Installation of a gas column of installation algorithm in accordance with applicable rules and rules

Having a dependable heating system is crucial for maintaining a warm and comfortable home. A gas water heater, also called a gas column, is a common choice for heating water in many homes. In order to ensure effective operation and reduce the risk of accidents, installing a gas column requires careful consideration and adherence to safety regulations.

It’s important to familiarize yourself with the applicable laws and ordinances governing gas appliance installation in your area before beginning the installation process. These rules are in place to safeguard the community and homeowners against any potential risks related to gas appliances. Disregarding these guidelines may have legal repercussions in addition to safety risks.

After familiarizing yourself with the applicable regulations, it’s time to prepare the installation by gathering the required tools and materials. Items like pipes, fittings, sealant, and, of course, the gas column itself are usually included in this. Having everything ready in advance will help to expedite the installation process and reduce downtime.

It’s crucial to pick a suitable location for the gas column installation that satisfies safety regulations and permits adequate ventilation before installing the column. It is important to have adequate ventilation in the installation area to avoid the accumulation of hazardous gases like carbon monoxide. The location should also make maintenance and repairs simple to access.

Once the location has been determined, the installation algorithm described in the manufacturer’s instructions must be closely followed. You can connect the gas column to the gas supply and make any required electrical connections by following this step-by-step guide. To guarantee the appliance operates safely and effectively, it is imperative that you strictly adhere to these instructions.

It’s crucial to carry out extensive testing after the gas column is installed to make sure everything is operating as it should. This include testing the ignition and shut-off mechanisms, making sure the venting is adequate, and looking for gas leaks. It is advisable to seek assistance from a qualified professional if you have any questions regarding any aspect of the installation or run into any problems during testing.

Enjoying the advantages of a dependable gas column while guaranteeing the security of your house and family is possible when you adhere to the installation algorithm in compliance with relevant laws and regulations. Never forget that safety should come first when using gas appliances.

When heaters do not allow you to install

The kitchen’s gas column might appear to be quite harmonious.

  • If you live in a one -room studio with a kitchen bedroom. The kitchen should be a separate room.
  • If you want to install a gas heater in a living room, bathroom or loggia/balcony.
  • If the door to the kitchen is deaf, there is no ventilation gap.
  • If the length of the water hoses and especially the gas is more than 2.5 m.
  • If a gas stove or other open fire source almost adjacent to the boiler.
  • If you plan to hang the heater on the wall adjacent to the living room.

How to set up the kitchen to heat itself, in video:

Boilers and columns enable the provision of comfortable water temperature throughout the year, removing the need to rely on the whims of warm water suppliers. The installation requirements might seem excessively stringent, but the reason for this is to ensure the safety of the occupants. Installing the equipment correctly right away is preferable to paying for its transfer and re-connecting the gas. You can learn more about the options for water filters in a private home and in our other articles.

Types of columns and boilers for apartments

When discussing gas heaters, they can be cumulative and flowing. However, due to their higher cost, larger volume, and less convenience, gas boilers are not widely used in Russia. Only if the gas approach is too feeble should they be placed. In essence, install gas heaters.

It is difficult to embed a gas column because you have to follow safety regulations and I want it to look great inside.

The combustion chamber of contemporary models may be closed or open. Open ones require fewer paperwork to install and are marginally safer. In the event that the home lacks a chimney, they are necessary. The second option is appropriate if a new heater is installed in place of the old one, and the chimney and gas rights have already been made and confirmed.

Three different kinds of power are offered by suppliers. For one person living in a one-room apartment, 17–20 kW is required. There isn’t enough power left over after a shower to clean the dishes. Devices between 20 and 26 kW are essential for apartments. 15 liters of 40 degree water are provided per minute by them. An apartment with one shower and two sinks and a family of four can function with the power of an average heater. 26–28 kW of power is appropriate for two-story homes or apartments. We also advise you to read through our article, which will provide you with information.

How to install a gas column of installation algorithm correctly

You can start looking for a contractor once the column installation project has been developed and coordinated. Additionally, the primary search criterion is the artist’s curiosity about the water heater connection project’s existence.

You have a true artist on your hands who is willing to take responsibility for his work if there is such interest. Search for another if not.

After all, observing safety regulations is the primary prerequisite for installing a gas column.

Furthermore, it is clear that the "Contractor" lacks competence if he is willing to jeopardize not only his reputation but also your security.

Preparation of consumables

You will need to purchase an additional set of "consumable" materials after the contractor is hired. These materials will consist of:

  • A galvanized pipe with a millimeter wall – it is used in the construction of a “chimney”, so the reinforcement with a very thin wall (tenths of millimeter) in such conditions will simply burn out.
  • Water cleaning and softening filter – using this node, you can delay the procedure for cleaning the column from scale. Well, without a filter, the column "clog" in a couple of years.
  • A set of fittings, which will include tees, adapters, ball valves and couplings.
  • The gas hose, with which the valve of the home gas pipeline and the fitting of the column are connected.
  • Dowels, liners, drilling on concrete – these components will be spent during the installation of the column on the supporting surface.

You can invite masters at home once you’ve bought all of the aforementioned nodes and details.

Installation of equipment

The following is an example of a typical column mounting algorithm:

Diagram for installing a gas column

  • First, select the location of the column on the supporting surface (wall). Moreover, this place should be removed from the stove by 10 centimeters (at least) and lifted above the floor level to the height, calculated as follows – the window of the sightseeing window through which the working burner can be observed should be located at the user"s eye level.
  • Next, the column is attached to the wall with dowels driven into previously drilled holes with installed inserts.
  • A gas hose is brought to the fixed column, wound on a separate fitting, the diameter of which differs from the dimensions of the "water" bouncers.
  • The next step is the installation of the Cold Vodvonki Line. It is realized as follows: a separate line ending on the reception of the column is removed from the collector. Moreover, it is very important not to confuse the "receiving" divert with "graduation". However, experienced masters do not make such mistakes.
  • Next, you need to arrange the “exit” from the column by connecting the exhaust fitting with the collector of the “hot” water supply branch.
  • At the very end, a galvanized chimney is put on the upper pipe, fixing the traction sensor in a special place. The free end of the chimney is taken to the exhaust channel of the kitchen using a special adapter.
  • The final stage – checking the operability of the column is carried out as follows: the valve on the house of the household gas pipeline is transferred to the “open” position; The connection of the gas hose and columns is checked with soap foam (went bubbles – there is a leak); The mixer open the "hot" valve. And if the column started, and hot water came from the tap, then everything was done correctly.

In any event, the prescribed process is followed, albeit with some modifications. In the event that your master exhibits inappropriate behavior, you ought to consider recruiting a different expert.

Rules for the location of the column

The building’s bearing wall is not where the water heater should be placed. The specifications for the installation of gas columns expressly forbid this. This could cause the building to sustain damage or even completely collapse in the event of an explosion. The apartment’s cadastral passport and the house’s general plan must be consulted in order to determine whether installing the device is feasible. You can contact experts to get clarification on this information.

The specifications for the amount of space between the column and the wall on the other side are given. One meter should be the minimum distance. This is required to allow unrestricted access to the device for upkeep and inspection. Installing pipes to supply gas to the walls is also not feasible.

This makes checking communications and looking for gas leaks in the apartment more difficult. An order to remove and instructions on how to properly install a gas column, along with contact information, will be provided upon detection of this violation.

The wall where the planned column installation will occur will be appropriately prepped. Wallpaper and PVC panels are examples of fuel materials that need to be taken out of it.

The column needs to be more than 10 centimeters away from the wall. Without first making the necessary preparations, installing a gas water heater on a wooden wall is prohibited. At the installation site, a steel plate that is the same size as the device’s rear wall or larger should be installed.

Installing a column above a gas stove is prohibited. There should be at least one meter separating these devices from one another. Additionally, an extract cannot be used to remove combustion products from a gas stove. One chimney cannot be used for both a gas column and a hood. The security standards expressly forbid this.

Standards for the distance from washing

The separation between the gas column and the stove

Curtain support for a gas-moving pipeline

The location of the mixer in detail

We’ll walk you through every step of installing a gas water heater in your home safely and effectively in our guide, "Installation of a Gas Water Heater." We’ll cover all the details, from examining local laws to deciding on the best place for installation, to make sure your installation complies with all applicable regulations. You can enjoy hot water in your home and keep your family and property safe by adhering to these guidelines. Let’s begin this crucial DIY project for the house!

Water connection

Hot water is now sent throughout the house via a pipe that was previously filled with cold water and brought to the column. The best person to connect to the water heater is an American who makes contact with a hapless traveler.

Installing shut-off valves, or ball valves, on the lines for hot and cold water is important.

If there isn’t a treatment filter at the apartment or house’s main entrance, a coarse cleaning filter (80–100 μm) is placed in front of the column. Installing a thin cleaning filter at 10–20 μm is also advised.

The heat exchanger will function without obstructions and clicks for a longer period of time in cleaner water.

One of the following options best describes the pipes:

  • The pipes supply of less than 30 cm to the column and the connection using a flexible hose or copper/brass tube;
  • Direct connection of metalloplasty pipes, polypropylene or steel, depending on the material that performs the main wiring.

A tee is needed in order to insert cold water. The simplest solution is to use clamping fittings to insert the metal plate. All that will be needed is a roller tool, a pipeline, and a divorce key. Fittings will need an American, a shut-off valve, and a tee.

Diagram of the water connection

The American fittings are placed into the pre-cut pipe in the proper location to ensure that the supply to the column is as smooth as possible and free of extra knees, and the tee is screwed to them. The column then connects the pipe pipe.

You’ll need cooking skills and a welding machine for steel pipes. Rather, a unique clamp-throat is employed. It is fastened to the pipe, and a hole is drilled in a cold water pipe after removal. The pipe segment and column are then connected.

A soldering iron is essential when working with polypropylene pipes. Renting it is simple, but the amount of work will be less than with steel pipes.

If the hot water pipes haven’t been wired yet, that comes next. Every mixer in the house receives a pipe with a locking valve that is diverted from the column.

Even if the column is the only thing that needs to be replaced, it is still preferable to re-lay the pipes to prevent knees and adapters from accumulating in front of the gas column. This will enable the equipment to be shielded from excessively turbulent pipe flows that could interfere with the hydrothermal control unit’s ability to function.

Technical requirements

Because a column or boiler poses a greater risk, installation must adhere to strict regulations. If the requirements are not met, the gas supply to the apartment is cut off until the installation site complies with all of the gas farm’s recommendations. Only accredited organizations should perform any manipulations involving gas devices. They cannot be connected without a package of documents, which is another crucial component.

  • The area of the kitchen should be at least 8 m ;
  • walls and masking panels are made of non -combustible materials;
  • The height of the ceiling of the room is more than 2 m ;
  • ventilation hole with a diameter of at least 120 mm;
  • from the side surface to the wall at least 15 cm, from the front panel – at least 60 cm;
  • Pipe length maximum 2.5 m. diameter – from 13 mm;
  • access to all gas pipes is provided (you can’t be walled up, masked only with the help of an opening box or hang freely);
  • The overlapping crane is located close to the heater, its yellow handle;
  • chimney pipe is not a corrugated duct for hood. and steel or galvanized, a minimum thickness of 1 mm;
  • There should be a door to the kitchen .


The kitchen’s gas column is practical.

Only Gorgaz employees are capable of performing the initial gas and water start. Gas devices are balanced after installation and are inspected annually. At the same time, the compliance of the boilers and columns that can be served by gallows is examined. Certain models are unreliable and should not be inspected yearly by service center specialists.

Models with a closed combustion chamber do not require a chimney, but the ventilation of the room should be in good condition.

Gas column in the kitchen

In our apartments, the gas column continues to be a frequent visitor.

A column heater, also known as a flowing water heater, is a device that heats water by burning gas. Gas can be delivered from the cylinder through pipes and liquefied there. However, in reality, city apartments only use natural gas. Since boilers are not intended to be used with the wiring power in many older homes, the column is often the only means of heating water. Also see the information about selecting a kitchen pipe exhaust and a gas column for an apartment.

The gas column is necessary even though it is not always visible.

When designing a small kitchen, flot water heaters are frequently expensive in Stalin and Khrushchev eras. Matches are used to light older models, and water flow controls the heating. These days, electronic temperature regulation, auto-banking, and control options have taken their place.

Columns in private homes and spacious suburban apartments are replaced with gas boilers. The boiler’s dual circuits for water heating and heating are what distinguish them from one another. Only running water is heated by the column.


  • Fast heating a large amount of water;
  • Compact sizes;
  • power does not exceed the capabilities of gas lines;
  • Direct circuit: less heat loss, warms the apartment only when it works (in the summer is relevant), hot water is available as soon as the heater was turned on;
  • Relative cheapness use depending on the price of gas.


  • Explosion and fire hazard;
  • Requires good traction, Otherwise, there is a risk of poisoning with carbon monoxide;
  • Need a chimney and good ventilation, which should be taken into account in;

Stringent installation and ongoing operation guidelines because of the device’s possible risk.

Installation of equipment

When installing the column, the steps typically go like this:

  1. Marking is applied to the wall: holes will be made on it. The column should be located at a sufficient distance from the stove and at such a height that the viewing window is located just at the eye level of the user. The length of the vertical section of the chimney, which is departing from the column, should be 500 mm or more at the ceiling height of 2 meters, and at least 250 mm – if the distance from the ceiling to the floor is equal or exceeds 2.7 meters. The requirements of the norms mentioned above should also be taken into account.
  2. Having drilled holes, they lay the cartridges of dowels, and then screw the mounting hooks on which the column is hung.
  3. A tee with a ball valve and a filter is cut into a cold water pipeline, which is connected by a pipe or hose to the input fitting of the water circuit of the column. With a collector diagram, the pipe is laid from the collector pipe, and a ball valve and filter are installed on it. Keep in mind that the input and output fittings are unequal – it is important to identify the input. If a steel pipe is used for connection, threaded connections must be compacted by packley, flax, fum tangita or thread “Tangit Unit”. In the case of using the hose (flexible eyeliner), there is no need for the use of the seal – the tip of this element is already equipped with a gasket.
  4. Similarly, a pipe is connected to the output fitting to distribute hot water.
  5. Next, you should smoothly open the root valve on the cold water pipeline. At the same time, you need to follow whether the leaks will appear in the places of joints. If you appear, you need to squeeze the nuts (flexible eyeliner) or add the seal.
  6. The gas fitting of the column and the crane on the gas supply line are connected by a hose, which should be squeezed with clamps. The tightness of the compounds is checked using soap foam – in the presence of leaks, it begins to bubble.

The pipe on the chimney pipe still needs to be fixed, and the traction sensor needs to be mounted per the instructions. With the use of a unique adapter, the second end of the pipe is started into the chimney channel. You can now conduct a test launch.

Stages of installation of a new gas column

Even though you install new equipment or replace old equipment, additional steps are still taken as long as the chimney is installed, all systems are wired, and the hood’s serviceability has been examined.

The task’s sequence:

  • Decide on the location, make marks on the wall.
  • Drill holes with a drill.
  • Insert the dowels. It is required to calculate the load that will have to be on them, taking into account the filled tank with water.
  • Hang the device.
  • Connect filters, salt and magnesium.
  • Connect Maevsky"s taps.
  • Cut the pipe and mount it fitting or tee.
  • Mount the taps.
  • Sold up the connecting elements.
  • Connect the device to cold and hot pipes using hoses or pvc and pipe tube. Seal the points of connection with fittings. Be sure to follow the connection rules: the cold water supply is indicated in blue, hot – red.
  • Control the tightness of the joints, for this open water and wait, if there are no leaks, everything is done correctly. If you find it, reap the seal and twist the fixing nuts. Do not twist the nuts excessively, since the thread may be damaged and the sealing of fasteners will be impaired.
  • Make a chimney traction check, its norms 1.95-29.40 PA, the indicator depends on the type and size of the room.
  • Connect the corrugation on one side to the apparatus, on the other to the hole of the chimney.
  • Bring the gas pipe to the tap. Attach clips to the wall, having previously drilled a hole for this.
  • Connect the gas hose to the device and pipe. Make a seal of joints.
  • Make a solution of soap, lubricate the places of all joints, open the gas. If the bubbles appear, then there is a leak. You can fix it by winding the nut. You need to do this carefully so as not to damage the gaskets.
  • Repeat the tightness of the tightness.
  • Make adjustment of the water temperature using instructions for equipment.

In Russia, installation will run you roughly 2500 rubles on average. It will cost roughly 2400 rubles in Tula and 2600 rubles in Ufa. The device’s volume and the manufacturer’s country determine how much the installation will cost. For instance, installing the Bosch trademark will cost more than installing a domestic production unit like Neva 4511.

If the column has previously been installed

In the event that the water heater breaks down, the device needs to be changed along with the passport. In the event that a gas column is mounted independently, commissioning and inspection marks will not appear in the new device’s passport.

Household fire safety regulations state that gas equipment needs to be inspected once a year. There will definitely be a notification of the unapproved water heater replacement, and the device will probably be shut down and sealed.

It will be necessary to reconnect the column and invite qualified specialists after receiving the comment.

One of their responsibilities is to inspect the ventilation passages. They can become clogged with trash in older homes. It is risky to operate clogged ventilation moves. This may result in a deadly gas poisoning that is fatal. In the event that the choice is made to install the water heater independently, you must first inspect the ventilation.

Gas connection

A gas pipe is brought to the gas column if it is being installed for the first time or in a new location. Only gas service professionals with the necessary permits do these tasks.

The masters are invited to apply for the insert’s implementation, which is left. The tee in the gas pipe that connects the input to the plate will be cut. A pipe that has been fitted with a tee is being transported to the installation location.

There are two choices. In order to avoid using a flexible hose, the pipe is brought to the junction of the connection once the model and position of the gas column are known. Remember that there is a shut-off gas valve before connecting to the column. A column is put on the wall first, and then a gas pipe is raised.

Nonetheless, it is simpler to install a gas valve at the end of the route and bring the pipe’s edge to the installation site at a maximum distance of half a meter.

Consequently, installing a column with a flexible hose allows for more flexibility, which is crucial for independent installation.

With this option, they can complete the majority of the work at their own convenience and no longer have to worry about adhering to the gas service masters’ schedule.


The channels for the supply and removal of water must be connected to the column once it has been permanently installed. Rubber connecting hoses must be used for this, and their length must be measured beforehand (PVC pipes may occasionally be used in place of rubber).

Because hoses are flexible and can be brought to any point along the column, using them is recommended. Additionally, no special seal (FUM tape or Pacli) is needed for their reliable joint in the docking area.


You should be aware of the color marking on the valve devices to ensure that the hose is connected to cold water correctly (the entrance valve is marked in blue). Additionally, a red marking on a locking device meant to supply hot water

You should check the tightness of every connection after they have been docked. In order to accomplish this, you must open both faucets and closely inspect the docking units to make sure there are no leaks. If there are small subcases, carefully tighten the hose’s fixing nuts without exerting too much force as this could damage the gaskets.

If there are leaks in the pipe joints, they must be untwisted and painted or covered with fume tape around the threaded portions of the bags.


One of the gas supply options listed in the column should be chosen once all leaks that have been found and eliminated, specifically:

  • You can call a specialist in gas equipment (galloper) who has the legal right to carry out such work;
  • You can connect to the gas line yourself.

Which is more appropriate in a given circumstance will rely on the contractor’s qualifications; ultimately, the choice is its own. If you select the second option, take a desired length gas hose and attach one end of it to a gas supply that has an overlapped valve. This hose’s reverse end is fastened to the column’s input fitting.

To prevent damaging the paranite gasket in the unit nuts, this compound should not be overly squeezed when twisting. Subsequently, you must coat both gas joints with a premade soap solution.

The work can be deemed finished if bubbles do not form when the entrance crane in the docking areas is opened. If not, you will need to slightly compress the wrap fasteners and then use soap foam to confirm that they are still tight.

Note: It will be possible to replace the paronite gaskets and turn off the gas supply if needed.

The installation of a protective coating from the corrugation is the last step in the process. It is attached to the chimney outlet at one end and placed on the column removal.

Start and adjustment

The column is put into service, adjusted, and tested for a predetermined amount of time to ensure performance. This process is known as commissioning. To accomplish this, first open the hot water supply valve and adjust the temperature in accordance with the instructions. Next, insert the battery into the sewer compartment, which is specifically made for this purpose.

Finally, we mention that you can use the services available in certain connection stores when purchasing a new column. As a result, find out the cost of connecting the model to an invited expert even before selecting the appropriate model. If this service is reasonably priced, you can invite it to your home safely, which will make the column registration process easier in the end.

When launching independently, it is still preferable to entrust a specialist who is capable of properly configuring new equipment with a responsible task like connecting a gas hose.

Ventilation requirements and chimney

A ventilation hole is required to provide air circulation in the space. Air should flow through it calmly and without obstruction. If you break this rule, the apartment’s occupants could get fatal poisoning in the event of a gas leak.

The risk of domestic gas detonation will increase significantly if it does not move naturally, since the leak can occur at night when a person is not able to detect it.

You also need to conduct a chimney in order for the gas column to function normally. Either the common house system or the street itself can receive it. It is important to remember that a chimney can only have two 90-degree bends in its construction. The chimney’s overall length shouldn’t be more than three meters. There are three possible places for the chimneine pipe.

The location of the water heater dictates the choice for its placement. Non-combustible materials should be used to make pipes used for the removal of combustion products. Chimneys with the lowest heat conductivity should be prioritized (+).

Where the pipe connects to the water heater, there should be a vertical segment. The vertical site’s length needs to be greater than or equal to 50 cm. The pipe’s horizontal section shouldn’t be longer than two meters. A flexible corrugated pipe can be used for a chimney, but it must not sag as this could prevent combustion products from being removed.

The diagram explains in as much detail as possible why installing a chimney in an apartment is not possible. There are specifications for the pipes’ slope in addition to their length. You have to notice a two-degree slope (+) for every meter.

You are not restricted to the wall’s ventilation hole if the column’s device does not indicate a chimney. Establishing a full-fledged hood is essential, but even in this scenario, the gas service will have concerns about the carbon monoxide removal system.

A chimney device in an apartment with wooden walls

The use of blue fuel water heaters is permitted in wood-frame homes, but installing a gas column requires adhering to fire safety regulations. It is necessary to place non-combustible material between the chimney and the tree to prevent them from coming into contact. Thermal insulation can be achieved by using mineral wool or basalt. The use of heat-resistant mounting foam is permitted.

In the event that the chimney overheats, this is required to put out the fire. Generally speaking, old wooden houses are either built without chimneys or with furnace heating in mind. Gas equipment installation is not permitted in emergency houses.

Installation algorithm

It is recommended that professionals install gas columns.

The law governing the public’s access to gas supplies governs documentation. The lists vary depending on whether you install the equipment for the first time or just modify the model, device, and location.

The model is changing

Over time, the column becomes outdated, but it can be updated by swapping it out for a more contemporary

  • Buy Certified gas heater. which is allowed to install.
  • Take the certified copies of gas and water supply systems in the housing office with a clearly marked place of installation of equipment.
  • Then take it application for replacement, provided that the installation site is preserved in the gas service. There are also applications for the repair of water and gas trunk and gas.
  • The gas service will do the work, it will also give the act on commissioning equipment, compliance with the requirements.

Change of device and installation location

Installing a video master class for a gas column:

  • You will need Change the gas supply, water supply, air supply circuit .
  • Come to the Fire Inspectorate to take an act of the state of the chimney.
  • Order a transfer project in Gorgaz or a private certified organization, get it.
  • For an apartment building, you will need a permit for redevelopment from the city administration .
  • You should have an act, project, permission, technical passport of a boiler or speakers, a document for the ownership of the apartment in your hands. With these documents and a statement, contact the gas service again.
  • Experts will install and connect equipment, hold the first start. Then they seal the counter, issue an act on commissioning.
  • In the end, you should have acts in your hands that confirm the security from the fire inspection, technical supervision, and the entry. Information about the transfer is additionally submitted to the BTI .

The first installation

A number of documents must be gathered in order to install a gas column.

If the gas is not delivered to the residence, a gas supply line must be constructed. Since this is an expensive procedure, many private home owners would rather use solid fuel boilers. Gas supply for multi-apartment buildings is handled by ZhEK, the developer, or the owners directly.

Placing a column in a small kitchen presents some challenges because every centimeter counts.

  • Obtaining documentation Includes consent to the supply of gas from distributors and transporters, calculation of consumption, obtaining technical conditions, permission on land cargo for a gas pipeline.
  • Design It consists of concluding a project contract, collecting and examining documentation, approval in the instances listed in the previous paragraph.
  • Construction consists in construction and installation work and commissioning.
  • At the end, it is Treaty About gas supply in Gorgaz or Oblgaz.

Additionally, you’ve already decided on an espresso coffee maker for your home.

Here’s how to fix the existing crane.

Rules for installing a gas column in the apartment

Complete all tasks related to connecting the water heater on your own. Only a company with all the required licenses and permits is able to design and install gas supply in compliance with regulatory requirements. To put it plainly, you cannot perform any manual labor related to connecting to the gas line. However, the remaining pieces of the set are fully up to you. Prior to installing and connecting gas-heating equipment, however, the design documentation needs to be ordered. While this takes time, you can pick up and buy a column right now.

Here’s where the first nuance appears: according to norms, you cannot install a chimney in a kitchen with a single ventilation output. Therefore, a water heater with a closed combustion chamber and a coaxial gas line installed through the wall must be chosen. You ought to be alerted to such circumstances.

Crucial! There should be functional supply and exhaust ventilation in the room containing the water column. Once a gas water heater has been purchased, it is highly advised that you read the attached instructions.

From there, you can gather the majority of accurate, helpful, and most importantly, information about how to install the device. For instance, there is a section dedicated to service engineers in the documentation for Ariston columns, where all the subtleties are explained in great detail.

It’s highly advised that you read the instructions that come with your gas water heater after you buy it. From there, you can gather the majority of accurate, helpful, and most importantly, information about how to install the device. For instance, there is a section dedicated to service engineers in the documentation for Ariston columns, where all the subtleties are explained in great detail.

Brief instructions for installing a gas column

It is not appropriate to use this information as a manual for action. Using your hands and any gas technology, as well as following the law and common sense, can result in terrible outcomes for such "amateur performances" in multi-unit buildings.

To use at work:

  • certified gas column;
  • PVC water pipe;
  • Fitings of the type "American";
  • pipelines;
  • soldering iron;
  • metal -plastic pipe for gas supply;
  • fittings for metal -plastic;
  • gas cranes;
  • Salt and magnetic filter;
  • Maevsky crane;
  • ordinary tap tap;
  • proportional wrenches;
  • drill;
  • as well as dowels and screws.

The work schedule and prerequisites for them:

The ease of positioning the column, the ability to provide communications, and the ability to arrange the hood in accordance with all regulations and standards should all be taken into consideration when choosing the installation location.

The space where the column will be installed needs to be at least 8 m³ in volume.

The speakers are only mounted on walls that are not combustible. In a different instance, a sheet of basalt heat-insulating cardboard, ranging in thickness from 3 to 5 mm, is fixed to the wall before a galvanized sheet, measuring 0.8 to 1 mm, is placed on top of the hard-to-seal surface.

Crucial! Speaker installation is not allowed on wooden walls!

Although the installation’s height can be freely chosen, the column is mounted on the wall in order to comply with the regulations regarding the placement of air outlets. There should be a minimum of 15 centimeters between the column’s side panel and the wall, and a minimum of 60 centimeters should separate the column’s front panel from the surrounding space.

The fasteners are marked at the column installation location before being drilled. The column is screwed into place.

The installation of the column-to-water supply system connection follows standards that stipulate the use of flexible hoses or metal pipes with an internal diameter of at least 13 mm. In this instance, the pipe or hose’s maximum length should be 2.5 meters (the same guidelines must be followed when setting up the connection to the gas supply system).

Only the installed shut-off crane should be used when installing a gas connection with a column.

The traction is examined prior to the chimney installation. It should be roughly 1.96-29.40 PA under normal circumstances (depending on the type of room).

The gas output pipe’s diameter must be at least 110 mm, and its length cannot be less than 300 mm or more than 2 m. The gas outlet’s slope ought to be at least two degrees upward.

Crucial! It’s also not permitted for you to launch the water onto the column first. Only Gorgaz representatives with the necessary qualifications should perform any tasks involving system testing, installing new columns, or removing the old ones.

Along with the goods should be the column installation plan. There are also installation instructions provided by the manufacturer.

Installing columns is appropriate only in kitchens and non-residential spaces intended for data storage of heating equipment.

However, mounting the column in the bathroom is prohibited by the installation guidelines. The fundamental requirements are not met by this room (see SNiP 2.04.08-87 gas supply).

Bathroom column installation was permitted in earlier regulatory documents. Nevertheless, following the legislative change, the only thing that can be discussed is moving a column from the bathroom to the kitchen or any other non-residential room, and if required, replacing the old device with a new one.

Figure 4: Diagram for installing a gas column

The specifications for the column installation also let us take into account each unique situation. For instance, in a private home that isn’t part of a typical building, there might be provisions for the installation of a column in a room without windows or a wide hallway with an exit to a roomy room with a window.

Figure 5: Before installing a gas column, make sure

Start and adjustment

Make sure that all connections are tight before beginning the column, that the water does not leak, and that the gas does not poison. Using soapy water, you can inspect the gas pipe connection. The gas supply valve opens after all joints and fittings have been completely connected and soaked with soap solution. The line is sealed if there are no bubbles.

The necessary work for the column’s launch is completed strictly in the order given in the manufacturer’s instructions for the first launch. It is preferable to leave burner setup to an expert.

The air supply is used to set up the gap, and the main task is to use the adjusting bolt to determine the ideal gas pressure. Installing a manometer is nearly impossible without one.

It’s critical to understand the precise gas pressure in a basic manner as well as when the column reaches its maximum. In dynamics, the pressure shouldn’t go over the allowable limit set by the water heater’s manufacturer.

The burner’s flame should always have a consistent blue glow free of yellow hues, and the working mode should ideally have the ideal pressure established.

Installing the ideal values of the maximum and minimum water temperature at real pressure values—which vary greatly for various homes and apartments—is all that is required to set the hydrothermal control unit.

How to install a gas column

The Law of the Russian Federation forbids independent installation, but since gas service representatives are frequently difficult to find, we advise installing the device yourself. Only professionals should be allowed to attach the hose to the gas pipe and verify that all of the compounds are tight.

What you need to have with you

As a first step, gather all required supplies and equipment. You’ll require:

  • new gas column;
  • PVC pipes for water supply and metal -plastic for gas;
  • fitting;
  • Cranes – gas and tap (it is better to use ball);
  • Salt and magnetic filters;
  • corrugation or galvanized pipe (if it comes with a column);
  • Maevsky crane;
  • Ring to make an entrance to the chimney;
  • gas hose (its length depends on the distance between the pipe and the column);
  • Water hoses (also select the length depending on the distance);
  • dowels and screws;
  • gas key;
  • pipeline;
  • set of wrenches;
  • drill;
  • level;
  • sealant, fum-butter and pack;
  • pipe.

You might still require a metal (asbestos) pipe to remove smoke in a private residence. Its height should be two meters or more, and its diameter should not be less than 120 mm.

We remove the old one

This is an outdated gas column that should not be used. It is best to swap it out for a contemporary equivalent.

In the event that you already had a water heater, you must first disassemble it. For this:

  1. Cross all gas valves.
  2. Using a gas key, unscrew the fixing nut on the hose.
  3. After remove the hose from the column. In the event that the hose is new and has no damage, then it can be used further. Otherwise, buy a new.
  4. Now you can proceed to shutting off the device from the water supply. Cross the water (if there is a crane near the column, then it is enough to block it, otherwise you will have to close access to the water to the entire apartment).
  5. Remove the connecting pipe at the output of the column and pull it out of the chimney.
  6. Dismantle the water heater by removing it from the mounts.

Direct installation

There are various phases involved in installing a gas water heater. After deciding on a location, you must set up the gas pipeline, chimney, and water supply. All of this needs to be situated right next to the future column so that you can only connect the hoses to the pipes once the latter is installed.

Make sure to contact experts from a special service before connecting gas to a gas column.

  1. So, first of all, you need to mark a place for a water heater. I hang it on a special bar, which is included with the device. You will need a drill, dowel and screws. Better to make markings with a level.
  2. We drill holes, drive the dowel, put the bar and screw it to the wall with self -tapping screws.
  3. The next case needs to connect the water heater to the chimney. This is done using a corrugation or a metal pipe. It is not difficult to install the latter. The pipe must be put on the pipe (and the sleeve is also tightened with a clamp) columns. The other end is inserted into the chimney and covered with cement (you can also asbestos). But do not forget that the horizontal section of the pipe cannot exceed 6 m and you can not make more than 3 hornfly bends.
  4. Now you can proceed to connect the column to the water supply. As mentioned earlier, the installation of pipes and branching is better to do in advance. At the same time, not always a good option is to insert into the nearest line (if the pressure in it is weak, crash directly into the main pipe going to the apartment). Be sure to install a crane on a new branch going to the water heater, so that you can repair the column or its replacement without turning off the water in the entire apartment or house. For a pipeline, you will need metal -plastic pipes and a soldering iron, also a crane, couplings.
  5. After the end of the hot and cold line is completed, you just have to connect the hoses to the corresponding output and entrance to the column and to the pipes.

This is the appearance of the corrugated chimney. The ring’s value is solely aesthetic.

You have finished your work here. Experts from the relevant service make the connection to the gas pipe. Additionally, a ball valve is installed at the column’s entrance, and all connections are sealed before being examined for leaks.

Installation of a new apparatus

If this is the first time a water heater has been installed in the room, it is best to leave the entire task to personnel of the appropriate service to ensure proper installation. It is acceptable to install a gas column by hand if the old device needs to be replaced. However, since the device needs to be registered, you shouldn’t connect a gas column in an apartment or private building without consulting a gazmier.

Installing every piece of equipment on the wall in accordance with the project’s specifications and connecting the unit pipe to just a tap hose is the best option. You do not possess the authority to manually attach the gas column to the gas hose or perform any other tasks involving combustible mixtures.

Such arbitrary behavior is punishable by a fine that greatly surpasses the sum paid to a specialist for the work they accomplish.

The device’s installation process is not the original. Markings for fasteners must be made on the wall where the device is going to be placed. In order to accomplish this, a calculation of the mounts’ height is required so that the chimney pipe that exits the unit is at least 30 cm in diameter. Additionally, the pipe leading to the chimney may be drawn at a specific angle, the value of which can be ascertained by utilizing the following scheme.

This scheme is followed when installing Bosch, but it also applies to columns made by other manufacturers.

Following the installation’s height determination, take the following actions:

  • Having measured the distances between the mounts on the column, transfer the obtained values to the wall using the construction level and roulette;
  • Using the perforator, make holes in the wall under the dowels or crook brackets;
  • after screwing the hooks, hang the unit on them;
  • Now we install tap hoses, twisting them to the input pipe of the water heaters, as well as to the drain;
  • To check the tightness of the connection of the hoses to the nozzles, it is necessary to open the supply of cold water and the hot water crane at the consumption site;
  • After that, on the installed unit, you can fix the chimney pipe using the scheme indicated above, designed for the Bosch column, is allowed for convenience Using corrugation (for this, the flange of the corresponding pipe of the diameter should be installed in the chimney);
  • To connect the gas pipe, it is necessary to call a specialist who will do this correctly and issue a document on the registration of the apparatus.

At this point, the process of connecting a gas column can be finished.

Installation of a gas column in the apartment requirements, rules and norms

Certain regulatory acts may be "connected" to one another.

For example, the requirements of SP 42-101-2003 (dedicated to metal and foamypopylene gas pipelines) should be considered, since it is a common practice to use plastic pipes and reinforcement for gas supply.

As of right now, installing gas speakers is limited to kitchens. The following specifications are also placed on the property and equipment:

  1. Minimum kitchen area – 8 square meters.
  2. Ceiling height-from 2 m.
  3. The wall on which the water heater is hung, like the masking panel, should be made of non -combustible materials.
  4. There should be a smoke -voltage channel with a diameter of at least 120 mm.
  5. The minimum distance to the wall for the side surface of the water heater is 15 cm, for the front panel – 60 cm.
  6. The length of the supply pipe should not exceed 2.5 meters, the diameter of at least 13 millimeters.
  7. Unhindered access should be provided to gas supply pipes, that is, the hidden gasket is excluded. It is allowed to lay in a box with an opening lid.
  8. On the gas supply line near the water heater, a clearly visible crane must be installed (the handle is painted in yellow).
  9. It is not allowed to use a corrugated duct to remove combustion products, which are equipped with kitchen hoods. The pipe should be steel (more durable are galvanized and stainless chimneys) with a wall thickness of at least 1 millimeter.
  10. There should be a gap for outdoor air under the kitchen door.
  11. The distance from the column to the kitchen slab and other open -fire sources should be more than 10 cm.

The column is positioned by gallows for registration following installation. Every year, her chimney and condition are subject to inspection.

There are situations in which obtaining a permit is impossible when installing a gas water heater:

  • if the kitchen is not a separate room (applies to studio apartments);
  • If the user intends to install a column in a living room, bathroom or on the balcony;

No "blessings" of gallows also do not wait if the unit is intended to be hung on the wall behind which there is a living room.

If the gas water heater is not provided

Installing a column might not be permitted in a home where installing gas appliances, like plates, is permitted. This restriction is applicable to homes with more than eleven stories. Since installing a column in an apartment like this puts residents in danger, no supervisory authority will permit it.

Redevelopment could also be the cause of the rejection in addition to the number of storeys. Gas equipment installation is not appropriate in studio apartments; instead, it should be done in non-residential spaces.

The use of gas devices is prohibited in situations where the kitchen and living room are combined. Prior to redevelopment, these limitations must be considered. The same can be said for apartments with common or absent kitchens.

Gas water heater Castle

Compact and effective device

Column operation in private residences

Benefits of the gas column

Small-scale flow equipment dimensions

Features of the heater’s location

One room with two gas water heaters

The heater will only be installed in residential buildings and apartments.

In the event that the residence is exempt from these limitations, gathering a bundle of paperwork is required in order to register the gadget. The steps are as follows:

  1. Write a statement to the gas distribution company.
  2. Get a plan from BTI or Rosreestr.
  3. Provide an extract from Rosreestr confirming the right of ownership.
  4. Contact the profile organization to draw up a project.
  5. Find certified specialists from an organization that has access to gas work.

The professionals will then insert the device into the gas pipe, connect it, and turn on the water heater.

You must closely examine the apartment’s cadastral passport in order to ascertain whether installation is feasible. Information regarding the specifications of the space where the water heater is intended is available there (+)

It is highly advised that you install a gas column on your own, circumventing the court order. These acts put people’s lives in danger in addition to carrying consequences.

This is how the gas-fueled water heater is designed. It shows the location of the device’s connection as well as the wiring for the gas pipes (+).

Equipment installation

The following procedures are involved in installing a gas column in a private home or apartment:

  • Marking is made on the wall where holes will be made. The height of the installation of the gas column should be installed so that the viewing window is at the level of the user"s eye, and it should be as far away from the stove as possible. The length of the vertical section of the chimney extending from the column should be at least 500 mm, while the height should be at least 2 meters and 250 mm, and more at a distance from the floor to the ceiling at least 2.7 meters.
  • The cartridges of dowels are laid in drilled holes, and after that the hooks are screwed onto which the device is hung.
  • The tee with a filter and a ball valve crashes into a pipeline with cold water, it is connected by a hose or pipe to the input fitting. In the same way, the pipe is connected to distribute hot water to the output fitting.

Crucial! It is necessary to compact flax, bags, and fum tape threads when using a steel pipe.

  • Then, on the pipeline of cold water, the root valve opens smoothly. Track if there was a leak in the compounds. If there is, then click the nuts or add another seal.
  • The crane and gas fitting of the column on the gas supply line are connected by a hose, which is squeezed with clamps. Check the tightness of the compounds using soap foam. If she bubbles, there is a gas leak.
  • Next, the pipe on the chimney pipe is fixed, and the traction sensor according to the instructions is mounted.
  • The second edge of the pipe is started into the chimney channel through a special adapter.
  • The first launch is made.

How to check the traction of a gas column

We will discuss units with an open combustion chamber because they are necessary for the chimney and good traction. Turbocharged water heaters do not require a traditional chimney because they force combustion products out of the system. It is important to note that all contemporary atmospheric columns are outfitted with safety automation. This prevents the device from starting in the event of traction loss or from shutting off the gas supply in the event that it stops working while in use.

Generally speaking, professional stoves use a specific measuring tool to check the traction. They enable you to compute the thrust strength in addition to detecting the existence of air movement in the pipe. It is evident that the average layperson lacks any devices, and the check’s arsenal is constrained in two ways:

  • Having removed the horizontal section of the chimney from the entrance to the mine, put on the wall above the opening of a strip of paper. If the mine works well, then the strips will be tightened inward;
  • To check the rod of a gas column without any showdown, you need to light a match or stick and hold it in an upright position, bring it to the viewing window on the front panel. The flame should noticeably deviate towards the gap;

Vital. Frequently, the chimney is in excellent condition, and the lack of traction is caused by a blockage in the room’s air supply.

It is simple to verify this by opening the window while doing the inspection. If the result is positive, you will know that you need to set up ventilation in the room.

How to mount a gas output

The owner of the apartment owns the pipes, but it is not permitted to make unauthorized changes to the gas supply system. Obtaining the gas service’s resolution is essential for any changes; failing to do so will result in a fine.

There won’t be any major adjustments to the project if the gas column has already been installed in this location. It suffices to replace and block the gas tap on the pipe. Wiring will be required if this is the first time the water heater is installed.

The diagram shows how gas and water pipes should be wired correctly. You may require metalworking tools or plastic ratios, depending on the type of pipe.

When installing pipes independently, the following guidelines need to be adhered to:

  1. Overwhelm.
  2. Work with an open window.
  3. Remove garbage from pipes that arose during installation.
  4. Do not draw pipes through door and window openings.
  5. Do not use the ventilation shaft to lay pipes.
  6. Do not mount the gas pipeline in the wall.
  7. Do not use flexible hoses more than 3 meters long.
  8. Color metal pipes.

Sealing the gas pipeline’s connecting components needs special attention. Use the seal and sealant to accomplish this.

You can begin installing the device after the wiring is finished.

How to check the tightness of gas pipes

It’s important to inspect the gas pipes for leaks after the water heater is installed. If a gas analyzer is present, this greatly streamlines the process and raises the standard of the inspection. You can use the previous method if this device is not present.

You’ll need a brush, jar, and regular soap for this. In the bank, the soap dissolves to a liquid emulsion state. Moreover, the emulsion is applied to the pipe joints in series using a brush. It is important to monitor the emergence of bubbles in the treated areas as you apply. In the event that they manifest, the leak must be fixed.

Prior to looking for the leak, you must implement the required security measures. Make sure all electrical appliances are off.

You should never use fire to check for gas leaks. It can result in an explosion and is risky. Never put the lives of your neighbors at danger.

Step Description
1 Choose a suitable location for the gas column installation, ensuring it meets safety regulations and allows for proper ventilation.
2 Shut off the gas supply to the area where the installation will take place.
3 Prepare the necessary tools and materials for installation, including pipes, fittings, and sealant.
4 Mount the gas column securely to the wall or another suitable surface, following manufacturer instructions.
5 Connect the gas column to the gas supply line, ensuring tight connections with appropriate fittings.
6 Test the installation for leaks using a gas leak detector solution or soapy water.
7 Securely seal any leaks found during testing.
8 Test the gas column"s functionality by turning it on and checking for proper ignition and operation.
9 Once satisfied with the installation and functionality, restore gas supply to the area.
10 Document the installation process and any relevant information for future reference.

It takes careful planning and attention to safety regulations to install a gas column in your home. Adhering to the correct installation algorithm guarantees effective operation while reducing the possibility of mishaps.

It is imperative that you become acquainted with the applicable laws and ordinances pertaining to gas installations in your locality first and foremost. These regulations are in place to safeguard you, your loved ones, and your property against any potential risks related to gas appliances.

Make sure you have the tools and supplies you need before starting the installation process. This covers the actual gas column as well as any necessary fittings, piping, and other installation-related parts. In addition, should you lack confidence in your skills, it is recommended that you seek assistance from a qualified plumber or gas fitter.

When you’re ready to get started, carefully follow the installation algorithm. In order to do this, you usually need to turn off the gas supply, set up the installation site, attach the gas column to the existing gas line, and check for leaks. Care must be taken at every stage to prevent mistakes that could jeopardize security.

It’s crucial to perform extensive testing after the gas column is installed to make sure everything is operating as it should. This entails testing the ignition and shutdown sequences, making sure there are no leaks, and confirming adequate ventilation. Any irregularities should be fixed right away to avoid any risks.

To sum up, the installation of a gas column necessitates close attention to detail and rigorous adherence to safety regulations. You can guarantee the safe and effective operation of your gas appliance for many years to come by carefully following all applicable rules and regulations and carefully completing each step of the installation process.

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