The purpose and device of block boiler rooms (BMK) on gas and solid fuel

It is impossible to exaggerate the significance of effective insulation and heating for maintaining a warm and comfortable home. The boiler room is an essential part of a well-functioning heating system because it produces and distributes heat throughout the house. We’ll examine the function and layout of block boiler rooms (BMK) in this post, with an emphasis on both gas and solid fuel models.

In many houses and buildings, block boiler rooms—often shortened to BMK—are an essential part of the heating systems. They are the central component of the heating system, where heat is produced through the burning of different fuels. The fundamental purpose of fuel, be it gas or solid, is always the same: to provide the warmth required to maintain the comfort of our living areas, particularly in the winter.

Naturally occurring gas or propane is the main fuel source for BMKs that run on gas. These systems are well-liked because of their effectiveness and comparatively clean burning process. The fuel in a gas-powered BMK is burned in a combustion chamber to heat water or air, which is then distributed via pipes or ducts throughout the house. Many homeowners choose gas because of its ease of use and convenience.

Solid fuel BMKs, on the other hand, generate heat using resources like biomass, coal, and wood. Because of their affordability and capacity to use renewable resources, these systems are frequently preferred. When a solid fuel BMK is used, the fuel is ignited in a combustion chamber, releasing heat that is then dispersed through air or water. For individuals with access to inexpensive or free fuel sources, solid fuel systems provide a sustainable heating option, despite requiring more upkeep and care than gas systems.

A number of fundamental parts are present in every BMK, regardless of the fuel type: the combustion chamber, heat exchanger, flue system, and controls. Together, these parts effectively transform fuel into heat and disperse it throughout the house. In order to guarantee the safe and efficient operation of their heating systems, homeowners must comprehend the function and architecture of block boiler rooms.

The purpose of block boiler rooms (BMK) The purpose is to provide heating and hot water to buildings efficiently.
Device of gas BMK Gas BMKs use natural gas to heat water, which is then circulated through the building"s heating system.
Device of solid fuel BMK Solid fuel BMKs burn materials like wood or coal to generate heat, which is transferred to water for heating purposes.

BMK – what is it?

A metal case supported by fences, additional transportation devices (sometimes optional), and multiple isolation layers form the foundation of the design.

The features of the insulation layers that are used are decided upon during the location and operation stages of design. The protective thermal layers in large industries can be as thick as 150 mm. I would suggest looking more closely at a gas boiler with a thicker external casing if you live in a cold climate.

Prefabricated equipment, such as burners, pumps, control panels, instrumentation, and extra sections to guarantee fuel delivery processes, makes up the functional portion. The consumer’s objectives determine the list of functional devices.

A boiler unit with reinforcement for integration into a local communication network will serve as the fundamental building block. However, contemporary manufacturers also provide systems with fuel-consumption accounting units, conventional equipment, ventilation equipment, hydraulic devices for hot water modifications, etc. D.

Automation tools can be linked to the facility’s fire alarms in addition to offering autonomous control.

Our goal is to examine the function and layout of these crucial elements for home insulation and heating in our article on block boiler rooms (BMK) for gas and solid fuel heating systems. Block boiler rooms are essential for producing heat effectively from gas or solid fuels, such as coal or wood. They function as small, independent buildings that contain pumps, boilers, and other heating-related machinery. Solid fuel BMKs use the burning of solid materials to generate heat, whereas gas-powered BMKs rely on combustion. Homeowners who want to maximize the comfort and energy efficiency of their heating systems must comprehend how these boiler rooms operate.

Varieties of modules

The block can be categorized using a number of indicators. First off, there are one to four modules in total. A divided heat supply with the expectation of multiple served areas or the requirement for high performance could be the reason for an increase in the number of working compartments.

The kind of fuel that is used is another indicator of BMC classification.

In actuality, the following modules are utilized more frequently:

  1. Solid fuel.
    provides for the use of traditional energy resources in the form of coal and firewood.
  2. Liquid.
    mainly diesel models, characterized by practicality in terms of content.
  3. Gas.
    Boiler rooms on gas are considered the most profitable in terms of savings, and thanks to controlling automation, complaints about their safety arise less and less often.
  4. Biofuel.
    A variety of solid fuel structures, but with environmental and economic advantages. So, pellet BMC at low cost give more thermal energy, although in Russia this type of fuel is still not common enough in certain regions.

The advantage of mobile devices

They appear large and cumbersome from BMC’s perspective in terms of placement and transportation, but this is untrue.

The structures are supposedly adjusted by the manufacturers for delivery and installation conditions. The majority of unified mobile stations are transportable by road as well as rail. It is preferable to specify similar subtleties during the project development phase.

The system’s mobility in no way lessens its other operational benefits, such as the ability to connect with a variety of heating systems, the potential for a cascading combination of modules, and the availability of maintenance.

Additionally maintained is the benefit of reduced fuel consumption. For instance, boilers with a capacity of 300–400 kW can produce heat with an average gas consumption of 50 m3/h.

Fuel oil and transportable solid fuel models are also computed for remote locations from the city array, operating independently of centralized networks. The owner’s only responsibilities are to supply fuel to a functional object on time and to supply electricity to the boiler room for automation—tasks that can be accomplished with a generator.

Block -modular boiler plants – design

During the order drawing up process, manufacturers offer a customized form that the prospective owner can fill out to specify the features and specifications of the system.

The fundamental parameters encompass various aspects such as the quantity of modules, power, fuel type, communication infrastructure implementation, etc. A further challenge for non-specialists is that multiple sets of requirements may conflict with one another, making it hard to correctly combine them.

Developing complex multifunctional attitudes can be particularly challenging. For instance, steam stations that have a hot water circuit may need additional room for a technical binding, in which case the compact placement principles may be disregarded right away. Following that, the specifications are examined, and designers and engineers are asked to approve the technical task for the boiler room’s manufacturing.

Features of the installation of BMK

Another benefit of BMK is that capital construction is not included in this scenario. When a project is implemented with a completed station, the primary actions are setting up the location where the equipment will be used.

The kind of thick screed that the future structure will be built upon should be installed on the foundation platform. BMK is typically supplied to the operation site via specialized equipment. After the block is immediately positioned on the location, the supporting substrate is fixed with the design.

Strapping measures may also be included in the list of installation tasks. The equipment’s parts are linked to fuel delivery contours, water communication, ventilation ducts, chimney systems, and energy sources. A plot is also set up for fuel storage and loading into the combustion chambers in the case of solid combustible materials.


Installing BMC on residential roofs is permissible as well, albeit with limitations. As a result, stations up to 27 m2 in area are installed on a flat overlap, with weight restricted to an acceptable load. The remaining accommodations technology is the same: a block is placed on the screed that has been prepared while accounting for the potential for additional connections to the building’s communications.

Rooftop boiler rooms ought to have a reserve exit, a path to the elevator shaft, and a separate energy supply line as part of their own infrastructure.

Block boiler rooms (BMK) are a cutting-edge answer to the insulation and heating needs of homes and businesses. These small units are made to generate heat effectively from solid or gas fuel, offering a dependable and affordable heating option.

The adaptability of BMKs is one of their main benefits. They are easily adaptable to various fuel types, giving businesses and homeowners the freedom to select the one that best suits their requirements. BMKs can run on a variety of fuel sources, including coal, wood, and natural gas as well as propane.

Moreover, energy efficiency and peak performance are guaranteed by BMK design. Heat loss is reduced and energy usage is maximized by combining all heating components into one unit. This lowers the environmental impact of traditional heating systems while also lowering operating costs.

Apart from their effectiveness, BMKs are renowned for their dependability and longevity. These units are made to withstand the rigors of continuous operation using premium materials and cutting-edge engineering techniques. For businesses and homeowners, this dependability means having peace of mind knowing that their heating needs are being met effectively and consistently.

All things considered, block boiler rooms provide a complete answer for insulation and heating needs. For residential complexes, commercial buildings, or industrial facilities, BMKs offer a dependable, flexible, and efficient heating solution that satisfies the various demands of contemporary living and working environments.

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Sergey Ivanov

I like to help people create comfort and comfort in their homes. I share my experience and knowledge in articles so that you can make the right choice of a heating and insulation system for your home.

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