How to make a stove-chewing stove with an oven and a stove with your own hands: step-by-step instructions

Want to warm up your house without spending as much on heating? Constructing a DIY stove-chimney system is a useful and rustic remedy. This do-it-yourself project gives your living area a charming focal point in addition to warmth. We’ll walk you through the process of building a stove-chimney stove with an oven and stove using straightforward materials and simple tools in this step-by-step tutorial. This project can be completed by anyone, regardless of experience level, and is both rewarding and manageable.

The advantages of a stove-chimney system must be understood before beginning construction. In contrast to conventional heating techniques like electric heaters or central heating, a stove-chimney stove produces efficient, direct radiant heat. It also provides the flexibility of baking and cooking because of the integrated stove and oven. You can lessen your reliance on fossil fuels and your carbon footprint by using the power of wood or other fuel sources.

Let’s now talk about the supplies and equipment you’ll need for this project. Fortunately, you can repurpose most items from household items or find them at your local hardware store. Generally, a metal door for the oven, a chimney pipe for ventilation, fireproof bricks or stones for the stove’s body, and a stove plate for cooking are needed. Construction requires basic equipment like a masonry trowel, a saw, a drill, and safety gear like goggles and gloves.

The secret to a successful stove-chimney build is preparation. Start by choosing a suitable spot for your stove, taking into account things like closeness to combustible objects, the need for ventilation, and visual appeal. Make sure there is enough room for the chimney, the stove, and the clearance surrounding the unit. To guarantee compliance and safety, it is advisable to consult the local building codes and regulations.

Step Description
Gather Materials Collect bricks, cement, fire-resistant materials, stovepipe, stove door, and tools.
Plan Design Sketch out your stove design, including dimensions and placement of the oven and stove.
Prepare Foundation Clear the area and lay a solid foundation using bricks or concrete.
Build Base Construct the base of the stove using bricks, ensuring stability and levelness.
Build Walls Stack bricks to create the walls of the stove, leaving openings for the oven and stove.
Install Oven Place fire-resistant material inside the oven area and install the oven door.
Build Chimney Construct a chimney using stovepipe, ensuring proper ventilation and smoke escape.
Test and Use Test the stove for functionality and safety, then enjoy cooking and heating your home!

A little from history

The Swedish stove is a fairly popular and cost-effective heating structure in our country. It can be used to heat water for cooking as well as for heating the entire house.

A country house with a swed-stove

Its performance is on par with that of the traditional Russian furnace, which has been heated for cooking and home heating in our nation for centuries. However, when it comes to fuel efficiency, even in tiny sizes, it can easily surpass the Russian stove.

As a result, if you’re considering which design to use to heat your home right now, carefully consider the benefits of this furnace and pay close attention to its technical details.

This furnace model was created in Sweden, as implied by the name. While some sources say that Peter I introduced the new masonry technology to Russia, others assert that it was developed much later.

Swedish stone fireplace

In one way or another, Swedish engineers took into account every need and nuance of the regional climate when designing the Swede. The primary distinction between this model and the Dutch stove is the inclusion of a component that permits the simultaneous placement of a heating structure in two rooms.

Because most of the local population worked as hunters and fishermen and had to return to work in the morning, the furnace needed to not only warm the clothes but also dry them overnight due to the region’s harsh and frigid climate. The clothes needed to be well dried and warmed up to prevent illness.

Combining the two purposes of cooking and room heating is another amazing feature of the Swedish furnace. You can cook enough food for the entire family for lunch and heat water on the large hob. You can also bake bread in the oven, which is typically fitted with a Swede.

Swede from the living room to the kitchen.

Furthermore, the furnace’s unusual shape—a cap—allows you to burn fuel efficiently and store firewood for an extended period of time, improving the furnace’s economy.

Positioned between the kitchen and living room, this compact stove-oven combines an oven and a hob. In the northern countries, this placement has long been customary.

Because of its location, the kitchen heats up rapidly, the hostess can prepare food easily, and the leftover heat from cooking efficiently heats the entire space. As a result, you can simultaneously solve two issues with one lay of firewood: keeping the house cozy and warm.

Swede in a casual outfit

These stoves had extra sunbeds in the past, which provided nighttime protection from the cold. These days, you can find tiny, compact Swedish stoves in modern homes that double as attractive interior décor and functional appliances with an oven and hob.

Many different types of Swedish furnaces, including those with an oven, a hob, and a water contour, are currently available for purchase.

A Swedish person demonstrating two ovens

However, you can construct it with your own hands if you have some basic furnace laying experience.

The principle of operation and the design of the Swedish furnace

You can put the furnace in a small country house because of its small (1020x885x2030mm) dimensions. However, even with its diminutive size, the Swedish stove’s dimensions are sufficient to heat a 30- to 35-square-meter room efficiently.

The designs will vary depending on the type of Swede. For instance, to set up a Swede with a sunbed, horizontal channels need to have winter/summer mode enabled. Overlapping the latter is possible because of a unique valve that is installed in a direct vertical channel.

This kind of valve closes in the winter, causing heat to circulate widely and warming the furnace as a whole. Additionally, in the summer, the damper opens, giving warm air direct access to a vertical pipe that releases gases. This eliminates the need to heat the space when using just the stove and oven.

The Dutchki scheme took the Swedish stove. Although this model was already quite well-liked, it consumed too much fuel and could not adequately warm the room.

The designers enhanced the Dutch model and included an oven-equipped hob in consideration of Surah, the climate of Scandinavia. As a result, ingredients were added for drying as well as heating water and cooking.

The furnace works on the same principle, whether it has a sunbed, an oven, or just a stove. It acts like a channel, much like a "Dutch."

The metal oven, which is meant to transfer heat directly into the room, is situated on the side of the furnace. However, baking and cooking are not the oven’s primary uses.

It takes only five minutes for the firewood to warm up after it is filled. The cost at which the furnace heats up so quickly is depicted in the figure.

Combustion products heat the upper and side oven before they fall. Conversely, a firebox helps the stove warm up. The room’s heating system and the furnace both cause the stove to warm up.

The top portion, which gets heat from the stove and the channels running behind it, was first designed to dry linen. After encircling the entire furnace, the channels enter vertical channels where they transfer heated materials that are directed toward drying.

The Swedish stove’s operation

The Swedish furnace’s design is the outcome of advances in engineering theory. It has a higher efficiency, more complex device than the Russian and Dutch furnaces. Her heat transfer and thermal capacity are remarkably high.

Adding the Dutchk to the same amount of material will result in a power output of 2500 kcal/hour, whereas the Swede will output 3500 kcal/hour. In this instance, laying just two portions of firewood each day will be sufficient to keep the house warm.

Swede in a contemporary setting

Even though the Swedes have historically placed a stone structure between the living room and the kitchen to keep the room warm on chilly winter nights, this practice is no longer common in stylish, modern homes in Scandinavia.

It serves as both the primary decorative element in the living room and a cooktop at the same time. It can have an oven installed on the one hand, and an open fireplace with forged openwork damper on the other.

Swedish guy with a hearth

A sophisticated chimney system, which enables us to utilize the heat obtained from burning firewood rationally, is responsible for the furnace’s high efficiency. The design’s capacity to provide choices for the furnace’s operation in the summer and winter is unquestionably advantageous.

The truth is that every type in this place passes smoke in a unique way. This allows you to cook in the summer without having to heat the room.

A situation that many summer residents are familiar with occurs when the heating season starts and the room gets smoked in and the furnace is tramped on. This stove has a separate smoke extraction system, so you can use it in the summer and winter with varying levels of effectiveness.

The main advantages of the Swede

The Swedish furnace’s design was primarily inspired by how well fuel burned.

Coal, firewood, reeds, or small wood burn out in the furnace and produce a significant amount of thermal energy because of an effective technical design.

In contrast to the conventional Russian furnace, which takes a long time to start producing heat, the Swede heats up extremely quickly. Because of this, the room fills with heat 10 to 15 minutes after the firewood is laid and ignited.

In addition to rapidly warming the space, it also maintains heat. To do this, the valve must be tightly closed after the firewood has been fussed over. If not, the furnace’s entire stored heat will release very quickly.

Similar to a popular Dutch design, the Swede is small and minimalist, making it an ideal choice for tiny country homes where it would be absurd to put a large Russian furnace somewhere.

Furthermore, the cooking hob and oven improve comfort levels and boost the furnace’s functionality.

  • compact dimensions;
  • functionality (hob, oven, water heating, etc.D.);
  • efficiency of fuel consumption;
  • the ability to warm up two rooms at the same time.

Speaking of the Swede’s benefits, it would be unfair to ignore some of its drawbacks as well.

The Swedish stove’s design places a high value on material selection. If regular chamotis brick can be used to make a Russian stove, then it is essential to have a lot of very high-quality materials on hand; otherwise, the heating device’s efficiency will be significantly decreased.

Furthermore, the construction of this kind of stove is highly intricate, necessitating specific expertise and a deft, meticulous approach. Once installed and launched, it will be very challenging to fix any errors you make.

Types of the Swede

There are numerous well-known varieties of Swedish furnaces.

  • The fireplace stove is arranged in such a way that the hob enters the kitchen, and the decorative part with a furnace and a fireplace portal enters the living room.
  • Swede equipped with a lounger. This design of the furnace is quite complicated, but in winter it performs the function of a very cozy and warm bed.
  • Swede equipped with a hob and oven. The back of such a stove heats the room, and the functional front is located in the kitchen.

The room’s dimensions and the functional duties that the furnace must perform determine the design choice. You can choose a smaller design if the furnace is only required for cooking in the rural areas and is not meant to be heated by the house during the winter.

A Swede with just one stove

Selecting a furnace model that can simultaneously heat multiple rooms is preferable if the furnace serves as the primary heating appliance.

It should be mentioned that a small country house where the owners live year-round is a perfect fit for the Swedish furnace design.

It is appropriate for a small cottage, of course. However, the Swede damps quickly, so it needs to be run continuously. If not, it will have to be dried for a considerable amount of time before being used, which will drastically lower its efficiency.

With frequent use, an oven like this—which has a useful oven and a handy hob—becomes an essential household helper and provides warmth and comfort to the home.

General recommendations for choosing building materialV

Only if you have at least some basic masonry experience will it be worthwhile to build the Swede’s stove yourself. You shouldn’t pick this design as your first experiment because it is quite complex.

Our comprehensive, step-by-step instructions will help you become an expert in stove installation if you have some basic bricklaying knowledge and experience. Pay close attention to the directions and construct each row according to the given plan.

Do It Yourself Swede

The Swedish stove necessitates a very precise and attentive approach, as previously mentioned. The former brick is not appropriate for it, in contrast to the conventional Russian or Dutch furnace. The material’s quality has a direct impact on the Swede’s effectiveness and performance. It is preferable to use a red brick or ball.

Crucial! It is not acceptable to use hollow or silicate brick in the furnace’s construction.

You ought to be mindful of the solution selection as well. It is essential to knead a mixture made of unique, heat-resistant chamotte clay in order to construct the furnace. Smooth clay with an average fat content is ideal.

Apply a thin layer of clay to the vertical surface to see if the knead is done correctly. Its consistency should be similar to thick sour cream and it shouldn’t drain. In any event, the mixture shouldn’t contain lumps or non-caused solution.

For cladding a heating structure, regular clay is appropriate. It cracks if you use it to create a chamber for fuel ignition, which could jeopardize the furnace’s structural integrity.

It is worth mentioning the Swedish stove’s foundation separately. The base needs to be operated with a powerful because of its heavy weight. A concrete monolith takes three weeks or longer to solidify. Should you rush and start laying masonry on a newly formed, partially frozen foundation, the stove may become deformed due to its heavy weight.

The top door is one of the Swede’s weaknesses. A budget door will fail quickly if you take it from a stamped leaf. As a result, a cast door with a mustache must be taken, and it must be dependable walled up during the masonry process.

The oven and plate sizes can be changed by 5 to 10 cm, but the oven’s thickness is crucial. Use heat-resistant steel if you plan to cook your own oven on your own. An oven of this type will cool down rapidly if you use thin roofing iron.

Creating a homemade stove-chimney with an oven and cooktop is a rewarding project for anyone looking to enhance their home"s heating and cooking capabilities while embracing a sustainable lifestyle. This step-by-step guide simplifies the process, making it accessible to DIY enthusiasts of varying skill levels. By following these instructions, you can construct a functional stove using readily available materials and basic tools. From preparing the site and gathering materials to assembling the stove and ensuring proper ventilation, each step is outlined clearly to facilitate a smooth and successful build. Whether you"re seeking to reduce heating costs, add rustic charm to your home, or simply enjoy the satisfaction of crafting something useful with your own hands, this guide empowers you to create a stove that not only warms your space but also provides a cozy spot for cooking and baking.

How to make a backed Swede with your own hands: step -by -step instructions

Be sure to stock up on the following materials before beginning construction.

Remember that the warm season is when all construction work needs to be done. Because the temperature needs to be at least 5 0 s for the foundation to harden.

Materials used to build the Swede oven:

  • Clay for masonry bricks. It is not worth saving on it, since the durability and reliability of the furnace will depend on the quality of the solution.
  • Shamotnaya brick GOST 530–2012. This is a special fireproof brick that is used for laying furnaces. Do not take the usual brick that is not able to withstand long -term exposure to high temperatures. After a few months of operation, it can crumble or crack from the high furnace temperature.
  • Metal door for a combustion chamber, a damper and a valve. This is an integral stove attribute. It is better to take cast -iron products that provide the durability and reliability of the furnace.
  • Boards for creating formwork (size depends on the size of the foundation).
  • Asbestos cord and sheet. These materials will be needed to create a fireproof layer between the stove and the walls of the house.
  • Puncher door (14*14 cm).
  • Grinking grill – 1 pc.
  • P – chimney channels (3 pcs).
  • Oven 45*36*30 cm and hob 41*71 cm.
  • Metal corner.
  • Cast iron grate.
  • Decorative plaster or red brick for stove cladding. The finish coating can also be ordinary clay, artificial stone.

Tools for laying stoves

Which tools might be required?

  • bayonet and shovel shovel;
  • construction mixer (for kneading solution);
  • a container for a batch of a solution;
  • metal sieve;
  • Master OK;
  • rubber hammer;
  • construction stapler;
  • building level;
  • marker and measuring roulette;
  • plumb.

Self-sufficient Swede

Step 1. We determine the place where the Swede will be located.

The location of the doors, the size of the room, the characteristics of the roof, etc., are some of the variables that affect it. It’s crucial to consider not only where the furnace will have the most impact, but also to install the chimney system as soon as possible.

An example of a hob stove

  • We draw a plan-scheme. This is a very important stage in the construction of the furnace. In order to understand how the stove will be arranged, how the channels will be located and how much material you need for masonry, you need to draw a detailed plan-scheme.

Order of Swedes

Pay heed. Even though you will lay out the entire furnace in a "training" dry layout, it is still preferable to lay out dry layouts for each new row to avoid making mistakes that will be challenging to correct later. Even highly skilled artisans employ this technique.

Step 2. The arrangement of the foundation.

The foundation is one of the most crucial parts that determines the efficacy and longevity of the furnace, regardless of the kind and style you select. Setting up the stove’s foundation when bookmarking the house will be the best course of action.

The oven’s approximate foundation plan

If the choice to build a Swedish stove is already made in a completed home, then it is essential to establish a solid foundation by dividing it from the home’s main foundation. This is carried out for security reasons. Should the house’s foundation gradually contract, the oven will not be pulled.

A Swedish stove with an oven and a hob needs its foundation to be buried 70 to 80 centimeters deep in the ground. We choose the most challenging option, which is to build the furnace inside a prefabricated home with a wooden floor.

    On the wooden floor, we mark the construction marker under the location of the furnace. Having measured clearly the dimensions of the furnace, add 10-15 cm on each side and mark the line. Thus, the foundation will be wider than the base of the furnace for these 10-15 cm.

Make the floor hole.

We are constructing the framework.

Beneath the stove base

We fortify the base.

Step 3. Create a waterproofing layer.

  • We take several layers of roofing material (the size is exactly the size of the foundation) and glue each other using a construction stapler.

The foundation’s waterproofing

Step 4. We lay out the stove.

  • At the roofing material, make the first row marking with a chalk or a construction marker. This is a responsible step, since the evenness of the entire structure will depend on its evenness.

Crucial! Examine every layer. Use a plumb line to determine whether the masonry is vertical. For level of building, horizontal.

For the installation of a stone furnace, the clay solution must be changed before moving forward with the Swede’s laying. For accurate clay-sand mixture preparation, watch the video.

Video. How to prepare a clay-sand mixture for laying a stove

One or two rows in a row

Third Line

The ash chamber was laid by us.

Fifth Row


The seventh row

Overlapping the lower chamber’s entrance


Take note! We placed the chamotum brick on the rib between the firebox and the oven!

  • On the 10th row, we block the oven and the fuel chamber door. Create a partition from the brick, lifting it by 2 cm. On the oven, to the level of the partition, we apply a clay-sand solution. Here we lay a metal corner (on the front side under the stove).


Eleventh row

We build more masonry.

We cross over.

We create drying rooms.

Landing site

Join the channels.

We need to block the drying chambers on this row. As seen in the figure, we install a metal corner to accomplish this.

Shut off the drying rooms.

We use a metal sheet to cover the entire structure. Please be aware that the excavation beneath the third channel in the sheet needs to be cut with a knife on the metal.

Put on a metal shield to protect.

  • We block all this with a continuous row of brick, protruding 25 mm per edge.

We stick out 25 mm.

Go back to the initial perspective.

Step 5. Pipe masonry.

    We increase the pipe by 5 bricks.

We start constructing a chimney.

Step 6. Drying the furnace.

After masonry, you cannot turn on the furnace right away. A 10-to 14-day wait is advised. This instance should be a natural drying process for the first two weeks. A fan will need to be used to facilitate this process if the weather prevents the solution from drying naturally.

The stove needs to be thoroughly dried.

Place newspapers or crumpled paper under the treatment doors while the furnace dries. It will function as a drying indicator of sorts. When the paper appears to be completely dry, the drying process has been completed.

The oven can be gradually turned on over the course of the next two weeks.

This is accomplished by laying small amounts of fuel as frequently as you can (2–3 kg of firewood). Add another portion as soon as the previous one burns through. You must therefore make sure the furnace burns continuously.

For these uses, firewood from Osin will be perfect. They aid in efficiently dehydrating the furnace prior to the primary commissioning. It is best not to use birch or any other type of pine wood for these uses. Because of the high resin content, they will produce a lot of soot and the maximum amount of heat.

Useful tips for laying the Swede

  1. During the entire masonry process, try to monitor the thickness of the seam. It should be 5 mm.

Join the masonry and firebox together.

Allow space between the seams.

If you adhere to our comprehensive guidelines, you will undoubtedly be able to properly arrange the furnace’s firepiece. Furthermore, a helpful video will assist you in comprehending the masonry scheme.

For any homeowner wishing to improve the cooking and heating efficiency of their home, building a stove-chimney system with an oven and cooktop can be a satisfying project. You can make a useful and affordable heating solution that doubles as a flexible cooking appliance by following a step-by-step tutorial.

Prioritizing safety above all else is important when doing any do-it-yourself project, especially if it involves fire and heat. Before beginning construction, make sure you have thoroughly read all instructions and are familiar with the necessary supplies and equipment. Furthermore, in order to guarantee the stove’s correct installation and functioning, adherence to local building codes and regulations is essential.

Making your own stove-chimney system allows you to tailor it to your own requirements and tastes, which is one of its main benefits. You can choose the materials, size, and features that best fit your home and lifestyle, whether you’re going for a traditional or modern look. Every part of the project can be customized to fit your needs, from choosing the stove type to figuring out where to put the oven and cooktop.

In addition, building a stove-chimney system yourself can be a rewarding and instructive experience. You obtain useful information and abilities in construction and craftsmanship, but you also get a greater understanding of the practicality and effectiveness of these cooking and heating appliances. This kind of do-it-yourself project gives you a sense of empowerment and accomplishment because you are taking charge of bettering your living environment.

You can take advantage of the stove-chimney system’s advantages for many years after it is constructed and installed properly. It offers not only a dependable source of warmth in the winter but also a practical means of meal preparation and delectable baking. Your handmade creation will surely improve the quality of life for you and your family, whether you’re heating your home, preparing dinner, or just getting cozy around the stove.

To sum up, creating a stove-chimney system that includes a cooktop and oven is a valuable project that will benefit you both practically and personally. A functional and personalized cooking and heating appliance can be made by anyone with a little forethought, an eye toward safety, and an open mind for learning. By doing this do-it-yourself project, you can enhance your living area while also gaining priceless knowledge and lifelong experiences.

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Michael Kuznetsov

I love to create beauty and comfort with my own hands. In my articles I share tips on warming the house and repairing with my own hands.

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