Infrared warm floor for tiles: installation by steps

The correct heating system can make a big difference in how comfortable our homes stay. And infrared heated floors have become a popular option in the world of contemporary home comfort. These systems, which are especially made for tiles, provide effective and uniform heating that can change the atmosphere of any space. We’ll walk you through the process of installing an infrared warm floor for tiles in this guide, so you can have cozy flooring throughout your house.

Firstly, let us clarify what an infrared warm floor actually is. Infrared warm floors work by emitting infrared radiation, which directly heats objects and surfaces in the room, including the tiles above, in contrast to conventional heating systems that rely on forced air or radiators. Because it doesn’t require heating the room’s total air volume, this radiant heat feels more comfortable and uses less energy.

Getting all the tools and supplies needed is crucial before beginning the installation process. Generally, you’ll need an adhesive made especially for floor heating systems, an electrical tape dispenser, an infrared heating mat intended for use beneath tiles, a trowel for applying adhesive, and a multimeter for testing. Furthermore, ensure that you possess the installation instructions provided by the manufacturer, as they might include particular guidelines or suggestions.

After preparing yourself, it’s time to begin the installation process. To guarantee a level and smooth surface for the heating mat to be laid on, start by giving the subfloor a thorough cleaning. Take your time with this step because any debris or imperfections could impact the system’s performance. Following the manufacturer’s instructions, you can start applying the adhesive once the subfloor has been cleaned and allowed to dry.

After applying the adhesive, carefully place the infrared heating mat on the floor, being sure to align it with the manufacturer’s layout plan. Be cautious not to fold or overlap the mat since this might harm the heating components. After the mat is in position, fasten the connections with electrical tape to keep them from moving while installing the tiles.

Which floor is better to choose for tiles

There are two types of floor heating systems: electric and water. The latter fall into three categories: film, core, and cable. When selecting a floor covering, one should consider the advantages and disadvantages of each species.

Water warm floors use a laid pipeline design that allows heated coolant to circulate. mounted in a screed more frequently.

Electric cables serve as a heating component. Similar to the water floor, this species is also commonly installed using the "dry" method, but it is also typically poured with a concrete screed.

The simplest and least expensive style option for flooring is electric infrared, especially for apartments. is a carbon plate thin film.

Additionally, tiles allow heat to pass through them when placed on a warm floor, increasing the heating system’s efficiency. More often than not, the tile is set into the concrete and secured with glue. This is the ideal finishing coat for screed floors filled with water and cable.

With porcelain stoneware, there are several challenges and characteristics when decorating infrared heated floors because the "pie" is so thin. However, there isn’t a law against such a neighborhood in theory.

Is it possible to lay a film floor under the tile?

You should be knowledgeable about how to install an electric infrared film warm floor for PVC tiles before deciding to do so. As a result, professionals advise becoming familiar with the guidelines for setting up this system and the parameters under which it must function.

Linoleum, laminate, and carpet are among the materials that can be laid on top of film warm flocks, according to the instructions. It is also acceptable to place such a heating device beneath the tile. There are suggestions for laying the floor underneath the tile in the system description.

Just so you know! Infrared heated floors are permitted to install on the street beneath porcelain tiles because they do not mind being wet.

Paths at the house equipped with this kind of heating will never be crowded with people.

An efficient and comfortable way to heat tiled floors is with infrared warm floors, an innovative solution. This article walks you through the installation process step-by-step, making it simple to comprehend and follow for everyone. Each step is described in detail, from setting up the subfloor to putting in the heating components and putting in the tiles. You’ll be able to experience the comforting warmth of your new infrared heated floor underfoot in no time with the help of this guide.

Features of the device IR Paul for tiles

The only thing about making such a "pie" out of tiles is that bulk flooring or tile glue are used instead of "dry" styling.

When constructing film floors, several considerations should be made if the "wet" method is chosen:

  1. Small adhesion – in connection with this, a simple filling of such floors with a cement mortar is not recommended, since the design will be floating. If something heavy falls on such a surface, then the screed can crack, and it will be difficult to eliminate these flaws.

While some people try writing notes on the product in an attempt to increase adhesion, experts do not recommend doing so. Because these locations are hard to isolate, current leakage is a possibility.

  • The film does not tolerate the alkali poorly – the alkaline contained in the cement mortar will have a negative effect on the IR of the floor. This will lead to a quick failure of their system.

Should you choose to manually install the film warm floor beneath the tile, you must follow specific technological guidelines during the installation process, which are elaborated upon below.

Principle of operation

IR Paul is a thin layer with carbon plates sandwiched in between the layers. They act as the heat-producing element in the system. 10–20 μm infrared rays are used to heat the device, which is powered by the mains.

The floor is rapidly heated by the film, and because it has a thermostat, it can be turned off when needed and on again when it gets too cold. Consequently, the apparatus functions for roughly twenty minutes every hour.

When compared to other systems, the film gender exhibits the highest level of efficiency. Because electricity consumption is negligible due to rapid heating, infrared floors are thought to be more cost-effective and profitable.

Furthermore, it heats the objects in the room rather than the air masses, which are already heating the air. Because the air is saturated with negatively charged particles and does not overdry, you can create an excellent atmosphere in the apartment.

Although infrared flooring works well in a variety of spaces, the bathroom or toilet are the best places for it to be installed (we recommend getting familiar with the detailed instructions for installing thermal protection in the bathroom).


As previously stated, IR floors are offered for sale as strips. The width of the strips ranges from 50 to 110 cm, and the product can be cut to a desired length using notches. Carbon plates are inserted within the film to act as heating elements.

Unlike other warm systems, the "Pie" film’s thickness—which is only 5 mm in the absence of a finish coating—also matters.

Film heating differs from conventional radiators primarily in that it is hidden beneath a decorative coating. This enables you to create a cozy environment in your home. It has a thermostat to control the temperature; the maximum heating level is 50 degrees, but +21 is the suggested setting.

The floor needs 220 W of power to operate, with a maximum consumption of 250 W/m2.

The advantages of IR floor for tiles

The primary benefit of film heating is its easy installation—it only requires one day. Furthermore, the structure doesn’t require maintenance while it’s in use. It’s important to note that a floor like this doesn’t freeze in the winter.

The following are some benefits of the under-tile infrared floor:

  • Wave length – it is 5 – 20 microns, so it easily passes through the tile;
  • simplicity of temperature adjustment – which allows you to easily create comfortable conditions;
  • economy – consumes little electricity;
  • lack of electromagnetic radiation – that is, does not harm a person;
  • the ability to ionize air;
  • not high cost;
  • efficiency – it is more than 20%more than that of other heating floors;
  • performance – if one element breaks down, the whole structure continues to function;
  • small thickness – which does not affect the height of the ceilings;
  • moisture resistance – it is permissible to lay in rooms with high humidity (bath, bathroom, pool).


Film floors under tiles have drawbacks despite all of their benefits:

  • Heating is recommended in rooms with a small area, when installing them in rooms of an impressive size, the costs will increase noticeably;
  • Since the floor does not creep under heavy objects and plumbing, it will not work to rearrange the furniture in the apartment;
  • the use of glue or concrete screed to fix the tile, will significantly reduce the operational period;
  • Damage can lead to a short circuit;
  • It is permissible to lay the film only on a perfectly smooth base;
  • Perhaps mechanical damage to the film – since the tile has a significant weight;
  • adhesion IR Paul makes installation more complicated.

Just so you know! It is advised to place drywall or glass wool grid tiles between the heating system and the surface to improve adhesion.

Nevertheless, this will lessen the design’s capacity to heat.

The materials that we need

If you intend to install an infrared floor yourself using a finish coating (tile), you should prepare more of the required supplies and equipment.

  • thermal shit with a set of clamps;
  • electrical wir;
  • temperature controller;
  • insulating bitumen material;
  • thermal insulation;
  • reinforcing product;
  • polyethylene film;
  • dry self -leveling mixture;
  • tile glue;
  • Construction tape.

When installing infrared warm floors for tiles, the following tools will be needed: rubber hammer, multimeter, roulette, screwdriver, square, meter, and nippers.

In addition to the thermal switch, clamps, electric wires, and isolation bitumen material with a self-adhesive base are included when you purchase a standard set of film flooring.

Just so you know! Selecting the appropriate cable segment is crucial for connecting the floor to the thermostat.

Installation technology

Once all the parts and equipment are ready, you can start laying the film infrared warm floors for tiles.

View the installation instructions in the video.

The procedure consists of:

  1. Dismantling of the old coating.
  2. Paul cleaning of dirt and litter.
  3. Speeding surface and processing primer.
  4. Alignment of the draft floor: “dry” in the way – expanded clay sand is used, the method is simple, but expanded clay can harm heating elements; concrete-cement or bulk composition-this option allows you to make an even and smooth floor.

This makes the preparation process much easier when there is a solid, level base. Just a thin coating of self-leveling compound should be applied.

Development of a styling scheme

Create a layout for the painting placement before you begin styling. The film floor does not sag into plumbing or large furniture. As a result, you must plan the room’s layout ahead of time. Attach tags to the base where the heating element will be in accordance with this plan. The minimum distance from the walls should be 20 cm.

Next, the thermostat’s location is decided upon; it needs to be mounted on the wall, 15 cm from the floor. It is advised to perform the strokes for the wires that will connect the device to the film because they will be inserted into them.

Just so you know! Given that installing the thermostat involves dirty labor, it is advised to do so before beginning the floor installation.


The prepared surface is covered with waterproofing material, which can be either regular plastic film or a specific membrane.

Tape is used to glue joints after the product is laid over.

Thermal insulation

Heat is directed upward by thermal insulation material, which prevents heat from reaching the floor. For this purpose, a foil product like an isolon or foam is preferable.

Up to 90% of thermal energy can be reflected by material coated in this way, increasing the efficiency of film floors.

The laying of thermal shit

The designed scheme is followed when installing thermal switches. It is important to carefully install the film to avoid damaging the surrounding elements. Terminal clamps are used to join the stripes together.

Only when the sheets are positioned with the copper contacts facing the walls and below, will the device function properly.

Paul connection

The thermostat needs to be connected when the floor is installed. In order to accomplish this, you must extend the cable that is inserted into the corrugation from the heating elements to the regulator, per the designed scheme.

The insulation on the wire is partially removed before it is connected to the heating elements using a clip in order to connect the cable and IR mat. For stable contact, click the terminal firmly but carefully with the pliers. Bitumen must be used to isolate cut seats.

The installation of a thermal attemptor, its positioning on graphite stripes, and its connection to the thermostat come next. Because the sensor is positioned inside a unique recess with heat-reflecting material, variations in the surface’s height are reduced.

The system needs to be tested after it is connected. The check is carried out independently, between 25 and 30 degrees.

In the event that testing demonstrates that the floor is operating as intended, polyethylene covering must be applied; this will act as an extra layer of protection.

Crucial! Grounding the device is necessary before connecting the film floor.

Laying tiles

Place the tiles in the following configurations on top of the infrared warm structure:

  1. Using a reinforcing mesh:
  2. The net is laid on top of polyethylene;

  • Then, a concrete or self -leveling solution is poured;

  • Only after the composition is completely dry, tiles are creeping.
  • Using drywall sheets that are placed on polyethylene, and tiles are already laid on drywall.

You will need glue or a specific mixture to secure the tiles to the floor.

  1. The adhesive composition is applied to the back of the facing material with a spatula with cloves, after which the product is fixed based on. To make even seams between the tiles, it is recommended to use plastic crosses.

  • For good grip of the product with the surface, and to align the protruding areas, the tile is tapped with a rubber hammer.

  • When the glue dries a little, the crosses are pulled out, and the seam.

Just so you know! You obtain a level surface when you lay tiles by using the building level.

Step 1: Prepare the Subfloor Make sure the subfloor is clean, dry, and level.
Step 2: Install Insulation Lay down insulation sheets to improve energy efficiency.
Step 3: Lay Out Heating Mats Position the infrared heating mats evenly across the floor space.
Step 4: Connect Mats to Power Follow manufacturer instructions to connect the mats to the power supply.
Step 5: Lay Tiles Place tiles on top of the mats, ensuring even coverage.
Step 6: Test and Adjust Test the system to ensure it"s functioning properly, and adjust settings if necessary.

Your home can become far more efficient and comfortable by replacing your tiled areas’ heating system with an infrared warm floor system. You can guarantee a seamless transition to a warmer and more energy-efficient space by adhering to the step-by-step installation instructions provided in this article.

To start, planning is essential. Make sure the subfloor is level, clean, and dry before beginning the installation. The heating system’s performance could be impacted by any flaws. To achieve the best results, properly prepare the surface taking your time.

Next, the infrared heating mats are easy to install but need to be done precisely. As you evenly distribute the mats over the floor area, make sure to space them correctly in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. During this process, take care not to harm the heating elements.

It’s time to connect the mats to the power supply after they are installed. To guarantee a secure and reliable connection, carefully follow the manufacturer’s wiring diagram. It is always preferable to hire a professional electrician to complete this step if you are uncomfortable working with electricity.

It’s crucial to test the system once the mats are connected to make sure everything is operating as it should. Activate the power and keep an eye out for any indications of malfunction or overheating in the mats. To stop additional harm, take immediate action to resolve any issues.

Eventually, you can start installing the tile flooring after the system has been tested and found to be functioning correctly. Lay the tiles uniformly over the heated floor surface after applying the adhesive in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Let the adhesive fully cure before turning on the heating element.

In conclusion, you can significantly increase your home’s comfort and energy efficiency by installing an infrared warm floor system for tiles. You can take advantage of a warm and comfortable living area for many years to come by following the instructions provided in this article and being careful to properly prepare, install, and test the system.

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Michael Kuznetsov

I love to create beauty and comfort with my own hands. In my articles I share tips on warming the house and repairing with my own hands.

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