What is the temperature of the heating radiator should be in apartments according to SNiP

Ever wonder why the temperature in some of the rooms in your apartment seems higher than in others? Or have you ever wondered what the perfect temperature is for your heating radiator? Comprehending the recommended temperature range for apartment radiator heating can yield notable improvements in both energy efficiency and comfort. We’ll examine the SNiP (Building Codes and Regulations) recommendations in this post, along with their implications for your living area’s heating radiator temperature.

In order to maintain a comfortable indoor climate, particularly in the winter, heating systems are essential. It can be difficult to figure out the ideal temperature for heating radiators, though. Guidelines are provided by SNiP, the regulatory body that oversees the establishment of building standards in numerous countries, to guarantee the safe and effective operation of heating systems. These recommendations take into account variables like building insulation, temperature, and occupant comfort.

To balance warmth with energy conservation is one of the main goals of heating radiator temperature regulation. Radiators that are set too high can cause discomfort and wasteful energy use, while those that are set too low, particularly in colder climates, may not provide enough heat. In order to maximize comfort and energy efficiency, apartment residents and building managers can find the ideal radiator temperature by using the SNiP guidelines.

You can make more informed decisions about your indoor heating environment if you are aware of SNiP recommendations for heating radiator temperatures. Following these recommendations will help you keep your apartment warm on chilly days without needlessly increasing your energy costs. Let’s look at the precise temperature ranges that SNiP recommends and how they relate to a cozy and effective heating system in your house.

The temperature of the heating batteries in the apartment: Norm

Minimum indicator

Sometimes there is not enough heat in the apartment, even with the heating on. This occurs when the apartment’s heating radiators’ standard temperature differs from their actual temperature. Usually, there are a few reasons why this occurs, the most well-known being the system dummy. You can use Maevsky’s crane to remove it, or you can call the master or cope on your own.

You will need experts if improper use of pipes or batteries has emerged as the root of the problem. In any event, the consumer should not be responsible for covering the duration of the heating system’s non-operation and the apartment’s heating batteries’ temperature deviation from GOST standards.

Sadly, the apartment’s heating radiators have no minimum temperature, so you must gauge the room’s air temperature. What should the apartment’s heating temperature be? An apartment building’s heating requirements should range from +16 to +25 degrees.

You must invite a representative of the company that provides the house with heat in order to address the issue that the apartment’s heating pipes are not at room temperature.

Maximum indicator

The following SNiP 41-01 of 2003 provides enough detail to describe the heating parameters in an apartment building:

  1. If the building uses a two -pipe heating structure, then the maximum permissible temperature of the radiators is considered +95 degrees.
  2. For a single -pipe system, the temperature of heating pipes in the apartment is +115.
  3. The optimum temperature of heating batteries in the apartment (norm in winter) is +80-90 degrees. In the event that it approaches +100 ° C, urgent measures are needed to prevent boiling of the coolant in the system.

Radiator manufacturers list a maximum temperature threshold that is fairly high; however, you shouldn’t exceed it too frequently because doing so increases the risk of failure.

You must take a battery temperature reading to ensure that the apartment’s winter heating rates are in line with GOSTs.

  1. You can use the usual medical thermometer, but it should be noted that its result will need to be added to a couple of degrees.
  2. Use the infrared thermometer.
  3. If there is only an alcohol thermometer at hand, then it must be tightly wrapped in a radiator, previously wrapped in a heat -insulating material.

It is required to write a statement-request for control measurements to the heating system office if the temperature deviates from the average. The commission must respond to this request, which is the basis for all calculations.

Heating standards for individual heating systems

Apartment with a stand-alone heating system

The heat transfer of a heating device that falls on a unit area of the room where it is installed is what should be understood in this instance when discussing heating norms. However, it’s important to make a distinction between the terms "radiator" and "heating device." For instance, the idea of a radiator or other heating device does not apply to ventilation and air conditioning with simultaneous heating, which is accomplished using combined action air conditioners.

With the known thermal power of the heating devices P and W, the following formula can be used to find the norm for heat supply systems:

This is the room’s area in meters squared that this computation is done for; 41 is the empirical coefficient of thermal power minimum for premises where the location of people is constant, and h is the height of the room in meters.

The obtained value needs to be connected with the heating device’s actual heat transfer. This parameter, which varies per section depending on the type of heating system, is:

  1. For cast-iron radiators-90-160 W (large data correspond to the maximum temperature of the coolant at 90 ° C, at smaller values, the heating rate should be proportionally counted).
  2. For steel radiators-60-170 watts (with a decrease in the temperature of the coolant, the thermal power of steel radiators drops more sharply than that of cast iron).
  3. For aluminum and bimetallic radiators 160-200 watts.

By dividing P’s value by the normative indicator of a particular type of radiator’s heat transfer, we can determine how many sections are needed to guarantee the required norms. All that’s left to do is buy them. Thus, the design characteristics of heating devices are primarily responsible for ensuring compliance with the thermal regime for a particular house.

The method of connecting heating devices must be considered in order to improve the accuracy of the norms calculation. Therefore, the standard thermal capacity of radiators is decreased by 10% with a lower connection and by 25–30% when connected in a single-pipe system.

It should be noted that the allowable pressure of the coolant pumped through this device determines the thermal power of the heating device in large part, regardless of type. The heating system should have a minimum pressure of 2-4 atm and a maximum pressure of 6-8 atm. Heating will be utterly useless in the first scenario, and it’s possible that they won’t survive pipelines in the second. As a result, the type of heating equipment and the actual coolant pressure in the heating system are taken into account when calculating the heating standards for a particular home (or for the apartment’s autonomous heating).

What state standards regulate heat supply

State quality standards, also known as GOSTs, are used to settle disputes between customers and suppliers of goods and services. A boiler room, also known as a heating company, is a producer or supplier of heating services in this context. Housing and communal services: a legal body whose responsibilities under the contract include supplying heating services to the public. Any individual who has signed a contract with the business for the provision of services is the consumer of that kind of service.

Additionally, the state standard will establish the acceptable norms, norm boundaries, and deviations for each industry in each particular situation. These kinds of regulations apply to things like the standard temperature of the apartment’s heating batteries. Which degrees are considered to be in violation of state regulations, and what steps need to be taken?

What standard, then, establishes what the apartment’s ideal battery temperature should be? GOST 30494-2011 is the quality standard that the state has provided to ensure that all service providers are appropriately fulfilled. describes every aspect of heat in a well-kept apartment.

However, regardless of the apartment’s heating temperature, the standard should always fall between 20 and 22 degrees Celsius to ensure that the space is fit for habitation. The minimum temperature required by hygienic standards is 18 degrees Celsius. The room’s temperature shouldn’t drop below this point (as long as your windows are closed, the room’s tightness is noted, and the heating and any other extra heating equipment are excluded).

It is also worth noting that today the GOST-Normist of the temperature of the heating batteries in the apartment is not a rule that is mandatory, but has only a recommendatory nature of the quality standard, which the service company is free to adhere to or not adhere to its discretion. To force a heating company to comply with GOST"s requirements in practice is almost impossible.Also, the rule about what the temperature of the batteries in the apartment should be regulated by SanPin"s norms. Although GOST norms are legally legally than the norms of SanPiN, it is the latter who are used as a measure of norms at enterprises. So, it is on them that will depend on what the temperature of the heating batteries in the apartment.

Temperature regimes in various rooms and their norms

While regulatory documents set the standards for apartments in the MKD, there are slight variations based on the location of the home during construction. Thus, in the winter, the corner apartment, which is more exposed to wind and frost than other areas, has a heat rate of +20 °C.

Depending on the purpose of each room, different temperature requirements also apply inside the apartment. Thus, GOST establishes the following acceptable and ideal values for:

  • living rooms-18 ° C (20-22);
  • kitchens-20 ° C (22-23);
  • combined bathrooms and bathrooms-18 ° C (24-26);
  • toilets-18 ° C (19-21);
  • premises for training and recreation-18 ° C (20-22);
  • pantries-14 ° C (16-18);
  • inter-apartment corridors-16 ° C (18-20);
  • stairwells, lobby –12 ° C (16-18).

The same GOST states that a residential building’s temperature can drop by 3 °C between 24:00 and 5:00.

How to determine that the temperature of the water in radiators below normal

A tool that uses a beam to measure the surface temperature.

The temperature of the air in a room often determines the quality of the heating. You should take a temperature reading if the rooms seem chilly to you. A maximum of +18 degrees is allowed. Should it be less, you must determine why. The primary causes may be the intersections of doors and windows, but the more significant one is the cold water in radiators.

There are specific calculations to determine the proper temperature for the batteries in your apartment. Experts compile them by contrasting the room temperature with the temperature of the water in radiators. You must contact a specialized service to take the temperature of your apartment’s heating radiators. The acquired data and the temperature schedule data are compared. The temperature that should be in the pipes of a direct water supply and the opposite is already calculated on this graph.

The table displays the temperature schedule for the heating to ambient ratio.

The temperature of the surroundings

Temperature of the direct water supply

Temperature feedback from water

The information provided here pertains to a single-pipe heating system with a bottom-up water supply. The water temperature at the return should be at least 63 degrees, based on the table at air temperature on the street, which is, for example, -10 degrees Celsius. Furthermore, whether measurements are taken on the first or fifth floor has no bearing on this. The direct water supply temperature in the two-pipe heating system is allowed to reach 95 degrees when the street water temperature is -15.

Every community creates its own schedule for temperature. The administration of the city has approved it.

The boiler room saves money on heating if the apartment’s battery temperature is lower than usual. Following the water measurements, experts draft an act, and public utilities are required to fix any issues. Furthermore, everyone is entitled to request that the heating fee be recalculated. The rent ought to go down in proportion to the apartment’s square footage. One of the key components of a warm house is the temperature of the water in the radiators. Coolant, which has a heating degree of between 80 and 85 degrees, should be supplied in accordance with the apartment’s battery temperature standards.

Their home can be heated very easily, and each heat exchanger is independent of the others. Simply screw the heating element into the battery’s lower end and connect it to the mains to accomplish this.

Everything regarding infrared heating for a private home can be found here, including reviews, calculations, and drawings.

The temperature of the heating batteries in the apartment: Standards

The precise value of a sufficient indicator for housing and non-residential types is determined by the norms for heating apartments, with acceptable deviations from their indicators.

They are more easily developed than working rooms because residential areas exhibit low and steady activity levels:

  • For the premises of the residential type, the air temperature is from 20 to 22 degrees Celsius, from 18 to 24 degrees are recognized as permissible;
  • If we take corner rooms, then here the indicator should not be less than twenty -degree, since such rooms are more subject to low external temperatures and winds;

When heating season arrives, what temperature should the apartment be at?

See here for advice on what to do if the apartment’s batteries are cold.

  • The kitchen is a working room where, in most cases, its heat source is placed – an electric or gas stove. The temperature in this room should be within 19-21 degrees. The permissible is from 18 to 26 degrees;
  • The optimum temperature for toilets is recognized 19-21 degrees. The limiting indicators are from 18 to 26. One way or another, the bathrooms do not belong to the coolest rooms;
  • The bathroom room belongs to hot rooms, since it has a fairly high level of humidity. The minimum temperature indicator here leaves from 18 to 24 degrees. Permissible maximum – 26 degrees. But, nevertheless, even at 20 degrees, the comfort of using this room is reduced;
  • For non -residential premises, the temperature calculation is based on the frequency of their operation. In corridors, 18-20 degrees are recognized as permissible temperature, however, 16 is acceptable. For pantries, the air temperature should be 16-18 degrees. Permissible limits – 12 and 22 degrees.

According to GOST, a drop in temperature to 3 degrees between 00 hours and 05.00 hours in the morning is permitted in housing-type premises due to the slightly decreased need for warmth during sleep. We won’t consider such a drop in the norm to be a violation.

What specifications does the heating system need to meet?

A multi-story building’s heating system is dependent on the outcomes of numerous engineering calculations, some of which are unsuccessful.

The process’s challenge lies not in getting heated water to the building or object, but rather in distributing it evenly throughout each apartment while maintaining ideal humidity and normative temperature indicators in each one.

A similar system’s effectiveness will be directly impacted by how well all of its components—including the pipes and batteries in each apartment—work together.

Because of this, changing radiator batteries without considering the characteristics of the heating system may have very unfavorable effects: one apartment may have too much heat, while the other may have too little.

It is through the establishment of norms that city apartment heating optimization is accomplished:

  • Safety requirements determine that the temperature of the thermal carrier in the heating system should be less by 20 degrees than the temperature of materials that have the property of self -faster. For buildings of an apartment -type multi -apartment type, the normative indicator of the coolant should be from 65 to 115 degrees, taking into account the season;
  • When overheating of water up to 105 degrees, measures should be taken against boiling fluid;
  • The normative limit of the temperature of the water flowing through the heating batteries is 75 degrees. If this indicator exceeds, the battery must have a restrictive structure;
  • The period of the heating season of the Middle Shirov begins in mid -October and ends in the middle of April. In reality, the service providers should initiate the beginning of heating from the moment when the average daily temperature will be registered no higher than 8 degrees for five days in a row.

If the temperature in the apartment is below normal, what to do

In the event that a smaller deviation from the norm is discovered during the measurements, the apartment building’s management company or utility service must be notified. She dispatches an emergency brigade to gather measurements. This is an official document that includes several details that are used to inform the decision to adjust the utility fees for services. It is created in two copies, one of which is kept by the tenant.

The management company is required to recalculate the monthly heating payment in the event that a significant deviation from the norm is found.

For instance. The corner room’s air temperature is recorded at 16 °C (the standard is +20 °C) during the heating season, 14 hours after the estimated period (which is 720 hours). Upon obtaining the individual accounting device readings, the heat energy consumption for the previous month came to 0.7 Gcal at a 1,900 ruble tariff. 32 kopecks. For a single Gcal. The amount of payment for heating is reduced by 0.15% for each hour when it is recorded in the act because the air temperature was lower than usual.

Recalculation of the utility bill for heating

  1. The size of the fee in 14 hours is reduced, when the heating was provided with inadequate quality by: 0.15% x 14 h = 2.1%.
  2. The regulatory fee for heat in the billing period (30 days or 720 hours): 0.8 Gcal multiplied by a tariff of 1,900 rubles. 32 kopecks. Total 1,520 rubles. 25 kopecks.
  3. As a result, after a decrease, we get: 1,520 rubles. 25 kopecks. x (100% – 2.1%) = 1,488 rubles. 32 kopecks.

Sometimes, when a patient tenant takes their temperature over a few days, it consistently falls below the standard range. At that point, the board’s decline becomes noteworthy. However, not all management firms are prepared to factor in the price of heating services implicitly. Unhappy locals frequently have no choice but to defend their rights in court.

Be aware that you can only get the heat fee recalculated once per calendar year. The length of the design and recovery process necessitates meticulousness and a lot of paperwork.

When it comes to heating your home efficiently, understanding the recommended temperature for your radiators is crucial. According to the standards outlined by SNiP (Building Codes and Regulations), the ideal temperature for heating radiators in apartments typically ranges between 40 to 70 degrees Celsius (104 to 158 degrees Fahrenheit). This range ensures a comfortable and consistent level of warmth throughout your living space while also promoting energy efficiency. However, it"s essential to note that the optimal temperature may vary depending on factors such as room size, insulation quality, and personal preference. By maintaining the radiator temperature within the SNiP guidelines, you can effectively balance comfort and energy savings in your home, ensuring a cozy environment without unnecessary energy waste.

Requirements for heat supply

In accordance with the resolution mentioned above, centralized heating is initiated five days after the average outdoor temperature stays below +8 °C. The start of the heating period is delayed until the specified conditions are met if, following four days of cold weather, heat returns for the fifth. Heating standards stipulate that the same principle should be followed to terminate the heating: five days with an average daily temperature of +8 °C should elapse.

The resolution has been amended to allow for a customized strategy for heating buildings that fully satiate thermal insulation requirements. Heating companies must start heating these types of homes as soon as the street temperature drops to the level specified in the design documentation. It’s logical to assume that these adjustments are not carried out very well, and that the heat supply is turned on simultaneously in all residential buildings, both insulated and non-insulated.

The centralized heat supply system should supply enough thermal energy to multi-apartment residential buildings during the heating season. The following criteria for the acceptable air temperature in a space for different purposes must be met for the heat supply service to be deemed fully rendered:

  • living rooms – from 18 to 24 ° C, corner – from 20 ° C;
  • bathroom (or separately toilet and bathroom) – from 18 to 26 ° C;
  • kitchen (taking into account the heat source in the form of a plate) – from 18 to 26 ° C;
  • pantry – from 12 to 22 ° C;
  • corridor – from 16 to 20 ° C.

The minimum allowable temperature in living rooms of apartment buildings situated in colder northern regions has been raised to +20 °C (and in corners, to +22 °C). The increase takes effect if there is at least five days of frost and an average daily low of -31 °C on the street. Additionally, from midnight to five in the morning, the apartment may be cooled by three degrees Celsius.

Unexpected repairs or an emergency may require stopping the heat to several apartments or the building as a whole. However, depending on the weather, regulatory documents are given a specific amount of time to be repaired. The corresponding service must fix the malfunction as soon as possible in colder weather. There are only ever 24 hours in a month when there are heating outages.

Water temperature in the heating system of an apartment building GOST

The annual heating fee should drop by 0.15% if the regulatory parameters are observed to be out of the ordinary.

Two copies of this document should be created, one of which should be kept by the apartment’s owner.You can accomplish this by leaving a written application or by giving the management company’s dispatcher a call. When there are infractions on the main water supply line, the dispatcher notifies the caller.

Note that there are no indicators during the off-season and that this temperature standard takes effect after the start of the heating season. It is imperative to note that hot water must be between +50 °C and +70 °C in temperature (SNiP "Residential buildings"). The thermometer is lowered into the container to a designated mark after the tap is opened to measure it.

The residents can write a statement in the absence of verification if the radiators fail to warm the room, in which case the water temperature will be lower from the tap.

Following the examination of the heating and water supply, the utilities draft an act, a copy of which is kept for each resident. Should the complaint be verified, specialists are required to address the issue within a day to a week.

Additionally, the rent is recalculated if the water temperature in the heating batteries was 3 °C lower during the day and 5 °C lower at night than the standard.

Factors affecting the temperature in the apartment

In the winter, the living room’s air temperature matters a lot. It is created by more than just the effects of heating appliances.

It’s also important to consider the following factors:

Climate conditions in a specific area

The lowest temperature has significant importance. CET of the calendar year. The space is heated all year round.

Even in the spring and fall, devices function. The temperature indicators during this time are also different. Personal preference or human factor. components needed to construct a home. Currently, a waterproofing or insulating layer is frequently applied in addition.

As per the current standards, the apartment’s wall temperature that is acceptable should not be less than 20 degrees. Should this not be the case, the space will be incapable of producing living-friendly conditions. It also has an impact on the dew point and the weather.

Heating standards for apartment buildings heated centrally

These customs are the oldest. They were computed when the batteries were hot and the coolant was not saving fuel for heating. However, the majority of the "cold" heat-saving materials used to build houses were concrete panels.

Although the times have changed, the standards have not. As per the current GOST R 52617-2000, residential premises must have air that is no colder than 18 °C (or at least 20 °C in corner rooms). Additionally, the company—the provider of the heat supply—has the authority to lower the nighttime air temperature by no more than 3 °C (0–5 hours). Separate heating requirements are set for the apartment’s different rooms. For instance, the bathroom’s temperature should be at least 25 °C, while the hallway’s temperature should be at least 16 °C.

The average temperature of the coolant is used to determine the heating norms, instead of the air temperature in the rooms, a change that has been carefully fought for a long time by society. Although it is not profitable for the thermal energy provider, this indicator is far more objective for the end user. Make your own judgment: the nature of human life and the conditions of a person’s residence often influence the temperature in residential buildings in addition to the operating system.

For instance, bricks have a far lower thermal conductivity than concrete, so you will need to use less thermal energy in a brick home at the same temperature. Heat is released during cooking in spaces like the kitchen, not much less than from heating batteries.

The heating devices’ own design elements also play a significant role. Let’s say that at the same air temperature, panel heating systems will transfer heat more quickly than cast-iron batteries. As a result, air temperature-based heating standards are not totally equitable. Below 8 °C, the outside air temperature is considered using this method. Customers should undoubtedly receive heat from the heat-generating company when this value is fixed for three days in a row.

The calculated coolant temperature values for the middle strip, which depend on the outside air temperature, are as follows (temperature indicators are rounded for ease of use when using these values with home thermometers):

The temperature outside, in degrees Celsius

The supply pipeline’s network water temperature, expressed in degrees Celsius

With the help of the above table and a standard thermometer, you can quickly ascertain the water’s temperature in the panel heating system—or any other—when the coolant begins to drain from it. Graphs 5 and 6 are used for a straight branch, and column 7 data is used for the return. It should be noted that the first three columns determine the water’s vacation temperature—that is, without accounting for transmission losses in trunk pipelines.

The rationale behind the proportionate decrease in the cost of the services rendered by the central heat supply services is if the coolant’s actual temperature deviates from the normative.

Installing heat meters is an additional option, but it is only effective in situations where the house’s apartments are connected to a central heating system. These counters must also undergo an annual verification process.

Air temperature standards according to GOST

A regulatory act known as SanPin, GOST R 51617-2000 housing and communal services and general technical conditions, governs the temperature parameters of residential buildings. In the summer, the temperature regime for rooms starts at 18 °C and goes up to 20 °C. The Decree of Government No. 354 establishes a standard for corner rooms and cold areas where an alternative acceptable standard is recognized.

In areas with the coldest five-day (security 0.92) -31 °C and below, the temperature regime is set at +20 °C (in corner rooms, +22 °C).The standard air temperature in living rooms is set not lower than +18 °C (in corner rooms, +22 °C). It is deemed a violation to deviate from a normative, uncomfortable thermal regime.

In corner apartments

In the past, GOST actually set aside special guidelines for corner apartments, two degrees above the norm. As of right now, the Russian Federation’s 06.05.2011 No. 354 Decree of Government establishes and regulates the temperature regime.

External walls

The designers of SNiP 02/23/2003 think that there should only be a 4 degree temperature differential between the interior air and the exterior surface. In other words, the wall shouldn’t be any colder than 14 °C if the dwelling’s minimum temperature is 18 °C.

If this rule is broken, we can infer that the house is not adequately insulated and that the seams may need to be updated. This should resolve the issue of the Criminal Code supporting the framework.


Residential buildings’ floor surfaces should, according to SNiP, not be any colder than 16 °C (usually, it’s between 18 and 20 °C above the minimum allowable).

For heated floors, SNiP 41-01.2003 establishes a standard temperature of

  • 26 ° C for premises where people are constantly;
  • 31 ° C for premises where people are temporarily.

It is advised that children’s institutions maintain the floor at a maximum temperature of 24 °C.

Heating networks requirements

When using centralized heat supply, high-temperature boiler water heaters are installed in boiler rooms or thermal power plants (TPP – steam). Other energy sources are used less frequently than natural gas as a fuel source. The water does not boil when put under pressure, despite the coolant at the boiler’s output having a temperature of 115 °C. The boiler plants operate at maximum efficiency in this mode, which explains why the temperature needs to be raised to 115°C.

Plate or scented heat exchangers provide the transition from 115 °C to the desired temperature. Thermal power plants use spent steam from turbines to produce electricity. Regulations state that the water temperature in the heating pipes cannot be higher than 105 °C; however, the street conditions determine the lower limit. Within this range, the heating network’s water heating is weather-dependent, with a temperature schedule for the heating system in each boiler room. Two calculation graphs are used for home networks:

These figures indicate the supply’s maximum temperature as well as the reverse water in one or more locations during the strongest frosts. However, it makes no sense to heat the coolant to 105 °C at the start and finish of the heating season when the weather is still mild. For this reason, a real temperature schedule is created, outlining how much heating of the water is required at various outdoor temperatures. The table that presents excerpts from the schedule for g illustrates how the heating depends on the weather. UFA:

Everyday street air quality is average.

The table is meant to serve as an example and is only applicable to this city; other villages may have their own unique dependence due to differences in the country’s climate.

It can be challenging to determine the coolant’s precise temperature in a centralized heating network. You will need a remote thermometer that measures the surface heating in order to accomplish this. Thus, the air temperature in the rooms is the only way to gauge how much the apartment’s heating standards are followed.

Room Type Recommended Radiator Temperature
Living Room Around 20-22°C (68-72°F)
Bedroom Around 18-20°C (64-68°F)
Kitchen Around 18-20°C (64-68°F)
Bathroom Around 22-24°C (72-75°F)

Maintaining comfort and energy efficiency in apartments requires that radiators are heated to the proper temperature. The recommended temperature range for apartment heating radiators, as per the Construction Norms and Regulations (SNiP) standards, is normally between 18 and 24 degrees Celsius.

The purpose of this range is to encourage energy conservation while simultaneously giving residents enough warmth. The environment gains from preventing excessive energy consumption, and residents also save money when the temperature stays within this range.

The ideal temperature within this range, however, may vary depending on personal preferences and environmental conditions. When determining the radiator temperature, factors like the quality of the insulation, the outside temperature, and the individual’s comfort level should all be taken into account.

Sustaining constant temperatures throughout the day can also maximize comfort and energy efficiency. Smart heating systems and programmable thermostats can help control radiator temperatures according to users’ schedules and preferences, preserving energy during periods of low occupancy and guaranteeing comfort when needed.

In conclusion, maintaining comfortable living spaces while advancing energy efficiency requires adherence to the temperature guidelines provided by SNiP for heating radiators in apartments. Residents can enjoy warmth and comfort while reducing their impact on the environment and energy costs by finding the right balance and making use of contemporary technologies.

Video on the topic

Tempens of batteries in the apartment on the 1st floor/ www.Krasnoturinsk.Info

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