Instructions for cladding furnaces and fireplaces with tiles

The aesthetics and coziness of your home can be greatly improved by changing the appearance of your fireplace or furnace. Applying tile cladding to these features is one efficient way to accomplish this transformation. Tiles are a sensible option for heating elements because they not only provide a fashionable touch but are also durable and low maintenance.

Tile cladding for a fireplace or furnace is a do-it-yourself project that homeowners can take on. With the appropriate equipment and supplies, you can give your heating system a modern, sleek look that goes well with the interior design of your house. There are tile options to fit every taste and style, whether you prefer a more traditional appearance or a sleek, modern design.

There are a few things to take into account when choosing tiles for cladding, including the tiles’ size, color, and texture. Additionally, to guarantee a strong and long-lasting bond, you’ll need to select the appropriate grout and adhesive. A professional-looking finish that will last the test of time requires careful planning and installation.

We’ll walk you through the entire tile cladding process for fireplaces and furnaces in this article. We’ll give you all the information you need to take on this satisfying home renovation project, from selecting the ideal tiles and prepping the surface to grouting and applying adhesive.

Step Description
1 Prepare the surface: Clean the furnace or fireplace surface to remove any dust, dirt, or grease.
2 Measure and cut tiles: Measure the dimensions of the surface area to determine the number of tiles needed. Cut the tiles to fit, if necessary.
3 Apply adhesive: Apply a suitable adhesive to the back of each tile using a trowel.
4 Place tiles: Press each tile firmly onto the surface, ensuring they are evenly spaced and aligned.
5 Grout tiles: Once the adhesive has dried, apply grout between the tiles to fill in the gaps and seal the edges.
6 Clean up: Wipe away any excess grout or adhesive with a damp sponge, and allow the tiles to set according to the manufacturer"s instructions.
  1. DIY cladding
  2. Features of styling
  3. Heat -resistant tiles for furnaces the main types, features and characteristics
  4. Design
  5. Under Gzhel
  6. Under a stone
  7. Under the brick
  8. Mirror
  9. Panel
  10. Types of tiles
  11. The best brands
  12. Distinctive features
  13. Features of care
  14. How to choose a product for cladding surfaces of fireplaces or furnaces
  15. Fire -controlled stove tile step -by -step instructions for laying
  16. How to clad a stove with refractory tiles – step -by -step diagram
  17. Step 1: surface cleaning
  18. Step 2: Preparation for the cladding
  19. Step 3: Laying tiles
  20. Step 4: Checking the evenness of the styling
  21. Step 5: Spend the grout (fuguka)
  22. Step 6: The final stage is finish cleaning
  23. How to ennoble
  24. Features of the use of ceramic tiles for facing stoves and fireplaces
  25. Glue and solution for stoves
  26. Clay solution for the furnace
  27. Cement solution for the furnace
  28. A solution of dry mixture or special adhesives (cement, dispersion, epoxy)
  29. Finished adhesive solution – adhesive mastic
  30. Choice for the furnace
  31. Criterias of choice
  32. The best brands
  33. Care and general recommendations
  34. Tile
  35. Laying heat -resistant tiles
  36. Requirements for heat -resistant facing ceramics
  37. Colors
  38. Tiles
  39. Material options
  40. Terracott
  41. Majolica
  42. Tiles
  43. Clinker
  44. Porcelain stoneware
  45. What about ceramics?
  46. How to lick
  47. That if the material is not selected correctly?
  48. How to choose tiles for cladding furnaces and fireplaces
  49. Stove stove and calculation of tiles
  50. Methods for laying tiles on the oven
  51. The dimensions of the KP
  52. What should be the cladding
  53. Video on the topic
  54. Mantel
  55. What glue to use for cladding furnaces and fireplaces
  56. Facing furnace with heat -resistant weber glue.Vetonit Ultra Fix
  57. Carbon cladding
  58. File tiles . What tile to cover the stove
  59. Facing the stove with tiles is the right method
  60. Facing the stove with tiles.

DIY cladding

Strangely enough, there are people who want to build a fireplace themselves and who also want to do the cladding themselves since it is not readily available at stores. People like these will be happy to hear that making clinker or gypsum tiles at home is quite simple.

You will need silicone form, gypsum, sand, and cement for the clinker. After being combined, all of the "ingredients" are poured into the form. Everything is ready after 15 minutes; all that’s left to do is let it dry and apply a primer to prevent crumbling.

The following materials will be needed to manufacture gypsum tiles: water, gypsum, fierce lime, and silicone form. Everything is combined and then poured into the form, but you have to work quickly because if you don’t, the gypsum will start to solidify at the worst possible time. The material can be carefully removed from the form and allowed to dry for an additional 15 to 20 minutes, as the design is still very delicate.

Features of styling

The improper side of the tiles should have unique notches to enhance adherence to the base surface, so keep that in mind when selecting tiles for the stove. The aluminum corners or metal wicker network, which are positioned between the tile and the furnace’s base surface and have cells no larger than 150 by 150 mm, improve the design.

The reinforcing canvas is fastened with screws or 100 mm nails.

The aluminum corners or the metal wicker network between the tile and the furnace’s base surface, which has cells no larger than 150 x 150 mm, improve the design. The reinforcing canvas is fastened with screws or 100 mm nails.

A mixture of sand, clay, and cement (of a brand no less than M400) is applied to the network. For furnaces based on aluminum cement with chemical and polymer additives, elastic glue is advised.

Grout seals up the seams. Restricting the number of crosses ensures that the gaps between the slabs are all the same width.

The most widely used materials for cheap stove decoration are terracotta and clinker. Tiles and goths are a rare combination. Among pricey finishing materials, natural marble and tiles are more frequently selected.

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Heat -resistant tiles for furnaces the main types, features and characteristics

The widest variety of materials are now available in stores for decorative work intended to elevate fireplaces. Naturally, every one of them has distinctive qualities and essential features; being aware of them will help you make the best decision.

  • Stylish and strong terracotta, considered the oldest material for facing such structures. Terracotta is a product of clay varieties with a high level of porosity. At first it is pressed, after which it is exposed to high temperatures. This material was especially known in ancient Greece, Rome in the manufacture of tiles, tiles and other elements. The main features are the strength, a characteristic red-brown tint (terracotta).
  • Majolica. This material is also considered terracotta, only glazed. The name was given thanks to the Spanish island of Major, from where they often brought a variety of colorful tiles for decorative work, painted dishes. Attracts an unusual pattern, but this material is not cheap – even now it is considered a luxury for many homeowners.
  • Clinker heat -resistant tiles are one of the varieties of ceramics, which was created as an alternative to facing brick. It is made from different types of clay with the addition of mineral dyes and chamotes, after pressed and exposed to firing. As a result of such processing, a reliable material is obtained, which is resistant to high temperatures. The presence of a wide range of color shades is also pleased, including white, dark chocolate and gently beige. The thickness of the plates reaches about 1 cm.
  • The most modern type is considered porcelain stoneware, produced under high pressure from several types of clay and salts, marble crumbs, various dyes. Due to the monolithic structure and resistance to temperatures, this type of building material has found the widest application in facing work. It should be noted that with its help it is easy to simulate natural stone: terracotta, granite, clinker, major in decorating furnaces.
  • Tiles – a unique refractory ceramic tiles for fireplaces, decorated with glaze patterns. Produced it from clay with firing, while the main difference is the form in the form of a box. This increases not only the decorative qualities of the tiles, but also the heat -saving characteristics, and the hot air, which is transmitted when the furnace trimmed with tiles is considered the most environmentally friendly.
  • Shamot tiles – a fairly expensive material for facing fireplaces, since it is not massively produced, but with piece copies. It characterizes the strength, moisture-and thermal resistance. The main difference from wastewater is in the variety of sizes, shapes and drawings, thanks to which you can decorate your stove in the most original way, adhering to the general style of the interior.


The indoor fireplace is a beautiful decoration in addition to providing warmth for the space.

The shape and finish of the fireplace have a significant impact on the room’s overall style, so its design is crucial.

A fireplace can be made more visually appealing in a variety of ways, depending on the natural and artificial finishing materials that are utilized.

The most popular configuration for a fireplace is with facing tiles. Heat should be well-conducted by the material.

There are numerous benefits to designing a fireplace this way:

  • the material is available different in shades and in its texture;
  • high temperatures are not terrible;
  • There are no problems with the departure of tiles;
  • Different other options are possible, except for one selected composition;
  • Just lay the tiles.

Remember that choosing smaller sizes is preferable when facing the fireplace because the likelihood of it cracking is much lower.

Under Gzhel

It was discovered in Russia in the 16th century that the furnace could be completed and tiled at the same time. The furnace’s efficiency and safety features both improved simultaneously, and the room where it was located underwent a radical makeover.

For a very long time, Russians were thought of as tiles (with relief and flat), and masters learned how to adorn stoves and fireplaces with unique ornaments.

Gzhel initially had the money to adorn the fireplace or stove alone, but incredibly fast, such cladding started to be accepted as a Russian custom.

Under a stone

Usually, a household’s favorite spot is the fireplace, where people congregate to talk during their free time. Sitting by a gorgeously finished fireplace will be twice as enjoyable, but this only applies to stamp tiles. Stones used for decoration are robust, dependable, long-lasting, and elegant.

Any type of decorative stone tile can be created using modern technology, and they will resemble their natural counterpart as closely as possible. What exactly are the stone tiles made of?

  • from sand;
  • cement;
  • fillers (expanded clay sand and perlite);
  • gypsum;
  • natural pigments.

The technology for production is very straightforward: all that has to be done is pour the prepared mixture into a designated form with reliefs and wait for it to solidify.

Moisture resistance is a crucial feature for cement tiles, as pure gypsum décor cannot guarantee this.

Under the brick

Refractory bricks can be laid in preparation thanks to the facing’s decoration. This is smooth to the touch, has a vibrant color, and will do a great job of holding in the heat in the space.

There are a few, albeit minor, differences between the furnace and fireplace’s construction. Similar to a fireplace, the furnace is constructed from refractory bricks (also known as special stoves), and brick facing tiles are a great option for decoration. Such a fireplace will end up being extremely beautiful in addition to being a very useful item in the home. However, plastering alone and then whitewashing can be done as a finishing touch.


Mirror tiles make a very odd fireplace design. This finish is ideal for minimalism as well as a contemporary, high-tech interior. It must be laid using heat-resistant reinforced glue that has been specifically made for surfaces that will be exposed to high temperatures. Such glue has a 400C heat resistance and needs to be applied to the tile as well as the surface of the fireplace.

Mirror tiles are also utilized to adorn the faux stone. The effect of a real fireplace fire will be produced by the mirror surface of its back wall reflecting the light from candles placed on the false stone’s imitation portal. Additionally, the reflection will take on a graphic quality if the false fireplace’s portal is likewise designed with mirror tiles.


This technique of using tiles to face the fireplace will transform it into a true piece of art. When the surface of the fireplace is indistinguishable from the canvas or fabric of a different texture, the motif could be an image of a tree or stone, lovely plants, fruits, unique patterns, or simply a textile motif.

Any type of fireplace tile is strong, resistant to moisture, and has a lifespan of over a dozen years. Furthermore, the material used to create the panel is ecologically friendly and fire resistant, meaning that heated, it won’t be able to distinguish between dangerous substances and fire.

Using a regular detergent will make panel maintenance very easy.

Types of tiles

The options are limited by the combination of low porosity, thermal conductivity, and heat capacity. Because of their innately high water absorption, cottage tiles, for example, are not allowed to have any high porosity. Stoneware made of porcelain is only used to decorate fireplaces.

Furnaces are faced with the following kinds of KP most frequently.

  • Faience – Classic option. Hard earthenica has more than sufficient strength, and even exceeds the same terracotta and low porosity. The water absorption of this variety is no more than 3%. Faance perfectly accumulates the heat, which our ancestors knew and actively used for decoration in ordinary houses and in palaces. The decorativeness of the faience is no less than its user characteristics. The classic version – a blue pattern on a white background is still used almost most often. Plain tiles are not so interesting, but the patterned is suitable for many styles.
  • Tiles – In fact, also earthenware tiles, but a special structure. The front side of the product is a smooth or embossed surface, from the wrong side there is a semblance of a box – rumpa. Thus, an additional air gap is created between the brick of the furnace and the tile, which perfectly retains heat. This is the secret of the very high ability of tiles to accumulate heat. Tiles are fixed on a steel wire, which is installed in the seams as the focus is laid. In principle, the finished stove can also be laid out with tiles, although this process will be more difficult. Tiles – a piece product, decorated with very complex ornaments and relief and, in fact, are a kind of object of art. Such a cladding is extremely beautiful, but it is also worth.
  • Terracotta – much more frequent material for finishing. More affordable in cost, dense, low -porous tiles are durable and has a natural color scheme characteristic of clay. Terracotta does not glance and is ideal for decoration in rural styles – Provence, Mediterranean English. It is also used at least in the interiors of minimalist, since such material does not create a feeling of variegation.
  • Majolica – much more decorative tiles. This glazed product of two -time firing is inferior in terms of strength and water absorption of terracotta, but it perfectly accumulates heat. The major always has a shiny colored surface, often with a complex pattern. Relief patterned tiles are no less famous and popular. The material is characterized by a decent cost, so that the cladding of a large village stove can cost a fair amount.
  • Clinker – with high strength and small water absorption, the material does not have such good indicators for maintaining heat. The clinker is willingly used for facing fireplaces, both acting and decorative. The decoration creates the effect of brick or masonry, which is very attractive for both modern and village interiors. The color scheme of the clinker, as a rule, is designed in a natural range, however, glazed products are also found.
  • Porcelain stoneware – has exceptional strength and exclusively low water absorption. But, alas, heat capacity is also the best. Tiles can be used for fireplace decoration, but it is not suitable for the furnace.

The popularity of porcelain tiles can be attributed to its exceptional ability to replicate expensive facing stones such as onyx, granite, and basalt, rather than their inherent strength. The porcelain tile trim around the fireplace gives it a very opulent and respectable appearance. The tiles in this instance can be polished, matte, and structured, which only heightens the spectacle.

We’ll talk below about the design of heat-resistant refractory tiles for the fireplace and stove.

You will learn about the subtleties of stove and fireplace cladding from this video:

The best brands

There are tile manufacturers in the construction industry that have already gained the confidence of their clientele. The top tile options are listed below:

  • Tile tiles for the stove "Shadow Maxi". Heat -resistant, durable, environmentally friendly. It is widely used in Russian baths and Finnish saunas for finishing the furnace device. Withstands the temperature up to 1100 degrees. Convenient in lining and operation. Price per piece 36 rubles. A square meter of such material will cost about 1000 rubles.
  • "Old Mini Castle". Has a brown color, a relief surface. Withstand temperatures from – 50 degrees to + 1100 degrees Celsius. Made of environmentally friendly components. Cost from 20 rubles. For pcs. and from 990 rubles. per square meter. The best ratio of price and quality in the building materials market.
  • "Classic Plaster". Has a textured stone surface. Frost -resistant and heat -resistant. Used for unusual design of a stone stove. Does not burn out. Price per square meter: from 1300 rubles.
  • Tile Terracott "Tyson". Beautiful tiles of various brick shades. It has an uneven surface. Repeats the drawing of bricks of different shapes and long. It goes well with the white grout for the seams. Will become a highlight in the design of the room. Price per box 0.8 square meters – 1250 rubles.
  • Product "Stick of a Tree". The appearance resembles a chopped fossilized tree. The paint does not burn out. Resistant to temperature differences, has small porosity. Price for 80 square centimeters – 1250 rubles.
  • "Torn stone chaos". Has delicate sand-beige color. Stone structure with an uneven rough surface. Visually resembles a long rock. Strong, environmentally friendly. Price for 0.6 m. – 700 rubles.
  • Clinker tiles Zeitlos 359. Unglazed. Has a dark asphalt and anthracite shade. Strong and heat -resistant. Convenient in use and operation. Price: from 3000 rubles. per square meter.
  • Feldhaus Klinker R700NF14. Dark clinker tile. It has a smooth surface. Strong and durable. Price 34 rub. a piece. Sold with packages of 48 pcs.
  • Tiles polished coil from the manufacturer "Russia". Has an unusual dark green color. Has a thickness of 10 and 20 mm. Cost from 570 rubles. For pcs.

Distinctive features

Simple tiles cannot be used to decorate furnaces or fireplaces because they cannot tolerate high temperatures. However, because of a few characteristics, refractory tiles handle these tasks flawlessly. We draw attention to the primary:

  1. Operational temperature. A simple tile is destroyed when exposed to a temperature of more than 80 degrees. A special tile is suitable here, which allows you to withstand heavy loads.
  2. For fastening the material, only special adhesive compounds are used, which we will talk more about later.
  3. The level of water absorption is 3 percent.
  4. The material is not susceptible to combustion, because the heat -resistant tiles are easy, without consequences, it can be exposed to temperature up to 1300 degrees Celsius. At the same time, the tile will not lose its properties, will not even change the color.
  5. Suitable for external decoration of furnaces, because it is not afraid of frost and sudden temperature drops.
  6. High heat transfer provides not very intense heating, but prolonged heat conservation.
  7. The assortment of the material is very wide, which means that refractory tiles are selected for any interior design.
  8. The surface does not require special care.
  9. The material is durable and made only from natural components that are completely safe for humans.

Features of care

Clay-based materials are closed by special technology and don’t need a lot of maintenance. tiles with a glazed, heat-resistant surface that produce an uncommon visual effect are a popular choice for interior design. It is unexpected that maintaining such an unusual but opulent material from a design perspective is as easy as maintaining any other ceramic tile, even without glaze. Just perform routine basic cleaning with regular soap solution—not powder—on a regular basis. Wiping must be done after processing in order to remove any remaining water droplets, as the tile will absorb them and become damaged.

Tile maintenance

The amount of pollution varies depending on the room where tiles are used for fireplaces and heating elements in furnaces. The materials that fall on the tiles can also vary, ranging from regular household dust to coal and ash particles. Fat droplets may also land on the exterior wall in the event that both the furnace and stove methods are applied. In this instance, it is necessary to use specific products that do not damage the surface in place of regular soap water in order to achieve high-quality results that are completely safe for the cleaning material itself.

Tiles require little maintenance.

Thus, refractory tiles—a useful finishing material that can change any space—are used for the renovation of the old stove or for the interior of an unusual type. There are plenty of options available today for this material, so even those new to the design field won’t have any trouble selecting, installing, or maintaining it.

Since all design elements should complement one another, special attention should be given to accuracy during facing, the thickness of the tiles used in laying, and their coloring. The key to the dependability of the work completed is a heat-resistant base that is carefully chosen, along with a little ingenuity and inventiveness.

The best and most ecologically friendly materials are used to create these refractory tiles, which will benefit from a stunning stove straight out of a fairy tale.

Cladding your furnaces and fireplaces with tiles is a smart way to enhance their appearance while improving their efficiency. Tiles offer both aesthetic appeal and practical benefits, such as heat resistance and easy maintenance. Before starting the cladding process, ensure that the surface is clean, dry, and free of any debris. Choose tiles that are suitable for high-temperature environments to prevent cracking or damage. Begin by applying a layer of heat-resistant adhesive to the surface, then carefully place each tile, ensuring they are evenly spaced. Once the tiles are in place, allow sufficient time for the adhesive to cure properly. Regularly inspect and clean the tiled surface to maintain its beauty and functionality. With proper installation and care, your tiled furnaces and fireplaces will not only look great but also provide efficient heating for years to come.

How to choose a product for cladding surfaces of fireplaces or furnaces

Remembering that the product should address a real-world issue is crucial when making your selection. Nevertheless, you ought to connect it to a general design.

And what, in accordance with compliance with all specifications, ought to be appropriate tiles for fireplaces and stoves:

Intense in heat. Its composition needs to transfer or withdraw a significant amount of heat with perfection.

Tolerant of high temperatures. Only those with the necessary skills can use a variety of materials to face the furnace.

However, not all of them can carry out their duties for an extended period of time. It is advised to rely on heat-resistant products. Additionally, the acceptable temperature factor should be between 7 and 8%.

Robust. It is crucial to understand that certain versions of the stove tiles are available with a strength of 300 Newtons per square millimeter. This is marginally greater than the tangible markers.

Robust. Considering the ongoing application process, this aids in protecting the product from deformation. Because of its thickness, you can offer the highest possible level of resistance to different effects.

Both chemically stable and friendly to the environment. Certain materials have the ability to release hazardous compounds when heated. This is because the chemical makeup of the tile requires extra consideration.

Resistant to wear. This is a frequently used kitchen appliance, so awkward moments are inevitable. She should be able to endure a variety of impacts without developing scratches that would remove the coating.

Fire -controlled stove tile step -by -step instructions for laying

Determine the quantity of the necessary material first, and then add roughly 15% of the total number after the final calculations. You can make up for any losses incurred from spoiling, cutting, or material damage with this additional purchase. If anything is left, save it for a replacement because the cladding’s components may break or disappear while in use.

Furthermore, you must acquire:

  • Glue
  • Crosses (2.5 mm.)
  • Cutter
  • Rubber spatula
  • Master OK
  • Maular brush
  • Building level
  • Metal brush

A helpful tip is to prepare everything ahead of time to speed up work and conserve energy.

How to clad a stove with refractory tiles – step -by -step diagram

Step 1: surface cleaning

You should use a metal brush to clean the stove and get rid of any dust and extra plaster before you begin styling. Remember to add one centimeter to the seam depth for improved material adherence. The next step is to design the plaster using a cement-sand mixture (1 part cement, 3 parts sand, and water). Make sure to use a painting brush to apply some water to the fireplace’s surface before beginning any work on it. Using a level, ensure that the material layers are level; the simplicity of the facing work that follows will depend on this.

Step 2: Preparation for the cladding

After the fireplace has been cleaned, putty must be applied to the seams and into any existing cracks and potholes using a spatula. With the aid of construction nails and dowels, a narrow, leg-equipped fiberglass grid is fastened to the fireplace; this will facilitate the easier application of the material.

Step 3: Laying tiles

You must begin styling the fireplace after cleaning and whistling it.

It is crucial that you take your time, especially when working on the first row, which must be completed in a strictly horizontal manner to avoid errors in the work. Style beginning in the lower row

When kneading an adhesive solution, it is imperative to thoroughly read the instructions provided on the package.

Keep an eye out for the uniformity of the material installation, which calls for the use of crosses—one at each intersection and multiple pieces on either side of the tile. Using a smooth grater on the back and a spatula to align it, the composition is applied; its thickness shouldn’t be more than 5 mm.

Applying fire tiles to the wall for the furnace requires pressing, gently leaning over the plumb line, and leveling. Every subsequent element is treated in this manner.

Step 4: Checking the evenness of the styling

It is crucial to verify the accuracy of the tile placement and make any necessary corrections as soon as possible, before the glue solidifies. Failure to do so may make it nearly difficult to rectify any flaws. The cut tile elements must be placed by the latter; if done correctly, they will lie in the same plane. The construction level is another tool you can use to verify this.

Step 5: Spend the grout (fuguka)

This step needs to be completed the day following the tile installation; choose the material’s color beforehand. You can also use the heat-resistant glue that’s left over after the main work for fugging. Using a rubber spatula, fill the seams, and then take out any extra solution. In order to avoid washing the solution, make sure you walk around the furnace after this step with a sponge that has been qualitatively squeezed without pressing it.

Step 6: The final stage is finish cleaning

After applying the adhesive solution, we move on to the final step thirty minutes later. We clean the tile and get rid of extra mixture by washing the furnace’s exterior. Use a sponge, grater, or glued foam, lightly moistening it with water. Using just a few firewood, you can drown a fireplace in less than a week.

How to ennoble

There are many options available if you want to give your heating system an appealing appearance. or the fireplace may suggest taxation, plaster, and stone or tile decoration.

For this, ceramic or tile is most frequently utilized. Additionally, the first choice is the most widely used and reasonably priced. Because of the frequent formation of cracks on the plaster and the high cost of tiles, the plaster is not very practical.

You get to decide how to overlap the furnace to make it look as good as it function, taking into account your preferences and the overall design of the house.

Features of the use of ceramic tiles for facing stoves and fireplaces

Ceramic material has two key characteristics that make it an excellent choice for cladding.

  • Firstly, ceramics withstands heating to very high temperatures.
  • Secondly, the material perfectly accumulates heat. And this means that when the heating is stopped, a ceramic tile, and for quite a long time, will give the accumulated heat to the room.

Since these characteristics are related to the material’s density and porosity, they can be applied to any KP when it comes to cladding.

  • Any ceramic tile is obtained by firing at significant temperatures, but not everyone is designed for operation in conditions of constant heating and cooling. For cladding furnaces and fireplaces, use heat -resistant tiles. Marked products with the letter T – heat -resistant. The coefficient of thermal expansion of such a material does not exceed 7-8%, which ensures the durability of the finish.

It’s important to consider the quantity of firing as well because materials that have undergone two firings exhibit stronger bonds and greater fire resistance.

  • Water absorption – At first glance, the parameter when facing such a “hot” object does not matter. However, with high water absorption, porous material absorbs moisture from raw air of the room. Then, when heated, the moisture increases in volume, which leads to the rapid destruction of the material. So for the facing of the furnace, only a KP with a wave -absorption of not higher than 3% is suitable.
  • The accumulating effect It is quite difficult to evaluate. It is not related to porosity, on the contrary: porous, that is, with some heat -insulating effect of tiles for finishing are not suitable. The material should conduct heat well, but at the same time accumulate it to some extent. There is one subtlety: for example, such highly dense ceramics as a clinker, and even more so porcelain, perfectly conducts heat and tolerates very high temperatures. However, the material accumulates the material much worse than ordinary terracotta, for example. , Moreover, electric or gas clinker is quite suitable, but for the furnace – no.
  • Wear resistance it does not matter, and the strength of the material is already fair. For cladding, you can use tiles of any class.
  • The thickness of the KP is at least 8 mm: with a smaller value, ceramics cannot effectively accumulate heat.

Even with such strict specifications, product designs are incredibly varied. Although the style and features of the interior are taken into consideration when choosing the tiles, the fireplace and furnace are typically the focal points of the room and are finished with a particularly elegant look.

Ceramic tile jacket cladding made at home (picture)

Glue and solution for stoves

Depending on the chosen solution, the stove’s tiles The furnace surface and tile adhesion quality. Considering the goal, adhesive The solution needs to be fireproof, heat resistant, and heat resistant.

Clay solution for the furnace

How to cook: Depending on the type of clay, a specific ratio of water, sand, and clay is kneaded:

  • For fat clay, the ratio will be 1 part of clay, 4 parts
    sand, 1 part of water. The fat content of clay can be determined in the laboratory or folk
    in the way – there is no sand in it, and the ball rolled out of it when dried
    cracked strongly;
  • for normal – 1: 3: 1
  • For skinny – 1: 2.5: 1

Cement solution for the furnace

To cook, combine cement and sand in a 1:3 ratio and add water until the desired consistency is reached. wherein cement needs to be at least brand M 400. PVA and asbestos should be added to the solution to enhance its qualities. Add one kilogram of salt to each bucket of mixture, according to stoves;

A solution of dry mixture or special adhesives (cement, dispersion, epoxy)

Are pre-made blends that are intended for a specific kind of tile. are good because different plasticizers are added to them to enhance the properties of the adhesive solution and because the proportions in them have been thoroughly verified. adhesives like Tentonite Supermam (Russia-Germania) and Scanmix Skanfixsuper (Finland) managed to demonstrate their worth. The following are budget options: "Stepmaker" (Belarus), "TDT TT" (Russia), and Siltek T-84 (Ukraine).

Finished adhesive solution – adhesive mastic

The marking is an important consideration when selecting this kind of glue. It is supposed to be used for cladding fireplaces and furnaces.

TERROKOT (Russia), "PARAD-77" (Belarus), and Neomid SuperContact (Russia) all have positive user reviews. However, the quality Clutch of mastic with the surface generally falls short of expectations.

Either way, the solution needs to satisfy the coefficient of thermal expansion and heat resistance requirements. Masonry tile installation should ideally be done on the same solution as surface alignment.

Professionals and users alike concur that materials shouldn’t be saved.

Choice for the furnace

Furnaces with heat-resistant tiles are a decades-long option; choose wisely to avoid having to replace and install new cladding, which is an expensive proposition.

Criterias of choice

Select a cladding based on the following criteria:

  1. Price. Do not purchase tiles less than necessary because of the price, take a pocket or accumulate, this is important.
  2. Strength. Facing – a material that is desirable to buy high -quality so that there are no cracks and tiles do not crumble.
  3. Heat capacity and heat resistance. The facing of the furnace should not heat up, but should properly distribute heat around the room.
  4. Care. Ease of tile care.
  5. Porosity. Low porosity will ensure moisture resistance.
  6. Thickness. At least 1 cm.

The best brands

  • Bayker. The Italian company producing outstanding tiles that become interior items make a number of heat -resistant models. Reviews talk about the quality and beauty of tiles. The disadvantage is that the assortment of the manufacturer is large and the furnaces line is not a wide choice. Price: from 2000 rubles per package.
  • Terracott. The domestic manufacturer, aimed at heat -resistant tiles, offers mixtures for work, adhesive, mastic, quality is confirmed by good reviews. Big choice. Disadvantages: The price was not found: from 500 to 1000 rubles per package.
  • Acid -control. The manufacturer of acid -resistant cladding, guarantees quality, is in great demand among large companies. Protection against moisture, chemistry, heat is maximum. Disadvantage: a small assortment. Price: from 500 rubles per square meter.
  • Mosplitte. Facing for commercial and private individuals, a large assortment and excellent reviews, a beautiful heat -intensive cladding that does not pass moisture. The system of shares and discounts is valid. A wide network of salons throughout Russia. Free function "Own design". Disadvantages: Not detected. Price: from 1000 to 2000 rubles.
  • Alliance stamp. A variety of options for porcelain tiles, ceramic tiles, clinker. Friendliness of employees and operators, cladding, marked with a quality mark. Creativity. Delivery through the territory of the Russian Federation. Disadvantages: Not detected. Price: from 1500 rubles
  • Dado Ceramica. Italian manufacturer makes ordinary and mosaic models. Laconic minimalism, urban style, cool tones – a description of the product. Italy is quality, it is indisputable, but the price of refractory tiles for the furnace is high. Disadvantages: Price. Price: 2,000-10,000 rubles.
  • Aparici Agate. Spanish manufacturer, cladding with copyright designs, strong and durable. Style and elegant gorgeiousness, semiprecious stones. Democratic price for quality and safety combined with style. Disadvantages: relatively high prices. Price: from 5,000 rubles to 20,000 rubles.
  • Polycor. Domestic manufacturer since 1894, the quality of the fireup. The stove will become safer several times. Disadvantages: a small selection of decorative models. Price: from 1000 rubles.
  • Cersanit. Polish manufacturer, the largest in Europe. High -quality refractory models, laconic appearance. Disadvantages: Not detected. Price: from 800 rubles.
  • Ceramicalcora. The most famous Spanish company makes tiles that combine low cost, magnificent design and quality. The company was founded in 1897, extensive experience in this area. Disadvantages: Not detected. Price: from 1200 rubles.

Care and general recommendations

In the event that you choose ceramics, you can easily and simply take care of them by following these guidelines:

  1. You can wipe the smooth surface with a drooped sponge moistened in water;
  2. For coarse -grained tiles, with a corrugated and rough surface, you need to use a brush with a short and soft pile;
  3. Chemicals are selected exclusively taking into account the type and category of material;
  4. When performing with ceramics of light shades, lay the tiles of more dark tones near the firebox so that so that soot and other pollutions are invisible. Thus even .


There is no tile type that is heat-resistant. Here, your selections must be made carefully. It is a fact that there are phases of heating and cooling when the stove or fireplace is in use. Additionally, when purchasing tiles, choose smaller tiles with a matte surface so that the facing material will resist. However, such variations will not be tolerated by the glazed design, which will eventually crack.

If summer cottages are not intended for permanent habitation, fire tiles in the form of tiles are not the best choice. Улицовочный материал может осыпаться если печь затапливают при минусовой температуре. Furthermore, the fireplace tile, which absorbs no water at all, will not adhere to a cement or clay mortar. He will require specialized adhesive mixtures for fastening, but refractory grout should be used to treat the seams.

Laying heat -resistant tiles

After carefully choosing the finishing material in accordance with all the previously mentioned guidelines, the tiles are facing the fireplace. Heat-resistant tile installation is done step-by-step using a specialized technology designed to clad fireplaces and furnaces while taking into consideration all necessary specifications. Prior to beginning any work, you should become acquainted with the process for completing each step necessary to finish the fireplace or furnace:

  1. Carry out external and internal surface cleaning before laying.
  2. Remove the old plaster, dust and abrasive particles from the walls of the furnace or fireplace.
  3. Grease dry surfaces moisturized painting.
  4. Process the surface with a cement-sand solution.
  5. Check the evenness of the masonry using a plumb line and the construction level.
  6. Use fine fiberglass grid, which can be thrown.
  7. Prepare an adhesive for laying material and plastic crosses.
  8. Apply the adhesive solution to the back of each element, removing the excess with a spatula.
  9. Tightly press each fragment to the surface of the furnace or fireplace.
  10. Make adjustment before the full drying of the glue.
  11. Wipe the seams between the tiles.

In order to prevent cracks, an adhesive layer no thicker than 15 mm must be applied. Before putting the cladding on the metal that will expand with heat, you should leave a tiny space of 10 mm between the tiles and the base. Special tile glue is used for this purpose, and installation guidelines are followed.

Requirements for heat -resistant facing ceramics

The two primary purposes of the heat-resistant tile are aesthetic and protective-technological.

Enhancing the furnace’s heat transfer process and raising its heat capacity are its technological and protective roles. While the front surface of ceramic finishes does not burn when touched quickly, fire tiles slowly release heat into the surrounding area. Furthermore, heat-resistant tiles are easy to maintain and do not discolor clothing or hands when touched.

A heat mother is used to attach heat-resistant tiles.

The beauty of the cladding serves as the aesthetic function, and further explanation is not necessary.

Due to the specifications for heat-resistant facing ceramics, the following functions and operating conditions are listed:

  • low porosity (water absorption coefficient less than 3%);
  • strength (when loading with fuel);
  • heat resistance above 1000 degrees;
  • moderate rate of heat transfer;
  • safety and environmental friendliness (lack of toxic discharge under the influence of high temperature, antistatic);
  • thickness of at least 8 mm;
  • The resistance of the decoration.

Because different furnaces operate differently, each of the specified requirements has a range of values that must be considered when selecting a ceramic decoration.

The tile-lined bake

For instance, the furnace facing in a home without a permanent occupant experiences temperature swings ranging from zero to a thousand degrees, but in a residential building, the temperature does not drop below zero. Therefore, when selecting tiles from a variety of appropriate ceramic types, you should give preference to those with the lowest coefficient of water absorption.


The general interior design as well as the material are taken into consideration when choosing the tile color:

  • For example, the color scheme of natural marble is very diverse. Due to the content of various impurities in the breed, the stone can take the most unusual colors. In nature, there is white, black, green, blue, blue, red, gray, beige and even lunar marble. Some colors are extremely rare and therefore are more valuable.
  • Granite is less diverse: despite the fact that in nature there are a huge number of different shades of granite, all of them can be divided into three main groups: gray, black and brown color.
  • Travertin is slightly richer in color scheme. The most common in nature is white, beige and yellow. Red and dark brown stones in nature are quite rare and therefore especially valuable. Therefore, to give additional aesthetics, tiles are covered with special paint.
  • As for ceramic products, there are no restrictions on choosing. The color scheme of the clinker, for example, pleases with diversity: from neutral white to calm beige, all shades of yellow and red, as well as light and dark brown gamut. Some types of tiles are already tinted already at the production stage, and there are those that are covered with colored paint after they are made.


There aren’t many drawbacks to these coatings in relation to tiles. They are typically smooth and devoid of relief.

This type of fireplace tile is distinguished by its resistance to fire and by the fact that it is manually installed using specialized technology. A few components are assembled during installation into a single, color-coordinating pattern. These tiles come in a wide variety of designs, making them suitable for any kind of interior.

The topic, pattern complexity, and number of pieces required to create a tile all affect how much it costs. For instance, a set of 400 elements will set you back at least 200 thousand rubles.

Material options

Furnace cladding materials offer enough benefits to make a fireplace happy for a very long time, but their selection is restricted. For such purposes, the following are deemed best:

  • Terracott.
  • Majolica.
  • Tiles.
  • Clinker tiles.
  • Porcelain stoneware.


This particular type of clay tile has long been known as the most practical and heat-resistant material for fireplaces, and for good reason—terracotta offers the following practical benefits:

  1. Environmental friendliness. Heating, terracotta tiles do not emit the odors and substances dangerous to health.
  2. Good heat production. Heats up and gives all the heat of the fireplace to the room. He warms for a long time after he will be extinguished.
  3. Refractory.
  4. Easy to handle. Terracott is almost not dirty, dust is invisible on it.
  5. Relatively inexpensive. Compared to other cladding options, terracottes are inexpensive.


The only thing that sets this improved version of terracotta tiles apart is the pattern on the front. It can withstand heat and the pattern won’t chip off of it, but because of its porous structure, majolica isn’t suitable for use in damp areas.


Terracotta tiles are also regarded as a type of tile. She possesses numerous benefits and hardly any drawbacks:

  1. Heat resistance.
  2. Wear resistance
  3. A huge spectrum of colors and ornaments.
  4. Looks great in any interior.
  5. Environmental friendliness.
  6. He gives out heat well.


Because of these advantages, clinker tiles are highly popular and are used not only as fireplace cladding but also on the street:

  1. Very low water absorption.
  2. Great wear resistance.
  3. Resistance to different temperatures and their differences.
  4. Strength.

Porcelain stoneware

Similar to the preceding choices, porcelain stoneware has the following benefits that make it ideal for facing the fireplace:

  1. The lowest moisture absorption coefficient of all options.
  2. Good resistance to different temperature conditions.
  3. Large palette of flowers and textures. Crama borderline can be made for almost any material.
  4. Strength.

What about ceramics?

Despite all the advantages of the listed materials, it is absolutely not necessary to buy a special tile for the furnace, you can do with a regular ceramic. At the same time, it should be understood that this option cannot guarantee the desired, from an aesthetic point of view, the result. Due to heating, a thin network, similar to cracks, can go through it. Of course, this will not cause any damage to the quality of heating and urgent repairs will not be needed, but visually the appearance of the fireplace will be spoiled. Nevertheless, if the choice of ceramic tiles is approached carefully, then the fireplace lined with it will please for many years.

The Russian company Kerama Marazzzi is among the best producers of this type of tile. This company’s product satisfies all international and Russian standards.

The selection is enormous: there are always new themed collections from around the globe, a large price range, a variety of color and design options for every product, and most importantly, everything is completely eco-friendly. Without a doubt, if you choose "Kerama Marazzi" products for the fireplace, make an easy choice.

How to lick

A specific principle is followed in the cladding of the stove or fireplace complex. To learn more about the features and sequence, continue reading.

  1. First of all, you will need to remove all dust, the remaining a clutch solution, an old cladding from the surface of the tile. In order for the surface of the brick portal to be perfectly even and smooth, it is necessary to plaster after cleaning it. For this, a special composition based on cement is used. If the tiles you have chosen will be quite heavy and large, in order to better adversely with brickwork, it is necessary to fix a special reinforcing mesh that has cells. The basis of such a grid is fiberglass;
  2. Next, we proceed to the implementation of facing work. To do this, we buy and dilute in the necessary proportion with water a special adhesive composition. It is important that it is perfect for the set goals and tolerates high temperatures of the upcoming heating well. You need to start work from the lower row, since it is he who sets the evenness and clearness of the line and further finishing. We apply the adhesive mass to each tile, after which we fix it on the surface and adjust it for the best fixation. Each row and element will necessarily be checked for evenness using the construction level.

It’s very easy to glue the tile. This procedure is the same as putting tiles on the kitchen floor or the bathroom walls. The primary characteristic that sets them apart is the adhesive’s composition and the material’s need for good strength and heat resistance. High accumulation and low moisture absorption coefficient will also benefit from it.

Learn about the qualities, functions, and purposes of the material before selecting the appropriate one. You can determine how long it will last and whether it is appropriate for your work based on this. Naturally, you shouldn’t cut corners because it’s better to do it once a year rather than on a budget and deal with issues later on after a few furnaces.

That if the material is not selected correctly?

It is crucial to keep in mind that cutting corners and substituting inferior materials with ones that are less suitable for the intended use can have regrettable and occasionally unforeseeable results.

If you have selected tiles that are not appropriate, keep in mind that heating appliances can identify dangerous materials that are detrimental to the air quality and public health when they are operating and heating up very hot conditions.

Additionally, low-quality material will eventually start to fracture, break off, and fall off the surface. Under these circumstances, using the heating unit will become dangerous, and repairs will cost a lot of money and time.

It’s crucial to take into account the precise location of your stove or fireplace when selecting a coating. You might need the opposite materials for a street and home hearth. In the second scenario, moisture resistance is just as crucial as accumulation and heat resistance. This is crucial for structures that are going to be installed outside in particular. Precipitation and other natural occurrences will always have an impact on them.

Be aware that not even the priciest coatings, with the best moisture resistance, can endure precipitation for an extended period of time. As a result, if you intend to cover a street structure, give it at least a little canopy if not a gazebo or veranda.

It is also permitted to use extra paint, varnish, and special protective impregnations. Every seam in between the tiles is filled and rubbed with a unique mixture. This adds strength to the completed cladding and shields it from outside influences.

You can discover the qualities and attributes of the ceramic refractory tile "Terracott" from this video:

How to choose tiles for cladding furnaces and fireplaces

A visual evaluation of the facing tiles will aid in making the right decision.

Experts advise being aware of the following parameters:. All of the tile’s components should have the same thickness.

Tile types can differ in terms of thickness. However, cladding tiles typically have a thickness of 6 to 8 mm;

  • The thickness of the tile and its elements should be the same. For
    different types of tiles, thickness can vary. But on average, tiles for
    cladding has a thickness of 6-8 mm;
  • The identity of geometric sizes. For verification, you need
    attach the tile to each other first the front, then the inner side. They
    should be tight so that there are no gaps. The unevenness of the front part
    will create a visual defect. From the wrong side – will lead to the fact that the tile is bad
    will fall on the surface of the stove, which in turn will affect the quality of the finish.

Note: According to experts, the most A 120 x 120 mm square is the most common form for tiles. T.O. The strength and stiffness of the tiles decrease with length.

  • In color and shade, tiles and decor elements are not
    should differ among themselves.

Suggestions. When purchasing tiles, add an additional 15% to 20%. A portion will be used for material cutting, and another portion for replacement during the procedure. Purchasing insurance stock will prevent situations where different parties purchase it when the shade differs.

  • the presence of cracks, chips on any side of the tile indicates
    on the fact that it is easy to damage (fragile);

Note: Incorrectly oriented cracks will cause the front portion of the tile to burst when temperature changes.

Stove stove and calculation of tiles

Following the measurement of the oven’s dimensions, the type of material, a tile’s precise dimensions, the presence of decorative elements and their specifications, and other factors, the computation of the number of tiles required to cover the stove can be carried out.

Compute the furnace’s area, taking into account both its vertical and horizontal surfaces. It is important to keep in mind that placing tiles on a furnace allows for the existence of an interwoven interval, or the space between tiles, which ranges from 2 to 10 mm. This area must be subtracted.

It is advised to add 10% to 15% to the master stoves’ computed value for cuts and chips that occur during cutting.

Note: More material needs to be trimmed the more intricately the tile layout is drawn. But less material marries the smaller the tiles.

Users recommend setting up an insurance supply equal to 5% of the total amount. After all, during the FEA’s operation, the tile might come loose or burst. Furthermore, if there are multiple kinds of ornamental elements, then each type must have a minimum of two pieces. This raises the price of facing the stove tiles but eliminates the need to replace the missing cladding component.

Note: When calculating for tiles, extra care should be taken.

Methods for laying tiles on the oven

This method of laying tiles in front of a furnace is the second factor that influences the quantity of materials purchased (Fig.

You can lay a square or rectangular tile in joints in the joint straight rows (joint in the joint, seam to the seam). Only when the tiles have the same geometric sizes can this method be used. Panels or patterns can be laid out on an Overput surface using this method. It is also preferable for the computation to start and end with whole tiles. This subtlety is what prevents the path from taking the lead;

Installing tiles in the dressing displacement arranging tiles in a diagonal Orientation in a diagonal fashion Placing "Chaos"

You can lay it however you want, mixing materials to create original patterns thanks to the variety of facing tiles available.

The dimensions of the KP

Typically, the KP thickness for the furnace is 8 mm. For fireplaces, clinker and porcelain stoneware can have a 5.6 mm thickness. Because of its great durability, the material’s heat capacity is not as crucial when decorating the hearth.

  • The dimensions of the tiles vary in very small limits. Experts say that the use of KP is more than 25*25 cm should not. The number of seams in this case does not matter, and working with large tiles is very inconvenient: a lot of trimming, and heat -resistant glue may not withstand the severity of the material.
  • Small tiles – less than 10*10 cm is not used for the same reason: it is too inconvenient to work. In addition, such a finish is crushed by a stove surface, and it is not so great.
  • Faming firebrees is used for facing fireplace plates of much larger. But, since this material is quite difficult to fit in size, elements of the cladding to order.

Let’s now investigate how ceramic tiles are used to cover fireplaces, baths, brick, Russian heating furnaces, and other surfaces.

What should be the cladding

Tiles for a stove or other coating must, of course, meet certain requirements. These are the prerequisites for them:

  • Environmental friendliness. If natural ingredients in quantity exceed artificial, then during heating the release of toxic substances will be minimized.
  • Refractory. During use, the tile will be exposed to strong thermal effects, which exceeds the indicator of 1000 degrees. Therefore, you need to choose the option that is suitable in this case.
  • Heat capacity and thermal conductivity.
  • The water absorption coefficient should be a maximum of 3 percent.
  • Minimum thickness – 8 mm.
  • Low porosity.
  • Persistent color that will not fade with temperature effects.
  • Antistamy.
  • External attractiveness.

Nowadays, construction stores have a wide selection of these products. As a result, furnace tiles come in a variety of styles. Everything relies on the installation’s location, the room it’s in, and the interior design chosen.

Not only can tile cladding your fireplace or furnace improve the look of your house, but it also increases safety and functionality. The high temperatures these heating appliances produce can be tolerated by tiles, which provide a strong and heat-resistant surface. This barrier can lessen the chance of damage and increase the lifespan of your fireplace or furnace.

It’s critical to select heat-resistant tile materials when selecting tiles for cladding. The aesthetic appeal and heat resistance of ceramic, porcelain, and natural stone tiles make them popular options. These materials are available in an array of hues, designs, and textures, so you can personalize the appearance of your fireplace or furnace to complement the style of your house.

For your tiled fireplace or furnace to last a long time and function well, proper installation is essential. It is advised to work with a qualified installer who is familiar with installing tile in these areas and has worked with heating appliances in the past. A specialist will make sure the tiles are sealed and fastened firmly to stop heat loss and possible water damage.

In conclusion, adding tile cladding to your fireplace or furnace is a useful and fashionable way to improve the heating system in your house. You can create an attractive and useful feature that increases the value of your house while guaranteeing efficiency and safety by selecting the appropriate materials and depending on professional installation. So why hold off? With tiled cladding, you can turn your heating appliance into a gorgeous focal point right now!

Video on the topic


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Facing the stove with tiles.

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Michael Kuznetsov

I love to create beauty and comfort with my own hands. In my articles I share tips on warming the house and repairing with my own hands.

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