The power of the heating convector

The heating convector is essential for maintaining a warm and comfortable environment in our homes. These modest gadgets are essential during the cold months because they effectively warm our living areas with a powerful punch. However, what is a heating convector and how does it operate exactly?

Warmth is frequently provided in residential and commercial buildings by heating convectors, also referred to as convector heaters. In contrast to conventional radiators, which use convection currents to transfer heat, convectors use a fan to force air over a heated element, quickly distributing heat throughout the space. Convectors are a common option for contemporary heating systems because of this mechanism, which guarantees rapid heating while also enabling precise temperature control.

The adaptability of heating convectors is one of their main benefits. They are available in a variety of sizes and shapes, from compact portable units for heating small spaces to larger models fit for heating whole houses. Convectors offer flexibility in design and installation as they can be positioned strategically to maximize heat distribution, whether they are mounted on walls or placed on the floor.

Another characteristic of heating convectors is their efficiency. These devices minimize energy waste and lower heating costs by efficiently converting power into heat through the use of electric or hydronic energy. Furthermore, a lot of convectors have timers and programmable thermostats, which let users customize the heating settings to fit their schedules and preferences and use less energy overall.

Convector Model Heating Power (Watts)
EcoHeat S 1000
ThermoPro 1500

What is convection and convector

Convection is the flow of air masses as a result of variations in their densities (and, consequently, their masses). The cold air descends into the space. The lower portion of the building houses the majority of the heating equipment. As the air warms up, it passes through the convector (radiator) designs, loses mass and density, and rises upward. Here is how convective heat transfer takes place. The benefit is that everything occurs organically in the absence of air-moving capacities.

The primary benefits of convectors are:

  • Lack of hot surfaces;
  • The ability to work on electricity (in the absence of other energy carriers);
  • Attractive appearance;
  • Building in building structures – gender, skirting board – allows you to save space;
  • Convectors have a mobile version (moved);
  • High -quality control – remote, programmable and so on.

A convector is a heating appliance that operates on the convective heat transfer principle. The device’s main components are as follows, and it has a simple design:

  • Metal casing with a protective grill and holes for air entering;
  • Heating component – electric, water or gas;
  • Control system.

Through specific holes in the casing, air enters, warms up, and exits the convector through the protective grill. Certain convector types with integrated fans to boost air flow are designed to increase thermal power. These convectors outperform radiators in terms of efficiency.

The floor, wall, and built-in convectors are differentiated based on how they are installed. Convectors built into the room are installed in the skirting board and on the floor. There are three different kinds of convective heaters based on the energy source:

  • Water heating convectors;
  • Electric heating convectors;
  • Gas convectors.

The tubular walnut heat exchanger in water convectors transfers heat from the coolant to the heated air as it moves. The most common material for the heat exchanger is copper, which is resistant to the effects of externally applied negative factors like corrosion and low-quality coolant. The heat exchange area grows as a result of nuting.

Gas and electric convectors operate on the same principle; the heating element’s design is the only difference. A burner and heat exchanger are used in gas convectors, while built-in, needle, and heating heaters are used in electrical convectors. Every kind of convector has unique properties.

Water is thought to be the best option, but installing supply pipelines is necessary. Among rivals, using water coolant is the most cost-effective choice.

Although installing and operating an electric convector is simple, the convector’s high electrical power consumption raises energy expenses considerably. The regulations governing the operation of natural gas-powered devices that connect to gas pipelines must be followed by the gas device.

In understanding the effectiveness of a heating convector for home heating and insulation, it"s essential to grasp its power and potential impact. Convector heaters work by drawing in cold air, heating it up using a heating element, and then releasing it back into the room. They"re efficient because they operate quickly and evenly distribute warmth throughout the space. Moreover, convectors are versatile, fitting into various home layouts and offering both wall-mounted and portable options. Their power lies in their ability to efficiently heat a room, helping to maintain a comfortable temperature while potentially reducing energy costs compared to other heating methods. With proper insulation, including sealing drafts and insulating walls, floors, and ceilings, the power of a heating convector can be maximized, ensuring optimal warmth and energy efficiency within the home.

Calculation of the required convector power

Expert techniques are employed to calculate thermal power in detail. They are based on figuring out how much heat is lost through the surrounding structures and how much has to be compensated for that heat. The methods are implemented in the program format as well as manually.

If you are unwilling to get in touch with the designers, you can also use the enlarged calculation methodology to determine the thermal power of convectors. The heated area’s size and the room’s volume can be used to calculate the convectors’ power.

100 watts of heat per square meter of heated area is a general standard for heating an enclosed space with one outer wall, a ceiling height of up to 2.7 meters, and a single window pane.

The correction factor 1 is applied in the event that the room has two external walls and is angled.1. A 10% increase in the computed thermal power. The estimated power is multiplied by 0.8 when triple window glazing and superior thermal insulation are used.

As a result, the area of the room determines the convector’s thermal power; an apparatus with a minimum 2.0 kW capacity is required to heat a room measuring 20 kV.m when using standard heat loss indicators. This room’s angular layout means that 2.2 kW of power will be used. You can install a convector with a capacity of roughly 1.6–1.7 kW in a room that is equal in area and has qualitative insulation. These computations hold true for spaces with up to 2.7 meters of ceiling height.

For buildings with higher ceilings, the volumetric method of calculation is applied. The room’s volume is computed by multiplying the estimated value by a coefficient of 0.04 and dividing the resultant value by the height of the room. The thermal heating power is obtained when in motion.

Using this method, a 20 square meter room with a height of 2.7 meters and a ceiling height of three meters will require 2.16 kW of heat to be heated; the same room will require 2.4 kW. When there are a lot of rooms and the ceiling is high, the estimated power in the space can rise to 30%.

Selecting the ideal heating system for your house is essential for both efficiency and comfort. Similar to heating convectors, convection heaters are an effective way to keep a warm atmosphere throughout the winter. Warm air is circulated throughout the space by these heaters to deliver a steady and even heat distribution.

The speed at which heating convectors heat up is one of their main benefits. Convectors require less time than some other heating systems to reach their ideal temperature. Because of their ability to provide warmth almost instantly, they are perfect for rooms that require quick heating, like bedrooms or bathrooms.

Efficiency is yet another crucial aspect to take into account when heating your house. Convector heaters are renowned for their energy efficiency since they produce heat with a comparatively small amount of electricity. Their low environmental impact and ability to lower energy costs make them a more environmentally friendly option for heating your home.

Heating convectors also provide flexibility in terms of installation. A heating convector to meet your needs is available, regardless of your preference for portable or wall-mounted models. Because of their adaptability, you can incorporate them more easily into the current design and layout of your house without compromising on style or functionality.

To sum up, the heating convector’s power resides in its capacity to provide your house with rapid, effective, and adaptable heating solutions. These heaters minimize energy consumption and offer consistent warmth by utilizing the principles of convection. Heating convectors provide a dependable and efficient way to stay warm during the winter, whether you’re trying to heat a small space or your whole home.

Video on the topic

Make the finalization of the convector yourself.(power reduction).

Power limiter and an economizer for heating, the method of consistent capacitors

Heating convectors: varieties, power calculation, connection

Calculation of the necessary heating power and the number of necessary heaters.

How to calculate the power of the convector for the room

How much does a kilowit heater use per day?

How to choose the power of the heater? We select the heater in proportion to the room.

What type of heating you would like to have in your home?
Share to friends
Anna Vasilieva
Rate author
Add a comment