Principle of operation of the air ionizer

Have you ever heard of or been curious about how air ionizers operate? Many people are turning to air ionizers as a solution for cleaner indoor air in today’s world, where air pollution is a major concern. However, what is an air ionizer and how does it operate exactly? This post will discuss the workings of air ionizers and how they can enhance the quality of the air in your house.

A device called an air ionizer works by releasing negatively charged ions into the atmosphere. These ions cling to positively charged airborne particles, including smoke, pollen, dust, and other allergens. The particles leave the air you breathe when they become negatively charged, become heavy, and either fall to the ground or are drawn to nearby surfaces.

Ionization is the process that air ionizers use to function. Negative ions seek out and cling to airborne particles when the air ionizer releases them into the atmosphere. This process is comparable to what occurs in the natural world, where there are lots of negative ions, particularly near beaches, waterfalls, and thunderstorms. Ever notice how after a thunderstorm the air feels cleaner and fresher? This is a result of the air’s elevated negative ion concentration.

The capacity of air ionizers to extract airborne particles too small for conventional air purifiers to filter out is one of their main advantages. HEPA filters are not as good at catching tiny particles like smoke, viruses, and bacteria as they are at capturing larger particles like dust and pollen. On the other hand, air ionizers are a great addition to any home, especially for those who have allergies or respiratory problems, because they can efficiently remove these smaller particles.

Why do you need an air ionizer in the apartment

It is common knowledge that breathing is much easier in natural settings such as forests, mountains, beaches, and areas near waterfalls than it is in urban areas or private residences. Recreation centers and sanatoriums for the treatment of pulmonological illnesses have always been constructed in these types of locations. Furthermore, almost everyone is aware of the long life and excellent health of mountaineers. To what do these kinds of phenomena belong?

Anions and oxygen, both of which are necessary for human health, are found in the air. When present in high enough concentrations, these negatively charged particles can be beneficial. According to research conducted by WHO scientists, there must be at least 1000 units of ions in one cubic meter of air for all human organs to function normally.

Crucial! For comparison’s sake, one cubic meter centimeter of air in mountain ranges, coniferous forests, sea coast areas, and near waterfalls has between 1,500 and 45,000 ions, whereas the air in cities has roughly 160 ions. Our apartments have amazing air quality overall—up to 50!

Why is that the case? A contaminated environment is not some abstract concept unrelated to us. No, regrettably, this is what we go through every day, every hour, and every minute of our lives. What is necessary for us to breathe? This is not an exhaustive list of "aromas" we absorb; some examples include exhaust gases, which contain over 200 chemical compounds, cigarette smoke, soot, furniture and construction dust, and finishing material odors. Thus, pulmonary disorders, headaches, allergic reactions, exhaustion, insomnia, and hypertension.

These depressing statistics force us to consider cleaning methods for living rooms on a serious basis. Of course, year-round constant ventilation should be the standard. An ionizer, that is, to fill the air with healthy particles.

Ions that are negatively charged are released into the air by an air ionizer, to put it simply. Dust, pollen, and other airborne allergens become too heavy to stay in the air after these ions attach themselves to them. Consequently, these particulates descend to the floor or other surfaces within the space, consequently eliminating them from your breathing atmosphere. Furthermore, positively charged particles like bacteria, viruses, and mold spores can be neutralized by negative ions, improving air quality and making it safer to breathe. This procedure can be especially helpful for people who have respiratory or allergy problems and helps to improve the quality of the air indoors.

How an air ionizer works

What is this magical apparatus that can generate "useful charges" in the air? The unipolar ionizer works on the following principle:

  • High voltage is applied to the electrodes, resulting in a discharge.
  • At the same time, electrons start to "fall" from their sharp ends.
  • When interacting with oxygen, a process of formation of light negative ions called "aeroion wind" takes place.

The air ionizer’s working principle is derived from the invention of the apparatus by A. Ϋ. Chizhevsky. He emphasized how living things directly depend on negatively charged aeroions for survival. Numerous home appliances, such as air conditioners and computers, can be utilized to heat greenhouses.) In the apartment, furniture composed of fiberglass and plastic, along with building and insulation materials, can be a source of harmful materials. After completing innumerable analyses and studies, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reached depressing conclusions. Out of 13 environmental factors of concern, living quarters were ranked fourth in terms of cancer risk.

When an ionizer is in operation, microdust, pollen, mold spores, and chemical substances are also "awarded" negative charges in addition to oxygen molecules. All of these particles have a tendency to "share" the charge and land on the walls, furniture, and floor in the vicinity of the device.

How to use an air ionizer in an apartment

The truth is that ionizers with sufficient power can both ionize the air and raise the ozone concentration in it. As a result, it is advised to use a unipolar device—which emits only negative particles—for brief exposure times when people are not around. It is used, for instance, to treat the room that belongs to an allergy sufferer.

Make use of a bipolar ionizer for other rooms. Its working principle is based on the production of positive and negative ions alternately. The instruction manual for the air ionizer explains how to operate it correctly.

Crucial! Avoid remaining in the same room as the device while it’s operating. Because ionization causes dust to be deposited on surfaces, more frequent wet cleaning of the area is required.

Types of ionizers

Anions are extremely important to human health and existence. It is crucial to use devices that generate negatively charged particles in order to combat various viruses, bacteria, mold, and dust mites. They are split up into four sizable groups:

  1. Common and numerous – household appliances that are used in apartments and houses. They differ in power, shapes, sizes. In addition to ionization, they can also perform cleaning and humidifying functions.
  2. Less common – auto-ionizers. Are important for maintaining a normal microclimate in the car. Reduce the negative impact on the driver of exhaust and carbon monoxide gases.
  3. Ionizatoi for shoes not only dry, getting rid of moisture, unpleasant odor, but also destroy pathogenic bacteria.
  4. Ionizer for refrigerator. This autonomous device is placed in the refrigerated chamber, where for several months it is designed to prevent the emergence of unpleasant odors. Shelf life of products is increasing. The device works with batteries.

You can improve the quality of the air inside your home significantly by knowing how an air ionizer works. Air ionizers aid in removing dangerous airborne particles like dust, pollen, and pet dander by creating negative ions. These particles become attached to these ions and become too heavy to stay in the air, which causes them to fall and be eliminated from the air you breathe.

The ability of air ionizers to lower airborne allergens is one of their main advantages. This has been shown to significantly improve respiratory health and general well-being in people with allergies and asthma. Air ionizers can also aid in odor neutralization, leaving your house smelling clean and fresh.

It’s crucial to remember that although air ionizers can be useful in enhancing indoor air quality, they are not a panacea. Maintaining a clean and healthy home still requires regular cleaning and upkeep. But you can make a significant contribution to providing a healthier and cozier home for you and your family by adding an air ionizer to your insulation and heating system.

Video on the topic

Simple air ionizer.

⚒️ cool homemade ⚒️ IONIZER ⚡ IONIZER ⚡ DIY ⚡ and we don"t need Chizhevsky"s chandelier

What Ionization is and how it occurs. In simple words.

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Sergey Ivanov

I like to help people create comfort and comfort in their homes. I share my experience and knowledge in articles so that you can make the right choice of a heating and insulation system for your home.

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