Which warm floor is better to choose for a private house, apartments, cottages or garage?

In a private home, apartment, cottage, or even garage, the comfort of your living area can be greatly increased by selecting the correct kind of warm floor. There are many options available, and each has advantages and things to consider of its own, such as hydronic and electric underfloor heating systems. To assist you in selecting the system that best meets your needs, this article will walk you through the subtle differences between these two.

Electric floor heating is highly regarded due to its ease of use and speedy installation. It is perfect for retrofitting smaller areas like kitchens and bathrooms as well as already-existing homes. A lot of homeowners prefer it because of how quickly it heats up. Though it provides accuracy and convenience, it can occasionally result in higher electricity bills, so that’s something to keep in mind.

However, in larger areas and new construction, hydronic floor heating—which involves moving warm water through pipes beneath the floor—is frequently praised for its effectiveness. For those who intend to live in cooler climates for an extended period of time, it is a prudent option because, despite the initial installation’s potential complexity and expense, ongoing maintenance expenses are typically lower.

There are different options for people with particular needs, like a garage. Robust systems that can withstand a colder, more variable environment are advantageous for garages. Here, the system’s performance under such demanding conditions should be taken into account in addition to durability and maintenance.

Each kind of warm floor will be covered in detail in this talk, along with aspects like installation, affordability, and environment suitability. At the conclusion, you ought to have a better idea of which system might be able to satisfy your heating requirements and increase the value and comfort of your house.

Which type is better: electric or water?

Which warm floors are ideal for an apartment or single-family home is a question without a clear cut answer. Every model has pros and cons and is intended to carry out specific tasks under specific circumstances.

Selecting more potent systems is preferable if the floor heating will serve as the primary source of heating. The best species to use if you need an extra heat source are infrared ones.

Ultimately, they are less expensive overall, have a thinner "pie," and are simpler to install.

When choosing the best type of heated flooring for various settings—be it a private house, apartment, cottage, or garage—it"s crucial to consider the specific needs of each space. In private homes and cottages, where comfort and efficiency are paramount, hydronic (water-based) systems are often preferred for their ability to evenly distribute heat and integrate with existing heating systems. For apartments, electric floor heating might be more suitable due to its simplicity of installation and minimal structural impact. Meanwhile, in garages, durability and resistance to chemicals are key factors, making robust electric systems the go-to option. Each choice depends on factors such as installation costs, energy efficiency, and the floor"s ability to conduct and retain heat, ensuring that the selected heating system aligns with the specific requirements and constraints of the space.

Electric floor systems

Which kind of heated electric flooring should I get? The types are as follows: core mats, infrared film, cable, and cable mats. The area of the heated room, its location, the allowable rise in floor level, and the cost-effectiveness of the system should all be considered when selecting a heating system.

Electric warm floors use energy to heat, therefore they are not free. They undergo the conversion of electrical energy into thermal energy.

  1. Effective and uniform heating, as air is heated above the floor.
  2. There are no convection air flows that lead to dust circulation.
  3. It is possible to adjust the temperature level in each room, which makes such heating economical.
  4. Fast heating of the room.
  5. Do not dry air.
  6. Long service life.

The inability to set heavy objects, such as furniture, on the heating elements and the higher energy payment costs are the main drawbacks of all electropolis (this does not apply to rod models).

There are various varieties, including infrared film, heating cable, mats, and rods.


A resistive or self-regulating heating cable with conductive veins that are shielded by a shell makes up cable floors. Resistive wire that is shielded has one or two cores.

Although one-core wire is less expensive, installing it requires more skill because you have to bring the other end back to the beginning during the laying process. More costly, two-core models are limited to a single end-to-end connection to the power supply.

One of the longest tasks is installing the cable floor. The "snake" or "snail" scheme calls for the wire to be installed on the base, which is covered in thermal insulation and waterproofing material. Concrete screed is used to pour the heater, and then flooring is installed.

Rooms with a lot of space or high humidity levels are appropriate for this heating model. Additionally, the system is economical because it can be configured to have different temperatures in different rooms.

However, because the "pie" is so thick, the design greatly influences the ceiling height; therefore, it is best to arrange this kind of species laying at the time the house is being built.

The primary drawback is the existence of electromagnetic radiation, which is harmful to people’s health. Its level in such a device is negligible, though.

Thirty years is the cable service life. This kind of electric floor is the least expensive.

Cable mats

Mats are cable systems as well, but they use a thinner wire that is fixed to the grid. Compared to a regular cable, these are much easier to lay—you just roll them out and connect them to the thermostat. Mats can be positioned using a thin layer of tile adhesive, preventing the "pie" from rising above the ceiling.

The warranty is for 20 years and the life is more than 30 years. One drawback is that it’s more expensive than standard heating cables.

Infrared film

Thinnest view of the heated floor is provided by infrared film. Sandwiched between the two film layers is a carbon plate. Such heating is easily accomplished in a few hours because it fits directly beneath the finishing coat.

This is the best option among electric systems because it is safer and more cost-effective. Since infrared waves produce heat, he essentially lacks electromagnetic waves, which are thought to be harmful to humans. One big benefit of the movie is that even if there are issues in one lane, the building will still heat up overall.

The film has a service life of thirty years or longer, and the manufacturer’s warranty lasts for twenty years. These floors are more affordable and contemporary than cable, so their price is much higher.

Rod mats

The most eco-friendly, efficient, clever, and energy-saving model is the infrared rod floor. Mats are carbon rods that are affixed to the fiber canvas in parallel orientations. They are either poured with tile glue or mounted in a screed. One of the installation’s characteristics is that there shouldn’t be a foil layer on the substrate.

There is no electromagnetic radiation in the rod floors, just like in the infrared film. Additionally, if there is a malfunction in one area, the entire gadget will still work. It is particularly noteworthy to highlight the subsequent benefit: the ability to position bulky items.

One notable but important deficiency is the high cost.

Which electric warm floor to choose?

The process of selecting an electric heated floor is complicated by the abundance of models. Everybody handles their tasks well and has advantages and disadvantages.

The selection process will be made easier by the table below.

Options Heating cable Cable mats Infrared film Rod
Installation Pour into a screed Mounted in a screed or tiled glue Finish Poured with tile glue or thin layer of screed
Flooring Anyone Preference is given to tiles or porcelain tiles Any finish is acceptable Any coating except carpet
Type of heating Basic and additional Additional Basic and additional Basic and additional
Average power 110 W/m2 160 220 160
Economy Average level Average High High
Safety High High High High
The possibility of re -use No No Eat No
The way out of order If the floor is damaged, it stops working The floor does not work when damaged If one section is damaged, then the entire device will continue to heat If one section is damaged, the entire floor will function

It’s important to consider the parameters listed in the table in addition to price when selecting an electric floor model.

Because of its heavy design, the heating cable flooded in the screed is not appropriate for spaces with flimsy ceilings. The ceiling heights are lowered by the remarkable thickness of the "pie." For this reason, homes with low ceilings or wooden ceilings shouldn’t use such a system.

It is preferable to select an infrared film if finances permit. Installing it is easy; there is no dirty work involved, and she doesn’t measure the ceiling height. Furthermore, it emits no electromagnetic waves and can be readily disassembled and relocated.

Water floor

Water warm floor: a pipeline that distributes coolant in accordance with the "snake" or "snail" design. A collector group and a circulation pump are included in the kit. The structure is heavy because it is typically poured with a concrete screed.

Large private buildings will benefit economically from this model, especially if they have an independent boiler. Such floors cannot be installed in the apartments of a multi-story building because a permit is needed for both their installation and the connection to the central heating system.

Obtaining a resolution of this kind is challenging because it has an adverse effect on the operation of the house’s entire heating system. Additionally, in the event of a pipeline leak, there is a chance that nearby homes could flood.

The installation takes a long time, which is a drawback. This kind of heating will be costly to build and need regular inspections. Additionally, you will need to take apart the finish and screed in order to solve any issues that may arise from pipe leaks.

The economy and efficiency of hydropolis are its advantages. They might be the only heating appliance in the house and don’t dry the air. Since they can support heavy objects, you don’t need to plan out your furniture arrangement in advance when erecting them. Additionally, they present the least risk of fire. 50 years of service life.

Which floor is better to choose: electric or water?

Every kind of warm floor has specific purposes that they effectively fulfill.

Large areas—more than 100 m2—should be considered when selecting a water heating system. The water floor pays for itself during operation, even with its costly installation. Three years will be the typical payback period. However, the cost of running electric heating in large rooms will be significantly higher.

Electric flooring is the better option when it comes to heating small spaces. Particularly the infrared ones, they can be installed more easily and at a lower cost.

It is also important to consider whether or not the heat source is the only one. It is preferable to select a water or powerful cable structure if it is the primary heating source because they are dependable and of excellent quality. Film or a mat is also perfect for extra heating.

Choose a warm floor depending on the type and feature of the room

It is best to bring infrared devices for a nursery or bedroom. They are also simple to install and do not emit any harmful electromagnetic waves.

You can install any kind of heating system in the garage. If the garage is housed in a private house extension with its own independent boiler room, the water system is recommended.

If not, it will be too costly to transport the coolant to a different garage. It is therefore preferable to select cable devices for such rooms that can be turned on for heating when needed.

Type of Property Recommended Warm Floor
Private House Hydronic underfloor heating for energy efficiency and whole-house heating.
Apartments Electric underfloor heating mats for easy installation and no need for major renovations.
Cottages Hydronic underfloor heating to leverage lower operating costs over large areas.
Garage Electric underfloor heating coils for better durability and resistance to heavy loads.

Whether your home is a private residence, apartment, cottage, or garage, selecting the proper warm floor type is essential to guaranteeing both comfort and energy efficiency. Apartments can benefit greatly from electric floor heating systems because of their easy installation and capacity to regulate temperature in individual rooms. Because of its adaptability, it’s perfect for urban living, where individual rooms may have very different heating requirements.

Hydronic (water-based) floor heating systems are frequently the best option for private homes and cottages. These systems can be economically integrated with current water heating systems and are well suited for larger spaces. Homeowners should consider investing in this system due to its excellent heat distribution and lower operating costs over time, even though the initial installation may be more complicated and expensive than with electric systems.

In terms of garage heating, simplicity and durability are essential. Because they are low maintenance and resistant to harsh garage conditions, electric radiant floors are advised. They also take less time to install, which is advantageous for people who use their garage for hobbies or work. Nonetheless, to optimize the effectiveness and efficiency of the heating system, it’s crucial to make sure the garage is adequately insulated.

In conclusion, the kind of home and its unique heating needs play a major role in the selection of the warm floor system. Electric systems are straightforward and perfect for smaller, divided spaces like garages and apartments. Larger homes can benefit more from hydronic systems in the long run, even though they are more expensive initially. To make the best choice, take into account the requirements of your space, your budget, and the installation’s viability.

What type of heating you would like to have in your home?
Share to friends
Michael Kuznetsov

I love to create beauty and comfort with my own hands. In my articles I share tips on warming the house and repairing with my own hands.

Rate author
Add a comment