Swed insulation in panel houses

Insulation is essential for maintaining a comfortable and energy-efficient home. An especially important consideration when choosing an insulation method is panel houses, where it can be difficult to maintain ideal indoor temperatures. The Swedish technique of swed insulation has become well-known due to its efficiency in panel homes.

Prefabricated or modular homes, commonly referred to as panel houses, are built with panels composed of different materials such as steel, concrete, or wood. These homes have many advantages, including speedy construction and cost-effectiveness, but because of the gaps between the panels, they frequently have insulation problems.

Swed insulation offers a comprehensive solution to improve panel house thermal performance, thereby addressing this challenge. In contrast to conventional insulation techniques that could be difficult to install in panel structures, Swed insulation is made especially to fit into the panels with minimal thermal bridging and maximum efficiency.

The ability of Swed insulation to form a continuous thermal barrier across the whole building envelope is one of its primary features. It achieves significant year-round energy savings by keeping the interior cool in the summer and preventing heat loss during the winter by sealing the gaps and joints between the panels.

Swed insulation is also renowned for its longevity and toughness, which makes it an affordable investment for homeowners. It can last for decades without degrading with correct installation and upkeep, offering constant thermal comfort and lowering the frequency of repairs or replacements.

All things considered, Swed insulation provides a workable and effective way to raise panel homes’ energy efficiency. Homeowners seeking to improve the comfort and sustainability of their dwellings choose it because of its long-term advantages and seamless integration with the current structure.

Advantages Disadvantages
Effective thermal insulation Initial cost can be high
  1. Suture insulation and antipolorian treatment
  2. Technology for sealing and insulation in details:
  3. Sealing interpanel seams of apartments for private individuals with materials – price per meter on the key
  4. Interpanel seams. Sealing general rules
  5. Consider the methods of sealing interpanel sutures.
  6. What materials to choose for the work of suture insulation
  7. Application technology
  8. Corners and rebellions
  9. The most common materials
  10. Insulation of interpanel seams with mounting foam
  11. How roof installation is performed
  12. Vilander seal
  13. Sealant for seaming seams
  14. The use of sealants
  15. Beginning of work. Technological nuances
  16. What damp looks like
  17. For what purpose is sealing of the seams.
  18. Technology for insulation and sealing of interpanel seams Warm suture plus
  19. Fungus and mold. Localization and elimination of the threat
  20. Sealing joints from the inside
  21. Features at the beginning of work
  22. When the repair of interpanel seams can solve the problem of the customer
  23. Why is the insulation necessary
  24. Application of mounting foam for insulation
  25. Internal insulation of joints
  26. Sealing seams during construction
  27. Such problems pursue many residents. The reasons for their appearance may be the following
  28. Methods of insulation of external walls in panel houses
  29. The choice of reliable technology of insulation and sealing of the seams.
  30. The most popular joints
  31. Our phones:
  32. Tel: +7 (495) 585-79-00,
  33. Video on the topic
  34. How to insulate the walls in the apartment? Result + 4 ° C
  35. Warming and sealing seams inside the apartment
  36. Repair of interpanel seams in apartment buildings
  37. Promalp – how to properly insulate interpanel seam ^industrial mountaineering ^
  38. Insulation and sealing of interpanel sutures by industrial climbers.
  39. Repair between panel seams. Types of seam repair with explanation and examples.

Suture insulation and antipolorian treatment


Technology for sealing and insulation in details:

One of our company’s most important services is the repair (or primary sealing) of the seams between the slabs using "warm suture," a contemporary, dependable, and long-lasting technology. Since the entirety of the list of tasks is performed mostly at height and in all weather conditions, it necessitates not only extraordinary safety precautions and specialized equipment but also exceptionally qualified workers. Industrial climbers with a great deal of experience work for our organization, and among other things, their primary selection criteria is their high degree of personal accountability.

Our company’s experts promise to provide a comprehensive range of construction services for the Teply Seam technology. The following phases are included in this body of work.

1. Pre -insulation of the seams between the slabs to protect against external precipitation. This stage applies to new buildings and houses that are only commissioned. The distance of the interpanel space is filled under pressure by foam and insulated with a special tube, which is “recessed” into foam. Then everything is aligned with the solution and is additionally opened with a special sealant. This sequence of actions guarantees the achievement of the maximum result in the parameters of water resistance, thermal insulation and resistance to UV radiation.
2. The second option concerns the reconstruction of the seams in panel houses as part of the overhaul of the facade. Such a service is a set of measures to restore sealing and thermal insulation properties of the seams according to the requirements that are presented to new buildings. Moreover, if the insulation is in satisfactory condition, our masters will be isolated by sealant outside, without violating the integrity of the old insulation.

The specialists of our company offer a full range of repair and restoration work on the waterproofing of interpanel joints. Such a complex provides for certain technological stages, namely:
 Cleaning the seam from the old insulation material (if it was at all), removal of a lered solution or sealant;
 The maximum possible degeneration of the seam;
 processing of the seam by anti -inflacal impregnation;
 flushing the seam against mold;
 ESPRESSION OF THE SHOUT according to the technology "Warm seam".
based on the experience of our experts, we strongly recommend not resorting to the help of masters with a dubious reputation, as well as to those specialists who offer prices below market. As a rule, the results of their work are manifested in the first season. The seam passes moisture, dampness and fungus appear in the room, and warranty obligations are not fulfilled with such masters (and are not always provided).
A detailed description of the technology of insulation technologies are used when warming interpanel joints?

Sealing interpanel seams of apartments for private individuals with materials – price per meter on the key

1) Secondary sealing, Price (missing joints) – from 325 – 370 rubles/m.P. with materials (restore a sealant without insulation).
2) Primary sealing, The price with insulation (for example in new buildings) – 550 rubles/m.P. With materials.
3) Repair of interpanel sutures and sealing joints (repair of a closed suture: filling out interpanel space with mounting foam through
Technological holes and sealing mastic) – 550 rubles./m.P. With materials.
4) Capital repair of interpanel sutures (full opening of the seam, removal of the old seam filler, high -quality filling with good
seals and sealing joints) – 550 – 750 rubles./m.P. including materials, the price depends on the type of seam opened. In 90% of cases, a rating for sealing seams
will be 550 rubles. For a meter linear. If the interpanel seams of the house are not typical, for example, concreted, then the cost of opening the interpanel seam increases.
5) Hermeticization of loggias and windows with insulation – 500 – 550 rubles./m.P. Materials are included.

* The cost of consumables is included in the prices for repairing apartment interpanel seams. We won’t "calculate" the total cost of the item’s additions and minor components. Our final price per meter is less than the going rate in the market. * The insulation is installed effectively, keeping in mind that the apartment must be "cut off" from the cold by penetrating through adjacent apartments for the full thickness of the panel. Year-long warranty service (included in the price). If everything is in order, your sealing should last for at least ten to fifteen years. You will check your seams in every season.

The minimum volume for Moscow is 26 meters of linear. For the Moscow Region – 30 meters of linear.
simply missing the seams (restoration of sealant in the absence of problems with insulation), the minimum volume is 40 meters for Moscow and 50 meters – for Moscow.
This means that the smaller volume will cost as much. In fact, it is better to make 26 meters high -quality and close the problem,
than to “fake” interpanel seams meter by a meter every year, and the problems will remain – blowing and freezing, leaks and mold.
In addition, there are no less than 9 meters. Judge for yourself: if the angle rars, you need to make a vertical seam (3.3 meters with plates), plus you need
Make up a meter and down a meter (2 more meters) to put traffic jams that block the cold from the neighbors.
horizontally meter to the right and left above and below, these are still 4 meters of linear. Although horizontally towards your apartment
It is better to make the whole seam to the next vertical seam.

A superficial look at the problem interprets as follows: the angle of 2 meters damps, so you need to seal 2 meters.
This is exactly what amateurs from management companies do – they just “smear” it is not clear what 2 meters at the request of the tenant. But the problem does not leave.
and will not leave, since it is necessary to eliminate the cause, and not just the visible result. For example, if the angle flows during the rain, preferably
to seal not only your entire vertical seam, but also, at least, the floor from above. Sometimes, at the autopsy, from the vertical
Switch with a waterfall pouring water, accumulated there all summer. It is necessary to eliminate the reason!

To find out the exact cost of repairing the seams of your apartment, need to
Count the chain meters of the seams and multiply by the price per meter chain. All prices per meter are final and include materials.
Some sites offer a calculator to calculate the price of repair of your apartment in a series of house.
But the fact is that the size of the boards of the houses are different, despite the one series, the head of the interpanel seams of apartments in the same house, also different depending on the layout.
Therefore, the price of the price obtained using such a calculator has a greater error and unpleasant surprises for the customer
at the end of work. It is very simple to keep the linear meters of interpanel seams, just to measure the length of the horizontal seam outside the house outside the house
and multiply by 2 (lower seam and upper). Then calculate the number of vertical seams and multiply by 4 meters (despite the,
that the height of the ceilings in the apartment is 2.7 meters, you need to count the thickness of panel slabs from below and from above, plus we seal with a margin,
Entering the neighboring seams at 0.5-1m to cut off your apartment from cold air and leaks from the seams of neighboring apartments.

Interpanel seams. Sealing general rules

Secondary sealing can be classified into two categories based on the state where the seam is situated.

If the old heater is in good condition and has not sustained significant damage, the only way to limit secondary treatment is to apply a fresh layer of waterproofing mastic on the outside. If every indication of severe interpanel seam degradation is readily apparent, then specific work will need to be done in order to seal the seams repeatedly. These consist of the seam opening, the elimination of all outdated fillers that have become useless, and the complex sealing process, such as applying primary sealing.

When repairing panel joints, it’s important to follow these guidelines:

  • In the case of the joints of the panels in the end wall, the interpanel seams of the entire end facade of the building, as well as the joints between the panels of the end and the longitudinal wall are seized.
  • If the vertical joint of the longitudinal facade occurs, sealing all vertical seams throughout the height of the house is carried out. In addition, all horizontal joints adjacent to it are sealing.
  • If a defect is detected in a horizontal junction, all joints located on three to four vertical rows of panels are subject to sealing.
  • When carrying out the repair work of panel joints, it should be taken into account the moment that sealants are subjected to stretching and compression in places. This is affected by temperature fluctuations, shrinkage and “creep” of concrete, as well as the loads that occur during the precipitation of the entire building. Moreover, with an increase in the ratio of the thickness of the layer of hermetic agent to the width of the interpanel suture, such loads become stronger. For this reason, the sealant layer should be half as much as the width of the seam.

Consider the methods of sealing interpanel sutures.

1. Superficial sealing, or polishing joints without getting rid of the previous sealer. This approach is only acceptable when the putting down is dependable and in good shape. However, no one offers assurances regarding how long such work will last. The old seam is not opened when interpanel seams are sealed using this technique. On top of it, a fresh coat of two-component polyurethane sealant or one-component acrylic sealant is applied. This technique works as long as the heat-insulating material has maintained its qualities and the old layer of mastic is only slightly damaged—it has cracks. Fourth International Conference on Science and Practice

2. Sealing interpanel seam with embroidering (waterproofing of the joint of the plates). For the repair of an old, already existing seam layer, secondary processing is used. In the second case, only a sealant is subjected to dismantling, which is no longer able to provide high -quality insulation. In this case, the served putty is necessarily removed and replaced by a new. But do not use insulation materials. In this case, a complete opening of the old seam with its cleaning is completely opened. It is laid in an open interpanel joint, which is closed on top with one or more layers of suture mastic. The disadvantages of such technology are the cavities inside the trim that reduce the quality and service life of renovated seams.
3. Technology "Warm seam". This is the most correct and common method of repairing sealing interpanel sutures. Made using the technology of three -component sealing, has a serious difference from traditional sealing of the seam: “warm seam” is made using polyurethane foam, and standard sealing is carried out only with the help of two components – sealant and insulation. The seam is done again as it was supposed to be originally. Stages of work on the technology "Warm seam".
The table contains a comparative analysis of the three joint methods considered above.

What materials to choose for the work of suture insulation

Modern interpanel suture processing technologies primarily use synthetic rubber or materials based on complex polymers. They are of excellent quality and have a long service life.

The specialists of our company in the work of work use materials only those brands that have passed tests, have the necessary quality certificates and have proven themselves in the market well. In particular, the Wilatter cord, which is the main material when warming the seams, is a low -level polyethylene with a low level of thermal conductivity, which ensures the maintenance of heat in the room. The main property of mounting foam is low resistance to ultraviolet rays. Its main task is to fill all the voids and cracks in the interpanel seams, but to prevent its destruction under the influence of sunlight, additional protection is necessary. Such protection is provided by the sealant. It is also a good ultraviolet radiation that he also does not allow moisture entering the seam.

Installation foam does not lose properties even during frosts, but direct sunlight or contact with oil products, especially oil or gasoline, are strictly contraindicated in it. This has a destructive effect on the material. The finish is carried out using the sealant "Oxiplast", which is made of synthetic rubber. This sealant is waterproof and protects the insulation from the effects of atmospheric precipitation. The sealant freezes 5-7 hours after application, and its properties persist for 10-15 years. When insulating, it should be remembered that the greatest heat loss in panel houses occur through the seams, so saving on this procedure is not worth! It is better to make it high -quality, since it will pay off by optimizing heating costs.

As a result, you can process interpanel seams qualitatively and conserve heat inside the home by using contemporary polymeric materials. To ensure a high degree of material adhesion, it is crucial to carefully observe the technology and prepare the surface for processing. You can forget about issues with moisture or cold penetration into the room for an extended amount of time because the interpanel seams are insulated using the "warm seam" technology as mentioned earlier.

Application technology

In actuality, the technology is divided into six major stages:

  • Laying a heat -insulating cord. Its task is to fill in the intervention space. It is pointless to use the more expensive sealant for this, and filling them with space is quite problematic. The sealant is reasonable to use as the upper, fixing layer.

  • Application of sealant with a pistol. For this purpose, the tube is inserted into the pistol cavity (or the sealant is typed from the bucket directly). After that, the nose is cut under 45 degrees, under the suture. Then the sealant is applied as mounting foam. Some installers use adhesive tape, gluing it as framing the boundaries of the seam. This allows you not to stain the beam, and after application, collect excess. After applying adhesive tape, it is almost immediately peeled off. However, after gaining experience, you are unlikely to need such a procedure. Professionals apply a “warm seam” without adhesive tape for a meter from 1.5 to 2 m with one passage and very smoothly.

  • If the excess sealants hit the crowns immediately remove them with a damp rag.
  • Smell a small brush and disrupt the seam layer with its help.

  • If there are a lot of surpluses, you can use a small spatula to remove them.

  • Now it remains only to walk along the seam with a slightly damp cloth for final leveling.

For these purposes, some people use a spray and a sponge. Here the seam takes on a glossy appearance.

Corners and rebellions

Difficulty is represented by angles and cuts, especially in the initial experience. In actuality, even seams and the sealing of such sites are accomplished in a similar manner.

  • Measure and cut in advance pieces of the cord of the desired length;
  • Place the cord (you can use a spatula or brush to fit it);
  • Apply sealant;
  • Carry out the alignment procedure described above.

As you can see, the application procedure is generally not very difficult. However, it is a very laborious task to make a warm seam for wooden houses. Thus, stock up or use the trustworthy "Russian way."

Step-by-step photos of the entire process are shown below.

And a video that provides detailed instructions:

The most common materials

1. Complete seam sealing is a common method of insulation. This is accomplished during the building process by using frozen with a solution.

In the work, plastic solutions are used. They fill the spaces by penetrating deeply into the structure’s cavity. Such materials should have a relatively small aggregate. In its usage:

  • small gravel;
  • expanded clay;
  • sand

Currently, specific insulation compositions are produced by cement mixture manufacturers. Among them are foam balls. Concrete is able to restrict the flow of heat because of them.

Special mixtures containing air particles are also available. Heat is retained in air bubbles, keeping him from escaping. The cold cannot enter at the same time.

The final two categories of goods include:

  • purchase ready -made;
  • independently make on the site

Regarding the accuracy of the component ratio, the first option is more practical. The second option is more affordable and enables you to adjust certain properties and capacity based on the operating environment.

Polystyrene concrete foam will be used to fill the seams with great confidence in its insulating capabilities. The addition of insulating components in accordance with state manufacturing standards sets it apart from traditional mixtures.

2. You can use soft insulation fibers if there is a lot of space between the seams. Using mineral wool will be the most economical choice. It is distinguished by:

  • high compression coefficient;
  • work at low temperatures;
  • ease of work without a specialized tool

When using this material for warming, portions of the mat are restored in the context of free structures.

The following are the drawbacks of insulation:

  • the release of formaldehyde volatile elements that negatively affect the human body with fibers;
  • the volatility of small fibers that can damage the skin, eyes, lungs;
  • Work in equipment that eliminates the contact of the material with body tissues

The use of stone cotton wool is far safer. For a heater in a residential building, basalt composition is preferable. She

  • healthy for health;
  • It has long, non -willed fibers;
  • can be produced in a rash form

It won’t take long to install this kind of insulation. No more adhesive structures will be required. The displays are mounted on the fiber. But you don’t have to hammer the seam material too hard. The fiber won’t offer the required thermal protection if it fits too tightly.

3. For small seams, polyurethane-based sealants are frequently used. This insulation has a high cost and is consumed in significant quantities.

The insulation techniques made possible by this technology are as follows:

  • surface;
  • With drilling holes

The first choice is less expensive. In this instance, the material is used to foam the gap after the spray is positioned inside the joint cavity.

In the second scenario, specialized tools are used to enlarge the seam between the plates. Overdrowning leads to drowning. It is the foam’s outermost portion that should be expanding. Excess material is removed after it has hardened.

4. Wilatern tubes are specifically made to insulate the space between panels. The result is a hollow or continuous cylinder made of foamed polyethylene.

This kind of insulation has the benefit of providing simultaneous moisture protection. The characteristics of the product prevent the suture from passing through it. Furthermore, polyethylene seals maintain their elasticity in the face of temperature changes. Even when compressing certain areas of the house, this parameter will guarantee the longevity of the work.

Insulation of interpanel seams with mounting foam

One of the methods of repairing seams involves the use of mounting foam. You will need to make holes between the tiles and fill the intermediate voids with the specified composition. Even in the case of the highest quality construction of the building, such voids still arise. They lead to the fact that cold and moisture penetrate the rooms, which creates not too comfortable conditions for the residents of the house. Do not forget about the shrinkage of buildings, during which the plates are displaced, increasing the size of internal voids. It is worth saying that the insulation of the seams using mounting foam is far from the most reliable and the best option. However, it has been very common for many years. The outer surface of the walls is sealed using building mastic. This provides a foam for installation with good protection against destructive atmospheric and climatic effects.

Heating panel house seams independently

A great deal of work needs to be done to insulate the panel building’s joints. And occasionally, spend a large sum of money. The absence of the docking sections is among the least expensive and most practical choices available here. It provides a long-term guarantee against moisture damaging seams. This approach is typically selected by management firms as a "indicative" approach. Regretfully, even after a year, it does not produce a consistent outcome.

The most advanced technology for panel suture insulation

"Warm seam" is the most recent advancement in seam insulation technology. His solution, which involves reconstructing interpanel seams using contemporary materials, will take ten to twenty years to complete. The procedure involves cutting the seam, taking everything out, exhausting it, and laying it down again. The area around the docking seams is foamed, then the flowerpot is placed and a layer of sealant is applied from above. Since this composition can push out the rest due to its expansion, not much mounting foam is needed in this instance.

Speak with a specialized company if you wish to insulate panel or interpanel seams. Experts will assist you in selecting the best choice for your home based on its characteristics. The most cutting-edge techniques will be employed to process the seams in a high-quality manner. For the rest of your life, your apartment will always have a warm and welcoming atmosphere. Furthermore, hiring a professional today only costs a tiny amount of money.

Here is where you can also read about terms and prices.

Or check on a phone. Seven days a week, from 9 to 19 hours, +7 (495) 774-09-18

How roof installation is performed

The removal of an old coating is the first step in getting ready for the main work. The sand-cement screed is then used, if needed, followed by the application of a primer (bitumen mastic) and a roofing material.

The rafter system, which serves as the support, is the carrier element of any roof. The rafter system is implemented separately for every single object, accounting for factors like the kind of roofing material and climate characteristics.

When creating a roofing project, consideration is also given to the kind of construction, the design, and the interior components, which will include premium roofing materials. Setting up the drainage system and caulking joints is a crucial step in the roof installation process.

The flooring is completed at the conclusion of the project. selected by the client.

Vilander seal

Wilateram is a contemporary, safe, and environmentally friendly building material. Because of its increased density and composition of foamed polyethylene, the insulation enables materials to withstand compression and stretching cycles. A wilatem can be bought as pipes with a cross section or as a continuous cylinder or tourniquet. Contemporary materials are effectively employed as filler and heater for panel structure sutures. Wilateram is the perfect sealant mixture, reducing noise, blows, and sounds in the apartment. The foamed polyethylene material has vapor barrier properties, is moisture-resistant, and addresses issues with thermal insulation.

Sealant for seaming seams

A skillful selection and application of appropriate materials yields an efficient outcome when it comes to sealing and organizing seams. For any panel structure to function properly over the long term, a professional evaluation of the circumstances surrounding the use of materials for docking seam insulation is crucial.

There must be spaces between the wall panels in the panel building’s design, so work on sealing the seams in this situation is always needed. Cracks and spaces appear in between the plates. Even though the building was constructed with high quality, the slabs eventually deteriorate and chips and openings appear on the wall’s surface. Large gaps in the seams are visible on the street side of the house, and since the horizontal level conceals the interpanel joints, the deformation changes are invisible and have no effect on the building’s functionality or aesthetic appeal.

Huge losses are only realized at the preservation heat level, with building voids causing a substantial loss of heat in the home. For a high-quality restoration of the docking seams, a specific composition is filled into the plate joints, mastic is used for insulation, and the seam space is sealed. If sealing is required, applying mastic to the old interpanel joint filler composition will not result in high-quality insulation. In order to prevent heat loss from the house, professional sealing involves tightly packing the space created between the plates.

Based on their expertise, our company’s specialists developed a special project to warm joints. We can provide our clients with the "warm seam" method, which seals the docking surface effectively.

The use of sealants

Using polyurethane pipe materials to insulate the seams is a reasonably cost-effective method that yields excellent quality results. There are no particular skills needed to work with tubular insulation, and the material itself is highly resistant to the effects of UV radiation and precipitation.

Of all the options for insulating interpanel sutures, tubular insulation has the highest indicator of environmental purity and a minimum service life of 10 to 15 years. It is important to note that the tubular filler’s hollow version has more density and elasticity. It is important to realize that installing the insulation is not the end of the seam repair procedure when dealing with such material. Since the seam will eventually need to be sealed with mastic, the hollow tube should be inserted as deeply as feasible into the seam.

This technique calls for specific expertise because, should installation guidelines be broken, the material will start to absorb moisture in the first season—especially if the insulation’s edges are not "drowned" in the seam cavity. It can be challenging for non-specialists to determine the proper insulation dimensions, particularly when there are seams with varying widths.

Beginning of work. Technological nuances

There are several technological limitations regarding the particulars of working conditions at the height and in the open air that affect the ability to seal facades at a height. Examples of weather compliance include the absence of precipitation (rain or snow), proper material storage, and many other things. The way that construction materials are stored has a direct impact on the quality of the work. But worker safety is the most crucial requirement for any multi-story building facade repair project to be implemented successfully. Only after verifying the facility’s security and conducting a preliminary examination of the materials’ conformance can our professionals start working.

The first step in interpanel suture repair is to remove any outdated insulation. Next, the surrounding surfaces are treated with an antifungal antiseptic and the plate edges are cleaned of any remaining solution or sealant. Polyurethane mounting foam, which has a high adhesion to all surfaces, is then densely packed into the cavities of all seams (including wet). The tubular thermal insulation cord "Wilaterm," whose diameter is chosen based on the width of the joints between the plates, is used to limit the polymerized foam from the exterior.

The use of foam implies thoroughly filling the voids between the plates up to the last gap adjacent to the internal partitions of the building. In order to compensate for the constructive difference between the plates, the junction is also filled with polyurethane foam, which after polymerization is cut a flush with the plane of the facade. The surface of the joint after is opened with a waterproof sealant in two layers after the foam is hardened, which allows you to completely exclude the risks of cracks. The thickness of the sealing layer should not be more than three millimeters so as not to increase the time of polymerization of mastic. The seam is considered completely ready only after all the sealant layers are hardened.

What damp looks like

Inaccuracies in the interpanel suture sealing process result in scenarios that carry significant material ramifications for the homeowner. Inadequate seams are the source of the room’s fungus growth and moisture penetration. They also result in the appearance of ugly black corners and frozen walls.

In houses with poor sealing in inclement weather, the Wind Woj and any street noise are very well -heard. The walls in such rooms of a yellowish shade, faded wallpaper "decorated" with black mold. Even if fresh repairs are made in the apartment, literally immediately after the rainy season, he will lose his attractive appearance, and the plaster will begin to fall off. Cold and dampness make accommodation in the apartment uncomfortable. But most importantly, if you do not pay attention, but all these factors, within 2-5 years, an irreversible process of destroying welded structures and walls of the apartment will begin. As a result, the apartment will lose sound insulation, unpleasant unpleasant odors will appear, from the basement (if the apartment on the ground floor) will be drawn damp. It is also possible the appearance of new "guests" and "residents" in the house – rodents and insects. All this is directly related to poor -quality sealing and insufficient seam insulation.

For what purpose is sealing of the seams.

This is today in the city you can find residential buildings of several types. But earlier in Russia, panel structures made of reinforced concrete plates were preferably erected. The technology of insulation and sealing joints between slabs or panels was not perfection. The materials not entirely suitable for this were used in those days – Pacli, a solution of cement, and the technology was distinguished by numerous shortcomings.
Therefore, no one is surprised at the fact that in most of these apartments, dampness, constant cold was registered on an ongoing basis. These are the results that the insulation and sealing of interpanel sutures were not performed quite high quality. For this reason, drafts are formed, and there is also a constant heat leak from the room. In apartments located on the top floor, water and cold can penetrate through the technical floor or through the holes in the roof. The only correct solution in this case may be sealing the seams that are formed between the panels, as well as insulation and the application of mastic between the roof of the loggia and the wall. Will help to forget about dampness and cold installation of additional roof over the visor of the loggia. The corrugated board was perfectly shown in practice, from which it is recommended to mount the protective roof.

Technology for insulation and sealing of interpanel seams Warm suture plus

When winter arrives, a common concern among panel house occupants is how to keep the apartment warm. The depressurization of seams between panels is the most frequent reason for heat leakage. The least expensive method of keeping your apartment’s thermal balance is to remove it. You can accomplish this without the use of heating equipment by using the warm shove plus technique.

Numerous strategies were developed to maintain the heat in the house, ranging from securing special cords into gaps to lining window frames with paper stripes. However, new technologies have taken the place of older ones for sealing seams, which can now effectively prevent dampness and fungus growth while also providing protection against the cold and drafts.

A warm seam system has unique characteristics that make it far more promising than the primary sealing methodology. It is done in phases. First, insulation is inserted into a leap seam, and for total waterproofing, mastic is applied. Mastic can be applied in any way, including on a water-based surface and one that has hardener in it.

A vilotherm, sealing mastic, and special foam are required for installation tasks when using the conventional "warm seam" method. This method works for both primary and secondary sealing. A more involved procedure goes like this: a 50-centimeter-diameter hole is drilled into the interpanel seams, into which installation foam is blown, once the seams are coated in a layer of solution, which explains why the wilterm does not fill the seam.

One of the best heat-saving panel house systems was discussed. The three-component sealing system is employed when even more effective insulation is required. Here, polyurethane foam is utilized along with a standard heater and sealant to increase resistance to any effects. Following solidification, the foam completely fills the intra-speed space and excels as a thermal insulator.

Fungus and mold. Localization and elimination of the threat

The mold in the rooms and the fungal plaque on the walls is formed due to increased air humidity and poor ventilation conditions. Condensate is besieged on a cold wall, and moisture penetrates deep into the structure of the material, creating ideal conditions for the development of mushroom cultures. Thermal insulation should not solve the mold on the walls – in the warm wet air, the growth of bacteria and the fungus is even more accelerated. The very first of the necessary steps on the path of combating a fungal raid is immediately eliminating the causes of high humidity. If this is a malfunction of the water supply in the walls, the flowing roof or insufficient ventilation … Removing mold and opening with an antiseptic will give a temporary result without solving the problem in the root.

The most common causes of moisture and fungus in panel homes, particularly in corner apartments, are breaches in the heat-insulating qualities at the panel junctions and inadequately sealed seams between the plates. Leaks in the sutures cause the joint to freeze and the panels to partially collapse. As a result, apartment walls have mold, drafts, and moisture. Thermal imaging of the exterior wall panels can be used to identify defects, and it is advised to use "warm seam" technology to fix any malfunctions.

Sealing joints from the inside

It is imperative to take immediate action if the cold season has already arrived and air streams are leaking through the joints. Typically, they are transient

This is because it is incorrect to approach work by sewing seams from the inside out. Regardless of how durable the sealant is, moisture from the rain builds up in the cracks and speeds up the process of destroying it.

Moisture will evaporate and the gap will blow up if it is not closed. As soon as the ¶е шов заделан, вода будет намного дольше сохраняться в хели, поскольку стык не проветривается. The results may be appalling.

The same holds true for interior wall insulation. By using this method, the dew point—which ought to be in the center of the panel—is moved to the wall’s interior surface. Consequently, water streams will continuously form between the insulation layer and the interior wall surface decoration. Moisture will soon deteriorate the nearby floor covering. It will be possible to prevent these effects by sewing the seams from the outside in.

Features at the beginning of work

Since sealing of the seams is performed at altitude, there are certain restrictions for performing these work. Firstly, this is the weather: it is necessary that there is no rainfall during work. Secondly, these are the conditions for storing materials. This factor has a significant impact on the quality of work. As a result of the negative impact of atmospheric precipitation, damage to the material can occur, which will lead to a decrease in the tightness of the seams, therefore it is recommended to organize a special place for storage, protected from the influence of weather. Also, before starting work at altitude, it is necessary to install insurance equipment and check it.

Next, get the surface ready for the insulation to be installed. In order to accomplish this, the insides of the seams must be cleared of outdated materials, cleaned, and treated with a unique antifungal solution. Following that, every gap is filled with regular mounting foam because it has a good clutch coefficient with surfaces and a tendency to expand and fill all of the available cavities. The heater is then inserted into the seam as a cord, the diameter of which is determined by the interpanel seam’s width.

Installation foam is reapplied to the insulation after it has been installed. This is done to make up for any potential constructive differences in the plates that might have developed during building construction or building shrinkage. All of the foam’s components that protrude in front of the facade are removed once it has hardened, and the seam is sealed with an unique substance. To guarantee high-quality polymerization, the sealant is applied to two layers, each of which should not be thicker than three millimeters. Only after the sealant has frozen can you present the seam to the customer.

When the repair of interpanel seams can solve the problem of the customer

1. The angle feels significantly colder than the wall; it could be that ice is "blowing" from it or that the room itself contains ice. 2. An external inspection reveals that the seam’s sealing layer and possibly its insulation are missing. 3. When the thermal imaging results are available and the issue areas are clearly visible.

When might interpanel seam repair not produce the desired outcome?

1. When the client’s main issue is higher indoor humidity rather than freezing angles:

A) Insufficient ventilation provided. Before the deaf door blocks and plastic windows were installed, fresh air was continuously brought into the building, which is essential for creating the right microclimate. Now that plastic windows and a sealed iron door have been installed, people just shut off the free flow of fresh air. Alpine windows, which enable you to bring back the flow of fresh air into the space, are the contemporary solution to this issue.

A deficiency in exhaust ventilation. The establishment of the room’s microclimate is primarily dependent on exhaust ventilation and supply. Frequently, during construction, there are violations in the ventilation system itself, or residents install mesh that quickly becomes clogged with trash, or they close the ventilation shafts tightly. Bringing a burning match up to the ventilation window is necessary to check the ventilation’s functionality. If the flame goes out or begins to "tighten" significantly, the ventilation is operating normally.

Consequently, there is more humidity inside. Condensation in the coldest spots (windows and angles) is an inevitable consequence of factors like drying linens in the apartment, having a lot of occupants, having a lot of activity in the kitchen, and not having supply or exhaust ventilation.

2. When the client first requests work and there is a technological infraction: "Or you can cheaper, but do it without a wilate?"

The client should be made aware that a technological infraction may result in a reduction in operational features. Simultaneously, a substantial decrease in the cost of work will not be effective. Specialists will require an extra "curtain" to complete the same amount of work when repairing seams without a vilatern, which will increase working time. Initially, they will sew the seam, then they will climb back up to cut and swear it after waiting for the foam to dry. This issue goes away if you use the Wilatter at first, allowing you to smear it straight away.

Why is the insulation necessary

The concrete panels themselves conduct cold. Concrete allows for increased heat transfer, which causes the apartment to lose a lot of heat. But half of this is a bastard. Seams between panels are a subdued aspect of this construction. Even though the seams are sealed during the frame installation phase, this is insufficient. There are multiple causes of the issue:

  • Haste of installation;
  • Low -quality materials;
  • Displacement of plates relative to each other in the process of shrinkage;
  • Chips at the joints of the products;

Re-sealing must be used in these and many other situations.

Warming materials do more than just keep cold bridges from forming. Their involvement in the structure’s fastening process enhances its durability. You can prevent small displacements and deformations in this situation.

The damaging effects of moisture and cold on the frame are lessened when the frame is protected from their penetration. The service life is prolonged in this instance. Education is not included either:

  • molds;
  • fungal organisms;
  • ice;
  • yellow spots of dampness

Application of mounting foam for insulation

Mounting foam is an effective material for both interior decoration and repair. This contemporary material has found extensive application in construction, including the positioning of voids, the installation of door and window openings, the organization of seams, and the use of different docking surface types.

Installation material eliminates the need to use screws and nails. One -component polyurethane foam sealant is the ideal option for installing doors and windows. Installation foam will not require special professional skills, any repair work becomes available for independent activities.
If sealing or gluing surfaces is necessary, the material in the cylinders will be a successful solution. Installation foam will increase the sound insulation, tightness of the surface, only requires compliance with instructions for use. If you follow all the rules on the use of the material and do not violate the technological process, then you can get an excellent result when setting up seams of interpanel ceilings.
It will take a capacity before using the mounting foam – shake the spray can. And if the surrounding air of the minus in the room or on the street, then in order for the foam to expand and fill the voids, you will need to heat a container with foam to +5 degrees.

The expert wets the surface with water before applying foam adhesive. In this instance, the material’s polymerization process is sped up. It is important to keep in mind that installation material expands in volume after solidification, so only one-third of the space should be filled with foam during the repair.

Work must be done from the bottom up if the seams need to be closed vertically. Excess material will inevitably protrude on the surface once the foam hardens. You can use a knife to remove the remains after two hours.

The impact on sunlight foam is a drawback of contemporary mounting materials. The makers of the material advise covering the foam’s surface with mastic, paint, putty, or plaster because, even after the excess is removed, it is still loose and susceptible to precipitation.

We explore the advantages of Swed insulation in panel homes in this article. Swed insulation is a creative way to improve the comfort and energy efficiency of panel houses, which are frequently seen in cities. Swed insulation lowers energy costs and carbon footprint while improving indoor temperature regulation through the use of cutting-edge materials and methods. Its special design and installation method are tailored to the panel house structure, guaranteeing optimal efficacy and a smooth integration. Homeowners can improve their year-round thermal comfort and contribute to environmental sustainability by using Swed insulation.

Internal insulation of joints

Internal work is something you can do on your own. As a result, a lot of office building owners and apartment dwellers choose this choice.

It facilitates the joints’ insulation:

  • the possibility of holding at any time of the year;
  • large area for placing tools;
  • accessibility to all surfaces;
  • a wide variety of materials

It’s essential to remove the joint’s protective layers prior to heating interpanel joints. This is usually plaster and putty. It’s also possible to come across old insulation.

You cannot begin new work without first removing any existing materials. This kind of thinking can cause the original parts to rot and render the repairs useless.

Older insulation may reach the end of its useful life. They might not meet the requirements of this process at all or they might not be suitable for service.

Following the removal of the components causing interference, the following must be removed from the surface:

  • irregularities;
  • chips;
  • peeling parts;

This amount of work will shield the coating from future deterioration.

If there is a gap between the slabs, it needs to be sealed using adhesive materials. Using a cement-sand mortar is the ideal method for this. He:

  • The gap will close for a long time;
  • will fasten two structural elements;
  • will become excellent again for plastering work

The infiltration of moisture is the primary issue when dealing with such defects. Mastics for waterproofing can help with this.

You can apply the material using:

  • brushes;
  • spray gun;
  • special sprayer

It creates an elastic barrier that is waterproof after grabbing onto the substance. A thin layer of prying allows for the least amount of sealing material to be used. High stretching indicator is an advantage. There is an assurance that the coating will stay integral even if the building deforms slightly.

Sealants are used when there is little space between the plates, and insulating tape is then used to further seal the gap. The substance consists of a glue-based soft insulation strip. By using it, the multi-level work process is avoided.

Regarding insulation, it is imperative to consider the intricacy of the associated measures. The seal is vulnerable to:

  • Interpanel joints horizontal and vertical;
  • corner joints;
  • window openings;
  • compounds of balcony plates and boys boards

The only way to guarantee the most comfortable living conditions is through technologically sound work. Simultaneously, the cost of creating a warm apartment will be lower than with partial operations.

Sealing seams during construction

This work was not given much attention in the past because the primary goal was to speed up construction. A basic pacco was used by a lot of construction companies to seal the panel joints. Using rubber seals was the best choice. After that, bitumen mastic and regular cement-sand mixture were applied to the seam.

Since every building structure settles during the initial years of construction, this is frequently the reason why the seams depressurize. Water that seeps into the resulting fissures breaks down the solution and allows wind and precipitation to enter.

The old-fashioned method of sealing the seams between the panels can be used, but it will take years to see how long the finish lasts. Depending on the state of the panels, a panel house can have its joints closed in a number of ways:

  • In cases where concrete filling as a whole has been preserved, cosmetic repairs can be carried out. This method is characterized by cheapness and slight efficiency.
  • Когда основная площадь шва сохранилась достаточно хорошо, однако заметны некоторые дефекты, в процессе ремонта шов частично вскрывается.
  • The best option is to seal the seams using the "warm seam" technology.

It is important to keep in mind that sealing the joints from the inside of the apartment will not be effective. Direct work on the building’s facade is what should be done.

Seams are sealed all the way up to their height. If not, the remodeled area will be destroyed by water that seeps into the joint. This is why it is best to settle this dispute with the neighbors. This will end up being less expensive as well as more dependable.

The cost of replacing the joints on external panels will depend on whether industrial climbers need to be ordered. They are the ones doing facade repairs on multi-story buildings. It is important to remember that in this situation, the lifting tower is useless.

Such problems pursue many residents. The reasons for their appearance may be the following

  • Poor performance of sealing work. This includes the choice of materials, as well as the applied technology. When using high -quality products and non -compliance with the requirements of its application of the durable result, you should not wait;
  • There are voids and cracks in the seams. All because of the insulation that should fill the gap. For this, Wilateram, sealant and foam in reasonable quantities can be used. From above, the seam is later covered with a layer of mastic, which will protect against water penetration;
  • improper selection of materials for sealing. All due to savings, which leads to such results. Ultimately, you have to pay twice, because drafts and stones on the walls will not disappear. Often for such purposes, only a sand-cement mixture is used in the absence of a heater. Such technologies are very outdated, and today there are special materials for such work. Cement easily misses moisture, so it is impractical to use it for sealing.

These days, it is common to commission many new buildings without first processing the seams, which is immediately noticeable. Drafts, mold, and high humidity are the outcome. Such apartments will be very uncomfortable to live in during the winter, and it is not easy to get rid of the damp smell. You can always find a solution, though. Simply get in touch with our business, and our professionals will identify the best way to get rid of any facade flaws.

Methods of insulation of external walls in panel houses

Foam "wet facade" insulation techniques for exterior walls.

Think about using a wet facade to insulate the panel house from the outside. Everything is very easy to understand:

  • We apply the adhesive to the foam slabs and press them against the wall;
  • After the glue froze, the slabs are fastened with dowels;
  • The first layer of putty is applied on top of the foam;
  • Until the first layer has dried up, a reinforcing mesh and plastic corners are shed into it;
  • The finish layer of putty is applied;
  • A visor is installed along the upper edge of the insulation;
  • The finish putty is primed and painted.

Plates are arranged with seams offset to one side of the stove, following the bricklaying principle. A gear spatula can be used to apply glue to the entire surface of the polystyrene sheets if the working surface is perfectly flat. The cakes are pointy if the surface is uneven. How to use adhesive The cylinder indicates Penu.

We looked at the proper way to insulate the exterior wall of the panel house; in actuality, you can see the picture where the foam panels are only fastened to the dowels. Insulation will be useless due to this egregious error, which requires driving such masters into the neck. There is a single air gap beneath an insulation layer when there is no glue. Because the ends of the insulation are not completely sealed, air will still be able to pass through the air gap and circulate, just like in a ventilated facade.

In this scenario, the insulation layer will merely hang on the wall since the cold street air will remove all of the heat from the walls. Nothing behind the ventilated clearance serves as insulation; not even heating equipment, which calculates the amount of heat loss of materials to the ventilationzor, does so. As a result, glue should always be used, at the very least, to divide slabs apart and prevent air from passing through a layer of foam.

The choice of reliable technology of insulation and sealing of the seams.

Based on the table, we can conclude: the putty and waterproofing of the joints are not reliable sealing of the seams with a slight durability, but at an affordable price. "Warm seam" is the most reliable and durable technology. Such a repair will not take much time, work is usually carried out on the street side and do not create discomfort for people indoors.
since the complexity of the joints of the joints is 75-80 % of the total complexity of installation of floor slabs and wall panels, it is necessary to think about simplifying the installation of seams.
one of the promising areas of reducing the complexity of the sealing of joints and increasing the reliability of the compliance of the columns of multi -storey buildings is the use of shitty adhesive joints. It should be borne in mind that when the usual joints are arranged at welding, cracks caused by welding stresses appear in concrete, and the complexity of the sealing of such joints is 40-80 % of the total labor costs for the installation of frame structures.

In recent years, in the practice of domestic and foreign construction, various types of countless joints have begun to introduce, of which cell joints are most technologically advanced.
In such joints, reinforcing issues of mounted elements of columns are developed using special conductors in the nests available in the ends of previously installed columns. As a gluing material that fill the nests and cover the ends of the columns, use polymerica on epoxy resin, colloid-cement or other adhesives.
As the research of niIZHB has shown, the epoxy polymer solution reduces the complexity of the junction by about 5 times, and a quick set of strength of the joint seams allows to minimize technological breaks during the installation of frame structures.
In general, the use of shift adhesive compounds in the construction of multi-storey frame buildings makes it possible to reduce the cost of installation by 10-12 %. Given the dispersed nature of the placement of joints, it is most advisable to supply mixtures for sealing joints under pressure on pipelines with solutions, pneumonagneters, using pneumatic concrete installations, syringe, screw pumps.
The complexity of mechanized sealing of joints by 4 times less labor intensity of sealing joints manually.
Based on all of the above, we can conclude that the sealing of interpanel seams is one of the most important construction operations, because it is the joints that represent the weakest place. The sealing of interpanel sutures is the process of filling the voids formed between the slabs.

UDC 693.9 Gilyazidinova n.IN., Head of Department, K.T.n., Associate Professor (KuzGTU)G. Kemerovo, Russia; Tuzhilkin p.IN., Student (KuzGTU)

Home / News of Assol / / Statement for sealing seams in a panel house sample / sealing interpanel sutures on the first and last floor / sealing the roof of the balcony with your own hands. Balcony repair and waterproofing / Interpanel seam sealing technology / Squeaking balcony visor / How does it smell? What should I do when the balcony roof starts to rattle? Instructions for filling out the managing application for interpanel suture repair sample

During the construction, the panel is installed at a certain distance from each other. This is necessary in order to avoid cracks in houses that can form when soil shrinkage. Because of this, the distance and the shape of the gap between the panels changes annually. As a result of this, drafts in apartments appear.
Disadvantages of installing metal -plastic windows
Often the installation of windows is far from at the highest level. The joints between the double -glazed window and the wall, as a rule, are sealed with ordinary construction foam, which without mastic soon just crumbles and falls out of the seams. So the mastic is a mandatory aspect that guarantees the safety of mounting foam. Ideally, first apply a layer of plaster, and then mastic. Additionally, it is also recommended to install special castings.

Water may collect directly on the plates and seep into the seams along the microcracks if the special castings required for this are not installed.

It consequently seeps into the entire cavity of the plate, particularly at the joints of the horizontal and vertical seams. Even the most skilled and knowledgeable artisans in the field of double-glazed window installation can frequently complete the task on their own, but they hardly ever focus on the slopes’ level of processing. Occasionally, rather than even being plastered, the joints where a window box and wall meet are just covered in construction foam.

Because of this, a finish like this can essentially fall apart in a year, and such windows really don’t make sense. True, the glass itself may not allow cold air to pass through, but the cold will still enter the space through the joints with ease.

As a result, it’s critical to remove any extra foam and properly seal off any slopes to ensure that the heat is retained as much as possible.

This is crucial to avoid mistakes when sealing the seams:

Common mistakes made when sealing seams between panels

/ Our work with law firms

/ How should the interpanel seams in a panel house be heated properly?

Who is responsible for fixing the house’s interpanel seams?

/ Factors contributing to wall mold

What should I do when the panel house’s walls freeze?

Our phones:

Tel: +7 (495) 585-79-00,

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A viable way to improve panel homes’ comfort and energy efficiency is with swathed insulation. Heat loss and poor insulation are among the common problems it addresses with cutting-edge materials and methods. Swed insulation’s major benefit is its capacity to drastically cut energy use, which lowers utility costs and has positive environmental effects.

Moreover, Swed insulation can successfully control interior temperature, resulting in a more comfortable home environment all year round. This is especially helpful in areas with harsh weather, where it can be difficult to keep indoor temperatures constant. Swed insulation helps homeowners achieve optimal thermal comfort without heavily relying on heating or cooling systems by minimizing heat loss in the winter and heat gain in the summer.

Moreover, Swed insulation is a practical option for retrofitting existing panel houses because it is easy to install and requires little disruption. When installed correctly by qualified experts, insulation should last for a long time and require little upkeep over time for homeowners. This guarantees ongoing energy savings for years to come in addition to increasing the property’s value.

All things considered, Swed insulation offers an appealing way to raise the panel houses’ sustainability, comfort, and energy efficiency. Homeowners can experience reduced environmental impact, improved thermal comfort, and lower energy bills by making an investment in high-quality insulation. Swed insulation shows up as a good choice for people looking to improve their homes for the future because it can result in long-term savings and a more comfortable living space.

Video on the topic

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Insulation and sealing of interpanel sutures by industrial climbers.

Repair between panel seams. Types of seam repair with explanation and examples.

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Michael Kuznetsov

I love to create beauty and comfort with my own hands. In my articles I share tips on warming the house and repairing with my own hands.

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