How to choose boiler automatics. Malfunctions and repair with their own hands

Having a dependable heating system is crucial for keeping your house warm and comfortable during the colder months. The boiler is an essential part of this system since it heats water for hot water needs as well as warmth. But to guarantee that it runs effectively and safely, you also need the appropriate automatics; a boiler by itself is insufficient. We’ll dive into the world of boiler automatics in this post, covering common problems that may occur as well as how to select the best ones for your purposes.

With so many options on the market, selecting the right automatics for your boiler can be confusing. There are many features to take into consideration, ranging from simple timers to sophisticated programmable thermostats. The decision you make should take your household’s heating needs, energy-saving objectives, and financial constraints into account. Gaining knowledge about the features of various automatics will enable you to choose the one that best fits your needs.

Boiler automatics can malfunction over time, even with careful selection. These malfunctions, which can range from small bugs to bigger problems, can impair your comfort and your heating system’s performance. While complicated problems might require the assistance of a professional, many everyday problems can be fixed with some do-it-yourself troubleshooting and repairs. In the long run, you can save time and money by learning how to recognize and fix these problems.

It takes a basic understanding of boiler automatics’ operation as well as the ability to adhere to safety procedures in order to repair one on your own. You can confidently handle minor issues by practicing proper maintenance and becoming familiar with the inner workings of your heating system. To prevent further damage or jeopardizing your safety, it’s important to know your limitations. If you’re unsure or uncomfortable performing a repair task, don’t be afraid to seek professional assistance.

Topic: How to Choose Boiler Automatics Topic: Malfunctions and Repair with Your Own Hands
1. Consider the type of boiler: gas, electric, or oil. 1. Check for common malfunctions like thermostat issues.
2. Look for automatics that match your boiler"s fuel type and capacity. 2. Inspect the ignition system for any faults.
3. Check for compatibility with your existing heating system. 3. Examine the pressure relief valve for leaks or blockages.
4. Assess the reliability and reputation of the automatics brand. 4. Clean or replace clogged filters to improve efficiency.
5. Consider additional features like programmable settings for energy savings. 5. Inspect the pump for any signs of wear or damage.
6. Ensure proper installation by a qualified technician. 6. Check electrical connections for loose wires or corrosion.

Types of boiler automation systems

There are two varieties of boiler automatics:

  1. Energy-dependent, which operates only from the power grid.
  2. Non-independent, capable of operating in an autonomous mode without voltage supply to its actuators.

Utilizing the newest technological advancements and integration with the "Smart House" system, advanced energy-dependent systems perform the widest range of functions, from weather-dependent control to the boiler unit safety system.

Non-independent automation is used on coal-fired units and in locations with erratic power supplies. It is less sophisticated and lacks a sophisticated control system. Three primary parameters that this type of system regulates are the level of discharge in the furnace, the presence of a flame within the furnace, and the overheating of the water.

Elements of the automation system

Boiler automatic components are contingent upon the unit’s capacity and the state’s regulatory requirements. With a steam capacity ranging from 2.5 to 20 t/h and a saturated steam pressure of 13 to 23 amt, municipal steam boilers DKVR (E), which are most frequently found in the central heating system, are utilized.

Safety and regulation are the two components of automation. When the predetermined parameters for gas, furnace vacuum, water level in the drum, steam pressure, and feed water temperature (T) are exceeded, the first one turns off the boiler, and the second one uses actuators to keep the predetermined parameters for the unit’s operation.

The boiler unit’s automation system runs on the AGAVA 6432 microprocessor device.The boiler unit control system is finished.

  1. AGAVA controller.
  2. Sensors for gas/steam/air/air pressure, feed and mains water T, water level in the drum and flame in the furnace.
  3. KIRIA cabinet.
  4. Touch screen for operating personnel with indication and archiving of all measured parameters and operation of actuators.
  5. Power supply unit with emergency protection in the absence of stationary voltage on the control panel.
  6. Flowmeters for fuel, steam, feed and network water meters.
  7. Actuators for gas, air, feed water and boiler discharge, which must ensure the supply of the medium.
  8. Frequency converters for control of fan and smoke pump motors.

Principle of operation

Operation of energy-dependent thermal process automation systems, based on data analysis from primary sensor microprocessor units. The main panel, which is installed either on the boiler itself for domestic units or AOGV, or on the remote control panel for industrial and municipal devices, shows all service mode settings that determine the boiler unit’s normal operation.

Contemporary boilers are outfitted with specialized programmers that modify the equipment’s multi-day mode of operation based on the weather forecast. The average temperature of the outdoor air is utilized to determine the operating modes.

Apart from sensors, the automated system has the option to incorporate a controller that is linked to the boiler via a bus. This controller enables the transmission of encoded signals and communication modules that ensure remote communication via telephones with the thermal energy consumer via Internet networks. Given the high caliber of service, it is crucial that the gas boiler be in good operating order, and the service center should handle automatic repair.

Electronics or mechanics

Contemporary boiler units, particularly those manufactured in the West, come with electronic boiler control systems, which can account for as much as 30% of the installation cost. While the benefits of such a system are clear, there is a drawback: it is apprehensive about the unreliability of Russian electrical networks. As such, it ought to be run on dependable stabilizers and independent power sources.

The electronic system has nearly infinite control and regulation capabilities, ranging from weather-dependent heating unit regulation to temperature and pressure control of the heating medium.

Under the safety system, in the event of high or low gas pressure, flame failure, no discharge from the furnace, low or high pressure, and coolant temperature, the boiler will be cut off from the fuel supply.

Additionally, mechanical actuators are installed. The safety relief valve guards against excessive medium pressure in the internal boiler circuit, and the gas shut-off valve is activated by inadmissible gas pressure.

Only mechanical sensors and valves that transmit a signal to the actuator or the BURS ignition unit allow mechanical systems to function.

For instance, the Buderus boiler unit can be started by applying pressure to the gas valve’s washer, which causes the valve to open and allow gas to reach the igniter. To keep the valve in the open position, it heats the thermocouple, which generates a current with a voltage high enough to activate the electromagnet.

The boiler unit’s output is then adjusted by the regulator to deliver gas at the proper volume and working pressure. The thermostat then regulates the heating process.

Which automatics is better

The market for boiler equipment is currently overflowing with boiler automation proposals from both domestic and foreign manufacturers.

The first are highly pricey, erratic, and ill-suited to Russian engineering networks’ conditions; the second are less useful. The boiler’s optimal automation is always provided by the manufacturer in a single package, or natively.

It is there on the stands and is adjusted correctly according to the unit’s operating modes. An equally significant aspect of boiler automatics is the manufacturer’s warranty obligations, which should include free replacement of the unit in the event of failure and operation guarantees for at least a year.


German automation is quite popular in the Russian market for boilers made by Vaillant, Honeywell, AEG, and Bosch. This can be attributed to its excellent quality, durability, and dependability for consumers. high degree of security and automation. Condensing boiler automation has recently been implemented by German manufacturers, offering K.Λ.Υ. at nearly 100%.

Italian automation

The EuroSIT 630 is regarded as the world’s best Italian automatic gas boiler system. Although it is produced in complete accordance with EU standards, the cost is less than that of German systems.

All aspects of boiler operation are covered by the automation of EuroSIT 630 boilers, although it is highly sensitive to the parameters of gas line and electric network operation. Input voltage stabilizer installation is required for this system.


Recently, Russian automatic systems have become increasingly popular for boiler purchases because they offer a good protection system and dependable boiler control at the lowest possible cost.

Using the newest technology and innovations from European manufacturers, the experience gained with automating processes in industrial boilers is successfully transferred to the operation of domestic boilers. particularly "Neva-Tranzit" and "Lemax," two of the most well-known Russian businesses.

The best manufacturers of boiler automation and safety systems

The following businesses are regarded as the top producers of automation systems for domestic boilers in Russia: Aries, Orion, Eurosit, Nech st24 wpa 120, Honeywell, and Atos wpa 120.


Boiler automation Controllers are used by OVEN to run its operations. OVEN PLC and TRM combine to form a complex that protects and controls shut-off and control valves and valves, allowing for economical combustion process management and energy-efficient single- and two-circuit unit operation.

When operating on multiple heating boilers, the devices’ RS485/RS232 communication interfaces enable integration into a common automated system, multiple control and protection objects.


Orion mechanical type automatics for gas-fired boilers. It has a piezoelectric ignition system and an electric draught sensor installed. In the event of a low draught pressure and flame failure, boiler protection is achieved. Automatic regulation occurs based on the return heat carrier’s low temperature parameter. In this instance, the valve-regulator raises the gas flow to the burner in response to the temperature sensor’s signal. Conversely, when the water temperature in the heating circuit is high, the gas flow falls.


The Eurosit 630 is an Italian gas automatic boiler unit that features a modulating thermostat, non-volatile valve, and burner start function. The gas is manually started by applying pressure to the solenoid valve’s washer-regulator, which allows the gas to flow to the igniter.

The temperature sensor produces a voltage after the igniter ignites, which is enough to hold the valve open and increase its operating capacity. Gas cut-off, which stops the blast fan and circulation pump and cuts off the gas to the flame in the event that the coolant temperature is exceeded, ensures the safety of the unit’s operation.

Nech st24 wpa 120

Polish automatics with blower fan and electric circulation pump control for a series of gas and solid fuel boilers used in home heating systems.

The boiler unit body has the control unit mounted on it. The controller controls the room’s interior air temperature. A private home’s boiler then operates automatically, with the help of centrifugal pumps, blower fans, and gas valve-regulator actuators.

The coolant heating process and boiler operating parameters are visualized on the control panel’s LCD display.


German-made automation The most dependable and effective is Honeywell, which can regulate coolant temperatures between 40 and 90 degrees Celsius. The following criteria are used to determine boiler protection: low gas pressure, flame breakaway, and low coolant temperature.

The set is less attractive because of its extremely high price. As a result, the manufacturer started producing a set of economy class in recent years.

Atos wpa 120

Another Polish automation system, the Tech ST-24 solid fuel boiler with WPA 120 fan is the main feature.

The heating temperature of the supply coolant, the operation of the circulation pump and blower fan, and the signaling of an emergency in the boiler’s operation are all monitored and controlled by a microprocessor regulator.

The built-in ANTI-STOP system in the gas boiler command controller ATOS automatically activates every two weeks for 30 to 50 seconds to stop corrosion processes and centrifugal circulation pump jams. The system supplies gas to the boiler during the summer.

Selecting the appropriate boiler automatics is essential to keeping your home’s insulation and heating functioning well. With so many options available, it’s critical to take into account aspects like energy efficiency, ease of installation, and compatibility with your current heating system. You can choose automatics that fit your needs and budget by conducting in-depth research and, if necessary, seeking professional advice.

Boiler automatics can still malfunction even with careful selection. Sensor malfunctions, wiring errors, and control panel failures are frequent problems. Although there are a few troubleshooting steps that homeowners can perform on their own, there are some issues that may require professional assistance to diagnose and repair. Frequently, minor issues can be resolved and expensive repairs can be avoided by performing easy tasks like cleaning sensors, resetting the system, and inspecting for loose connections.

Safety is the first priority when it comes to boiler automatic repairs. It is imperative that you turn off the boiler’s electricity and observe the correct safety protocols before making any repairs. In addition, homeowners should read the manufacturer’s instructions and seek professional advice if they are unclear of how to proceed. Homeowners can reduce the chance of mishaps and guarantee that repairs are carried out securely and efficiently by exercising caution and adhering to advised procedures.

In conclusion, careful thought and close attention to detail are necessary when selecting and maintaining boiler automatics. You can prolong the lifespan of your heating system by choosing the appropriate automatics for your house and being vigilant about upkeep and repairs. Being aware of the situation and acting appropriately can help you prevent expensive downtime and guarantee that your home remains warm and comfortable all year long, regardless of the severity of the problem.

Selecting the appropriate boiler automatics is essential to maintaining a warm and effective home. It can save you time and money to understand the important factors when upgrading or repairing. Look for energy efficiency, dependability, and compatibility with your heating system. Learn about common malfunctions that can be fixed with simple do-it-yourself fixes, such as sensor failures or thermostat problems. But always put safety first, and if you’re unsure, get advice from an expert. By having the correct information and equipment, you can make sure your boiler runs efficiently and keeps your house warm all year long.

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Sergey Ivanov

I like to help people create comfort and comfort in their homes. I share my experience and knowledge in articles so that you can make the right choice of a heating and insulation system for your home.

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