Which pellets are better for heating

Selecting the appropriate pellets for home heating is essential for economy and efficiency. Given the rising demand for pellet boilers and stoves, it’s critical to comprehend the variations among the different kinds of pellets that are available for purchase. To assist you in making an informed choice for your insulation and heating needs, we will examine the various kinds of pellets and which ones are more appropriate for heating in this article.

The most popular kind of pellets used for home heating are wood pellets. They are an eco-friendly and sustainable choice because they are made of wood shavings and compressed sawdust. But not every wood pellet is made equally. Depending on the production process and the source material, wood pellet quality can vary greatly. The density, moisture content, and ash content are some of the key factors that affect how effective and efficient the pellets are.

Pellets made of softwood are a popular option for heating. Pine and spruce are examples of coniferous trees used to make these pellets. In general, softwood pellets produce more heat and contain less ash than hardwood pellets. They are typically a little more expensive, though. Hardwood pellets, on the other hand, come from deciduous trees like beech and oak. Hardwood pellets can be less expensive and often offer a longer burn time, even though they may produce more ash.

The certification is an additional consideration when selecting pellets for heating. Seek for pellets certified by programs like the ENplus certification scheme or the Pellet Fuels Institute (PFI). You can trust in the performance and efficiency of the pellets because of these certifications, which guarantee that they adhere to strict quality standards. Furthermore, certified pellets are less likely to clog your heating system or result in decreased efficiency.

It’s important to take your individual needs and preferences into account when choosing which pellets are best for heating. The best pellets for you depend on a number of factors, including your budget, your type of boiler or stove, and your environmental concerns. You can choose the kind of pellets that will keep your house toasty and cozy during the heating season by knowing how they differ from one another and taking your unique situation into account.

Attribute Best Choice
Material Hardwood
Moisture Content Less than 10%
Ash Content Less than 1%
Energy Content High (4,800 – 8,300 BTU/lb)
Size Consistent (6mm – 8mm)

Heating pellets: types and features of use

A worthy competitor diesel fuel, coal and wood are pellets. These are small cylindrical granules that are used to burn in specialized heating boilers. In Europe, this type of fuel has long and successfully applies. It contributes to this environmental friendliness (these are compressed waste processing and crop production) and the ability to automate the heating process: bunches, which makes it possible to store them in tanks and, automatically, as necessary, supplied to the boiler. The diameter of the pellet used for household boilers is 6–8 mm, larger granules up to 10 mm with a diameter of up to 10 mm are burned in industrial boilers. The length in general can be from 5 to 70 mm.

How are granules of wood pellets

They utilize the cheapest wood that has no further use in order to produce pellets. These are sawdust, chips, and scraps. These waste materials are sorted, impure-free, sand-free, etc. P. In addition, iron (such as nails) is drawn to the sorting tape by a strong magnet. Wood waste is sent to a hammer crusher where it is reduced to 4 mm pieces after superfluous items have been removed. We refer to this phase as preliminary grinding. For the raw materials to dry uniformly in the following step, it is essential.

Pellets waste the resources used in agriculture and woodworking.

The resulting sawdust is dried in a special bunker to the required humidity (8–12%). Then they are sent for repeated grinding. As a result, small fragments of wood are obtained, which, after bringing to perfect humidity (10%), are sent to the press granulator. Here, under the influence of pressure (in some presses of high temperature), wood sawdust turns into granules. For this, the composition is passed through a matrix in which round holes are cut out. The design of the press – the granulator resembles a regular meat grinder: the dough is poured through the holes, and granules are obtained. They are cooled in a cooling column. So it turns out the final product – fuel pellets.

Types and used raw materials

There are three varieties of pellets if we categorize them that way:

    Industrial -have a gray-brown color, their percentage of ash above 0.7. This is due to the fact that the wood from which they are made did not go through the scurry. That is, a large amount of bark that gives an increased percentage of ash gets into the granules. It is worth considering that the use of industrial pellets in a household boiler can lead to its breakdown: not all burners can work with a large ash fuel. But they can cost 50% less, and this is a decent savings. If your boiler burns this type of pellet without any problems, you can use them, but you will have to clean it more often.

Not all domestic boilers can use industrial pellets.

The usage of agropellets in industrial boiler rooms is more common.

White pellets are the ideal fuel for pellet boilers in homes.

What they make from

Pellets can be made with any raw material that contains lignin. In spite of the fact that deciduous trees produce higher-quality fuel, coniferous rocks are more frequently utilized as raw materials for wood in Russia. Because almost all deciduous rocks are not well pressed, more powerful equipment is needed for the processing of woodwood wood, which accounts for the popularity of conifers. This requires trial and error when choosing the best method of processing, moisturizing, and pressing, which takes time and money. Additionally, the price of pellets varies slightly when sold on the domestic market.

Any combustible waste can be used as a raw material to make pellets.

What distinguishes them? pellets of birch from conifers? The amount of heat released during combustion of beech pellets is marginally higher than that of coniferous pellets. However, there are no resins in the burning of birch that, after using pine for a long time, settled in the chimney and needed to be cleaned.

Agropellets are typically Straw is used to make it. These granules are much less expensive than wood, despite having a lower heat transfer. Increased heat transfer between agropellets distinguishes raps straw granules. The husk (Luzgi) sunflower’s squads are a great rival for the brown coal granules. They have numerous benefits, including being less expensive, having less ash for a longer period of time, and being able to distinguish heat and lusk of ecologically clean ash better than other granules. Luzgi ash is also a great fertilizer for agricultural cultures.

Specific heat of combustion, kcal/kg Specific heat of combustion, kW/kg The cost is 1 ton, $
Pellet is woody 4100 4.7 80-125
Pellet from straw 3465 4.0 75-80
Pellet from Luzga Sunflower 4320 5.0 75-115

Peat granules are a cheap, environmentally friendly, and emergency fuel. But because they have a lot of ash, they are mostly used in industry. Peat granules are also frequently used to improve the performance of mineral fertilizers.

Pellets made from used paper produced using a different technology. They are moistened rather than dried before being put in a press granulator. Additional expenses are needed because granching paper’s raw materials have unique properties.

Features of heating with pellets

To optimize the use of pellets as fuel, a specific type of boiler must be bought. Pellet bunkers are specialized containers where fuel granules are stored and then fed into the boiler via a screw. Pellet boilers function in an automated mode.

If you want to save and buy gray, not white pellets, we advise you not to buy a large batch of fuel at once: not all burners can cope with them. First purchase a bag, test. If the boiler works fine, you can buy a more solid game. Similarly, act with agricultural fillets: first test the boiler operation with a small amount. But besides the ash, there may also be problems: these granules do not tolerate transportation poorly, so at this stage you will get a lot of waste. So it turns out that drowning with this fuel, even if the boiler copes, it is advisable if production is somewhere nearby.

White pellets are the best for boilers. Because of the properties of the raw materials, their composition is typically homogeneous and their ash content is small. Additionally, because of their dense surface, these granules are less likely to crumble and break during transit.

Heating with pellets – profitable or not?

Is using pellets for heating profitable?

Regarding the environment, pellets are completely safe raw materials that contain very little hazardous material. Regarding the economic aspect, things are not entirely clear in this case. What are some of the most widespread misconceptions regarding the use of fuel granules, and how profitable is pellet heating? Check out this article from Samastroyka.ru, a construction magazine, about it.

What are pellets

To be more precise, pellets are fuel granules that are produced from agricultural waste and sawmill industry. The fuel granules are different not only in their innocuous composition but also in other equally significant ways.

Granules, for instance, have a moisture content of only 8–10%, whereas regular firewood has a moisture content of up to 50%. The density of pellets is significantly higher than that of wood. However, the heat is the primary distinction between firewood and pellets. She has a lot more granules of fuel.

For instance, one ton of pellets can provide approximately 3.5 thousand KW of heat, which is roughly 1.5 times more than firewood can provide and up to twice as much as stone coal can. In terms of heat-intensive indicators alone, pellets perform comparably well to stone coal. In fact, it was from this point that fuel granules began to go by less common names, like "Biode."

Heating with pellets: profitable or not, myths and reviews

Think about the following common questions about the advantages and disadvantages of using pellets for heating:

  • Pellets burn better than firewood, are they really adding something to them and they become less environmentally friendly? In fact, this is a fairly common and also erroneous opinion. As mentioned above, only harmless raw materials are used for the manufacture of fuel granules. As binding substances for wood waste, for example, they are also used, which are not a threat to human health, substance.

To address the specific question of why pellets burn more efficiently than firewood, let me first state the following:

  1. The density of the fuel granules (pellet) is an order of magnitude higher than that of wood;
  2. Pellet humidity – below.

Furthermore, the pellet’s structure itself helps to improve combustion. Remember that the pellets are burned in boilers that are specifically made for this purpose and have forced air supplies.

How much pellet is needed for heating a house

  • Pellet needs much less than firewood to heed the same room. Indeed, heating with pellets shows good results regarding the heat -intensive ability. So, for example, only one kilogram Pellet is able to give out about 5 kW of heat per hour “. Given the fact that for a comfortable heating of 10 kV/m you need only 1 kW of heat, then five kilowatts can be heated a small house of 50 square meters.

  • Will pellets burn in a regular stove or boiler? Without a heating boiler with forced air supply to the combustion chamber, it is quite difficult to use fuel granules for heating. They will burn, but you can’t talk about any savings, and the burning of Pellet, in this case, will largely depend on how good the craving in the chimney is.
  • Pellets can be stored as much as you like, anywhere, and in any conditions. No, this opinion is erroneous, and a number of strict requirements are presented for storing pellets. Firstly, pellets are afraid of moisture, which when they get on them is successfully absorbed by granules, after which, they also scatter well into parts and become unsuitable for use. Therefore, pellets need to be stored only in dry rooms, without allowing a sharp temperature difference in them, in order to avoid condensation formation.

  • 5. Which pellets are better, white or gray? This issue is also a frequent error of those who decided to switch to heating with pellets.

The quality of the fuel granules cannot be ascertained by color; that can only be ascertained after burning a specific quantity of the fuel. However, there are clear visual cues that distinguish between low- and high-quality pellets. Thus, high-quality pellets should, for instance, be free of cracks, have a minimum length of 7 mm, shine in the light, and resist crumbling when gently rubbed in the palm of your hand.

10 best pellet boilers

Features in the order of

1 Svetlobor Complete automation, SMS control
2 Froling P4 Pellet 25 The highest quality
3 SOLARFOCUS PELLlettop Stylish appearance
4 Zota Pellet 25s Best adaptation to Russian winters
5 Faci Base 258 kW High power, reliability
6 Buderus Logano S181-25 E The most reliable
7 Stropuva S30p Best price
8 Kiturami KRP 20A The possibility of using pellets of different lengths and humidity
9 ACV TKAN 1 Powerful boiler for a large house
10 Kupper OK 20 with pellet burner Good ratio "price-quality"

Although pellet boilers are relatively new to the Russian heating market, private home owners are already beginning to use them extensively. They are not like other solid fuel boilers in that they are entirely automated, have an efficient fuel type, and are environmentally friendly. They are also incredibly dependable; when used properly, a cauldron of this kind can function without protection for 20 to 25 years. When gas supply is unfeasible or unsuitable due to budgetary constraints, a pellet boiler for the home can be a true lifesaver. Entrepreneurs occasionally use them to heat their products.

Because fuel-pressed wooden granules made from wood processing waste were being used as pellets, the boilers were triggered. They only contain a clean tree; no hazardous materials are released during burning. They don’t contain any glue. The boiler is made of steel or cast iron and has a fuel bunker. While pellets are automatically fed into the furnace, they are manually loaded. Selecting a model based on online reviews of pellet boilers is challenging because the equipment is brand-new and not widely available. As a result, we advise you to familiarize yourself with the best pellet boilers for homes available on the Russian market.

Top 10 best pellet boilers

10 Kupper ok 20 with pellet burner

The primary benefit that customers cite for this boiler is its reasonable cost, good quality, and excellent performance. It is challenging to locate a more superior, comparable model within the same budget. The boiler is a single-circuit unit that can heat up to 200 square meters of space. The fully automated device has a thermometer, auto-bank, and inclusion indicator, among other practical features.

One of the drawbacks is that the unit has high standards for pellet quality. That is, optimal performance requires both proper settings and high-quality pellets. Selecting them must not be simple; some people take a long time to figure out the best operating mode through experimentation. Although there aren’t many bad reviews, some point to unreliable electronics and the necessity to finish the pellets, which aren’t the best quality.


The ideal model for a house up to 300 square meters. Fuel consumption is low; even at eight kilograms per hour, Pellet’s maximum performance mode is sufficient. It requires half as much when exposing the average fuel temperature parameters. Because the combustion chamber is sealed and air is forced into it, the boiler’s operation is straightforward and secure. There is a fire valve available.

The boiler automation is powered by electricity, and it requires a network connection to function. The unit housing has a special remote control that is used to adjust the settings. Users list the boiler’s high rated power, its relatively light weight, and its fuel consumption efficiency among its benefits. The only drawback is the high cost.

8 kiturami krp 20a

The boiler’s primary feature—many reviews highlight—is its capacity to use pellets with varying lengths and humidity levels. Their diameter should not exceed 8 mm, but their length can reach up to 30 mm. In the boiler’s basic configuration, the bunker can hold 160 kg of pellets. An average of three days is sufficient in normal mode when setting a moderate temperature of this magnitude.

The primary drawback that users consider is Korean ancestry. There is much to be desired regarding the unit’s thoughtfulness and the assembly’s quality. True, significant malfunctions are rare, but minor mistakes in work are common when the boiler runs continuously. It is not always required to address the drawbacks of its design when it is paired with the primary gas boiler.

In the realm of heating and insulating your home, choosing the right pellets is crucial. When it comes to the best pellets for heating, several factors should be considered to ensure efficiency and cost-effectiveness. The quality of pellets plays a significant role in how well they burn and how much heat they produce. Hardwood pellets tend to burn cleaner and hotter, making them a preferred choice for many. Softwood pellets, while generally cheaper, may produce more ash and require more frequent cleaning. Additionally, it"s essential to look for pellets with low moisture content, as they burn more efficiently. Ultimately, the best pellets for heating will vary depending on your specific heating system and personal preferences, but opting for high-quality hardwood pellets with low moisture content is typically the best choice for most households.

7 Stropuva S30p

The greatest inexpensive boiler for heating a 300 m³ home. It is permitted to use firewood, fuel briquettes, and pellets as fuel. Users record prolonged work for up to 72 hours on a single bookmark. 90% is reached by the utility coefficient. The basic bimetal traction regulator, which powers the boiler without a power source, is the foundation of the extremely basic boiler control.

The boiler’s size is a minor disadvantage, but the ergonomic design mitigates it. The attractively colored cylindrical boiler doesn’t look heavy, and installing it doesn’t take up much room. When compared to other manufacturers’ comparable models, the operation is clearer and simpler. Because energy carriers are expensive in Lithuania, the country where these boilers are manufactured, even city apartments frequently have them installed.

6 Buderus Logano S181-25 E

Another excellent fuel-supply automated home model. able to be used on both the angle and pellets. The length of the burning is determined by the size of the bunker and the unique heat exchanger design. Modern automation controls the operation of a pellet boiler by using highly sensitive sensors to measure the temperature of the water and the smoke emissions. To improve functionality, you can install optional modules. With one load, the 240-liter fuel tank can run for nearly 50 hours.

Reviews highlight the boiler’s remarkable dependability and its use’s safety. The model comes with an automatic fire extinguishing system and an operating and bunker operation sensor security system. Additionally, they state that the boiler can effectively heat a home while using little fuel if the proper settings are set.

5 Faci Base 258 kW

Even a tiny apartment building can benefit from the heating power of a very potent Russian boiler. The manufacturer offers a variety of models with varying capacities, allowing each user to select the best performance option for their needs. A three-row drum heat exchanger ensures excellent combustion efficiency, and the boiler’s long service life is attributed to its high-quality steel construction. Relatively small equipment size allows for 93% efficiency. When you use a digital system, you can easily and conveniently control electronic devices, and you can work autonomously for as long as you have additional options.

The model is noteworthy mainly for its high power and dependability—both of which are sufficient for heating sizable spaces. Positive evaluations from experts and users is a huge plus. Following installation and a sizable amount of time spent in operation, there are no complaints about the performance of FACI boilers. However, it is pricey; for this sum, you could look into European models that are more functional but still of comparable quality.

4 Zota Pellet 25s

When it comes to adapting to the harsh winter weather, Zota Pellet 25s outperform comparable imported boilers. Because the boiler is built to withstand challenging operating conditions, it can run continuously on full power for extended periods of time without requiring the best fuel. It is also impossible to be afraid of power outages. Modern automation controls the device’s power and coolant temperature, as well as shutting it off in the event of a malfunction. Based on user reviews, it appears that the boiler model gained popularity because it was easy to use, adaptable to harsh winter conditions, and could withstand frosty winters.

The hopper has an enormous capacity—roughly 200 kg of pellets. This fuel will allow for 31–32 hours of continuous operation at maximum capacity. The boiler’s design permits the use of firewood and briquettes as fuel; however, extra grates must be installed in order to do this. Users list the ability to control the device remotely with a mobile phone as one of its interesting features.

3 Solarfocus pellettop

This model will appeal to people who value the boiler’s quality, functionality, and overall warmth in the house equally with its aesthetic appeal. The equipment’s sleek modern design blends in well with any interior, and the boiler’s economy, convenience, and functionality more than make up for the cost. You can use it to build an entirely automated heating system. The technology of reverse combustion, or the gasification of fuel, allows for high efficiency (94.9%). It also allows for the vacuum feeding of pellets from a remote storage, ensuring a very long operating life without the user’s involvement.

The boiler’s extended guarantee, which lasts up to ten years, and its Austrian manufacturing origins add to the boiler’s dependability. Users list a number of benefits of the model in their reviews, but the majority place special emphasis on its functionality, consistently high performance, ergonomic design, simplicity, and ease of use.

2 Frolling P4 Pellet 25

The Austrian boilers are superior to their few competitors in terms of quality. It has a high degree of automation, is very well-made, and is functional. The LambDatatronic P 3200 control system with a large sensory display makes operation easier and enables you to achieve maximum efficiency with the optimization system. The equipment is operated as much as possible automatically, and all safety regulations are met. When compared to other boilers of a similar nature, the model’s operation is also quieter—almost silent. By using a unique cyclone structure with integrated sound insulation and a low-noise exhaust fan, the level of work volume could be reduced.

Without a doubt, this model’s high cost is a drawback. However, the buyer gets a contemporary appliance with protection against cold "return," fuel supply system, flame control, oxygen content, and discharge for this price instead of a rudimentary boiler. A pneumatic supply system can be installed in a pellet warehouse to enable automatic heating during the winter months.

Selecting the appropriate kind of pellets for home heating is essential for both economy and effectiveness. We can compare hardwood and softwood pellets to see which one best meets your needs.

Pellets made of hardwood are renowned for having a higher density and longer burn time. They leave behind less ash and generate more heat. They are a dependable option for heating because, although they are typically a little more expensive than softwood pellets, the longer burn time frequently makes up for the difference.

Conversely, softwood pellets ignite more quickly and might produce a little bit more ash. Nevertheless, compared to hardwood pellets, they are frequently more affordable and accessible. If you’re on a tight budget, softwood pellets might be a good choice, but be aware that the increased ash content may require more frequent stove cleaning.

It’s crucial to remember that, in comparison to other heating sources like firewood, hardwood and softwood pellets produce very little ash. This benefits the environment and your heating system by requiring less maintenance and cleaner burning.

The decision between hardwood and softwood pellets ultimately comes down to personal preference. Hardwood pellets are the best option if you value longer burn times and more heat output. On the other hand, softwood pellets might be a better choice if cost and speed of ignition are your top priorities. Whichever kind you select, pellets offer a cost-effective and environmentally responsible means of heating your house.

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