Installation and connection of a solid fuel boiler in a private house

An effective and dependable solution for keeping your house warm and comfortable during the winter is a solid fuel boiler. A solid fuel boiler requires careful thought and planning to install and connect, whether you’re building a new house or upgrading your heating system. This post will walk you through the entire process, from picking the ideal boiler to making sure your private home is installed and connected correctly.

The first and most important step in guaranteeing the best heating performance and energy efficiency is choosing the right solid fuel boiler. Solid fuel boilers come in a variety of forms, with options for biomass, coal, and wood. When making your choice, take into account elements like the size of your house, the amount of fuel you require, and the fuel supply in your neighborhood.

It’s critical to evaluate your home’s current heating system before beginning the installation process. Ascertain whether the boiler in your home is new or if it is an existing installation. Additionally, as it is essential to safely venting combustion gases, assess the state of your flue system or chimney.

After selecting the ideal boiler and evaluating your home’s heating system, it’s time to get everything ready for installation. This include deciding on a good location for the boiler, making sure the space has enough ventilation and clearance, and completing any adjustments required to make room for the new system. At this point, careful planning can help to expedite the installation procedure and avert future problems.

The installation process is now underway and should ideally be completed by a trained expert with solid fuel heating system experience. Assembling the boiler, attaching it to the flue or chimney, setting up any ductwork or pipes that are required, and integrating the boiler with the heating controls in your house are usually the steps in the installation process. To guarantee the safe and effective operation of your new boiler during this phase, meticulous attention to detail is essential.

Connecting the boiler to your home’s heating system is the last step after installation. This could entail integrating the boiler with other heat distribution systems, underfloor heating, or radiators that are already in place. A properly connected boiler maximizes comfort and energy efficiency by ensuring that heat is distributed evenly throughout your house.

In conclusion, connecting and installing a solid fuel boiler in your home is a big job that needs to be carefully planned and carried out. You can take advantage of dependable and effective heating for many years to come by choosing the appropriate boiler, evaluating the heating system in your house, and collaborating with skilled experts.

Instructions for the installation of a wood boiler

Whichever type of TT KOTLE you purchased—direct burning, pyrolysis, or pellet—the installation process is the same and consists of the following steps:

  1. The choice of a specific place in a private house for placing a heat generator.
  2. Preparation of the premises for installation.
  3. The device of supply and exhaust ventilation.
  4. Installation of the heating unit and chimney.
  5. Connection to the heating system (binding) and verification launch.

Note: You might need to connect to the electric network depending on the type of wood or coal boiler.

The fact that the first three items on the list are about preparatory work does not lessen their importance. In the middle of the heating season, when the unit is operating, you will have to address issues if the placement is improper and does not allow for adequate ventilation. Thus, we suggest disassembling each component individually.

Our recommendation is that you compute the heat load for heating using the proper methodology in order to make the right choice of heat source based on power.

Where is it better to put a TT-boat

Remarkably, no nation outside the former Soviet Union has yet to create a specific set of regulations governing the installation of solid fuel boilers in homes and apartments. The majority of the requirements are outlined in SNiP "Heating and Ventilation," with specific norms found in other disparate acts and in the SNiP document 31–02–2001 "Unlinking houses" (for Russia).

Citation. Numerous online resources direct us to read about the massive SNiP "boiler plants," failing to take into account that heat generators with a capacity greater than 360 kW are also affected (p. 1.2). Some propose that we follow the regulations pertaining to gas heaters. Both choices are incorrect: there aren’t many strict guidelines for where residential TT boats must be placed.

We examined the legal documentation pertaining to the positioning of wood heaters, supplemented it with our experts’ real-world knowledge, and produced a list of suggestions for the unit’s location:

  1. The use of firewood, coal, and even a bricket with pellets involves increased dustiness, and in the process of furnace the room, smoke gets into different amounts. Therefore, it is extremely undesirable to put the boiler in the house, although the norms allow placement in the kitchen, in the corridor and other rooms, except for the bedrooms.
  2. The best places for a solid fuel heat generator: a boiler room on the street (isolated or attached to the existing building), a technical room inside the house, a basement or garage. The extreme version is a well -ventilated corridor.
  3. It is advisable to set the unit closer to the outer wall so as not to lay a long horizontal section of the chimney or not to take it out through the ceiling.
  4. To serve and clean the heat exchanger TT KOTLA, provide access to it from the right sides. Ideally, the front should be at least 1 m of free space, and on the sides and back – 60 cm (minimum – 25 cm).
  5. Do not expect to connect the gas heater gas to the brick ventilation ducts inside the walls, this is categorically not allowed.

Suggestions. Consider comparing the height of a long-burning Stropuva boiler with the rooms before buying and installing one. Think about where the indirect heating boiler, buffer capacity, and heat accumulator—three more large pieces of equipment—are located.

Pull the boiler with the underlying side against one of the walls in small combustion areas (minimum indentation: 10 cm), leaving the opening at least 250 mm wide, as shown in the picture.

On the preparation of the premises

Prior to placing a TT boiler in the designated room of the house, the following tasks must be completed:

  • provide for the base and, if necessary, cast a concrete foundation;
  • punch holes for a chimney and ventilation in the wall;
  • Walls and floors built of combustible materials, protect from fire with sheets of metal, asbestos cement, basalt cardboard or minerite.

Suggestion made. Provide an electric line from the outlet network to the furnace if it is only lit. Nevertheless, you will need to supply electricity for the new heat generator’s automation or the circulation pump.

It is not required to have wooden flooring and wall casings. Close the final material mentioned above if the boiler is drawn any closer to the combustible wall than 38 centimeters. Place the identical sheet in front of an 80-cm-protruding TT KOTLOL and on the floor from below. This prevents heat-producing particles from shooting out of the open door.

With respect to the foundation specified in the operating instructions that is mandated by all manufacturers, we will provide the following advice:

  1. Low -power heater weighing up to 200 kg calmly put on a cement screed. If it is arranged correctly, then it will withstand such a load without problems.
  2. The installation of a solid fuel boiler weighing up to 300 kg will require a reinforced reinforced concrete screed 10-12 cm thick, and over 300 kg – a separate foundation slab.
  3. Pellet heat generators equipped with a supply of a screw and an electric motor are provided on the base of the vibration load. So, you need to cast a foundation shown in the diagram.

Suggestions. You can set up a small TT Kotla on a wooden floor. However, you will first need to fortify this location by hand by affixing more logs from a beam that has a minimum cross section of 100 x 50 mm.

It makes no sense to fill the foundations for each unit if a tank, battery, and other heavy equipment are going to be installed in a boiler room. Create industrial flooring by placing a concrete screed 12 cm high and reinforcing it with metal rods that are 8–14 mm in diameter. As demonstrated in the video, tie a 20 x 20 cm wire mesh and place it on a cushion made of compacted crushed stone.

How to make ventilation in a boiler room

The purpose of the furnace’s air exchange system is to:

  • provide a solid fuel boiler The right amount of air for burning;
  • throw out the flue gases that accidentally enter the room from the fuel;
  • compensate remote air with the same amount of inflow.

As a point of reference. Approximately 4.6 m³ of air must be served in order to burn 1 kg of wood completely. Depending on the type and quality, 8 to 9 m³ will be needed to burn 1 kg of coal.

You can arrange supply and exhaust ventilation in a boiler room with a solid fuel unit by following these suggestions:

  1. Place the exhaust and supply opening in different ends of the combustion. Make the first under the ceiling, and the second is in the lower zone, closer to TT Kotla.
  2. Do not make an hood next to a heat generator equipped with a fan – a supercharger or smoke exhaust, as shown in the photo. A working turbine forcibly overturn the craving in the air duct and turns the hood into a tributary.
  3. If the door from the house leads to the boiler room, then it is better to integrate the supply grill into the lower part of its canvas. The supply of heated air will increase the efficiency of fire combustion.
  4. Since the lion"s share of the influx falls into the combustion chamber, reacts with carbon of firewood and goes out in the form of carbon dioxide, the exhaust hole must be made less.

Compute the expanded hood section by multiplying the heater’s thermal power by eight to obtain the area of the aperture in centimeters squared.

For instance. The cross section of a boiler with a 25 kW output will be 25 x 8 = 200 cm², or 0.02 m². It is easy to calculate the exhaust opening’s dimensions, which are 10 x 20 cm (0.1 x 0.2 m). Take a 15 x 20 cm lattice for an influx.

Video: options for placing a heating unit

We mount a heat generator and chimney

Because of its adjustable legs or metal lining, the heating boiler can be installed easily on the floor or in a foundation; it just needs to be placed in the intended position and aligned vertically. The chimney pipe and the wall holes can be easily combined by turning the knees, so there’s no need to scrollfully withstand their alignment.

A crucial aspect. It is highly advised that the wood heater’s chimney be constructed out of sandwiched insulated pipes to ensure that condensate formation doesn’t cause any issues while the heater is operating. The second option involves building a chimney by hand by wrapping a regular pipe in basalt fiber.

Mounting the external pre-vehicle of the prefix type is the simplest method. In other words, fasten the pipe to the wall vertically and the gas drive from the TT KOTLE through the tee. The following technology explains how a roof overlap or a path through the outer wall of a wooden house is carried out in accordance with fire safety regulations:

  1. Cut the square opening in the partition, whose dimensions are more than an internal chimney 38 cm in each direction. For example, if the diameter of the canal is 100 mm, and the thickness of the sandwich insulation is 5 cm, then the size of the opening will be released 100 + 380 x 2 = 860 mm.
  2. Install the passing node of galvanized steel in the form of a box.
  3. Pass through it a sandwich – a pipe, and fill the void with basalt wool.
  4. Fasten the outer unit cover.

Note: A steel sleeve and seal are used to lay the chimney through a brick or foam block wall.

The following is a list of specifications that must be adhered to when installing the chimney channel:

  • The number of trumpets of the pipe is no more than three, the minimum height (it is considered from the grate of the boiler) – 5 m;
  • Sections (modules) are joined with each other so that condensate can drain inside the pipe, and rain on the outside;
  • Mount the horizontal part with a small slope towards the heat generator;
  • In the lower part, install the revision hatch and a collection for condensate;
  • In order not to cross the roofing cornice, go around it with a pipe using two knees 30 °;
  • Wall brackets should not coincide with the joints of the chimney sections;
  • On the head of the chimney, put the cap in the form of a cone or a rotating flood.

Two connection diagrams that depict the exterior and interior laying through the ceiling demonstrate the proper installation and assembly of the modular chimney.

Significant observation. Make sure the chimney head is not in the area where the roof of your home or a neighboring property is supported by the wind. Raise the pipe to the above mark on the diagram to stabilize the craving.

We connect to the heating system

Proceed to the boiler strapping after the installation of the chimney and the solid fuel unit are finished. Here the general guideline holds true: cold water should not enter the heat generator that is in operation (especially if it is a cast-iron heat exchanger). The temperature differential causes condensate to form on the fuel’s walls, and when it comes into contact with soot, it solidifies into a viscous crust.

As a point of reference. In addition to being thoroughly cleaned, the sticky plaque drastically lowers the installation efficiency of solid fuel.

A three-way valve set to a fixed coolant temperature of 50 or 55 °C and a standard strapping circuit with bypass are used to reduce the release of condensate during the operation of a solid fuel boiler. Once the water reaches the desired temperature, a small circle of water circulates before a valve opens to release cold water from the heating system.

A different publication covers every nuance of connecting a solid fuel boiler. Additionally, there are the heater strainer circuits with a buffer capacity and parallel electric and gas heat sources.

Advice: Be mindful of the addition of a burner and control unit when strapping a pellet boiler. The water supply network powers an automatic fire extinguishing system found in European manufacturers’ products. To avoid mistakes, you should speak with a technical specialist from this brand prior to installing pellet TT Kotla.

It is your responsibility to fill the pipeline network and generate a pressure of roughly 1 bar, install shut-off valves, an expansion tank for a closed heating system, and a circulation pump in accordance with the schemes. Trial kindling and performance evaluation come next. The following video shows the entire scope of work involved in installing the boiler on wood:

Step Description
1 Choose a suitable location for the boiler, considering safety regulations and access to fuel.
2 Install a chimney or flue system according to local building codes.
3 Prepare the space for the boiler, ensuring it"s level and stable.
4 Connect the boiler to the chimney or flue, ensuring a proper seal to prevent leaks.
5 Connect the boiler to the water supply and heating system, following manufacturer"s instructions.
6 Install any necessary safety features, such as pressure relief valves and carbon monoxide detectors.
7 Test the boiler to ensure it"s functioning correctly, checking for leaks and proper heating.
8 Provide proper ventilation in the boiler room to ensure safe operation.

In your private home, installing and connecting a solid fuel boiler can greatly increase the efficiency of your heating system and save energy expenditures. Utilizing the energy of solid fuels such as coal, wood, or pellets allows you to have consistent heating even in places where access to gas or electricity may be limited.

The adaptability of a solid fuel boiler is one of its main advantages. A solid fuel boiler can burn a variety of materials, giving you more options when it comes to where to get fuel and possibly saving you money over time. This is in contrast to some other heating systems that are dependent on particular fuel types.

To maximize the functionality and safety of your solid fuel boiler, it is imperative that you make sure that the installation and connection are done correctly. It is essential to hire a trained specialist for installation to guarantee adherence to regional laws and specifications. In addition to being inefficient, improper installation can present significant risks like fire or carbon monoxide leaks.

It’s crucial to seamlessly integrate your solid fuel boiler with your current heating system when connecting it. This could entail wiring it to hot water tanks, underfloor heating systems, or radiators. Energy efficiency and consistent heating throughout your home are guaranteed by a properly integrated boiler.

Maintaining the proper operation of your solid fuel boiler also requires routine monitoring and maintenance. Regularly checking the chimney, cleaning the combustion chamber, and looking for leaks can all help to ensure smooth operation and prevent malfunctions. Additionally, you can increase the boiler’s lifespan by adhering to the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding fuel type and usage.

To sum up, installing and connecting a solid fuel boiler in your home provides an economical and effective way to heat it. You may enjoy consistent warmth and comfort while lowering your energy costs and lessening your influence on the environment with appropriate installation, connection, and maintenance.

In setting up a solid fuel boiler in your home, you"re not just installing a heating system; you"re investing in warmth, efficiency, and comfort. This process involves more than just placing the boiler in the right spot; it requires careful planning, precise installation, and safe connection to ensure optimal performance and safety. From selecting the appropriate boiler size and type for your household needs to ensuring proper ventilation and compliance with local regulations, every step is crucial. Additionally, integrating the boiler with your existing heating system and controls demands attention to detail to maximize energy efficiency and minimize environmental impact. Ultimately, by following best practices and seeking professional guidance when needed, you can enjoy reliable heating and cost savings while contributing to a greener, more sustainable home.

Video on the topic

Video Instructions for the installation of solid fuel boilers "Prometheus"

Hard of a solid fuel boiler of heating of the locomotive-OZ.RU

Decent heating from inexpensive materials. We do it with our own hands.

What type of heating you would like to have in your home?
Share to friends
Sergey Ivanov

I like to help people create comfort and comfort in their homes. I share my experience and knowledge in articles so that you can make the right choice of a heating and insulation system for your home.

Rate author
Add a comment