Strengthening the parapets and plates of turnkey balconies

It is crucial for us as homeowners to guarantee the safety and structural soundness of our houses. The balconies are one area that frequently needs maintenance. We can enjoy the fresh air and outdoor views from these outdoor spaces, but they are also subject to wear and tear, particularly during inclement weather. For balconies to be safe and long-lasting, it is imperative that their parapets and plates be strengthened. This also improves the balconies’ aesthetic appeal.

The low walls or barriers that line the edge of balconies are known as balcony parapets, and they have both decorative and practical uses. They function as a safety feature to stop falls in addition to offering a feeling of enclosure and privacy. However, over time, weather exposure can cause these parapets to deteriorate and pose a risk to public safety. In order to keep them strong and long-lasting, the right steps must be taken to reinforce them.

Balcony plates, which are the horizontal surfaces of balconies, also experience continuous stress from furniture, foot traffic, and weather exposure. The integrity of these plates may be jeopardized by cracks, deterioration, or insufficient structural support, endangering both the occupants and the structure. Balcony plates must be strengthened in order for them to endure these stresses and continue to be secure and useful.

It takes meticulous planning and execution to strengthen balcony parapets and plates. To address current problems and stop further harm, it combines techniques for assessment, repair, and reinforcement. Every stage of the process, from assessing the balcony structures’ current state to choosing the best materials and building techniques, is essential to guaranteeing a satisfactory result.

This post will go into greater detail about the value of fortifying balcony parapets and plates, as well as the typical problems that homeowners encounter and their options for fixing them. Knowing these factors is essential for protecting your investment and your family’s health, regardless of whether you’re thinking about remodeling your balcony or taking preventative measures. Together, we will explore ways to improve the resilience and safety of your balcony area, transforming it into a comfortable retreat for unwinding.

Where to start repairing the balcony

In the event that the decaying balcony started to collapse, this is evident up until the point where the glaze was applied. Initially, the balcony is necessary.

Aged balconies with varying degrees of damage

We won’t bother trying to find every difference on these completely deteriorated structures, but we will quickly observe that the stove on the left needs to be replaced, necessitating an emergency repair involving specialized tools like a truck, tower, or lifting tap. Many questions come up right away, like who should pay for these repairs and who else should do them.

Brigades of installers with the necessary training are in charge of fixing the damaged balcony.

The slab is owned by UO, just like any supporting structure, so in theory this company should be handling emergency repairs. However, emergency repairs are typically only necessary for older homes. As a result, when a slab collapses, a weak carrier wall may be destroyed, which raises the cost of repairs and creates a number of other issues.

Note: An emergency state that grants UO is necessary in order to plan and approve the restoration or redevelopment project. Its presence enables you to receive reimbursement for the cost of repairs in another acceptable manner or to join the housing fund’s reconstruction programs.

Khrushchevka’s balcony plate being destroyed

Let’s return to the balcony picture. If you look closely, you can see that the stove hasn’t been completely destroyed and that there may be an opportunity to restore it while repairs are being made. A specialist’s examination of the balcony will help to clarify the true situation. You are limited to overhaul if the examination reveals that the corrosion damage to the reinforcement is no greater than 10%.

Welding corners strengthens the parapet.

Work on the balcony’s restoration should come first when performing do-it-yourself repairs based on the wear of the slabs:

  1. thoroughly clean the worn plate;
  2. straighten, if necessary, reinforcing reinforcement;
  3. weld new railings;
  4. treat the surface of the plate with concrete contact;
  5. They will see the frame with formwork;
  6. Concrete with frost -resistant (F32) concrete at least B10 in terms of strength.
  • full waterproofing;
  • glazing;
  • insulation;
  • Decorative finish inside and outdoor finish

Repairing balconies and loggias: replacing the rotten reinforcement with a photo

Balcony repair

The most common issues with the balcony and loggia are the roof leaking and the plate breaking. You can easily get rid of all of this with your hands. However, there are instances in which expert intervention is necessary. The loggia repair is separated into three categories based on the level of complexity:

  • Redecorating. Implies finishing and preventive work that does not affect the structural elements. It can be done with your own hands.
  • Overhaul. May require approval of documentation. Includes a change in fences, strengthening the structure, an increase in the size of the loggia.
  • Emergency. It is done in case of danger of collapse. Requires replacing the supporting structure. Such a repair should be carried out by the management company or a specialized organization.

Regular light repair is necessary for any balcony. If you don’t, an emergency will arise eventually.

When doing the balcony makeover yourself, it’s best to go with light, moisture-resistant materials. Additionally, it’s best to spend more money on them because the room’s small size will not necessitate big purchases.

Simultaneously, it is critical to consider the specific gravity of materials that are exposed to high humidity for extended periods of time. If not, after six months of use, 1 kg of walls at the start of the repair could become 2 kg.

An option for a parapet would be a wooden or light metal frame with foam insulation. Handmade wooden items are simple to construct, and metallic materials work well to accentuate balconies.

SIP panels are a wise option as well:

  • Moisture resistant.
  • Warm.
  • Even – they are easy to finish.
  • Weight 1 m2 about 15 kg.

The device of expanded clay concrete screed with reinforcement without additional strengthening will be one of the best options for floor repair. However, this choice is appropriate if the reinforcement’s corrosion rate is less than 10%.

When using an old plate without any amplification, it is preferable to use:

  • Plastic panels – weigh 0.5 −1.5 kg/m2.
  • Siding-1-2 kg/m2
  • Wooden lining-6-10 kg/m2.
  • Corrugated board-5-10 kg/m2

Such materials won’t cause any issues for the plate.

The main reasons for the destruction of the balcony

Experience has shown that a breach in waterproofing and depressurization of joints are the primary causes of destroyed balconies. Consequently, moisture seeps into the space, forming condensate that eventually gives rise to mold.

Furthermore, moisture has the ability to seep into reinforced concrete, corroding the reinforcement within. Water’s ability to permeate concrete is directly correlated with its age; the older the concrete, the easier it is to penetrate inside. The corrosion-induced reinforcement deteriorates and expands, resulting in a decline in the concrete’s bearing capacity.

In addition, the base of the balcony is destroyed due to extreme temperature fluctuations, high stove pressure, and a protracted lack of funding for repairs, as in Khrushchevka.

Errors made during installation could be the cause of balconies being destroyed. These include the plates’ reverse slope, the lack of plums and droppers in the lower portion of the concrete slab, and the absence of protective screens that would have kept moisture out of the plate’s enclosure.

There are 2 stages of destruction of the base of the balcony:

  • The first includes minor destruction, when it is necessary to carry out the strengthening of the plate. Such destruction is found in houses whose age is approaching 40 years. It can be performed independently, as this is a minor repair. For example, in cases of crowning angles.
  • The second stage is the destructive view of the object. These include the collapse of parts of the balcony, the appearance of cracks at the junction of the joint with a wall, open sections of the reinforcement, in the upper layer of the platform there is a destruction or in its lower part – detachment.

Features of slabs mounting

In addition to being a beautiful feature of any home, the balcony is a wonderful spot to unwind. It needs to be consistently renovated in order to be safe from any mishaps.

Crucial! This set includes multiple items that can be used to open cans or bottles with ease, fix broken shoes or other equipment, and handle car problems with ease. The set doesn’t need to be stored because the tools are different.

  • support on prefix (reinforced concrete, steel or wooden) structures;
  • use of the console floor slab;
  • clip or pinching of the outer wall of the building;
  • Suspension of the plate to the inner supporting transverse walls or to overlapping.

Pinching is the method used during the installation process in brick buildings. In order to create emphasis for the plates, builders soak reinforced concrete and lining components in the outer wall. The border thickens where it meets the outer wall.

Slabs in panel houses are typically based on ceiling-mounted reinforced concrete structures. Block technology is used in the strengthening process in frame facilities. Because the material is dependent on the console, he is completely unloaded.

A decision must be made by the appropriate authorities. Any independent work pertaining to altering the house’s appearance carries administrative accountability. It is important to remember that the structure may collapse if the wrong type of construction is chosen.

You can begin construction once you’ve chosen the style of home.

It is crucial to follow a few guidelines in order to get the desired outcome. For instance, the balcony portion receives an increased load during glazing, so it must be strengthened.

Crucial! This incredible set of tools can solve any technological issue, fishing problem, or hunting problem, no matter where the person is. The kit will be the first assistant anywhere because it is unique in its intended use.

Tavra beam mounting comes in another variation. It is ideal for modernizing outdated rooms that face demolition, but you should be certain of the overlap’s height:

  1. First you need to cut the old plate.
  2. In the floor, hollow the recesses with a length of 1 m at 1.5-2 of the heights of the tover, if the overlap allows. Do not forget that under you are neighbors and they need a ceiling. It is necessary to do 3-4 such grooves.
  3. Next, holes are knocked out in the wall.

Crucial! This unique tool’s range includes the ability to use internal components. Owing to its adaptability, the gadget can handle any challenging task.

Metal rails, called taurus, are passed through them. There are two meters left outside and one meter inside the apartment. Construct the formwork on the floor and the exposed portion of the rails, then fill it with a concrete mixture. The bearing coating of the house and the plate’s level should coincide perfectly. after which the corners were welded. A loggia can be constructed, furnished, and insulated with the use of specific materials.

In order to preserve the building’s integrity and keep people who visit the balcony safe, it is crucial to know how to produce. Seek assistance from the experts if you realize that you are incapable of performing repairs on your own.

Houses are exposed to a variety of internal and external influences while they are being operated. Building facades, roofs, and balcony plates are destroyed over time by atmospheric precipitation and temperature fluctuations. Since the balcony acts as a sort of barrier between the cozy confines of home and the hostile outside world, it is simultaneously under load from the inside and the outside. The emergency balcony poses a risk to residents as well as onlookers.

There is a dual obligation to reinforce the balcony because of this duality.

  1. On the one hand, balcony plates are a common house property. Housing and communal services or other management companies are required to support them in good condition.
  2. On the other hand, the interior of the loggia or balcony is a private territory whose condition represents the area of responsibility of the owner.

The owner and others are at risk from the emergency balcony.

Indications of a balcony emergency:

  • mechanical destruction, which are expressed in the dumping of pieces of concrete, a performance on the surface of the rusty reinforcement of the frame;
  • the appearance of cracks, cracks between the wall of the house and the boat of the loggia;
  • deviation of the angle of inclination of balcony slabs outside the norm;
  • corrosion and loosening of the railing of the loggia.

Strengthening the balcony

You can reinforce the loggia if it is in poor condition and you don’t want to replace the balcony plate. This is something you can do manually, and you have a few choices:

  • Using supports. Suitable for the lower floors. On the outer corners of the plate, racks are placed, resting on the ground. Usually, this option makes it possible to increase the size of the loggia. Requires a reliable foundation for support. Of the minuses – the foundation can sag, so it should be strong enough.
  • Lower UKOS. Under the stove, metal -bends are attached, resting against the walls. If at the same time make an additional strapping of the slab with a channel and reinforcement, you can increase its size.
  • Upper bias. A strobe is made along the perimeter of the plate, the bites are welded to the reinforcement and attached to the wall. To close the grooves, you need to use frost -resistant concrete.

If the plate is still sturdy, you can get away with adding more reinforcement and manufacturing strapping around the edge. For strapping, a steel corner or channel is utilized.

Such work does more than just bring the design back to life. The carrying capacity has increased, allowing the balcony to be transformed into a fully functional room.

Additionally, the range of finishing materials is growing, and their weight is becoming less significant.

You must realize that maintaining the loggia requires far more thought and consideration than maintaining any other living room. Engineering precision is necessary for any changes because a mistake can have very costly consequences. In the same situation, it is very helpful to remember the maxim "measure seven times – cut one." Even better, consult with an expert. If not, you simply cannot.

House balconies, or Khrushchevs, were intended to last 15 to 20 years, after which they frequently became too dangerous to use. Therefore, if the balcony is on the second floor or above of a panel house, the only way to guarantee safety is to repair the balcony slab. This will protect not only their own safety but also that of their neighbors. Such a repair necessitates either the plate’s total replacement or its superior strengthening. Sometimes you can make the necessary hand adjustments to the design.

Standard balcony slab measurements:

  • Length, mm – 3275;
  • Width, mm – 800;
  • Thickness, mm 150 … 220 (different thickness of the balcony slab is associated with different series of bonds erected).

Additionally, concrete slabs with a width of 1200–1800 mm and a length range of 1200–7200 mm are made for balconies.

The same qualities apply to lodge slabs. These products fall into three categories based on the parameters set forth by GOST 25697-83:

  1. 1
    Flat continuous beam type (PB). In a monolithic version, they are part of the ceiling;
  2. 2
    Flat continuous console type (PBK). They are used only in Khrushchevs with heavy walls that withstand the load of at least 110 kg/m2;
  3. 3
    console type (PBR).

A simple calculation of the balcony plate will show you that the allowed loads are increased in the latter version due to the inclusion of a stiffness rib in the product’s design. But eventually, strengthening the balcony slab becomes important in these situations.

DIY repair instructions

The balcony flows

For a variety of reasons, the balcony leaks, but the end result is always damp walls, floors, and ceilings.

The explanations for the floor’s flooring

  • When leaks on the ceiling, during repair, the roof is treated outside with a sealed bitumen-teddy solution, and the water no longer penetrates inside. So that it does not stagnate, a bias for drain is installed on the visor.
  • The walls will save the sealing of interpanel sutures.The seaming of the seams is performed using concrete or high -quality putty.
  • Distilled drainage made at the base will not allow the water to accumulate on the floor.
  • Small gaps can be filled with an elastic sealant, somewhere by 2/3 of the volume, after a day the excess is cut off and covered with hydrostopus, and then an aligning solution.
  • Large gaps after processing with mounting foam are covered with an apron from galvanizing.
  • Cracks on the plate are clear and expanded with a spatula to the P-shaped and, with abundantly moisten water, filled with a solution.

A crevice that separates the stove from the parapet

How to strengthen the balcony plate during repair

  • With small injuries, they are limited to reinforcing with a metal mesh, which is poured with expanded clay concrete solution so that it is located in thickness in the middle of the solution.
  • With large damage, the plate is cleaned and laid by a new reinforcing mesh and process it with special protective compounds. Before pouring a metal frame with concrete, a wooden formwork is installed. Having gathered to dry, it is first applied to a special penetrating waterproofing, then a liquid solution of "cement milk".
  • If you have leaned over the balcony at an angle exceeding the permissible 10 degrees, the alignment is used with an additional layer of screed.

Strengthening the balcony

Ways to reinforce the balcony slab

  • Modulon (substitute). If you bring it to the edge of the plate and make the expansion of the balcony with its continuation, then the resulting design on the calculated load, including insulation and glazing, will be the initial. Inside it can be finished not only by lining, but also by any heavy material.Unfortunately, this option is suitable only for houses with high ceilings.
  • Pavers Ugsins. They are welded to the reinforcement, breaking through the wall and along the perimeter of the stove slab. The grooves are then sealed with frost -resistant concrete of high strength. Unlike modules, there are enough two ugsin on the sides of the slab tied along the overhanging edge and in the shtrob with a channel.

The balcony following defense

The primary component of the entire construction is the carrying balcony plate. It carries out the support role and establishes the fenced-in area’s use for planned commercial uses. The dependability and security of the entire balcony depend on the condition of this support. The stove is vulnerable to wind, temperature changes, precipitation in the atmosphere, and direct sunlight, so it needs to be constantly and carefully monitored.

Even minor flaws or cracks in the balcony slab should raise suspicion and motivate a quick inspection of the area. Inaction and any delay are unacceptable when safety depends on the dependability of the structure or its components, and occasionally human life. In fact, not only are her visitors and family members in danger, but also gullible bystanders who happen to be walking by your residence.

A tiny crack has the potential to develop into a conduit for water seeping into the reinforcement. As a result, the concrete will deteriorate and corrode; it will also separate, paint, and break. Such a crack can easily lead to the need for significant repairs to be made. Its necessity is also evident in the absence of the case experts’ conclusion:

  • detachment and dumping of pieces of concrete;
  • the appearance of a gap at the junction of a slab with a carrier wall;
  • exposure of reinforcement sites, its corrosion;
  • detection of faults;
  • a shaken parapet, which is associated with reinforcement welding;
  • inclination of the balcony exceeding the structurally laid down slope for the outflow of precipitation.

Crucial! The balcony plate’s lower plane determines how much it sags. When precipitation enters the open balcony through the upper plane, which has a slope of approximately 3 degrees, water can escape.

In "Strengthening Balcony Parapets and Slabs," our guide explores the necessary actions to strengthen these vital balcony components. For long-term durability against weathering and to prevent accidents, strengthening your balcony is essential. Our comprehensive approach encompasses everything from the first assessment to the final implementation of solutions, from bolstering the slabs to reinforcing the parapets. With the help of our turnkey guide, you’ll acquire the understanding and useful information required to improve the balcony’s structural integrity and give you and your loved ones peace of mind.

We warm the structure

Complete thermal insulation, in which the interior of the building is insulated along with the walls, floor, and ceiling, is the standard insulation for the parapet of the loggia (balcony).

  1. foil polyethylene;
  2. construction foam;
  3. foaminglex;
  4. mineral wool.

Roll insulation is the most practical material if the balcony heating is combined with the insulation. Excellent heat-reflective properties, moisture resistance, and ease of installation are all present in this product.

Using foil polyethylene foam, or foam, you can properly and neatly install the first thermal insulation layer, removing any potential cracks in the work surface, even if you lack professional installation skills. Additional heat protection is provided by repeating the operation. Not only is the material very easily affixed to the surface (a stapler or specialty glue work well for this), but it also doesn’t need to be completely leveled.

When utilizing tile insulation (foam, foam, etc.), a crate, thermal insulation, and vapor barrier film are utilized for a high-quality installation. The parapet’s ornamental decoration is the last step, after which the balcony or loggia will finally get that much-needed view.

Preparation of the stove for repair

Everything is taken off the balcony, and the accumulated trash is thrown away. The medium force tapping of concrete stoves is initiated by means of a hammer equipped with an extended pen. The booming sounds of the blows determine the locations of voids and abrupts, and the weak solution instantly crumbles. Concrete in these locations is first vanquished in order to further eliminate these drawbacks.

Crucial! Before the balcony renovation, make sure you arrange your activities with the neighbors on the ground and first floors. elements of the general structure Balcony Slabs: It’s preferable to restore or repair in tandem

Alternatively, you must be able to reach them from nearby apartments.

After the first stage of research and cleaning unnecessary construction debris, they begin to examine the identified cracks. A good tool for this is a set of probes that measure the width of the gaps. An alternative can be a narrow metal spatula or metal ruler. The probe is needed to classify crack. If the probe introduced into it after 30-40 mm abruptly rests and does not pass further-the crack is superficial. Когда после определенного нажима щуп продвигается все труднее и в конце его заклинивает – трещина уходит вглубь плиты и этот случай можно квалифицировать как разлом. This is much more serious than the first occasion. And now, in addition to repair, the balcony plate will still have to strengthen.

The surface fissures in the slabs and where they connect to the wall (caused by the screed shrinking due to temperature changes) can be filled in by themselves. Additionally, since the edges are not loaded, it will be easy to align or restore the excellent angles and edges using a traditional screed solution. Concrete contact is used to pre-treat the surface of cracks and edges prior to repair.

Who is responsible for repairing balconies

Is the balcony part of the living area or the supporting structure, as no regulations or laws specify? In this context, one may wonder what to do and where to go if the balcony is in disrepair. Theoretically, the apartment owner should fix the control company’s balcony plate, parapet, railing, and gratings. However, there is some ambiguity in the law, so a precise response to this query is not provided. There are frequently arguments between homeowners and community businesses because of this.

Tips in search of exit in emergency situations

It is required that you notify the communal service in writing of any evidence of balcony slab destruction that you come across. The document is registered in the relevant journal and certified by a housing office specialist. It seems sense to include multiple images of the collapsing balcony slab with the document. Without a doubt, your downstairs neighbors must sign this document.

You also have the option of doing the balcony slab restoration yourself, but with assurances that the rent will be recalculated. or wait patiently for repairs from utility services. You are welcome to go to court if none of the other options work for you.

Material Options Steel, Aluminum, Concrete
Cost Range Varies based on material and balcony size
Installation Time Depends on complexity, typically 1-3 days
Benefits Enhanced safety, durability, aesthetic appeal

For your home to be safe and last a long time, strengthening the parapets and plates can be a vital step. Homeowners can improve the overall stability of their balconies and effectively address structural vulnerabilities by investing in turnkey solutions for this task.

Reducing potential safety hazards is one of the main advantages of strengthening balcony parapets and plates. Due to weather exposure and general wear and tear, balconies can deteriorate over time. By fortifying these components, residents and guests can feel more at ease because accidents like collapses and falling debris are less likely to occur.

Furthermore, stronger balcony frameworks can help with better insulation and energy efficiency inside the house. Homes can better control indoor temperature and use less energy by caulking gaps and fixing weak points. This will also result in lower utility bills. This improves livability and comfort for residents while also helping the environment.

Additionally, turnkey balcony reinforcement solutions provide homeowners with efficiency and convenience. Contractors can effectively complete the required upgrades with the least amount of disruption to daily routines thanks to their professional expertise and specialized equipment. The homeowner will save time and effort as a result of the process being streamlined and high quality work being completed.

In summary, bolstering balcony parapets and plates with turnkey solutions is a preventative step that enhances home security, energy economy, and convenience for homeowners. People can protect their investment and live in more comfort and peace of mind by improving stability and addressing structural vulnerabilities in their homes.

Video on the topic

Strengthening the parapet of the balcony before glazing

Strengthening the parapet.

Parapet masonry and glazing of loggia

Why balconies fall? 3 causes and 5 important parts of strengthening

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Sergey Ivanov

I like to help people create comfort and comfort in their homes. I share my experience and knowledge in articles so that you can make the right choice of a heating and insulation system for your home.

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