and a significant investment, not everyone can afford to purchase them.

Ingenious artisans discovered a solution and acquired the skills necessary to make their own DIY wind shredders. These gadgets have benefits such as lower expenses and the ability to choose the quantity of knives on your own.

What you will need for construction?

  • Cutting mechanism;
  • Main gear;
  • Steel frame;
  • Bunkers for feeding the sticks;
  • Electric motor/gasoline motor.

It might also be necessary to use a pulley, nuts, bolts, channels, electric planer knives, and sheet metal to build a grass cutter for the motoblock. It is ideal to have the following tools: pliers, a drill, a set of wrenches, welding, and a hammer.

The procedure itself appears as follows:

  • The base for the frame should be made from angle, channel and pipes;
  • The frame is then welded together;
  • After, a package of separate washers and saws is put on the shaft of the cutting block;
  • Bearings should be put on both ends of the shaft;
  • To install the pulley choose the longest part of the shaft;
  • With the help of bolts nuts need to attach the shaft to the frame;
  • To mount a small pulley, we also choose the end of the shaft;
  • The motor is attached to the frame (it should be taken into account that the pulleys should be located on 1 side);
  • After that, you need to put the belt on them and adjust its tension level;
  • Using steel, blanks for the tread guard should be made;
  • Then it is necessary to connect them with the help of a welding machine;
  • The hopper and cover must be bolted to the frame.

Watch the videos created by seasoned experts, who show on camera both the final product and the manufacturing process itself, to get a visual understanding of every aspect of working on a homemade shredder/shredder for a power tiller.

Homemade wood chipper

It is best to become familiar with the device’s blueprints and drawings before constructing a wood chipper by hand. They will aid in comprehending the device’s assembly principle, the attachment of all crucial components, and its measurements and specifics.

Working principle of a homemade chipper

Every model of DIY wood chipper operates on the same principle: motion is transferred to the drum pulley by means of the motor’s rotation of the shaft. The raw material is ground by cutting elements installed in the drum.

Cone-shaped input hoppers are more common because they are safer and more useful. Parts of the raw material are added to the hopper. It moves from the hopper into the working chamber, where the chips are processed by the fan blades before being directed through the sieve. The wood chips that have been cut to the proper size pass through the sieve, land in the discharge opening, and then end up in the receiving container. You can obtain wood chips of various fractions based on the size of the sieve.

The following are the minimal technical needs for a DIY wood chipper:

  • Motor power – at least seven kilowatts,
  • Rotation of the working shaft – from 3000 revolutions per minute,
  • The rotation of the disk shaft – from 1500 revolutions per minute.
  • The motor is used as a gasoline or electric motor.

Components of the chipper

The following units make up the device:

  • Metal frame (can be made removable or hinged),
  • Hammer bits, divided by baffles into several sectors,
  • Cutting disk,
  • Sieve with a mesh of the required size,
  • Loading container.

The cutting disk needs to be sufficiently large to handle the tough wood pieces that need to be processed.

Using steel that is at least two centimeters thick is preferable. The final disk’s diameter, which ranges from thirty to thirty-five centimeters.

Assembling the chipper

To install the shaft, a hole is sawed in the middle of the cutting discs, along with three slots and multiple other holes. The ground wood fragments will fall through them and into the area containing the hammer bits. If using pre-made blades is not an option, they can be made separately from the car’s spring. This is accomplished by cutting the spring and drilling a few holes in the machined and polished blanks. The workpiece is then properly sharpened and polished one more.

Use flat metal strips that are at least one centimeter thick to play the part of hammers. Further crushing of the wood chips requires the hammers, which are fixed to the rotor. The ideal separation between the hammer bits is -2.5 cm.

Typically, the sieve is composed of a ten-centimeter-long sheet of metal. It is formed into a smooth, thirty-centimeter-diameter cylinder by welding. The appropriate diameter holes are punched into the cylinder using a punch; typically, a diameter of 0.7 to 1.5 mm is used.

Sheet iron that is at least one centimeter thick is required to create the funnels and casing. The sheet is formed into a box shape by cutting and welding. You should weld on a few ribs from angle or channel bars for increased strength and rigidity. The cutting unit should be able to fit freely inside the casing.

Maintaining a space of three to five centimeters between the box walls and the knives is crucial.

Hammers and cutting disks must be installed on a section of the shaft that has bearings in order to assemble the crushing unit. Following that, two sockets are made: the raw material enters through the first socket, and the processed wood chips exit through the second.

Additionally constructed of sheet metal, the raw material receiving hopper is positioned obliquely to the guard. After mounting the motor on the frame, the pulleys are put in place. Additionally, a chain or belt is used to join the assemblies. Belts for cars are ideal for this application. The frame is made by welding pipe cuts or metal angles. Both width and height are chosen separately.

Where to get parts and materials

Reducing the amount of money spent on parts and materials is crucial, as it’s one of the motivations behind building your own shredder. Recycling facilities for black and scrap metal as well as other businesses that list outdated equipment on their balance sheets can assist with this.

Workshops and woodworking businesses can also be of assistance, particularly if they have recently updated their equipment.

This can be done at different companies that have old machinery on their books, as well as scrap yards and scrap yards. Workshops and plants that produce wood can also be beneficial, particularly if their equipment has recently been updated.

To construct the rotating hammermill’s frame Steel angles and channels can be used; the most important thing is that rust not eat away at the metal.

Sheet metal that is between 0.8 and 2.5 mm thick can be used to make the machine body, also known as the protective cover that surrounds the rotor-hammer mechanism and the belt or chain transmission.

The receiving casing can be made from the same metal. Certain types of decks and fences, as well as the bodies of some cars, can be cut with this kind of metal.

An old machine tool or other electrical equipment can have its electric motor removed. If the bearings need to be changed, it will be less expensive than purchasing a brand-new electric motor with the appropriate power.

Also, you can get the electrical components required to turn on and run the motor there, along with pulleys of the appropriate size.

To fabricate the rotor You can use a metal flywheel with an appropriate diameter from an automobile engine, or you can use sheet steel. But in this instance, the hammer shredder’s shaft will need to be welded in place after being inserted.

To make blades, a passenger car spring will serve you well. A skilled blacksmith will be able to shape it and harden it just right so the knife is not only long-lasting but also sharp.

You can take the motor out of a motoblock that isn’t needed or is momentarily idle. This will increase the wood chipper’s mobility, particularly if you mount it to a passenger car trailer.

You can attach the chipper to the motor without taking the motoblock apart if it has a power take-off shaft (PTO).

The usage of a chainsaw motor is not recommended. The only exceptions are gasoline motors with a displacement of 60 cm3 or more, because they lack the necessary power.

The chainsaw motor’s drawback is that it can only be attached to the shredder shaft through a chain drive, which makes it challenging to locate a chain and sprocket that fit the shaft.

Electric planers, circular saws, Bulgarian machine electric motors, and other hand tools are not appropriate for making a standard chipper; however, using the same drawings, you can construct a small-sized wind chipper, or a chipper meant for thin-branches, by hand.

Its dimensions and working principle are different from those of a standard chip cutter. Such a homemade chipper uses a knife-wielding gear to chop wood, breaking branches into pieces that range in length from 0.5 to 3 cm. This means that while it cannot produce regular wood chips, it is appropriate for using branches.

Make a chip cutter for arbolite with your own hands

The remaining parts can be made by hand at home; the drawings for these parts are shown below. Some parts must be turned on a lathe.

The basic measurements of the arbolite chip cutter

Disk with blades

The disk measures roughly 300–350 millimeters in diameter and 20 millimeters in thickness. The disk should function like a flywheel to avoid large, hard wood pieces jamming. It needs to be made heavy as a result. Take a metal blank or cut it out of sheet steel to make the disk. Then, saw one central hole to fit on the shaft (keeping in mind the key attachment), multiple mounting holes, and three grooves through which the pieces of cut wood fall beneath the hammers as they rotate.

Knives and a cutting disk

Automobile springs are what we use to make blades. Create two holes in each blade by countersinking them successively, ensuring that the screw heads are fully recessed. Attach the blades to the disk using countersunk hexagon head bolts, which offer a tight and secure fit while preventing the bolts from turning when the nuts on the other side are compressed.


Hammer shaft and attachment

Both a welded baffle and hammers

The rotor has flat, approximately 5-millimeter-thick plates that serve as the hammers. These continue to chip the wood chips further. Purchasing already-made hammers is preferable. 24 mm is the hammer spacing in the arbolite crusher.

The separation between the hammers in the arbolite crusher

Sieve for the wood chipper

In order to create a sieve with a grating chamber inside, a metal cylinder with an Ø of 300–350 mm and a length of L 942-1100 mm is required. Cells with a diameter of 8–12 mm are punched through in this cylinder. It is advised to make the holes with a punch or core of the necessary diameter because drilling them is not desirable because the edges of the cells should be ripped or sharp.

Protective cover, hopper, hopper and frame

Sheet iron with a thickness of 8 to 12 mm is appropriate for both the protective cover and the funnel. As shown by the drawings, sheets are cut to size and welded into the structure. We cut every component in accordance with the "layouts" that were previously created (we create them out of thick cardboard). Pipes, angles, and channels are used to make ribs.

Shielding covering

Crucial! In order to allow the cutting unit to be freely positioned within the housing, the diameter of the flywheel should be 30 to 50 mm less than the size of the housing. This will prevent the cutting unit from adhering to the housing’s walls. Equipment for the crushing unit includes a cutting disk, beater (hammers), and shaft trunnions, which are where the support bearings must be installed.

The next stage of making a wood chipper involves cutting holes for the working shaft and sockets for the input and output of raw materials and chips, respectively.

The crushing unit’s equipment consists of a cutting disk, bits (hammers), and shaft trunnions, which are where the support bearings must be placed. The inlet and outlet sockets for the raw material supply and chip output, as well as holes for the working shaft, must be cut in order to complete the chipper cutter.

Shaft of operation

An angle is created when the receiving hopper is welded to the body. The mechanical and electric drives are installed last. First, the electric motor is fastened to the frame, followed by the installation of pulleys with the necessary diameter and a belt transmission connecting all the units. For this, standard car belts with the appropriate diameter can be utilized.


The chipper’s productivity and operating costs are determined by the type of motor. Compared to its "brother," an ecological electric motor is quieter and lighter than an internal combustion engine, but it is not as powerful. Additionally, power surges in the power grid are necessary for the chipper to operate when using electric traction.

When using a gasoline-powered engine with greater power, the unit operates for longer periods of time and is independent of the power source. However, the internal combustion engine needs to be constantly refueled, requires maintenance, and pollutes the air. It is also very noisy.

You can use a coaxial scheme instead of a belt connection to connect the shafts through a coupling if the assembled wood chipper for arbolite satisfies the accuracy requirements and there won’t be any runaway in the alignment.

Homemade wood chipper

Due to the high cost of industrial equipment, many people started building homemade crushers out of spare parts. The basic idea behind a homemade wood chipper is the same as that of an electric meat grinder. To make one, you will need:

  • Several metal angles or pipe cuts,
  • About twenty circular saws,
  • A couple of pulleys,
  • Sturdy metal stud,
  • Several bearings,
  • Belt or chain,
  • A few nuts,
  • Washers,
  • Metal,
  • Paint can.

An electric or diesel motor will function just as well in a homemade wood chipper. Electricity is lighter and safer. Low mobility and reliance on electricity availability are drawbacks. Diesel motors are noisier, but they are also more powerful and can be used outside. Diesel’s drawback is its operating exhaust gas emissions. A motor with up to four kilowatts of power is sufficient if processing twigs up to four centimeters thick is the plan. A motor that can generate at least six kilowatts of power is required to shred larger materials.

The most common cutting tool used is a circular saw, although knives or a combination of disks and knives can be used in place of the two-roll device. Circular saw work is the easiest. The thickness of homemade knives should be at least seven centimeters for high-quality cutting.

Additionally, you should choose disks with hard alloy teeth whenever possible.

The crusher’s frame is constructed by welding metal angles or pipes, and the motor is fixed to it. A body is constructed from a sheet of sturdy metal. On a long stud, cutting disks and washers are strung alternately. After assembling the cutting unit, a pulley is mounted on the axle. Any automobile alternator’s pulley can be utilized. In addition, a set of bearings is fixed on the axle to guarantee rotation. Paint protection has been applied to the frame and casing.

Machine device

The primary parts of the brush cutter, which are depicted in the images attached to this article, are as follows:

  • Machine body.
  • Protective casing, which protects the moving parts of the device. Can be hinged or removable.

  • Engine. It can be electric or internal combustion.
  • Shaft, which is connected to the motor.
  • An external pulley that connects the shaft and the motor to each other.
  • The hammers are flat shaped when in free rotation.
  • Baffles that separate the hammers into separate parts (sectors).
  • The disk on which the knives are fixed.
  • Sieve. The mesh size in it is 15-20 mm. It collects the products of harvesting.
  • Inlet chuck, into which wood waste is directly fed.

Sliver cutter for arbolite principle of operation

The rotor, which has blades and hammers, and the chopping disk with knives are the machine’s main components. The working shaft, which has the disk mounted on it, is powered by a pulley that is belted to the motor. The motor is fixed on the frame, and the shaft rotates in two roller bearings.

The raw materials are fed manually; each item that needs to be processed is thrown into the receiving hopper one at a time. The wood waste is then automatically drawn under the working knives and hammers. The chips are fed through the sieve’s blades and the chipper’s discharge opening to exit at this point.

In order to facilitate the feeding of raw materials for processing and ensure worker safety, the inlet hopper is shaped like a funnel.

The following features of the chip maker for arbolite are present:

  • motor power – 7.5 kW;
  • the speed of rotation on the working shaft of the motor is 3000 rpm;
  • shaft speed on which the disk with cutting knives is fixed – 1500 rpm.

While the productivity of the wood chipper increases, some raw wood material may be ground into chunks when the shaft’s rotation speed is increased using a disk. This is obviously undesirable.

Chopper selection

Industrial units are highly costly; a factory model typically costs more than three million rubles. Powerful and capable of producing a large variety of chips, this type of machine is not affordable for home use. Some buy multiple different devices to color, crush, and dry their chips.

Crushers can be further classified into disk and rotary crushers based on how they are ground. Sharp disk knives are used in disk chippers to process raw materials. Knives are positioned inside a rotating working chamber or drum in rotary chippers.

It is important to consider the body’s thickness when selecting a crusher. If it is at least two centimeters in the area where the cutting unit is situated, that would be preferable.

If not, it will be impossible to prevent the machine from breaking and the body from deforming. If the knives are composed of high-strength steel with a high level of wear resistance, they will be more robust and long-lasting. The chipper should have more than two blades for optimal performance.

Devices with a 360-degree circular rotation are more effective because they make it simpler to store the produced chips.

Doing it yourself

The cost of chippers suggests that can afford to buy them can only private entrepreneurs who make warm building blocks for sale. If the equipment is needed exclusively "for yourself", a homemade chipper for the production of arbolite will be cheaper. When the scheme of operation is clear, it is not difficult to assemble it. It will be much more difficult to find suitable materials. But kulibiny from the people have long ago invented what you can replace these or those specific units.

How can I find the parts?

Before taking on the work, it is necessary to build or get drawings of the machine for arbolite with all the applied dimensions. If you do not have the opportunity to grind machine parts in your garage, you will have to turn to specialists, and they will have to do everything "by eye" without any competent technical documentation. As a result, at such speeds and loads, your chip cutter will very quickly become loose, and the production of arbolite will have to be postponed. Part of the assemblies is easier to find in the points of reception of chermet at a ridiculous price than to order their manufacture. There you can find the shaft and outer pulley, and if there is no suitable bushing for their assembly, make it in the workshop. At the same time, ask them to cut the grooves on the shaft according to your drawings.

The solution to the knife disk problem is the same. It should have sufficient weight and thickness (roughly 15 mm) to enable it to function as a flywheel after gaining rotation, barring the jamming of exceptionally tough wood pieces. As a last resort, a suitable piece of steel plate can be cut, and while making the slots, one center seating hole, multiple mounting holes, and three or four wide knife slots can be made, keeping in mind the key attachment. The disk has a diameter of roughly 300–350 mm.

  • Home craftsmen advise to cut out knives for a wood chip cutter from automobile springs. After that, it is necessary to drill a couple of holes in them and prozenkovka to sink the heads of bolts afterwards.
  • Hammers (beaters) is better to look for ready-made – here you need absolutely identical heavy and flat plates.
  • Trouble will have to deal with a sieve for arbolite chips. You will need a metal cylinder of suitable diameter, in which you need to punch the cells. It is easier to do this with a step drill or tapered taps.
  • For the protective casing and the supply hose will go sheet iron thickness of about 12 mm, which must be cut, and then welded from the resulting "cutout" housing.
  • For the formation of stiffeners may need other types of rolled metal: pipes, angles or smooth rebar.

When drawing a drawing of the machine for arbolite and the manufacture of the casing is important to maintain all the dimensions, so that the cutting unit is freely placed in the body and does not cling to the walls. For this purpose, the diameter of the product should be 30-50 mm larger than the flywheel

2. The steps involved in assembling a chip cutter to produce arbolite.

The crushing unit is assembled first, with the hammers, cutting disk, and support bearings fixed on the shaft trunnions. The body is then meticulously prepared for installation in accordance with the dimensions given in the drawings. You require:

  • Cut entrances under the working shaft, sockets on the feed of raw materials and chip outlet for arbolite.
  • Drill the required number of holes for the bolt connections.
  • Weld the receiving chuck at an angle.
  • Fix a fixed counter knife on the edge of the input hole, if it is provided by the scheme, leaving a gap between the product and the cutting disk of about 5 mm.

Everything is prepared for you to manually assemble a wood chipper into operation. You may now install the drive by mounting the motor on the frame, mounting the pulleys with the chosen diameter, and attaching the pulleys to the car belts. A coaxial scheme, in which the shafts are connected by a coupling, is an option occasionally employed. However, it is preferable to avoid overloading the chipping machine if it is not possible to guarantee the axes’ alignment.

After the chipper has been completed in terms of fabrication and assembly, it is mounted on the frame, a safety hood is placed over the pulley, and a test run is conducted. Let the parts rub together for a little while before starting to feed in scraps. To prevent the bearings from jamming during the first week of use, it is preferable to run the homemade wood chip machine for arbolite gently.

What the wood chip cutter is for Arbolite from wood chips

Prior to deciding whether or not you can build a wood chip cutter yourself (many gardening portals and forums offer tutorials and drawings), you should ascertain the function and usage of the device. For those who have never used a chip cutter before, this is a unique dacha tool that relieves the homestead territory owner of the need to frequently start fires in order to burn large amounts of waste, such as leaves, twigs, and other gardening-related materials.

One of the most annoying issues that arises when trying to improve the countryside is frequently the inability to promptly handle the waste that is left over after cleaning the garden or doing the fall vegetable garden. This article mentions a variety of haulm, twig trimmings, and other components. Usually, owners of dachas just take such trash to the dump or burn it, piling it into a massive heap. This process can be made much simpler by building or purchasing a wood chipper, which also enables you to use the waste for compost, which is a very helpful product, or as an efficient heating material for solid fuel boilers.

Additionally, the apparatus generates wood chips, a unique material that forms the foundation for the production of arbolite, a lightweight cement derived from light-weight fillers. Arbolite is still widely used in many areas of human endeavor today.

Luckily, making the device yourself is not too difficult. Simply enter "chipmaker with their own hands" (drawings, video, schemes, and step-by-step instructions) into a search engine. It is very convenient to be able to make a productive device out of materials, tools, and improvised means with the aid of such a guide.

Preparing the enclosure

Chipper starts making with their own hands, first preparing the components. Some of them require a turner to mill them, while others can be bought from scrap metal collection locations.

A metal sheet that is three to five millimeters thick is required to construct the body. A stencil is used to help cut out the upper and lower portions of it. The stencil looks like a rectangle and a circle put together.

It’s crucial to select measurements so that the circle’s diameter is three to five centimeters bigger than the disk with fixed knives. The side wall will function as a metal strip.

Two "barrels," which can be made out of rebar, are also required. They are worked into threads. They are the reason the body and top cover are joined.

By welding, the components are joined. The side metal strip is first welded to the bottom plate. Next, the fit of the knife-containing disk is verified. After making sure everything fits, weld the "barrels," which are attached to the sides and bottom. Every seam has two sides of welding.

The body must be prepared with a hole for the shaft. The roof has a hole drilled into it to hold branches. Because of the angle at which it is made, branches do not fall backward.

This post will explore the DIY world of building an arbolite block chipmaker, which produces lightweight, environmentally friendly building blocks. You can effectively make these blocks for a variety of construction projects, such as garden walls and home insulation, by building your own chipmaker. We’ll walk you through every step of the procedure, from assembling the chipmaker and maximizing its performance to assembling the necessary supplies. You can start using sustainable building techniques, save money, and tailor your construction projects to your needs by using this do-it-yourself tool. Prepare to take charge of your life by arming yourself with the information and resources you need to improve your house and the environment.

Chip production technology

Gone are the days when woodworking leftovers like wood chips were thrown away. It is a product that a lot of people need and are in high demand right now.

One straightforward technology is used to turn wood into wood chips. The wood is first sorted, allowed to dry, and then crushed. The wood chips are painted or varnished if they are to be used as decorations. Coloring can be done in a number of ways, including hand painting, spraying, and dipping in a dyeing solution.

The primary tool used to process wood waste is the wood chipper.

The chopping chamber of the chopper is where the raw material is transformed into fine wood chips, and it’s this chamber that establishes the final product’s quality.

Principle of operation of a chipper for arbolite production

To make a quality machine-splitter for the production of arbolite, you need to have drawings and the appropriate tools. The basis of such a machine is a chopping disk with radially arranged knives, rotors with hammers and blades. This is a chopping and crushing mechanism that processes arbitrary pieces of wood into chips. The disk is fixed on a steel shaft rotating in two roller bearings. To the knives of the disk wood waste is fed through the receiving hopper. The cut wood chips pass into the slot in the disk behind the knives and meet the rotating hammers, which additionally crush the wood particles that get in their way. Further, under the action of centrifugal force, the chips are directed to the screening sieve and removed through the discharge window.

The required drawings are shown below, and they can be used to create a homemade rotary hammer crusher for the production of arbolite. The parts’ dimensions will need to be chosen based on their own material because the equipment is homemade. Made entirely by hand, the chipper has a 220-380 V power supply and is composed of the following units:

  1. Metal housing with removable (or hinged) cover (11,12).
  2. Freely rotating bits with hammers to produce chips directly, sectorally separated by baffles (6).
  3. Disk with blades attached to it (4).
  4. Calibrating sieve with holes Ø 15-20 mm (7).
  5. Wood waste feed hopper (9).

The working drawings of various chip cutters may vary in size and contain different parts, but the general idea of operation is always the same. Following the application of 220 V voltage to the apparatus, the electric motor rotates the drum with four blades (4) through a pulley (14) and shaft via a V-belt transmission. The wood waste must only be fed into the feed hopper, where it is instantly transformed into ideal-length chips (up to 25 mm).

Materials Needed Process
Portland cement, sand, water, perlite or vermiculite, molds 1. Mix cement, sand, and water to create a slurry. 2. Add perlite or vermiculite for insulation. 3. Pour the mixture into molds. 4. Let it cure for a few days. 5. Remove from molds and let dry completely.

For any homeowner wishing to increase their home’s insulation and heating efficiency, building their own chipmaker to produce arbolite blocks can be a satisfying project. With readily available materials and simple tools, you can build a chipmaker by following the instructions in this guide.

The financial savings that come with building your own chipmaker as opposed to buying pre-made arbolite blocks is one of its main advantages. You can drastically cut the costs of home insulation without sacrificing effectiveness if you have a little do-it-yourself attitude and creative thinking.

Additionally, you can alter the arbolite blocks’ size and shape to meet your unique requirements by creating your own chipmaker. Ensuring a snug fit and streamlining the insulation process can be achieved by producing blocks of different sizes, which is beneficial when building new partitions or filling in gaps in existing walls.

Starting this do-it-yourself project also gives you the ability to take charge of your home improvement projects and lessen your environmental impact. Since arbolite blocks are known for their environmentally beneficial qualities, creating your own will help you reduce waste and advance sustainability in your building endeavors.

To sum up, building a chipmaker to make arbolite blocks is a useful and environmentally responsible way to improve your home’s insulation and heating. You can reduce costs, personalize the insulation materials you use, and help ensure a more environmentally friendly future for both your home and the world by adopting this do-it-yourself method.

Video on the topic

Arbolite.Arbolite blocks with your own hands.

Arbolite, composition, production at home.

Sliver cutter for DIY arbolite block making

Wood chip cutter for making arbolite – machine design.(Kostroma)

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Sergey Ivanov

I like to help people create comfort and comfort in their homes. I share my experience and knowledge in articles so that you can make the right choice of a heating and insulation system for your home.

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