Little fireplace for a summer residence: Build our own hands from brick

There is nothing quite like a little brick fireplace for adding charm and coziness to your summer getaway. Imagine yourself with everyone around, roasting marshmallows, exchanging tales beneath the starry night sky, and enjoying crackling flames. Although building your own fireplace may seem like a difficult undertaking, it is completely doable with a little knowledge and effort.

In addition to giving your summer home a rustic charm, brick fireplaces are useful sources of heat on cool nights. Additionally, they serve as the center of attention for outdoor events, fostering a warm atmosphere that brings friends and family together. Whether you’re an experienced do-it-yourselfer or a beginner searching for a weekend project, building a brick fireplace can be a satisfying undertaking.

It’s important to plan ahead and take size, design, location, and other factors into account before starting construction. Examine the design of your vacation home and select a location for the fireplace that will improve its visual appeal as well as its usefulness. Consider safety measures, making sure the fireplace has enough ventilation and is placed away from combustible objects.

Let’s talk about materials now. The following materials are needed to build a brick fireplace: bricks, mortar, a strong foundation, and optional extras like a grate and chimney. Choose premium materials that go well with your summer house’s design and can resist outdoor conditions. Even though classic red bricks are a timeless option, you can experiment with other hues and textures to get the desired effect.

  1. In what cases the fireplace is better than the stove
  2. Positive features of the fireplace
  3. On the safety of fireplace
  4. How to choose and what to pay attention to?
  5. At the location
  6. By type of material used
  7. In appearance
  8. The type of fuel used
  9. By the method of warming the room
  10. By type of furnace.
  11. The rating of top-best models
  12. Meta Neva
  13. Vesuvius PK-01 (220) Corner, beige
  14. La Nordica Ghisa Isotta Con Cerchi
  15. La Nordica Nicoletta
  16. Guca Lava
  17. Meta
  18. Thorm Milano II
  19. Brandenburg Brandenburg with cast -iron slab
  20. Teplodar vertical ceramics
  21. Invicta Chamane
  22. How to do it with your own hands?
  23. Methodology of work
  24. Calculation of the fireplace parameters from the area of the room
  25. Examples and schemes of simple fireplaces
  26. Closed or open?
  27. Development of a scheme and drawing
  28. Materials and tools
  29. The basic principles of the construction of the fireplace
  30. Connecting a fireplace to a chimney
  31. Construction technology
  32. Bookmark of the foundation
  33. Wall laying
  34. Installation of the chimney
  35. Detailed instructions and guess
  36. Creating a drawing
  37. Choose brick and solution
  38. Preparatory work
  39. We lay a reliable foundation
  40. Laying the fireplace
  41. The construction of the chimney
  42. Facing work
  43. Rules for choosing a furnace
  44. Drying and first kindle
  45. Adjacent to the wall by one of the ends
  46. Features of the construction of small summer cottages
  47. The design of the fireplace
  48. Topka
  49. Chimney
  50. Walls and heat transfer
  51. Self-construction of a mini-stone for a summer residence
  52. Necessary materials
  53. Create a drawing
  54. Masonry mini-kamin
  55. We make a decorative fireplace step by step at home
  56. Video on the topic
  57. Mal, yes! Compact fireplace in brick.
  58. Super mini stove 1.5×3 bricks
  59. How to stand with your own hands?
  60. DIY wood stove
  61. Brick stove for giving with your own hands drawings
  62. Lamberry masonry in a private house
  63. DIY brick furnace. Almost like a fireplace.

In what cases the fireplace is better than the stove

In the history of human civilization, the fireplace was the first heating appliance. For this reason, its design mimics the characteristics of a traditional fire: an open flame, heating limited to the area in direct sight, and comparatively low efficiency.

The fireplace evolved over time into a closed stove, which is unquestionably a far more sophisticated and efficient heating system. However, fireplaces are now used for heating in addition to their decorative purpose. And this is directly related to how unique their work is:

  • Unlike the furnace – the fireplace begins to give heat almost immediately after the appearance of a stable flame;
  • The cleaning and maintenance of the fireplace is much easier than the stoves;
  • The construction of the fireplace is not so critical to the mistakes of the mason and therefore can be performed without the involvement of professional stoves;
  • There are modern metal fireplaces of industrial production, the efficiency and safety of which is comparable to the parameters of the furnaces.

Positive features of the fireplace

A basic fireplace weighs significantly less than a stone furnace, and because of its low heating temperature, it can be constructed using regular, high-quality ceramic brick.

Consequently, brick, materials, and labor are far less expensive than building a stone stove. This is the fireplace shown in the rural image below.

There are fireplace designs available today that, when it comes to thermal and quality indicators, are on par with the classic stoves found in Dutch or Swedish buildings. Since these indicators cannot be achieved in a brick structure, ready-made metal fireplaces from industrial manufacturing are used to implement these structures made of metal.

Before building a fireplace, many factors need to be taken into account, including the device’s location, size, and material type. All of this is computed beforehand, frequently with the aid of specialized software. Pallets or similar slow biofuels are the main focus of highly efficient fireplaces.

On the safety of fireplace

The use of the fireplace in the classical scheme is severely limited because it is illegal to use an open flame in a room due to construction and fire regulations. The Russian Federation’s Fire Safety Rules (PPB 01-03, section 3: Rules for living people) contain information.

The developer is seriously in danger because he disregarded the PPB’s regulations and built the country’s open fireplace with his own hands out of brick. These days, glass protection is a simple solution to this problem. High-temperature glass readily absorbs infrared light, which gives the impression that an open flame is burning.

How to choose and what to pay attention to?

  1. Pay attention to power and efficiency. Indicators are indicated in the technical characteristics of the model. Power is determined in cubic centimeters: what volume is capable of heating the stove. The higher it is, the more manufacturing the device. Also with the efficiency – the higher the percentage, the longer the heat in the room remains.
  2. Corps material. The stoves are made of cast iron, steel, brick. There are combined models. During the choice, it is worth starting from personal beliefs, since all materials have only positive qualities.
  3. Duration of combustion. The minimum time for heating from one firewood lay – from 4 hours. Good models can maintain heat in the room without refueling for 12 hours.
  4. Type of fuel. Kamina stoves consume firewood, coal or peat briquettes. The choice in favor of a particular type of fuel depends on the preferences and financial capabilities of a person.
  5. The diameter of the chimney. The wider the element, the better the combustion products are displayed. A good option is a chimney with a diameter of 14 cm.

At the location

There are built-in and wall features where the fireplace is located. In a completed home, washed fireplaces can be installed with just a chimney installation needed.

The benefit of built-in fireplaces is that they can save space, but they must be planned for from the beginning of the cottage’s construction. With this fireplace design, you can hide structural details from view that are superfluous inside the cottage, as seen in the photo.

By type of material used

The fireplaces are different depending on the material used.

  • brick;
  • steel;
  • cast iron.

Brick hearth. For those who enjoy the classics, the most popular kind of fireplace is a priority. It should be remembered, though, that building a brick fireplace requires a sturdy concrete foundation.

Not everyone without skills is able to install a fireplace. Consequently, the cost of the materials used and the labor done will be significantly more than the cost of a metal fireplace.

Steel fireplaces are simple to install and reasonably priced. He believes that building a fireproof site that is larger than the fireplace furnace suffices to prevent the need for a robust foundation. Materials like steel plates, glass, and porcelain tiles are used in its production.

Steel fireplaces’ primary drawback is their rapid cooling and heating cycles. However, you can use stone coating to increase the heating period and, consequently, the cooling period of a steel fireplace in order to solve this issue.

Crucial! One crucial requirement needs to be considered: the mass of the fireplace must be substantial if high power is to be planned. There will be a fast fire if this requirement is not followed.

Fireplace made of cast iron. This kind of fireplace is larger and more spectacular; it holds heat extremely well, particularly when the interior is lined with decorative bricks. A cast-iron fireplace’s resistance to rust and slower rate of burn are additional benefits.

You can use coal to keep the cast-iron fireplace running. The same materials used to build a steel fireplace are also used to construct the cast-iron fireplace’s base.

In appearance

The cottage’s fireplaces are separated into corner and frontal styles visually.

Since they take up less room, corner fireplaces are more popular, which is a big plus, particularly for small cottages.

Corner fireplaces also have the advantage of looking better from the inside and providing convenient access to view the fire from any corner of the room.

The sole drawback of corner fireplaces is their deeper firebox, which increases the craving. However, factories currently consider this drawback when developing in order to eliminate it by raising the furnace’s shape and pulling it upward.

If your home’s layout permits, you should go with the front-line fireplace model, which will look great with the interior decor of the cottage and fill a sizable space with a comfortable spot to host guests or, conversely, a place for privacy and introspection in front of the focal point.

The type of fuel used

There are different kinds of fireplaces depending on the fuel type that is utilized. They may be:

  • wood;
  • coal;
  • gas;
  • electric;
  • pellet;
  • Biocemies.

The cost and potential for continuous fuel use are the main factors that influence their decision when selecting an energy source.

A wood fireplace can run without the need for firewood for roughly 12 hours. A gate can be used to alter the rate of burning, which will modify the furnace’s air supply.

Despite their high cost, cottages with fireplaces made of firewood are very popular. In areas without gas, the stoves are used to heat homes.

Another benefit is that they are harmonious, fitting in well with any decor and exuding a sense of coziness and naturalness.

The most affordable and popular are coal-burning fireplaces. It is not advised to lay the second batch of fuel until the first one has burned completely. Certain models have a day-long download interval, which is highly advantageous and practical.

The following are drawbacks of coal fireplace use:

  • Not aesthetics, namely, coal leaves a lot of dirt;
  • Fire from combustion is not as beautiful as when burning firewood.

On the other hand, the coal fireplace is as suitable as possible if the cottage’s heating needs are the only ones.

Gas fireplaces will eliminate the need to keep firewood on hand in order to start the fire. They are quiet, safe, and simple to operate.

Installing a gas fireplace is an easy task.

They don’t emit smoke or spark, so there’s no need to keep an eye on them all the time.

Above all, gas fireplaces provide a lot of heat and have a natural, aesthetically pleasing appearance.

It is also possible to watch a gas flame burn while enjoying the sight of it. Glasses were placed inside the gas fireplace to protect against spark loss and potential fire while also allowing visibility of the flame.

Electric fireplaces for summer cottages and portals are made of stone, wood, and plastic, among other materials. There are numerous options for both color and style.

The comparatively low cost of electric fireplaces is one of their benefits.

  • The savings also consists in the absence of the need to install ventilation, chimneys.
  • They are simple and economical in maintenance, because you do not need to purchase expensive fuel.
  • Moreover, some models of electric fireplace can be used not only for heating, but also for aesthetic pleasure in the summer, for this you just need to turn off the heating mode, leaving the flame regime.
  • Additionally, there is the possibility of hydration of air, which is favorable for maintaining comfortable conditions in the room.

The cottage can quickly become warm thanks to electric foci. They are simple to operate; you can do so by pressing the buttons on the device’s panel or with the aid of the remote control. One drawback of these furnaces is their reliance on electricity; if the country’s lights are out, they will not be able to be used.

Installing pellet fireplaces is a profitable and relatively new idea. Pellets, or woody compressed sawdust, are used as fuel in these types of fireplaces.

The universality of such designs is an advantage. Their installation is quick and doesn’t require complicated constructive solutions. Furthermore, the benefit is:

  • Complete automation during operation, fuel (pellets), air is automatically supplied, the temperature is automatically maintained and the combustion mode is selected.
  • They are easy to use, turn on and off using the remote control, you can program on-off and operation modes.
  • You can set the necessary modes using Wi-Fi remotely. All these systems are reflected on its display, it is very convenient.
  • High degree of safety. In case of malfunctions, the controller disconnects the fuel supply and turns off the fireplace.
  • Chimneys can be installed without reference to the main ventilation system, since the principle of compulsory smoke removal is used.

Pellet furnaces have high heat transfer and efficiency, but their high cost is their only drawback. Additionally, there are models that function with firewood in addition to pellets.

Biocemies are a contemporary form of foci, powered by ethanol-based fuel that is environmentally friendly.

By using this heating method, we can achieve real flame and heat without any smoke, odor, or soot. A standard ventilation window in the room will suffice for their installation; a chimney is not necessary.

  • Biocamines are economical, safe and effective, have a stylish design.
  • In the hearth, decorative ceramic firewood can be installed that simulate the combustion of real logs.

Humans can safely burn ethanol because it has no negative side effects and produces very little carbon dioxide during combustion. Special handling is not necessary for Biofamin.

Crucial! Refueling is the primary security requirement for its operation, and any maintenance done on the biofigamine must only be done with the flame extinguished and the case cooled.

By the method of warming the room

An air method of heating can be used for a summer house with one room and no partitions.

Warming will be ineffective in a nation with walls like this, so it is preferable to use buildings with water circuits, which are further separated into radiator and non-radiator types. The basic idea behind heating in both versions is to heat the water, which then spreads throughout the cottage’s pipes to warm every square inch.

By type of furnace.

Furnaces can be either closed or open.

When the niche is open, or when the firebox is not closed, you can enjoy the sight and feel of the fire’s natural flame, but this method is inefficient for warming the entire cottage.

The fireplace niche is covered in glass in closed furnaces. This option not only has a higher heating efficiency but also reduces the risk of a fire in the room.

The rating of top-best models

We have compiled the top models for you based on factors like cost, dependability, and quality in this rating.

Meta Neva

The model is appropriate for heating spaces up to 60 kV. m in size. equipped with triple-reviewed, heat-resistant glass. The chamotte tiles lining the furnace’s walls prevent the furnace from overheating.

The process of clearing the furnace chamber of combustion products is made easier by a sliding ash.

You can keep the area surrounding the furnace clean thanks to a dedicated nook for storing firewood.

  • power – 6 kW;
  • there is a chimney with the upper connection;
  • functions – flame adjustment;
  • The material of the case – steel, doors – glass, cladding – ceramics, hob – steel;
  • Dimensions – 64x87x49.1 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-stone-85 kg.
  • clean glass system;
  • prolonged burning;
  • attractiveness due to the presence of decorative ceramic inserts;
  • installation occurs in the corner of the room, which saves space;
  • ease of connection to the chimney;
  • quick heating of the rooms;
  • Uniform heat distribution.
  • There is no secondary outrage.

Vesuvius PK-01 (220) Corner, beige

Superior model featuring a system for adjusting the combustion flame. Excellent for heating a rural home due to its high efficiency.

Heats up quickly, providing each room with a comfortable temperature.

Five hours can be achieved with just one layer of firewood, and the temperature inside the rooms stays constant. A posh appearance will infuse the home with notes of beauty and solidity.

  • heating volume – 150 m3;
  • power – 9 kW;
  • There is a chimney with a diameter of 11.5 cm, upper connection;
  • possibilities – flame adjustment, clean glass;
  • equipped with ash;
  • door material – glass, lining is covered with chamotte;
  • Dimensions – 73.4×84.3×52.8 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-kamin-115 kg.
  • The steel building is designed for a long service life – up to 10 years;
  • heat -resistant sealed glass;
  • Puncher door with a combustion adjustment system;
  • The grate is made of cast iron;
  • Fire saving;
  • Support for a comfortable temperature up to 5 hours.
  • At the first use, an unpleasant odor is formed.

La Nordica Ghisa Isotta Con Cerchi

The cast-iron model can be used in conjunction with central heating and is intended to heat the space. The stove’s double cast iron walls extend its service life to ten years and prevent burns to the body.

The hob completes the tasks of a typical slab flawlessly.

The protective cover keeps soot and fat from building up on the walls.

A review of the game of fire is made possible by the wide panoramic glass, but it is very tight.

  • heating volume – 338 m3;
  • Power – 11.9 kW;
  • Efficiency – 89 %;
  • there is a chimney with a diameter of 15 cm, with rear connection;
  • Top volume – 62.3 l;
  • functions – secondary burning, flame adjustment, clean glass, long -term burning;
  • equipped with ash, hob;
  • dimensions – 79x83x66 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-kamin-216 kg.
  • side loading of firewood;
  • the presence of a handle for safe cleaning of the grater;
  • a spacious surface for cooking;
  • sealed furnace;
  • wide set of functions;
  • primary and secondary outburst system;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • fuel economy.
  • The heat quickly leaves the rooms;
  • The glass is very smoked.

La Nordica Nicoletta

This model falls into the category of convenient and dependable heating appliances. But an exquisite Italian design is what makes something unique.

These stoves come in cream, beige, and burgundy hues.

Refractory ceramics are used for the cladding, with intriguing patterns added.

The stove is intended to run in long burning mode thanks to the intricate air flow system. It is possible to select a more appropriate blending time by adjusting the air supply.

  • heating volume – 229 m3;
  • power – 8 kW;
  • Efficiency – 80.9 %;
  • there is a chimney with a diameter of 13 cm, upper connection;
  • It is equipped with a niche for storing firewood;
  • body material – cast iron, doors – glass;
  • Dimensions – 58.7x98x57.2 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-kamin-168 kg.
  • secondary weed system;
  • high quality and practicality;
  • prolonged heat support;
  • clean glass system;
  • The ceramic basis excludes traumatic situations;
  • fuel economy.

Guca Lava

This model blended cutting-edge technology with the customs of cast-iron design. The exceptional thermal conductive qualities of the heat-resistant cast iron case boost the structure’s effectiveness.

Equipped with a hob that, in rural settings, functions as a full-fledged tile.

Gorgeous appearance will either highlight the device’s carved elements or be combined with a common interior.

  • heating volume – 240 m3;
  • power – 12 kW;
  • Efficiency – 78.1 %;
  • there is a chimney with a diameter of 12 cm, upper connection;
  • equipped with ash;
  • All parts are made of cast iron, the door – heat -resistant glass;
  • Dimensions – 54×94.6×49.3 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-kamin-155 kg.
  • durability;
  • slow cooling of the surface;
  • unique retro style design;
  • upper rod for self -cleaning of the glass door;
  • Convenient and simple installation.
  • The door when laying firewood is not fixed.


A cozy, small stove that can be used in the country during the spring and fall seasons. Her notable features include low fuel consumption and quick room heating on 60 square meters.

After 20 minutes, heat flows from the convection case, which warms the air rapidly and efficiently.

There has only been one fuel lay during the five hours that the long burning system has been in operation.

  • power – 6 kW;
  • Fuel type – firewood;
  • there is a chimney with a diameter of 15 cm, the rear and upper connection;
  • Max. combustion time – 8 hours;
  • functions – flame adjustment, long -term burning;
  • equipped with a ashes, a niche for storing firewood;
  • case material – steel, door – glass;
  • dimensions – 44x86x34 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-stone-80 kg.
  • The cladding is covered with chamotte to increase heat resistance;
  • The side walls are made of ceramics;
  • spacious top -grip chamber;
  • made using modern German technologies;
  • the safety of the room is clean;
  • prolonged heat support in the premises;
  • economical fuel consumption.

Thorm Milano II

This is an alloy steel wood-fire stove. White, burgundy, or black case options are available for the models, which have an enameled steel exterior finish.

A few tar can be easily fitted into the hob on the upper panel.

The door aids in controlling the air supply and the fire’s flame.

Fifteen minutes following firewood loading, heat is provided. One bookmark can provide heat support for up to five hours on average.

  • heating volume – 124 m3;
  • power – 5 kW;
  • Efficiency – 72 %;
  • there is a chimney with a diameter of 12 cm, rear connection;
  • functions – secondary burning, flame adjustment, clean glass, long -term burning;
  • equipped with ash, hob;
  • dimensions – 38x89x36 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-stone-72 kg.
  • the presence of a cast -iron cover;
  • quick cooking;
  • good tightness;
  • smoldering mode with improved maintenance of a comfortable air temperature;
  • compact dimensions;
  • Simple installation.

Brandenburg Brandenburg with cast -iron slab

Wood to heat an area between 50 and 70 kV.m. What makes it unique is that it has a cast iron cover and a hob.

With a stove like this, cooking food is simple and leaves the workspace tidy.

Since the clean glass system’s adjustment is situated above the door, heat-resistant glass remains clear while in use.

One fire can last for three to five hours. This time is shortened to one hour if the lever stays open.

  • heating volume – 120 m3;
  • power – 9 kW;
  • There is a chimney with a diameter of 11.5 cm, rear connection;
  • functions – secondary burning, clean glass, long -term burning;
  • It is equipped with a niche for storing firewood, a hob;
  • Building material – steel, door – glass, cladding – ceramics;
  • dimensions – 56x84x46 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-kamin-118 kg.
  • cold handle for ease of use;
  • high strength of the overall structure;
  • The panel is easily cleaned;
  • quick and uniform heating;
  • long burning;
  • An attractive appearance.
  • small volume of the furnace;
  • Underwear ash;
  • Fast cooling of the case.

Teplodar vertical ceramics

An original stove-stone made in the United States. Its very modest sizes allow it to heat rooms up to 120 m^. It can hold heat for up to eight hours in combustion mode with just one firework.

Ventilation corrugation can be connected to the unique heat heaters on the back of the case.

Adjacent rooms can be warmed by elements. Ceramics is used to make decorative convectors.

It is interchangeable with a single interior design.

  • chimney with diameter 11.5 cm, rear and upper connection;
  • opportunities – long burning up to 8 hours;
  • equipped with ash;
  • The material of the case – steel, doors – glass, fireboxes – cast iron;
  • Dimensions – 37.5x88x42.5 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-stone-44 kg.
  • a full -fledged cast -iron slab;
  • effective double -borous furnace;
  • compactness;
  • the presence of heat sinks;
  • strength, durability;
  • simple installation;
  • A spacious ash.
  • The combustion time indicated by the manufacturer is not true.

Invicta Chamane

The contemporary cast-iron stove-kamin has become increasingly popular among those who appreciate warmth, comfort, and beautiful design.

She fulfills the manufacturer’s stated characteristics and handles the tasks flawlessly. quickly heats the rooms, adding heat to the cottage regardless of the weather.

The device’s versatility in installation options is what makes it unique. It can be placed anywhere in the room, including the corner or the center.

  • heating volume – 190 m3;
  • power – 14 kW;
  • Efficiency – 78.8 %;
  • The diameter of the chimney is 18 cm, the type of connection is the upper;
  • functions – secondary burning, long burning up to 10 hours, clean glass;
  • equipped with ash;
  • The material of the case – cast iron, doors – glass;
  • Dimensions – 57.8x120x56 cm;
  • The weight of the stove-stone-160 kg.
  • coating made of heat -resistant black paint;
  • Schott Robax glass ceramics;
  • The grate allows you to get a powerful flame;
  • sliding, spacious ash box;
  • Convenient installation.
  • fast cooling;
  • Incomfortable loading of firewood.

How to do it with your own hands?

If you choose to build the fireplace stove yourself, you must choose the material that will be used for the project.

Since the stove device from the heat-resistant brick should be placed on the foundation, the location of the brick must be clearly determined. Naturally, it is preferable to choose the site before beginning construction so that the foundation can be set right away.

If the house was constructed before the idea to add a fireplace occurred to you, it can be integrated into the completed structure. You must, however, be ready for the possibility that you will have to carve out portions of the floor and roof.

The following installation advice is something you should pay attention to:

  • The structure will turn out to be massive and heavy. The lightest and most small fireplace from brick weighs more than 600 kg. Therefore, it is very important to lay a reliable base under it.
  • Places for the fireplace, a lot will need a lot.

Build your fireplaces starting at a base that is roughly one meter deep. A waterproofing gasket, made of folded roofing material, is placed at the bottom of the pit. Masonry is fastened with a clay solution. Brick needs to be soaked first. If not, he will draw water out of the clay solution. How they don’t put bricks. The order is carried out based on the project and the kind of design that was chosen, such as built-in, wall, or corner fireplaces.

If the fireplane stove is to be constructed out of metal, then every bourgeoisie who is well-known to everyone should take the sample. A device like this would blend right in with a country house’s design.

It is possible to install the chimney both inside and outside the home. It’s important to consider the chimney’s fire resistance when installing it on your own.

Better traction is provided by the indoor chimney. Its walls collect less soot because it is positioned upright. Less condensate also forms in it. Should the chimney be positioned externally, a metal pipe will protrude from the wall. Condensate will increase, and cravings will become blocked more frequently. Moreover, the pipe will cool more quickly in the winter.

A detailed blueprint for putting in a brick stove:

  • Drawing a drawing.
  • Preparation of the necessary materials and tools. The number of bricks, for example, depends on the room of which area you need to heat.
  • Fill the foundation. This is done using concrete in a proportion of 1: 3: 1 (one part of sand and cement, three parts of gravel). Further reinforcement occurs, for this the masonry grid is used. After that – a clutch of asbestos piles 1 meter long. They need to be dug up at least five. At the end of the filling, the base should be lower than the floor level for at least 3 rows of brickwork.
  • It is much better to lay out each row dry before the masonry, without solution. Even experienced stoves do this. Firstly, this will determine the exact number of bricks in the ranks, and secondly, it will clarify the layout.

  • The first row must be laid out very smoothly, because it is thanks to it that the direction of the walls of the structure sets. In the second row, air channels, a fireplace fireplace and a blowing camera are already visible.
  • Rows 1-20 are placed using silicate white brick, then use red refractory. The layout should be made in clear accordance with the scheme. Horizontal and vertical control is carried out using a plumb line and level. There should be no gaps or gaps. The chimney needs to be especially thoroughly thorough, in the place where it passes through the ceiling, insulation should be laid.
  • As soon as the construction of the body of the fireplace is completed, the heat exchanger (water heater), as well as a door made of fire -resistant glass, must.
  • Now you need to go to dry. To do this, several small trolley furnaces are made. After the control firebox, you can start finishing if it was planned.

Methodology of work

The technology for building a fireplace at the dacha allows the system to be installed on the site where fireproof brick, tile, or metal sheet with a thickness of approximately 1.2 cm is pre-laid, provided that the floors do not need to be strengthened (see Stove lining).

The site must extend beyond the device’s 50 centimeter perimeter on all sides. Combustible materials should be kept at least a meter from the wall, and non-combustible materials should be kept at a distance of roughly 20 centimeters. You need to be at least 1.5 meters away from the furnace before you drown.

Calculation of the fireplace parameters from the area of the room

Although the dimensions of the fireplace may vary, they are typically determined by taking the room’s volume into account.

Table: Dimensions and area calculation for fireplaces

  • The volume of the combustion chamber should be at least 1/50 of the volume of the heated room;
  • The area of the fireplace portal should be about 2% of the floor area of the room;
  • The area is 0.7 of the portal area;
  • The cross section of the chimney in the narrowest place is about 0.15 of the area.
  • The height of the combustion chamber is determined in 3/5 of its width. And the depth of the fuel is three times less than a height.

Examples and schemes of simple fireplaces

To save you time and effort when figuring out how to build a fireplace yourself, we provide a basic design that can be built independently. The table provides a comprehensive inventory of the materials:

Ensuring the minimum thickness of seams, verticality of masonry, and accuracy of size are crucial during wall construction. The ledge of the subsequent row, which forms the arches, should not be more than 6.5 cm (a quarter of the brick’s size) above the preceding row. The inclined screen is composed of steel sheet to make the task easier.

In the fireplace, air channels are arranged for thermal convection. As a result, the building warms up faster and with greater thermal efficiency. Considering the fireplace’s compact size and straightforward design, which increase its efficiency by up to 20%

Closed or open?

Either an open or closed furnace design can be used to construct a street-side fireplace. The first choice is the most traditional and appealing since it warms the area in front of it and gives great combustion of fuel cravings. Open flame access, however, increases the risk of fire, particularly in places with good ventilation.

Unlike open fireplaces, closed fireplaces keep the front room warmer for longer. They can be used all year round and are safer to use in operation. They are more cost-effective because you can use different kinds of fuel and avoid fighting wind loads at the same time.

Development of a scheme and drawing

The construction of a street fireplace project can be done easily by hand. In order to accomplish this, you must choose the location for the construction site while considering the following advice:

It is unacceptable to place fences, structures, and other easily ignited materials closer than two meters away from heated surfaces.D. The minimum required distance to the nearby fence is 5 meters. In order to prevent smoke from rising towards the house’s windows or the area used for relaxation in front of the fireplace, it is necessary to consider wind direction. Well-ventilated, non-flooded areas are preferred. It is also crucial that all necessary communications be placed at a minimum distance apart.

The following standards are used to determine the design and to create the drawing:

  • The main material is selected on the basis of the supporting abilities of the soil and the possibility of laying a durable foundation;
  • The main purpose of the structure and its functionality is determined;
  • The parameters of the chimney are selected to ensure traction and high -quality drainage;
  • Think over the decorative cladding and the type of decor.

It is advised to select the completed ideal project for an electric fireplace or a wood-barbecue stove because these designs have many subtleties and mistakes can have a detrimental effect on how convenient and functional they are. You must determine the quantity of brick, concrete, fasteners, and other structural components based on the final project.

The street fireplace layout will then need to be made in order to ensure that construction doesn’t stall after the concrete is prepared. You can also use it to change the measurements of completed details like grates, valves, and pipes. Making a guide for street fireplaces that serves as a technological construction card is the best course of action.

Materials and tools

Preparing the following materials is necessary, as shown in the drawing:

  • wall, fireproof and facing brick;
  • cement, sand, water for the preparation of a pantry;
  • reinforcing rods to strengthen brickwork;
  • steel or asbestos -cement pipe for the chimney;
  • crushed stone;
  • A reinforcing mesh.

In addition, the following equipment and tools will be needed:

  • steel or wooden formwork;
  • level;
  • bayonet and soviet shovels;
  • Master OK;
  • bucket for the solution;
  • concrete mixer;
  • embroidery;
  • kiyanka;
  • roulette;
  • pegs and rope.

A level is necessary for the installation of the street fireplace.

The basic principles of the construction of the fireplace

You can use a variety of guides for masonry, but general guidelines apply to all options:

  • The first row of brick should be installed on the rib, and the next rows are flat;
  • The first two rows are the basis;
  • Brick should be used without breaks, cracks, chips and other damage;
  • If red brick is used for construction, it must first be soaked in water so that it does not absorb moisture from the solution;
  • It is not necessary to soak the fireproof brick before construction, it is enough to clean it from pollution and wipe with a damp cloth;
  • The thickness of the seam during construction should not be above 5 mm;
  • If excess of the mixture appeared between the seams, it must be removed before hardening;
  • It is necessary to apply a moderate amount of the mixture so that it guarantees reliable clutch, and does not go beyond the boundaries of bricks;
  • During construction, a homogeneous solution without lumps should be used;
  • the solution cannot be used to coat the fireplace inside;
  • The optimal time for construction is summer or other warm period;
  • start masonry from the corners so that it turns out to be even and neat;
  • The bottom of the firebox should be at least three bricks from the floor.

When building, you must select the best plan, buy high-quality supplies, and get ready a refractory solution.

It is important to consider the product’s exterior decoration. Ultimately, the hearth will turn into a location where the entire family congregates.

Connecting a fireplace to a chimney

The steps involved in performing manual labor:

  1. Когда в помещении есть дымовой канал, который проложен изнутри стены, расстояние между камином и каналом может быть минимальным. Having decided on the place of installation of stone -off, there is a place on the wall where the device will be connected to the chimney.
  2. After that, the masonry of the wall or chimney breaks through and the hole expands by the size and shape of the footer ring.
  3. Then the ring is installed and the cracks are covered with wet clay or refractory sand.
  4. After that, the chimney and the chimney pipe of the furnace are connected. If there is no chimney, a new one of brick or metal is built. The work uses a full -bodied high -quality red brick. A metal chimney pipe is attached to the wall with a casing, dowels and screws that are usually included in the kit.

Crucial! There should be a pocket with a cleaning door at the base of the chimney. At the very least, cleaning should be done every three months (more frequently if the operation is intensive).

  • The foundation of the stove masonry is laid out very carefully.
  • The stove should be equipped with a closing fuel.
  • To observe the flame, you can put a transparent door: they are on sale.
  • Pay attention to how the masonry looks inside: nozzles, gaps, influx of solution are unacceptable, as this will lead to a decrease in traction and rapid accumulation of ash.
  • Throughout construction, control the horizontal and vertical of the laying of the fireplace or stove, as well as the quality of the installation of cast -iron elements.
  • The place where the chimney penetrates the wall is subject to mandatory isolation!

Construction technology

There are three steps involved in building the fireplace:

  1. Bookmark of the foundation.
  2. Wall laying.
  3. Installation of the chimney.

Bookmark of the foundation

The foundation is built in the following method, step-by-step:

  1. On the selected area, we mark: drive the pegs around the perimeter exceeding the size of the base of the fireplace by 20-30 cm along the width and length, and pull the rope on them.
  2. Shovels with a swarm of a foundation pit to a depth below freezing of the soil, but not less than 50-70 cm.
  3. We lay a layer of waterproofing to the bottom, and then 20-30 cm layers of sand and crushed stone, which we thoroughly trim.
  4. Install the formwork and lay the reinforcing mesh.
  5. Knead the concrete and pour it into the formwork.
  6. After 7 days we remove the formwork.
  7. We install waterproofing on the side walls.
  8. The foundation is ready for operation after 28 days.

Wall laying

The following order is followed when constructing a summer street fireplace’s walls:

  1. Prepare a cement-sand mortar with additives of refractory modifiers (chamotis crumbs in an amount of up to 10%). The volume of the solution is made so that it can be fully consumed in 30-40 minutes.
  2. We put a waterproofing layer on the foundation.
  3. On top of the insulation, lay out a continuous row with bricks. Its surface using the level we make perfectly even.
  4. We form the ranks, according to the previously compiled scheme. In this case, we control the position of the bricks horizontally and vertical. The amount of solution should be minimal (1-2 mm). Every 2-3 rows we lay reinforcing bars. We lay out the rows with a dressing.
  5. On the 3rd row, we start the layout of the furnace and adjust the bricks for the installation of gols.
  6. From the 6th row we lay the supporting part. In places of attaching doors, we install metal loops. Prepare a place for frying shelf.
  7. We lay the shelf for frying and form a place for installing the chimney.

It is advised to pause every three to four rows when laying out buildings correctly to allow the cement mortar to partially grab. This will stop bricks from properly centristing and rows from shifting under load.

Installation of the chimney

The chimney is installed in the manner described below:

  1. Put a plug for a chimney.
  2. We fasten the steel pipe in a strictly vertical position.
  3. We put the pipe around the perimeter with brick.
  4. On the upper part of the chimney we install the cap.

We finish building the fireplace before starting the decorating process. Use natural stone or facing brick for this.

In the realm of heating and insulating your house, the idea of adding a little fireplace to your summer residence can bring both charm and practical warmth. Constructing your own brick fireplace can be a fulfilling project, offering a cozy focal point for gatherings and a source of heat during cooler evenings. By building it yourself, you not only add a personal touch to your space but also potentially save on costs. From selecting the right location to choosing suitable materials and understanding safety measures, embarking on this DIY endeavor requires careful planning and attention to detail. With proper guidance and a willingness to learn, creating your own brick fireplace can become a rewarding experience that enhances the ambiance and comfort of your summer retreat.

Detailed instructions and guess

If there is a thorough explanation and picture of every installation step, building a fireplace by hand is made simpler. There are a few steps that must be followed while building. You can fold the country-stone stove with your hands by following a step-by-step procedure.

Creating a drawing

Making a sketch and drawing of a future fireplace is what they do first, regardless of the structure’s shape and arrangement. Draw a structure on a leaf, following the scale, making sure that every component of the device is visible.

Selecting a cladding at this point is crucial. For instance, a ceramic red brick will be required if wrapping the exterior portion.

And they go with a less expensive option if the cladding is done with tiles.

Choose brick and solution

Consider the following criteria when selecting a stove brick:

  • For the main masonry, take a full ceramic (red) brick of a standard size 250 x 120 x 65 mm, hollow brands are not suitable;
  • The walls of the fuel are laid out of chamoty (refractory) stones of stamps of w, sha or shb;
  • Instead of refractory, it is allowed to use a full -bodied brick, carefully selected in quality – without cracks, chips and other defects;
  • The body of the fireplace is allowed to put from the former consumption of ceramic brick, provided that the stones have retained strength, were not saturated with dampness and did not crack;
  • If the budget allows, buy a curly brick with rounded faces shown in the photo.

Note: The hearth project accurately indicates the brand of chamotte stones. Determine the quantity and configuration of the soiled bricks in compliance with the guard diagrams.

The easiest method for creating a superior pantry is to purchase a pre-made clay-sand blend intended for fireplaces and stoves from the store. There is a comparable product called Chamotis Clay and Measurement available for refractory masonry.

If you choose the route of total savings, come up with a fix on your own:

  1. From natural clay, remove soil impurities and extraneous inclusions – stones, roots and stems of plants.
  2. Pour the material into a large container and pour water. Soaking lasts for 2 days.
  3. Acquiring water, bring the composition to the consistency of the cream and pass the clay through the sieve. The goal is to remove all extraneous inclusions.
  4. Add dry sand to the clay solution, passed through a sieve with the size of the cell 1.5 x 1.5 mm. Mixing the composition, achieve optimal fat content.

If the rolled-out "sausage" (diameter: 10-15 mm) does not break or crumble when placed on a Ø4-5 cm wooden stick, the solution is deemed fit for use in the workplace.

Reference: The completed clay-sand mixture is kept indefinitely in storage. It is sufficient to dilute the composition once more with water if it has time to dry before usage.

Techniques for testing the solution include rupturing, squeezing, and encircling the bundles on a circular stalk.

It is not appropriate to lay the chimney’s base and device entirely out of clay; cement or lime must be added. Thus, get ready some more building supplies for the fireplace’s construction:

  • Portland cement M400;
  • sand;
  • roofing material for waterproofing;
  • felt (you can used), roofing iron;
  • broken stones of any origin;
  • boards or shields for formwork;
  • Polyethylene film (used, but without holes);
  • Steel knitting wire;
  • asbestos cord.

Advice: Basalt cardboard works well in place of felt.

Mantry mixtures premade for fireplaces and stoves

Of course, stove accessories like doors and valves will be needed for the fireplace’s construction. The project contains a list of the precise numbers and sizes. Reinforcement or metal corners will also be needed to form a portal code. Get a specific fire-resistant enamel to decorate the finished hearth without plastering it.

Preparatory work

Before installing a fireplace in the living room, a plastic film is placed over every piece of furniture, regardless of gender. This is not completed if the space is not used for housing; instead, everything is carefully cleaned and removed following construction.

Building the foundation, which is necessary for the design’s dependability, is the next stage. The foundation is not used in common with the house; rather, it is made specifically for the fireplace. In the event that construction is taking place in a residential building, the floor in the intended fireplace location will be carefully removed. It is 6 cm longer than the original design.

They dig a hole sixty centimeters deep, lay down fifteen centimeters of crushed stone, fill it, and create the base. It takes seven days for the foundation to dry. Prior to building the fireplace, bricks are first laid out in dry form without the use of the solution.

Speaking of which,Every stone is numbered while the bricks are being laid out to "dry." This will enable you to construct a fireplace more quickly.

We lay a reliable foundation

Another step-by-step guide on building the furnace goes into great detail on how to make the fireplace base correctly. List the stages of the work in brief:

  1. Digging and excavation of soil from the pit, whose dimensions are 10 cm wider than the dimensions of the future hearth. The depth depends on the location of the stable layers of the soil, but not less than 0.5 m.
  2. Filling the pit with a laundry stone, strengthening with liquid clay or lime solution.
  3. Laying 2 waterproofing layers of roofing material.
  4. Installation of formwork, pouring a reinforced concrete slab with a thickness of 15-20 cm.
  5. After 4 weeks (complete stagnation of concrete) – laying of the felt of the felt of the felt of felt and the construction of 2 continuous rows of ceramic brick.

Note: You can use brickwork on cement mortar that ends at the level of the clean floor in place of a reinforced concrete slab. In this instance, it is possible to load the bottle foundation seven to ten days earlier.

The fireplace’s laid foundation is a totally separate structure unrelated to a private home’s foundation. Although 50 mm is the minimum distance between them, 10 cm is preferable. Apply bitumen to the foundation’s accessible side surfaces to provide waterproofing.

To prevent cement milk from escaping from liquid concrete, a polyethylene film covering is placed over the formwork and rage. As illustrated in the diagram, a wetted plug is placed on a finished stove. The purpose of the first two rows of stones, which are regarded as zero and do not follow the fireplace guidelines, is to shield the felt laying from extreme heat. Watch the video to learn more about the technology used to lay a reinforced concrete foundation:

Laying the fireplace

Roofing material was spread out in two layers as soon as the foundation dried. Cement is added to the mixture at a ratio of 20% of the solution’s total volume for the first row of masonry. The first row of bricks is placed. A roulette is used to determine the equality of diagonals.

With a trowel, solid rows are constructed. Both the fuel and the chimney are built by hand. The brick’s center is treated with the solution. Before it dries, any excess solution is immediately removed with a moist cloth.

The fuel is made after the base. The fuel chamber door is attached after the grate is arranged to the bottom and the fuel rows are constructed. The door is placed between the rows and fixed firmly using a metal mustache. built on the fifth row, blowing up.

The arch is the next stage. Steel corners are utilized in the construction of the arch, regardless of the fireplace’s design. They have bricks attached to them that are hidden when facing. A wedge is used to position the bricks when building the arch.

The construction of the chimney

The smoke in the room will depend on the qualitatively built chimney or not. If the chimneous canal is round in shape, then the craving is better, and if the square is worse. The walls are made smooth so that the soot does not form and the smoke easily passes through the pipe. The chimney itself is made vertical, less often than sloping. In this case, the angle of inclination is not more than 30 ° C. The size of the pipe depends on the size of the structure and the output channel. Minimum section 14×27 cm. A cap is installed at the top of the chimney, which protects it from precipitation and other details.

Facing work

If they construct a standard or miniature amenity with their own hands, they should add cladding to complete it. Decorate the structure’s exterior in a number of ways:

  1. Plaster. First pull the mesh, install the P-shaped brackets. To protect against corrosion is applied to the Olifa. The first layer of 5 mm plaster is applied to a warm wall. The second layer is applied after the first. The density of the layer is made thicker than the previous. The third layer is made with a thickness of up to 15 mm.
  2. Coloring. Use chalk or adhesive solution.
  3. Drywall. It gives the fireplaces rectangular shapes. First make a metal frame, and drywall is sewn on it.
  4. Decoration.

Speaking of which,It is advised to add blue when painting the fireplace’s exterior white. The paint will then have a more snow-white hue.

Rules for choosing a furnace

When selecting this option, a chimney is chosen based on the diameter of the special pipe that comes with the metal firebox.

A vast assortment of fireplaces with fireboxes in any configuration can be found in specialty stores. It can be in a unilateral, closed, through, or open version. Furthermore, the firebox may come equipped with an integrated heat exchanger that enables the fireplace to be connected to the water heating circuit.

A brick firebox is a classic option. When attempting to build a basic fireplace, white chamotis brick is suggested as a material due to its resistance to extremely high temperatures.

Because brick masonry needs to be even, extra care and precision must be used in the process. Brick furnace setup takes a lot of time, patience, and endurance, as well as specialized skills from the master.

Drying and first kindle

The sand-clay mixture dries instead of hardening. During the 10–14 days that the drying process takes, observations are made. The same clay solution is used to seal small cracks that appear in the fireplace’s laying. When the allotted time has passed, create a trial kindle:

  1. Having opened the valve, light a small armful of brushwood and chips on.
  2. Gradually add small firewood, maintaining small fire. This will allow the solution to dry finally.
  3. If after 3-4 hours cracks did not form in the body of the fireplace, you can increase a portion of firewood. Take your time and first make sure that the walls of the hearth are warmed up.

Suggestions. The traction might not be there at first because of the air traffic jam in the chimney. The pipe needs to be slightly warmed with a torch or a small bonfire.

Combine the masonry techniques shown in the following video:

Adjacent to the wall by one of the ends

These models are suggested for medium-sized or fairly large rooms. Once you have constructed a comparable hearth with your own hands, you can finish the building or narrow the hallway between rooms.

The ability to install a through-metal furnace with triple or double-sided, heat-resistant glass decoration is one of this option’s features. Additionally, you could construct the furnace on one side and use natural stone to adorn the back.

You can also construct a manual fireplace in the rooms of a small space by placing it next to the wall by the end portion. In this instance, it makes living more comfortable by enabling you to split a single room into two useful zones.

Features of the construction of small summer cottages

Prior to designing a mini-amin project for a country home or apartment, measure the space where the design will be created. The accuracy of the measurements taken will determine the caliber of the work produced.

The drawing displays the structure’s measurements, location, and material consumption during construction. We also ascertain the technological process after determining the internal space’s characteristics.

Certain features must be known in order to calculate the space beneath the fireplace:

  • Determining the size of the entire structure, take into account
    The fact that the combustion chamber should not exceed 1/50 of the volume of heated
  • The height of the combustion chamber is 3/5 of its part
  • The depth of the fuel should be 3 times less
  • The fireplace portal is 2% of the floor area.
  • 0.7 part of the portal will be equal to the area.
  • Starting from the size of the serpent, we learn the transverse
    The section of the chimney in the narrowest place. Indicators will be equal to 0.15 from the square

Take into consideration the building’s dimensions using the room as an example, which has a 16–20 m2 area:

  • The height of the brick fireplace will be 1120
  • The base of the structure is 1020 mm.
  • Gubina of the furnace department – 510 mm.
  • Dushnik, located at an altitude of 12-14 rows.
  • Smoke tooth-settled at 11-12
  • The chimney of the pipe is 260×130 mm.

Preparing 300 refractory bricks would suffice for the construction of a mini-focus, according to the aforementioned parameters. This sum is intended to be used for building a chimney.

It would be good to comprehend the structure’s design and operational features after learning about all the sizes and the installation location.

The design of the fireplace

The chimney and firebox are the two primary structural components. The remaining components are listed below and are regarded as auxiliary:

  • Smoke collector.
  • Glitter.
  • Ash.
  • Golsniki.
  • Lining.
  • Fire cutter.
  • Protective doors (some models do not provide for the installation of shielding doors).

Bricks or other decorative finishing materials that can tolerate frequent temperature changes are used to face the exterior.


The furnace walls are positioned at an inclined angle to maximize heat-reflective opportunities. The furnace’s side elements are oriented outward due to the design’s construction. That is, there is a noticeable portal expansion to the exit. In this instance, the upper portion of the firebox’s rear has a forward slope. As a result, the heat is reflected throughout the space, greatly enhancing the device’s heat transfer.

On top of the furnace is a smoke chamber where rush smoke flows. Have a smoke tooth on heights 11–12 rows to keep smoke and sparks out of the room. The element’s height may vary depending on the size of the structures.

The tooth keeps soot from entering the space, but this necessitates regular chimney cleaning. Regarding this in the back PLOAKE.


One component of the structure is the design, which is intended to release smoke into the atmosphere.

A system the size of smoke

Chimney Conditions:

  • The smoke -sized system must resist
    high heating – up to 500 ° C and more.
  • The chimney must provide sufficient strength
  • Cracks or other holes contributing
    Air suction is not permissible in this element of the structure. It will be
    help reduce thrust in the fireplace.
  • The material used in construction should
    Cope with condensate formed inside the chimney and not give in to
  • When accumulating gases and condensate, as a result
    chemical reactions, compounds of coal and sulfuric acids are formed. Ability
    to confront these factors is welcome when choosing a material for the construction of a mini-focus.
  • During the construction, pay attention to stability

Walls and heat transfer

Brickmasonry is done on the rib to create side walls with better heat transfer. It’s also important to remember to indent the case by six centimeters. This air chamber is what encourages heat conductivity for an extended amount of time.

Wall laying in the fuel is completed with turnout, as was previously mentioned. This method aids in improving the device’s heat transfer. Which Since the degree of rotation depends on certain factors, the designer chooses the angle of turn.

An illustration of the fuel walls rotating at an angle

The walls that are interwoven are used to lay the back wall. However, the masonry at the back differs in one way. Only the first two rows of brick are laid on the rib; the remaining rows are fitted, which presents some challenges.

Alternatively, the fuel can be laid out in a half-brick that saws along. As a result, the furnace’s depth can be increased by 6 cm.

The inclined part’s back is arranged vertically in this instance. Brick pruning is done at a 20o angle in order to create a slope. Using this method, you can weave side walls with a bevel in a tidy manner. Ultimately, a robust fuel is produced without brickwork cracking from overheating.

Self-construction of a mini-stone for a summer residence

A brick fireplace can be built much more quickly and easily than a large one. First, because of a straightforward design. Second, the laying process is greatly accelerated by small sizes, which require a smaller set of building materials.

The fireplace is simple to disassemble and reassemble if mistakes are found. A modest quantity of material lowers the costs in terms of time, money, and effort.

Necessary materials

In order to construct a brick fireplace by hand, you’ll need Get ready the supplies listed below:

  • Refractory brick – shag. Created for
    Masonry of the main structure.
  • Facing brick. Performs decorating
    ROPITAL. Installation of another facing element is possible.
  • Clay-sand mixture. The composition includes clay,
    Sand and water.
  • Concrete. It is necessary to fill the foundation.
  • Level – determines the quality of masonry of brick by
    horizontal and vertical.
  • Roulette.
  • Armature.
  • Doors for cleaning the chimney from soot.
  • Bucket. It will be required to knead the solution.
  • Mixer. Auxiliary tool for
    kneading cement-sand mixture. In the absence of such a nozzle, you can perform
    Work with a trowel.

Create a drawing

The first step in almost any construction project is DRAINING DEVIEW. The secret to a well-built scheme is proper compilation. The size of the furnace as well as the locations of each component are shown in the drawing. Based on the collected data, the computation is done using the amount of building material used.

An illustration of the elements’ schematic location

Along with the fireplace drawing, there should be a schematic representation of the masonry technique and number of rows.

Crucial! Drawing a fireplace in multiple planes helps the viewer comprehend the masonry scheme better. A three-dimensional representation of the design would be the ideal choice, but this calls for drawer skills.

Remember to include the dimensions and material composition of the doors to the combustion and ash chambers. Put a schematic on the picture. the chimney’s location and highlight every nuance of its construction.

Masonry mini-kamin

The phase of preparation is over. Tools, building supplies, and an accurate design drawing were obtained. Proceed to oversee construction using our own hands next:

  • The first thing to do is prepare a reliable base. For this, concrete is poured. On top of the base, it is necessary to put in one layer of refractory brick in order to exclude contact with concrete.
  • The masonry of the hearth is made from the back wall of the fuel – from the base to the start of the chimney. The wall lies in two layers. First and internal – refractory brick. Second external – stove brick. A wall of about 40 cm high is laid out, and a transition at an angle of 20o is created. From it, the wall rises by another 20 cm, then there is a transition to the chimney.
  • Further, according to the created drawing, laying the entire fireplace is carried out. If this is provided, then do not forget about the cavities for the ashin, blew and combustion chambers. The approximate schematic masonry looks as follows: 2 rows are solid; 3 and 4 rows form ash; 5 row – grates; 6 row – door to the furnace; 12 and 15 row – a hob; 19 row – transition to a chimney. Usually, the mini -amin consists of 30 rows of brick. After the installation of the chimney begins.
  • The chimney is laid out until the street. Next, it is better to install pipes. But this is not a prerequisite. Subject to the rules, masonry of a brick pipe on the street is possible. The final part of the chimney is equipped with a raincoat.
  • At the final stage, the fireplace cladding is carried out. To do this, you can use brick, stone or tile. The main condition is that the material should withstand high temperatures.

We make a decorative fireplace step by step at home

The stove is the same in a fireplace, but it has a much simpler design. The open firebox and its capacity to expel heat rather than retain it are what set it apart from its counterpart.

The methods used by the stove and fireplace to remove hot air are still different; the furnace uses a complicated method, whereas the fireplace uses a straight, vertical method. The fireplace’s fuel source burns much more quickly, making it incapable of producing any unique air heating.

Decorative fireplaces are used more for ambience, beauty, and entourage than for warmth. The open fire also provides heat, so it cannot be claimed that the fireplace does not at all warm the space.

Materials Needed: Bricks, Cement, Fireproof Mortar, Fire Grate, Chimney Pipe
Tools Required: Trowel, Level, Brick Hammer, Mason"s Line, Spirit Level

For a summer home, building a small fireplace can be a fun project that warms and accentuates your outdoor area. You can build a sturdy and eye-catching structure out of bricks that will improve the atmosphere of your events.

A fireplace serves a functional purpose by keeping you warm on cool summer evenings in addition to being a focal point for your outdoor activities. A fireplace lends a warm feel to any outdoor space, whether you’re roasting marshmallows with loved ones or just spending a peaceful evening outside.

Building your own fireplace lets you tailor it to your own requirements and tastes. You can decide which design elements, sizes, and shapes go best with your outdoor area. Additionally, building it yourself can let you express your creativity and be a joyful and fulfilling experience.

A brick fireplace is also a classic feature for any house or summer getaway. Brick, in contrast to other materials like metal or stone, has a timeless appearance. Your brick fireplace can last for many years and bring joy to future generations if it is properly cared for.

In conclusion, creating a small brick fireplace for your vacation home is a valuable project that can improve your outdoor area’s usability and visual appeal. A fireplace adds a touch of warmth and charm that really makes a house feel like home, whether you’re hosting get-togethers with friends or just relaxing after a long day.

Video on the topic

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DIY brick furnace. Almost like a fireplace.

What type of heating you would like to have in your home?
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Michael Kuznetsov

I love to create beauty and comfort with my own hands. In my articles I share tips on warming the house and repairing with my own hands.

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