Installation of electric warm flooring technology for proper styling with video

Adequate heating and insulation are essential components in establishing a warm and inviting living space. Thanks to technological advancements, homeowners can now choose from a variety of options to keep their homes warm in the winter. Electric warm flooring technology is one such creative solution that not only offers effective heating but also elevates any area.

In order to uniformly distribute heat throughout the space, electric warm flooring—also referred to as radiant floor heating—involves installing heating elements beneath the floor surface. This technique guarantees even heating from the bottom up and does away with the need for large radiators or ductwork. Electric warm flooring can be a game-changer in terms of comfort and style, whether you’re building a new home or remodeling an old one.

The ease of installation of electric heated flooring is one of its main advantages. Tile, hardwood, laminate, and even carpet are all excellent options for flooring; electric warm flooring can be easily incorporated into any type of floor. Because of this, it can be used in almost every room of the house, including living rooms, bedrooms, and bathrooms. Furthermore, electric warm flooring can dramatically lower energy use and heat loss with proper installation, saving money over time.

However, what is the procedure for installing electric heated flooring precisely? This post will go into great detail about electric warm flooring technology, outlining installation procedures and providing homeowners with a list of advantages. We’ll also give you visual aids along the way, such as videos, to help you visualize the transformation that electric heated flooring can make to your house and to help you navigate the process.

  1. Installation process
  2. Heating cable
  3. Heating mats
  4. Heating film
  5. Installation of cable electric warm floor
  6. Calculators calculating the length of the heating cable and the step of its laying
  7. The choice of material
  8. Surface preparation
  9. We mount the heating sections
  10. Types of warm floor systems
  11. The choice of a heating boiler
  12. Varieties
  13. Sequence and features of installation
  14. Tips and recommendations
  15. Video – warm water floors, installation and installation scheme. Video Seminar
  16. Independent installation of the infrared floor
  17. We distribute heating nodes and control elements
  18. Video installation of warm electric floors for tiles Installation instructions
  19. Video technology for laying a warm electric floor
  20. The components of the system
  21. A set of water floor for 15 m2
  22. Types of warm floors
  23. Water
  24. Electric
  25. Cable
  26. Film
  27. Laying a warm electric floor Available options
  28. Cable systems
  29. Infrared film floors
  30. Differences of warm water floors and conventional heating systems
  31. Options for installing water warm walls
  32. Installation of water warm walls for plaster
  33. Dry installation of a water warm wall
  34. Types of pipes and methods for their fastening
  35. Installation of electric warm floor with your own hands
  36. We lay the thermal insulation and fix the mounting tape
  37. The most common methods for installing electric warm floor
  38. How to calculate warm floors
  39. Features of advantages and disadvantages
  40. Types of warm floor
  41. Water warm floor
  42. Electric warm floor
  43. Video on the topic
  44. Installation of a warm floor. Tips from professionals. G. Reutov. Part 5
  45. Electric warm floor installation in a screed cable
  46. Warm floor with Aliexpress. The most detailed instruction how to make installation.
  47. Installation and installation of warm electric floors, video laid lesson
  48. Installation of electric warm floor. Surface preparation. Stack Step. Laying process.

Installation process

A thermostat for an electric heated floor is installed during the preparatory stage. While the base was being prepared, a suitable wall recess beneath the thermostat and a trobe for its wire were already made.

The thermal attemptor is positioned precisely the same distance apart between the heating lines of cables.

The heat regulator must be in the confident heating zone; otherwise, the sensor will be in the area with insufficient heating. The installation of the heat regulator is thought to be a common mistake behind the first line of heated elements. To ensure that the proper temperature indicators are obtained, a corrugated pipe with a sensor must be positioned at least 50 centimeters from the wall and have a plug at the end of it.


Setting up a thermostat

Heating cable

Starting with the location of the thermostat’s power wires, you should lay the material. A steel mounting tape is affixed to thermal insulation using dowels or screws for fixing, and a pre-planned step is used to lay the cable on top. Installation tape is used to fix things.

The warm floor is connected to electricity once all structural components have been connected. This allows for the warm floor to be controlled more easily and ensures that any potential damage has not been overlooked.

When there are no flaws, screed is poured. If you use a solution like this, which is meant for warm floors, you can begin finishing after three days. However, at this point, connecting an electric warm floor is not permitted as the screed needs up to thirty days to fully dry.

Installing an electric heating cable

Element for fastening cables

Heating mats

Preliminary thermal insulation is not done to prevent the system from overheating. Since the material is shaped like a roll, it should be rolled out on the ground and cut in the proper direction with scissors (this is crucial to avoid damaging the cables).

This material is enhanced with adhesive tape, which makes installation much easier. In this instance, no more fixers are needed. When the adhesive tape is applied, it will visibly adhere to the surface and become opaque. It is crucial that the cable stays below the surface of the floor. After no more than five days, the structure is dry enough to work with finishing materials.

Installation of heating mats

Heating film

The way the heating film is mounted varies depending on the kind of electrical mats used.

  • I cover the prepared working surface with a heat -insulating substrate supplemented with a foil film;
  • The heating elements are laid out on the floor, but the film is allowed to cut completely in the places provided. The cut places are isolated, and power wires are connected to the other side of the material. The connection of individual sheets is carried out in parallel;
  • After fixing all the constituent elements, the system is connected to the network and its performance is checked. No additional screed is carried out.

Putting down a heating film

Connecting the infrared film strips is the most challenging aspect of the installation.

Long-term use of a warm electric floor and a cozy microclimate in your home are thought to be guaranteed by carefully chosen materials, a clean installation process, and a well-executed connection scheme.

Installation of cable electric warm floor

Warm cable-type room

The cable floor installation

Thermoregulator and heating element of the convection heating system

Cable electric warm floor installation

First action. Put a thermostat in a mounting box that has already been prepared. We deliver the grounding and power cables to the box. We create a wall recess below the box so that a heating wire can be connected.

The thermostat installation schematic

Temperature sensor installation for a cable mat

The subsequent phase. Create a plan for the warm floor cable laying. This can be the first step you choose to take. Mark the area where the heating cable will be laid on paper. We do not lay the cable where heavy furniture and equipment will eventually be installed.

Calculators calculating the length of the heating cable and the step of its laying

Two quantities are necessary for the proper compilation of the scheme: the overall cable length and the step of its laying (the separation between adjacent wires in a loop). Although there are unique formulas, we recommend using the built-in calculator. Enter values to see the outcome!

– the total area of the building’s sections where the cable will be installed;

– Room features: choose an item from the suggested list;

– The product passport, Tue on the linear meter, indicates the special power of the cable.

Proceed to the computations

The determined value will assist in selecting a set of warm floors with a cable whose length most closely resembles the computed parameter.

Now that you know the length, figuring out the styling step is simple:

Proceed to the computations

The cable floor installation

The third action. We move the plan from paper to the foundation. Using bright tape to mark is convenient. If you’d like, you can become acquainted with pre-made schemes found in public domains and concentrate on them.

The fourth action. We install the warm floor cable in accordance with the marking lines.

Warm floor cable installation

It’s an electric warm floor.

Crucial: the cable never goes too far.

We use clips or a special tape to secure the cable to the reinforcing grid that is placed on top of the heat-insulating layer.

A temperature sensor and a power wire should be connected to the heating cable on a level surface. Make sure to use corrugated pipe to cover the joints.

Verify the resistance of the cable. The system’s instructions specify acceptable values; verify this at this time in a different order.

Lastly, the temperature regulator’s power cable needs to be connected. Turn the power supply off beforehand. We test the system in multiple modes after it is connected. If all is well, move on to the next set of events.

The choice of material

There are two warm electric floor options available in the construction market:

  • The basis of the system is represented by a heating electric cable (this category includes special heating mats);
  • The basis has the type of infrared film .

A heated cable could come into contact with:

  • Self -regulatory cable – heating element is represented by a polymer matrix . When overheating of the system, a decrease in current in the problem area is observed, while the rest of the elements continue to perform their functions . As a result, the design has a long period of use, but its cost remains high;
  • resistant cable – has one or two cores, where increased resistance is observed. Passing on them, the electric current is converted into thermal energy. The heating core is supplemented with an insulating layer and a metal braid, which is responsible for grounding and is a barrier to the electromagnetic field. The disadvantages of the design include the fact that if one of the elements is overheated, the work of the entire system is violated.



Installing a warm floor can be made much easier with the help of the following materials:

  • Heating mats – have the form of a mesh base made of fiberglass of various widths, on which heating cables with a predetermined step are attached. The specific power of one square meter in such mats varies, but it is nevertheless inferior to the indicator of the standard heating cable;
  • film floor (also bears the name infrared). Is a canvas based on dense polyethylene with sealed graphite. Its width can reach one meter. The name of the material is due to the principle of its operation: during the operation process, heat is generated within +20-45 ° C. The film is divided into stripes, and if the work of one of them stops, the system still continues to function properly.

Warming pad

The flooring’s finish determines the material choice:

  • Infrared material feels great under a parquet board, laminate, carpet or linoleum. In this case, an additional concrete screed is not carried out;
  • Experts advise laying heating mats under ceramic tiles. The installation of the tile is carried out directly on the mats, additional isolation is not required.

When a large room needs to be heated, heating cables are chosen. The warm floor cable installation is done in a cement filling, which will add more heat to the space. It should be acknowledged that the screed arrangement "eats" up to 10 cm of the room’s wall height.

Surface preparation

Prior to the heating cable being installed directly, some preparatory work needs to be done. For example, installing an electric heated floor can only be done on a level surface. The subsequent actions are necessary:

  • the dismantling of the previous finishing material is carried out;
  • The base of the floor is cleaned of various garbage and dust. The use of a construction vacuum cleaner will be an ideal solution, but for lack of this, one can resort to the usual old vacuum cleaner or broom for help;
  • The purified base is examined for irregularities and other defects. First you can try to smooth them mechanically (wipe). If a similar method is unsuccessful, then the base is covered with a screed. It is recommended to make a choice in favor of rapidly drying mixtures, since drying of a classic cement-sand mortar can take up to two weeks depending on the area of the processed surface and air temperature. The height of the screed can vary within 3-7 cm (with a layer thickness of less than 3 cm, the screed can crack);
  • For better adhesion of a self -leveling mixture with the surface, it is recommended to cover the floor with a primer;
  • After completely drying the screed, you can proceed to thermal insulation of the base.

Superficial tidying

Using a screed, the surface is aligned.

A thorough alignment of the base is required because any obstruction or unevenness in a cable’s path may cause it to break. Consequently, there will be a heating system breakdown, requiring expensive repairs. Learn how it is made in detail to ensure that nothing goes wrong.

We mount the heating sections

Figure out the cable’s laying step before beginning the installation. You can use the formula below to calculate it.

Formula for figuring out the cable-laying step

Move the heating section’s installation end to the location where your warm floor’s thermostat will be.

An illustration of how to attach the electric floor’s heating element to the mounting tape

Attach the heating cable’s connecting end to the mounting tape. After that, the remaining heating cable sections will be installed starting from this section.

Installing a floor-mounted heating cable – image

It is advised to install heating cable uniformly to eliminate intersections. Eight centimeters should be the minimum spacing between the heating lines. Ensure that the cable in the rotating sections bends smoothly and is not subjected to tension or breaks.

Tips for Laying Cables

Additionally, confirm that the heating cable is at least 5 centimeters away from the room’s walls.

Scheme for installing heating cables

To access the adjusting device, the electric heating cable’s installation ends must be taken off. The mounting circuit options for the heating cable when using a single-core and two-core cable are depicted in the drawings above.

An electric cable installation diagram for a heated floor

We advise wearing shoes with a soft sole structure when installing heating sections. in order to prevent harm to the heating cable.

You can choose to cover the already-installed cable with plywood sheets or any other type of covering material to keep it safe.

Types of warm floor systems

The thermoregulator is the primary component of the electric floor system. There are two versions of them available:

  • mechanical, which are regulated using a rheostat;
  • electronic, which are controlled by an electronic relay. They built a programmable device that regulates the temperature level.

Varieties of heated flooring

The heating system’s electrical heating elements can be any of the following types:

  • Heating cable. The design of this element consists of an electric cable placed in isolation material. Due to the passage of the current through the cable, heat is created. Heating cable
  • Thermal mat. The element consists of a heating cable placed on a heat -insulating film with a certain given step. Mat Heating Electrolux EEFM 2-150-4
  • Infrared film. This is a film with a mounted semiconductor heating strip. Sun-Power infrared film

A thermostat is made possible by the power cord’s cable floor connection system. You can save the electricity needed to heat the room with its assistance. You can install the thermostat yourself by following the installation instructions, which typically include the connection scheme.

Crucial! The best way to connect a thermostat is to use an independent circuit breaker with automatic control.

The choice of a heating boiler

The boiler’s power is the main factor in choosing it. He needs to manage heating the water during system loading peaks and maintain a power source. This suggests that the boiler’s power should roughly equal the combined power of all heated floors plus a 15–25% margin.

A pump is necessary for the system’s water to circulate. Modern gas and electric boilers come with an integrated pump. For heating one- and two-story residential buildings, it is typically sufficient. The heated room’s quadrature may need to be increased to 120–150 m² before more auxiliary pumps need to be installed. They are set up in distant collector cabinets in this instance.

Cut valves are situated directly at the boiler’s inlet and outlet. By doing this, you won’t have to empty the system of all the water in case the boiler needs to be repaired or maintained.

Important: If there are multiple collector cabinets, a branch and narrowing adapters are installed on the main warm water supply route. This is required to ensure that water is distributed evenly throughout the system.

The overall picture of the system (the radiator connections can be ignored)


Numerous types of systems are situated throughout the room’s thickness at the base. They split up into two sizable groups. Among the first are floors heated by water. They are a network of pipes that can carry either special coolant (like non-freezing liquid) or water. The boiler is linked to these communications.

An electric heated floor is included in the second category. It’s a conductor for current, like a cable. There are several guidelines for properly installing a heated floor. They have to be considered before any repairs are made.

The truth is that the various heating equipment types on display are made for distinct types of rooms. Installing, for instance, a water-warm floor in the apartment will be difficult. Electric systems are preferred in this situation. In a private residence, however, installing a water-heated floor will be more cost-effective. However, using electrical systems is likewise acceptable in this situation.

Sequence and features of installation

Warm screed for floors. Plan

The most common and sought-after method for installing warm water floors is the use of a concrete screed, which is applied following careful surface preparation and marking of the collector and pipe locations. Every task is completed in phases in accordance with the following sequence of fundamental actions:

  • laying thermal insulation based on foam or polystyrene foam; Insulation laid on waterproofing
  • laying the dampfer tape to prevent excessive stretching of the concrete base in the heating process; The photo is visible dumping tape and the process of laying insulation plates
  • laying on top of the thermal insulation layer of the reinforcing mesh to increase the strength characteristics of the structure and additional fasteners of the pipes system;
  • direct laying of the pipe system in combination with the gradual unification of the pipes among themselves by means of special clamps and fixation to the reinforcing mesh; The pipes are attached to the reinforcing grid photo – fastening of pipes to the grid
  • connecting the pipe system to the collector.

Keep a close eye on the well-fitting but flexible mount to avoid causing deformation changes while it’s in use. When multiple contours are present, different connections must be made. The return collector has the pipes’ output end fixed. The last steps in the installation process involve completely drying the screed and adding concrete solution to the entire system. Furthermore, any floor material can be used to complete the work on textured screed and finish.

Tips and recommendations

To stabilize the heating while doing installation work, use a smaller step in the areas of the room closest to the outer walls.

The smallest step must be taken when laying a pipe system based on the type of "snake," and for a spiral installation, that step can range from two to fifteen centimeters.

Water Types: Water Paul Systems

A standard amount of polypropylene fiber-fiber should be added to the working solution to improve the quality of the concrete composition and relieve filling. This will increase the screed’s strength during shrinkage.

Use of a dampfer tape, which enables you to qualitatively compensate for the extensions of the concrete screed, should not be overlooked.

Adherence to technological advancements enables the acquisition of a robust and superior warm floor system, thereby enhancing the interior microclimate and generating cozy living environments.

Water-floor screed

Video – warm water floors, installation and installation scheme. Video Seminar

Independent installation of the infrared floor

Although this kind of heating has the easiest installation technology, there are a few subtleties to be aware of before installing the system on your own. Following the directions will assist in avoiding wasting time and resources. We outline the steps involved in installing a warm floor in a room that is 4 m long and 3 m wide for computational ease.

Arranging the layout

The majority of errors are made at this point, which makes subsequent work more difficult.

What should one decide what to pay attention to? The location of the temperature controller should be considered first. The connection is crucial in this case because the thermostat is mounted on the wall next to where the mats will be connected to the mains, and the mats themselves need to be placed with the fewest possible joints between them.

The fact that the maximum length of the film floor sheet cannot be exceeded complicates the layout. It makes sense to use rolls that are one meter wide in our room. In addition, they must be installed along the wall in a length of four meters (the maximum sheet length times its width, or one meter), at the same time. The three-meter-wide wall will have the thermostat mounted on it.

Following the layout, the following will happen in order of action:

Create a space in the insulation for a sensor sensor. The closest location to the thermostat is ideal for him.

As per the plan, distribute the mats, taking care to prevent big spaces and overlaps. If cutting the material is necessary, make sure not to harm the veins by doing so in areas free from dark spraying. Secure the sheets to one another with regular painting tape.

Bitumen isolation is used to insulate the material’s edges on the side that faces the connection point. The isolated area needs to be submerged in insulation to prevent it from getting pursed. Fixing this with masking tape will reveal more security. Attach the film to the thermal insulation around the perimeter using adhesive tape.

To connect, fasten the clamps that come with the kit. This is carried out in the manner described below: Place the lower portion of the clamp between the residential and the film; firmly press the upper part to pierce the film without damaging the vein. Use bituminous insulation for stain clamps.

Attach the touch sensor cable to the thermostat’s matching terminal. As directed in the instructions attached, connect the mats.

Crucial: Consistency in connection is essential. Link the electric circuit to the thermostat.

The device’s power is computed by multiplying the power of a single square meter of infrared flooring by the total area of the flooring. Advice: Although a thermostat can be connected to a standard outlet, it is preferable to use a circuit breaker or RCD.

Attach the electric circuit to the thermostat. The device’s power is computed by multiplying the power of a single square meter of infrared flooring by the total area of the flooring. Advice: Although a thermostat can be connected to a standard outlet, it is preferable to use a circuit breaker or RCD.

Launch the system in test mode. In order to achieve this, turn it on for fifteen minutes and make sure the connection points do not bend and that all of the mats warm up uniformly.

If everything goes according to plan, you can begin laying the flooring after installing a warm floor with your hands.

Many people wonder if they can live without a thermostat and why they are necessary. It’s easy to answer: you cannot. Warm floors shouldn’t be warmer than 27 to 28 degrees because at that point the flooring will start to break.

We distribute heating nodes and control elements

First, draft a thorough plan on paper for installing a heated floor yourself. Remember that the areas where you plan to place big furniture pieces and appliances should not have heating cables or film installed. Additionally, where heating pipes and other heat sources pass, a zone free of heating elements needs to be provided.

Unlike the hydraulic system, the electric warm floors have the peculiarity of having all the components in one circuit heated to the same temperature.

The elements will overheat and malfunction if the heat release is restricted, as with furniture, or if there is external heating. Furthermore, furniture may sustain damage. The unwanted rearrangement of the space can be a major disadvantage of the heated floor.

Making a plan will result in an inaccurate figure being etched in the room’s rectangle. This circuit is where the electric heated floor will be installed.

The best course of action will be to create separate circuits with independent power supplies and regulators for each of the rooms, even dividing them symbolically. If you fill, place damping tape on the floor surface in between these sections.

Once the plan has been drawn out on paper, move it to the ground. Mark the regulator’s location on the wall in a handy location. In this instance, drill a hole for the mounting box and drop it to the ground. We can get to work because the quantity of materials has already been planned for us.

Video installation of warm electric floors for tiles Installation instructions

Video technology for laying a warm electric floor

  • Before starting installation work, it is necessary to prepare the foundation. If the warm floor is installed in a living room, t.e. already operated, you will need to remove finishing materials from the floor. If the object is newly built, then it will be necessary to remove all construction garbage and ensure the appropriate surface quality. The next step in laying the warm floor is the thermal insulation of the ceiling.
  • As materials, you can use mineral wool, cork, polystyrene foam. They are laid on a concrete base using special glue. After thermal insulation, it is necessary to fix the metal stripes that will fix the cable of the warm floor to the base. For this, holes are made in the appropriate places in the insulation. The fasteners of the plates will be performed through them, for which dowels or screws are used.
  • When fastening the bands, the question arises – with what step to place them? Basically, the step is selected so that the heating cable in the necessary position can be fixed. As a rule, it is about 50-70 cm. Among the additional actions, about which, when laying a warm floor, you need to know is the stroke of the walls.
  • This procedure is necessary to lay the cable to the control module. The next moment – the heating cable is laid and attached. To do this, it is laid out in the form of a snake on the floor, while starting from the power module, and then fixed with the plates.
  • In order for the question of how to correctly lay warm electric floors to answer the question in full, the following features need to be taken into account: the location of the cable must be performed with a step that is clearly set; The cable should be placed at a distance from the enclosing structures by at least 100 mm; In places of location of heavy household appliances and furniture, warm electric floor is not recommended; To avoid undesirable bending, the cable bending radius must be at least 50 mm; There should be no intersections between the thermoregulator sensor and between the cable; Connecting individual heating elements in case of equipping several rooms with a warm floor is performed in parallel; In the places of adjustment of the floor slabs, the cable is not laid down
  • At this stage, a thermoregulating sensor is laid. To do this, it is threaded into a plastic tube and fixed using metal plates, in fact, the cable. An important point in the installation of a warm floor is checking performance and determining the electrical parameters of the system. It must be performed before the base is concreted. The resistance of the electric heater is determined and is verified with the passport value. Allowable deviations from passport 5-10%.
  • After the implementation of all of the above measures, the warm electric floor is covered with a cement-sand mortar. The minimum thickness should be 30 mm. After the solution froze, the surface is covered with finishing materials. For example, it can be linoleum. You can find out about laying linoleum with your own hands from this article. What should be focused on – use the warm electric floor should not be earlier than a month after its installation. Turning on the heating system for a faster process of setting is prohibited.
  • And the last thing I wanted to say about the heating system under consideration was to connect a warm floor to the power source. Connection work should be carried out according to the scheme, while it is desirable to use a separate wire for power with a cross section of 2.5 mm², which will be equipped with an RCD (protective shutdown device). If you lay the warm electric floor in accordance with the above recommendations, then its operation will be long, reliable and will not cause any trouble. I hope now you will know how to lay down a warm electric floor.

Warm floor installation, heating mat installation, floor heating system installation, mat laying techniques, heating cable installation, and warm floor repair.

The components of the system

Design of a warm water floor collector

Two to twelve warm water floor circuits can be linked to the collectors.

Under normal circumstances, the appropriately constructed water system "Warm Paul" is represented by a water type contour outfitted with a collector and thermal junction, comprising a heat exchanger, hydraulic pump, expansion tank, and security group.

The warm water floor pipes situated on the substrate

Mixing apparatus for heated floors

Hot water from the central heating system and the components of the water heating structure serve as the coolants in such a system, and a specialized heat exchanger handles the regulatory role. The expansion tank aids in compensating for coolant reversal, which can be caused by excessive heating, and the hydraulic pump ensures coolant circulation under the conditions of the established water circuit.

The operation of such a system would be unstable without the functioning of a special security group, represented by a manometer, automatic air vent and a safety valve. A special group is mounted at the highest point and protects the closed type of system from the formation of mapping processes or too high indicators of intra -system pressure.

Water-resistant water table

A set of water floor for 15 m2

Name Top Cost, rub.
MP pipe Valtec. 16 (2.0) 100 m 3 580
Plasticizer. Silar (10l) 2×10 l 1 611
Demoper tape. Energoflex Super 10/0.1-25 2×10 m 1 316
Thermal insulation. TP-5/1.2-16 18 m2 2 648
Three -way mixing valve. MIX 03 ¾ " 1 1 400
Circulation pump. UPC 25-40 1 2 715
Nipple-Crossbar. VT 580 1 "x3/4" 1 56.6
Nipple-Crossbar. VT 580 1 "x1/2" 1 56.6
Ball crane. VT 218 ½ " 1 93.4
Direct connector with transition to internal thread. VTM 302 16x ½ " 2 135.4
Ball crane. VT 219 ½ " 1 93.4
Trynik VT 130 ½ " 1 63
Barrel VT 652 ½ "x60 1 63
Adapter n-v VT 581 ¾ "x ½" 30.1
Total 13 861.5

A 60 m2 waterproof water setup

A 60 m2 waterproof water setup

Types of warm floors

Manufacturers of these systems provide a wide range of models that are categorized by different values, despite the limited details of use.

The kind of energy used is one of the typical variations:

  • Electric system;
  • Water system.

Electric floors are further classified into more specialized species with different physical and technical characteristics even after such a division.

Examine each model in greater detail to grasp its details.


This type pertains to the group of conventional devices that were in use long before the invention of electricity-powered analogs. In this instance, hot water serves as the energy source. It also doesn’t always originate from a single water supply system. The majority of apartment and private home owners set up an independent network, allowing them to fully regulate and modify the water’s temperature as needed.

Certain preparatory work is required for the system installation in order to fill a concrete solution for alignment. Any coatings that are exposed to high temperatures can be applied after the solution has dried.

  • Can be laid under furniture, while the effect of its drying is minimized.
  • Durability. The pipes from which the structure is assembled are made of metal or metal -plastic, stable before the action of corrosive processes.
  • The presence of thin systems on the market, using diameter pipes 8 mm.


Although these kinds of models are relatively new to the market and are continually being updated, their appeal is growing yearly. There are several benefits to this situation, some of which are as follows:

  • Affordable cost.
  • Installation speed;
  • The use of high -quality materials characterized by resistance to various factors of influence, and durability, subject to all installation rules.


There are two types of this system: sections and mats. The method and principle of installation work determines the difference between the two.

Only a screed is used to mount the sections, and mats can be laid over it after first applying a layer of tile glue. One- or two-core cable can be used as a foundation.


One of the most recent innovations in the market, falling under the energy-efficient ones category, enables the coating’s base to be heated to the desired temperature fast. Although the M2 price of these products is more than that of their equivalents, it is important to remember that filling and consumables are not worth the expense for installation. In this instance, mounting beneath the chosen flooring is possible right away.

A film serves as a heating element, and the kind of film you use also lets you categorize the system into different kinds:

  • Carbon – the basis is the lavsanov film, between the layers of which the rubber element is placed. This type is multifunctional, as it can serve to heat the floor, as well as as an autonomous system of heating the room.
  • Bimetallic – made of polyurethane film. It is located in a design in two layers (alloy and aluminum alloy). For such a device, after installation, you can lay linoleum, laminate, carpet, and other coatings.

We go over the advantages and installation procedure of electric warm flooring technology in our guide to insulation and heating for your house. This cutting-edge system offers a sleek and fashionable solution in addition to warmth and comfort for your house. You can follow along with our article as we demonstrate the simplicity and effectiveness of the installation process. You’ll get a clear idea of how this technology can change your space while guaranteeing adequate insulation and energy efficiency with the help of accompanying video demonstrations. Electric warm flooring is a wise choice for modern living, offering both functionality and aesthetics, whether you’re building from scratch or remodeling.

Laying a warm electric floor Available options

Contrasting different systems according to their output

To accurately determine which kind of system to use, the following fundamental information will help you make an informed choice:

  • The area of the room (full and useful),
  • the presence of a central heating system, its type,
  • The ability to install an electric warm floor with a screed,
  • The condition of the bearing surface.

Since leveling screed will be poured regardless, installing heating mats or using a cable-type warm floor system is typically the best choice. Infrared film materials will enable you to apply the coating on the base surface quickly and with little effort if removing the previous coating is not desired or feasible. Regarding expenses, the combined investment for both systems will be roughly equal. Everything you require to choose and set up an electric heated floor, including a video

Cable systems

Warm electric floor installation is limited to the cement screed when utilizing a cable heating element. It is only feasible to install the finished flooring after that. The passage through the current conductor of a specified value is the fundamental working principle of such a system.

The resistance cable’s design

The use of a self-regulating or resistant cable causes it to heat up, which transfers heat to the screed. Furthermore, due to its substantial cost difference, the first option is the most preferred one. Furthermore, they serve the same purpose.

A necessary step in the technology of an electric heated floor device is power calculation. Typically, specialized tables are utilized for this purpose, providing average values based on various manufacturers’ equipment. For an installation of this kind, the final discrepancy between the computation and the actual data is only 4%, which is not very significant.

The typical consumption for installing a cable-type warm electric floor is

  • For the corridor and kitchen – 150 watts,
  • Sanuzlov – 180 watts,
  • Balconov – 200 W,
  • living rooms, bedrooms – 150 watts.

Selecting the location for the system regulator installation is always the first step in installing electric heated floors. This location is used, if required, to install the box, the sensor, and the cable routing.

The sensor needs to be placed one meter away from the wall beneath the heating cable in a plastic pipe in order to be able to provide testimony with a high enough degree of accuracy. With the aid of this method, the element can be readily accessed for maintenance or replacement.

Infrared film floors

A thin film, or film material, is a heating element. It measures 0.4 mm thick. Within, sealed carbon stripes function as a source of 5–20 μm infrared waves when heated by copper contact tires.

It is crucial to think about! Unlike electromagnetic radiation, which is completely unsafe for human health, infrared radiation

Field electric heated floor, schematic of connections

The flooring does not heat up when the warm electric floor of the film type is laid. The furniture, walls, ceiling, and other surrounding sources of heat from the structure are heated. This enables you to keep the humidity at the same level.

When calculating power, keep in mind that the heating power should not be more than 150 watts per square meter if laying laminate, parquet, or parquet. By covering the floor with ceramic tiles, you can raise the system’s power to 200 watts in the space.

It is also advised to consider that the room should be filled with more than 70% of its total area and that there should be a minimum of 10 cm between the walls and furniture and the film when doing calculations and installing an electric heated floor.

Differences of warm water floors and conventional heating systems

Their design is different from standard heating systems in that it allows heating elements to be installed inside floor spaces. Ordinary radiators that are typically placed under windows will cause all of the heated air to instantly seek the shortest route under the ceiling. Consequently, the room is not heated, only the upper air layers are.

The air starts to cool and become less dense over time. Here, the batteries give him another burst of heat, and he rises toward the ceiling. As a result, heat is dispersed so that heated air is only found at the top under the ceiling and close to the radiator. The lower level’s lack of heat causes the legs to freeze and the room’s center to remain unfinished.

Water and heated floors function entirely differently. This design radiates heat outward from every surface and distributes heating elements uniformly throughout the floors. As a result, the warmest air will mostly reside at the floor’s surface and never rise above two meters. Following the ultimate dispersal of air, the area beneath the ceiling will have the lowest temperature, while the floor will have the highest temperature. The most comfortable feelings are experienced during this separation.

Water floors are most frequently used as the primary heating because of their beneficial qualities. This is not the case with electrical systems, whose operation is significantly more costly because of the high cost of electricity.

Options for installing water warm walls

Warm walls can be installed in a variety of ways.

Installation of water warm walls for plaster

Plaster is the first choice available:

The insulation is affixed to the wall with a minimum thickness of 30 mm, if possible. But as you are aware, it is possible to insulate a wall from the outside as well as the inside—which is actually preferable. By using internal insulation, you can raise the dew point inside the wall, which will prevent moisture, mold, and other "Contracts" from building up. This holds true for stone-based walls made of brick, concrete, etc. P.).

The pipe’s diameter ranges from 16 to 20 mm.

There are two steps to plastering to prevent cracking:

1. Over the insulation, an attachable reinforcing mesh is placed. The grid must be fastened to the wall, not the insulation. Using the chosen step, we secure the pipe to the grid. And now pipes are flushed with plaster to seal them, and a layer of plaster is applied:

2. Another reinforcing layer, such as fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, is applied after the first layer dries. Add another 2-3 cm of plaster. Because the wall above the pipe is thinner than the heated floor, heat transfer is greater and the wall warms up more quickly.

Crucial! Plaster must be reinforced; otherwise, cracks will develop as a result of the ongoing temperature difference. The stroke of the completed walls and the pipe hide in the resulting trobe are two variations of such a device of warm walls:

The stroke of the completed walls and the pipe hide in the resulting trobe are two variations of such a device of warm walls:

However, this kind of work is too tedious and dusty.

Crucial! Only after crimping and verifying that the pipeline is tight can you plaster the wall, just like you would with a heated floor.

Dry installation of a water warm wall

Dry wall installation is the second choice for warm walls:

Above the insulation and before the wall sheathing (OSP, drywall), a pipe is attached. In this case, a reflecting layer is required; it can be represented by a broken line that represents corrugated aluminum plates or, alternatively, by a regular galvanized corporal for the roof (in which case, the wave’s height should be chosen to be slightly greater than the pipe’s diameter).

Crucial! Drilling through the wall containing the pipeline is useless! This is relevant to your wish to hang something on that kind of wall. But remember, this kind of wall needs to be kept open in order for the heat to come from it!

We create a pipe location plan before sealing the pipes (plaster or lining are irrelevant). This way, future drilling won’t accidentally enter the pipe.

An alternative to installing the heating system dry, using water to warm the walls and installing it on frame structures is this:

I guess everything is visible in the picture; no remarks are present.

Types of pipes and methods for their fastening

Different types of pipes are used in the construction of water floors:

  • Metalloplasty products. Are considered the most optimal option. They provide stable preservation of the desired shape, light and simple in installation, are relatively inexpensive.
  • Pipe from stitched polyethylene. Resistant to freezing fluids, can be repaired. However, when heated, they straighten up and hardly retain the necessary form.
  • Metal pipes (copper). They are characterized by high performance and functionality. However, when using them along with the screed, a protective layer is required, excluding the alkaline effect.

Depending on how the warm floors are designed, there are various methods for pipe fastening to the base:

  • A quick way to fasten with tightening polyamide clamps directly to the grid. Material consumption: 2 clamps per 1 meter.
  • Steel wire for fasteners. It is also used along with the mounting grid, the consumption is the same as that of the clamps.
  • Fast fixation using a stapler directly to the thermal insulation material. 1 meter requires two clamps.
  • Special fixing tracks in the form of a U-shaped plane made of polyvinyl chloride. They are placed in them for 16 and 20 mm, after which they are rigidly fixed on the floor.
  • Polystyrene mats intended for water floors. Their plane is covered with grooves and columns, between which the pipe is laid.
  • Installation in wooden floors is performed using distribution aluminum plates. In addition to fastening, they perform the function of reflection and uniform distribution of heat over the entire surface.

Installation of electric warm floor with your own hands

Check the resistance of the wire and roll it with a passport before laying it. Ten percent or less of the data declared in the documentation may be used in the run.

Electric heated floors can be installed both with and without the use of screeds and special fasteners on an armature grid.

Make sure to ground a reinforcing grid and bring the ground to the regulator if you install such a floor in a bathhouse or bathtub. For this, use a copper puddle wire.

  1. Installation of a warm film floor is carried out simply: the elements are spread on top of the insulation layer. If the manufacturer offers a certain styling technology, then you may need a mount using a special adhesive tape or by the ears on the element.
  2. In those places where the wire is located above the line separating the floor slabs, hide it into the segment of the corrugated pipe to avoid a cable break during thermal expansion of the plates.
  3. The joints should be noted on the apartment plan. Subsequently, this will be needed if you have to do the repair of your warm floor.
  4. After all the elements are installed in the set places, check the resistance of the wire again. You can turn on the warm floor only if the resistance differs slightly from preliminary measurements.
  5. Next, lower the corrugated pipe around the stroke from the regulator, place its other end between the nearest strips of the cable exactly in the middle. Inside the corrugated pipe you need to place a thermal attemptor: with its help you will adjust the operation of the electric floor.
  6. Some experts recommend using a large diameter tube for a thermal attenter than the one that comes with the cable. For example, place a temperature sensor inside the tube before pouring the floor and do not pull it out once again. Since heat is transmitted to the surrounding screed, the cable will not heat up to the maximum temperature.
  7. If everything is within the norm, then de -energize the system and remove the regulator until the finishing work is completely completed. Form the screed after it dries, check the work of the entire system. With a positive result, you can mount the flooring.

You can immediately install laminate or linoleum in the event that the film floor installation in the screed is necessary.

We lay the thermal insulation and fix the mounting tape

We cover the floor with a layer of thermal insulation. The room beneath your must be taken into consideration when calculating the thickness of the thermal insulation layer. The minimal thickness of the thermal insulation layer can be applied if the heated room is already present.

We cover the floor’s surface with a layer of thermal insulation.

In this situation, the only thermal insulation you can use is 3–4 millimeters thick, and you can only use it where the heating elements are supposed to be.

If the ceiling is below an unheated room, the layer has to be applied to the whole surface at a calculated thickness.

Securing the floor’s heat-insulating components to one another

Using regular adhesive tape, the heat-insulating material sheets can be joined together. It fixes the layers consistently and doesn’t interfere with the thermal insulation structure.

We position the mounting tape so that an electric cable can be attached.

Place the mounting tape on the heat-insulating surface to secure the heating cable. The distance between each segment of the tape should be approximately one meter.

You can use self-tapping screws and dowels, among other tools, to secure the tape to the floor surface.

The most common methods for installing electric warm floor

Installing a warm floor can be done in a number of ways, and they can vary greatly from one another:

  • The heating element is mounted into the layer of the screed, and after that the flooring is laid;
  • The warm floor is put on top of the screed under ceramic tiles;
  • Laying is carried out directly for the flooring (this applies to film floors).

The best choice for heating living rooms, porches, kitchens, and bathrooms is option number one. The installation of a cable warm floor is intended in this instance.

A thin layer of screed is formed on top of the waterproofing and insulation layer, where the system is installed.

Assume you have an underfloor pre-insulated room. After that, you can quickly install an electric heated floor beneath the tiles without putting down a second layer of thermal insulation or putting down screed. Heating elements are isolated by ceramic tiles and a layer of special glue.

If you want to install a warm floor beneath a layer of laminate but lack the time or desire to perform overhaul work, installing a film warm floor—also known as infrared—is a good solution. In this instance, the insulation is applied to the preexisting screed as a layer of foil made of foamed polyethylene. If required, a waterproofing layer is placed before installing the electric components, and only then is the flooring installed.

Remember that you cannot place a screed and an infrared heated floor beneath tiles.

How to calculate warm floors

You can calculate the quantity of materials required and the most efficient pipe laying scheme in advance thanks to the pre-calculated warm floor and its installation technology. To achieve this, a thorough plan is created, on which every element’s precise location is noted.

In addition, the following guidelines and technical requirements need to be considered:

  • Places of installation of furniture, plumbing and other heavy objects are determined in advance, after which the installation scheme is drawn up. Pipe laying in these areas is not allowed.
  • The circuit consisting of pipes with a diameter of 16 mm should have a length of not more than 100 m, and with a diameter of 20 mm – not more than 120 m. Otherwise, the pressure in the system will be insufficient. Therefore, the area of one circuit on average is up to 15 m2.
  • Several certain contours installed in one place should not differ significantly in length. As a rule, they are used in rooms with large areas.
  • The distance between the pipes is observed within 15 cm. Such an interval involves high -quality thermal insulation. With frequent frosts in the winter, when the air temperature drops below minus 20 degrees, the laying step decreases to 10 cm. The distance between the pipes in this case can only be reduced near the outer walls. In the northern regions, an additional installation of ordinary batteries will be required.
  • In calculations, it should be borne in mind that the consumption of pipes with a step step 15 cm will be about 7 m per 1 m2 of the room, and in a step 10 cm – 10 meters per 1 square.

The average temperature of the coolant determines how densely it flows. To calculate this value, divide the heat loss in this room (W) by the area that has stacked pipes (minus the indentation from the walls). The value at the circuit’s entry and exit is used to calculate the average temperature indicator. They differ by about 5 to 100 degrees Celsius. It is not recommended to heat the coolant above 55 degrees.

The active area of the heating (M2) must be divided by the size of the styling step (m) in order to determine the circuit’s total length. The final value is increased by the bends’ sizes and the separation between the contour and the collector. You are only able to pre-calculate the warm floors using general initial data. When using mixing nodes and thermostats in a finished system, more precise adjustments are made.

Features of advantages and disadvantages

You must consider the dignity of the situation as well as any potential inconvenience before you set the floor. The following are the benefits:

The following are the benefits:

  • The warm floor saves a lot of space, which means – gives freedom of creativity in the implementation of unusual design ideas.
  • Drafts are excluded. Paul evenly spreads heat throughout the house, which means that even asthmatics and allergies will feel comfortable.
  • The floor provides air with the desired level of humidity.
  • Warm half is favorable for health, since it transfers heat through radiation, and not heating the air.
  • Warm gender is more effective than radiators, because the room warms faster. This sample is especially relevant for the owners of private houses.
  • Heating systems are carefully hidden from the eyes and do not harm the overall aesthetic type of room.

Comfort comes at a cost. The warm floor has the following drawbacks:

  • The flooring must be selected with an eye. The wooden floor is prone to destruction due to temperature exposure.
  • Certain types of wood can reduce the effectiveness of heat to zero.
  • When installing an electric floor, electricity costs will increase. Basically consumed 110-150 watts per square meter. Although the heating temperature is saved if there are no owners at home. With the right approach, you can save about 40% of energy. Infrared floors are recommended for use, the indicators of which are reduced to 50%.
  • Electric networks in some buildings do not always withstand the load when heating the house.
  • After installing the electric sample, electromagnetic radiation increases. There is an opinion that this negatively affects human health. But this has not yet been proved by science. The creators of the infrared floor say that the floor has no electromagnetic radiation from the film.
  • With an unexpected or planned shutdown of electricity, the warm floor is useless.
  • The installation of a water warm floor requires a lot of time and effort.
  • Significant cash costs are required.
  • Not all warm floors are reliable. Water floor is less efficient than an electric sample.

Types of warm floor

We have two options for heated floors in the industrial sector: electric and water. It is possible to use each heating technique for both primary and secondary heating. They can be mixed together, and each has benefits and drawbacks of their own. We’ll examine each of these instances in greater detail.

Water warm floor

It is frequently constructed in homes, linked to a boiler that runs on gas or solid fuel, and necessitates considerable structural modifications. Installation within the recently constructed building is the best choice. will lower the price of replacing the waterproofing, insulation, and black screed after it has been disassembled and filled.

Parts of this kind of heating include:

  • pipes – polypropylene, polyethylene, made of steamed polyethylene, metal -plastic, from corrugated stainless steel and copper;
  • boiler – solid fuel, gas, working on liquid fuel or electric;
  • circulation pump – crashes into a collector to create additional backwater in the line;
  • Filter – for gross and fine water purification;
  • coolant – water, antifreeze, transformer oil, chemically desecious water or distilled;
  • Distribution collector – wiring and distribution by contours, pressure regulation;
  • Temperature regulator – regulation of water temperature to create programmed operator conditions;
  • three -way valve – the distribution of water in the collector of a direct and reverse flow;
  • regulatory and locking reinforcement – cuttings, supply or regulation of the flow of coolant in the collector of the working circuit;
  • Thermocouple and resistance thermometers – temperature measurement sensors, create signals to control the regulator.

Compute. The warm floor’s ideal surface temperature is between 24 and 27 OS. This temperature is produced by placing pipes with a 16 mm diameter and a 25–30 cm laying step in the thickness of the pipes. When using pipes with a 20 mm diameter, a 35–40 cm laying stack is feasible. However, in actual use, this section is incredibly infrequent. It is not worthwhile to investigate because the boiler handles the remaining temperature control.

Warm water floors have several advantages over convection radiators and electric heated floors, including superior efficiency, reduced energy consumption, no risk of electric shock, extended lifespan, and ease of installation.

Drawbacks include: challenging initial settings, potential for leaks, slow response times when adjusting parameters, inability to repair individual contour sections, costly equipment, and limited installation options within your own boiler’s contour.

Electric warm floor

The way the room is heated nowadays. The idea was to use electric current to heat a conductive core with a high resistance. Electric energy is transformed into thermal energy by the current passing through the conductor.

The following are some sources of heat: infrared, cable, and cable mats. Similar to water, there are no installation limitations for any kind of electric floor. Suitable for installation in homes and apartments alike. able to be utilized as a primary and backup source of heat. easily mounted and don’t require pricey equipment for installation.

The parts that make up the electric heating system are:

  • cable, cable mats or infrared panels;
  • automatic regulator or temperature relay;
  • thermocouple or resistance thermometer.

A snake is used to lay cables. A normal laying step is between 10 and 15 mm.

Compute. There are several nominal performance options for the cable. either in calories or watts. The most prevalent cables on store shelves range in nominal rate from 3 to 20 watts per meter linear. Only 80–120 watts are needed for additional heating, while 200 watts per square meter are needed for the room’s primary heating. We compute the power and the cable laying step based on standard nominal nominal nominal nominal stems.

In response to the question of which heating base is better for ceramics, I would say that it really depends on the circumstances. The best option is a water system if the underfloor heating system’s main heating functions are to be assigned through calculation.

Given the lower cost of material acquisition and the negligible electricity consumption during combination, it is preferable to use electric if you intend to manufacture additional heating for the system.

The use of electric warm flooring technology provides a cozy and effective way to heat your house. You can save money on heating overall and have warmth underfoot by installing electric warm flooring.

The stylistic versatility of electric warm flooring is one of its main advantages. Electric warm flooring can be installed under a variety of flooring materials, including tiles, laminate, and even carpet, so you can keep the look of your house while still benefiting from radiant heat.

The ease of installation of electric heated flooring is another benefit. It’s a project that can be handled by do-it-yourself enthusiasts or, for a hassle-free experience, left to professionals with the correct advice and equipment. Furthermore, the technology has advanced to become more energy-efficient, giving you an affordable heating option.

Moreover, electric heated flooring provides even heating across the space, removing cold spots and guaranteeing a constant degree of comfort. This uniform heating distribution improves your living area’s comfort level and reduces the need for additional heating sources, which helps you save energy.

To sum up, electric warm flooring technology is a useful and fashionable option for home heating. It’s an affordable and practical solution for homeowners due to its adaptability, simplicity of installation, energy efficiency, and even heating.

Video on the topic

Installation of a warm floor. Tips from professionals. G. Reutov. Part 5

Electric warm floor installation in a screed cable

Warm floor with Aliexpress. The most detailed instruction how to make installation.

Installation and installation of warm electric floors, video laid lesson

Installation of electric warm floor. Surface preparation. Stack Step. Laying process.

What type of heating you would like to have in your home?
Share to friends
Michael Kuznetsov

I love to create beauty and comfort with my own hands. In my articles I share tips on warming the house and repairing with my own hands.

Rate author
Add a comment