How to add a heating battery in an apartment

When it comes to keeping your apartment warm and comfortable, especially during those chilly winter months, adding a heating battery can really make a difference. Installing a heating battery is a workable solution that can significantly improve your home’s comfort level, whether your goal is to lower your energy expenses or make your living space more comfortable overall. We’ll walk you through every step of installing a heating battery in your apartment in this guide, from selecting the best kind of battery to maintenance and installation advice.

It’s crucial to comprehend what a heating battery is and how it operates before getting into the specifics of adding one. A heating battery, sometimes referred to as a radiator or heat exchanger, is a device that raises the temperature of a room by transferring heat from hot water or steam to the air in your house. Usually, it is made up of metal tubes or fins that let heat escape into the surrounding area. You can efficiently disperse heat and keep your apartment at a comfortable temperature by placing heating batteries in strategic locations throughout.

Selecting the type of heating battery that best meets your needs is one of the first steps in installing one in your apartment. Convectors, baseboard heaters, and conventional radiators are among the available options. The most popular kind of radiators are available in a range of sizes and designs to match different interior design aesthetics. In contrast, baseboard heaters are mounted along the walls’ baseboards and offer steady, even heating. Convection, which involves moving air around a heated surface to warm it, is how radiators and convectors work together.

Installation comes next after you’ve decided which kind of heating battery is best for your apartment. Even though it could seem like a difficult undertaking, particularly for individuals with little experience doing do-it-yourself projects, it is totally doable with the correct equipment and advice. To ensure safety, make sure to turn off the water and power supplies to the area where the heating battery will be installed before beginning. Mounting brackets, pipe connections, and system air leakage may all be necessary during installation, depending on the kind of battery you’ve selected.

It’s crucial to carry out routine maintenance after your heating battery has been installed correctly in order to guarantee longevity and optimum performance. This entails blowing out the air in the system to preserve appropriate water circulation, inspecting the fins or tubes for leaks or corrosion, and cleaning them to get rid of any dust or debris that may have accumulated over time. Furthermore, remember to keep an eye on the temperature settings and make necessary adjustments to maintain a comfortable indoor climate while consuming the least amount of energy.

Step-by-step instructions for installing a heating battery in an apartment are provided in this guide. Installing a heating battery can significantly improve your comfort and energy costs, regardless of whether you’re looking to upgrade your system for greater efficiency or need to supplement the current heating in specific rooms. Everything from selecting the ideal heating battery type and size to installation considerations and maintenance advice will be covered. With this knowledge, you’ll be ready to take on the project with assurance and take pleasure in a cozier, warmer house.

Correct connection of an additional heating battery

It does not have a spare battery installed from a good life. The homeowner makes this decision after carefully considering the pros and cons, as installing an extra battery entails financial and ethical costs. Increasing the heat-rolling surface will, in any case, raise the room temperature and cause the dwelling to warm up. This is accomplished in two ways: either by adding more sections to the radiator, or by hanging an extra battery in a different location.

Adding a section in the heating radiator

Currently available sectional type home radiators are made of cast iron, aluminum, or bimetallic materials. Only sections that are identical to the existing sections in the radiator in terms of design and material type are used to increase the radiator.

All three types of batteries operate in the same exact sequence, which consists of:

  • preliminary disassembly of the radiator from the addition of an additional element,
  • Subsequent assembly.

Dismantling the radiator

Make sure there isn’t any water in the system first. Then, and only then, take the battery out of the fasteners and lay it flat to remove a footer or dull plug. There is a small gap of a few millimeters between the sections where the football radiator key is removed, but not completely. Releasing the feet farther than necessary is not recommended because the thread may jam.

It takes a lot of work to disassemble a cast-iron radiator, so you should prepare ahead. Foot and sections frequently "bite" so deeply that you cannot work without an autogen or soldering lamp. Tearing off the cooked footer and cranking it is only possible after the junction has warmed up. It is important to remember that plugs and thread sections differ from one another.

Assembly of additional sections of the heating radiator

Assembling the radiator and the extra section is simpler when done on the floor—literally, on your knees—than it is at the seeming more comfortable table. The parony or rubber nipples, which are positioned on the smooth middle part of the anacle, are threaded into a larger radiator that is clean and rusted. The attached additional section squeezes them slightly from the free end of the nipple.

It is not necessary to apply sealants to seals at the junction. However, they need to be removed carefully without stripping afterwards if the remnants of the old or factory gaskets are still present on the ends of the crimp plains of the old radiator and the new section. It is important to evenly tighten the thread without using too much force.

It’s crucial! It is possible for a nipple rupture or a thread breakdown on the radiator section to occur when tightening threads, so you shouldn’t blindly rely on exerting the greatest amount of force under the false impression that the more force you apply, the better.

Tighten the thread to a full closing into a single whole section with the key on both nipples alternately in two stages (preliminarily – "half of strength" and finally – a little less than the most possible effort). It is best to twist by alternating between one turnover on average for each nipple. This will prevent the thread from being dangerously overloaded.

The work sequence for bimetallic and aluminum radiators is the same. Only minor variations in the sizes of the nipples and keys, likely less work to disassemble than old cast-iron radiators, and easier thread direction marking on the futures.

It is necessary to hang the gathered extended battery back on ready-made brackets and attach it to the central heating pipes.

Installation of an additional battery

Installing an extra radiator on the chosen spot in a pre-location is a more practical solution for a homeowner trying to figure out how to add a heating battery. Ensuring optimal heat transfer from the radiator’s surface is imperative during installation. It is advised to position the battery beneath the window, allowing the heated surface’s convective heat stream to act as a sort of air screen for any air coming in through the frozen window. There is a regulation of 2 to 5 cm between the wall plane and the radiator, and 10 to 12 cm between the radiator and the floor.

Installing a special valve on the radiator with such a handy case is necessary to ensure that air plugs are removed on time. Install extra taps on the coolant supply and removal pipes so that the water circulation through the riser is not stopped when the radiator accelerates.

It’s crucial! Cranes should have unrestricted access to all regulatory and locking areas.

Connection schemes for the installed heating batteries

After installing a new radiator, it is important to handle the issue of connecting an extra heating battery properly because the way the radiator is connected to the central heating pipes has a fundamental impact on heat loss losses.

Three primary categories of connections exist:

The decision is made based on the room layout and the kind of pipe wiring that is used in the field. Examine the conditional schemes of each of the three connection types. On the schemes, the following designations are recognized:

  1. Maevsky crane;
  2. battery;
  3. direction of heat flow (red – hot water, blue – cooled);
  4. plug.

Lower connection of the heating battery

The heating system’s pipes are connected to lower nozzles spaced on opposite sides of the radiator and are diverted to those nozzles using cooled water. In apartment buildings, this type of connection is less efficient than lateral or diagonal connections; however, it excels in certain instances where the heating system is concealed beneath the floor.

Side connection of heating battery

The most common use for this connection—which occurs in high-rise buildings with a typical centralized heating system—is through the pipes on one side. incredibly practical for day-to-day use. The rated power is supplied when the radiator battery is installed in this manner. However, heat transfer deteriorates in more than 15 coastal sections. It is wise to alter the installation connection scheme in this situation.

Diagonal connection of heating battery

The radiator’s upper pipe is connected to the hot water supply pipe, and the radiator’s lower, opposite-side pipe is connected to the cooled water supply pipe. It is advised that batteries with extended sections be used with the diagonal scheme. This design ensures that hot water is dispersed uniformly across the battery volume. This is where heat transfer efficiency is at its highest.

How to connect a heating battery correctly

When designing a heating system or preparing to replace outdated heating equipment in a private home or apartment, owners frequently consider whether or not they can physically connect the heating batteries. As it turns out, connecting the battery is actually quite labor-intensive and time-consuming, but if you follow the directions and complete every step correctly, you can certainly do it yourself.

It is important to remember that the efficiency of the heating batteries determines how comfortable the temperature is in the home or apartment. It is essential to research the available wiring options, the techniques for installing radiator eyeliners, perform accurate heat engineering calculations, and ensure that every connection is made correctly and hermetically. Radiators in an apartment or private home will successfully be connected to the system if all the requirements are satisfied and all the subtleties are taken into consideration.

You must perform all required calculations and preparations before beginning manual labor:

  • If you plan heating from scratch, and not just change old units to new ones, you will need to design and draw a trunk wiring on the building plan. To do this, first you will need to study the options for wiring and choose the most suitable for your housing.
  • It will be necessary to carry out the heat engineering calculation in order to determine the parameters of the heating devices.
  • It will be necessary to consider all control methods, as well as the capabilities of service and repair without disconnecting heating.
  • Choose a method for eyeliner radiators to the highway.
  • Stock up on all the necessary tools and consumables.

The essential details regarding the heating system, including wiring and connecting techniques

By using your own hands to connect, you should become familiar with the techniques used to wire the highway and the nuances that must be considered before beginning work.

The heating highway in the apartment and private house can be one -pipe or two -pipe:

  • The single -pipe highway involves the presence of one circuit, along which the coolant moves from the boiler through all heating devices. The disadvantage of this method is the uneven heating of the batteries – the first battery in the chain heats up much more than the last.
  • A two -pipe line involves the presence of two contours in the system. One of the hot coolant is supplied for one, on the other – the discharge to the boiler of the cooled fluid. A parallel connection of batteries and pipelines is used here. This method guarantees uniform heating of all radiators.

It is obvious that two-pipe wiring is far more efficient when comparing these two types. But installing it is far more difficult and costly; in certain situations, a single-pipe system is more cost-effective, efficient, and profitable.

The coolant circulation method distinguishes the following varieties:

  • The highways with natural circulation – the coolant in the system moves due to the difference in pressure, which occurs when the liquid is heated and cooled. In such a system, the pipeline should be mounted with a slope towards fluid movement.
  • Forces with forced circulation – in the system to ensure the movement of the coolant, a circulation pump is used. In this case, more stable work is ensured, you can choose pipes with a smaller diameter, since the hydraulic resistance is not as important as in the first case. This method is much more expensive, it is more difficult to mount it with your own hands and it makes you dependent on the availability of electric energy – with its unauthorized shutdown, the heating of the house stops. However, this is a more effective method than natural.

There are several ways to attach batteries to the pipeline:

  • Side connection radiators – eyeliner is performed through the upper and lower pipes on one side of the unit.
  • Lower connection radiators – the connection is carried out through the lower nozzles on the right and left side of the unit. There is an opinion that radiators with a lower connection below warm up stronger, but this is an erroneous statement. Due to thermal convection, warming of radiators with the lower eyeliner method occurs both along the upper and lower levels.
  • Diagonal connection radiators – eyeliner to the system is performed through the upper pipe on one side and the lower – on the other. With this scheme, the most uniform heating of the device is ensured.

When organizing manual labor, keep in mind that the lower eyeliner in the radiator pipe system is concealed from view below; you will need to brush the grooves where the pipeline will be installed. In this instance, heating the cold area beneath the floor requires appropriately heating the contour to prevent heat loss.

Connecting DIY heating radiators

  • If we perform the replacement of old units, first you need to turn off the heating, lower the water and wait for the cooling of the batteries. If the system is not disconnected or drained, there is a danger to seriously scaln with a hot coolant.
  • After we managed to turn off the system, we are doing the dismantling of old units. To do this, we unwind each connection to the highway – if the thread is not amenable, it must be heated. Then we will be able to crank it due to the temperature expansion of the nut or coupling. If we are talking about cast -iron batteries, it will be necessary to resort to the services of an assistant, since such products have a very large mass.
  • When replacing old devices with new ones, it is better to maintain the size of the centers of the new batteries, so that you do not have to re -make an eyeliner to the heating highway. We clean each threaded connection and check for the absence of damage – if any, we cut off the damaged area and cut a new thread with a dick.
  • Using the assistant, we attach a new radiator to the wall and mark the places where the brackets will be located. After that, we attach each bracket to the wall with dowels. We first calculate the ability of the wall to cope with the load – if doubts arise, we provide additional support using a floor latch.
  • We connect the radiator using threaded joints using gaskets made of elastic rubber or paronite. A sealed connection will protect you from premature leaks – in order to ensure the correct tightening force, we use the dynamic key.
  • We turn on the equipment and monitor the absence of leaks and how effectively the heating of the batteries occurs. If everything is normal, the work can be considered complete.

You can certainly install new heating batteries in your home by yourself. You must skillfully plan the procedure and take into consideration all the nuances in order to complete all operations accurately. If everything is calculated accurately and the system is optimally designed, all you need to do is carefully run through the entire algorithm; your accuracy and diligence will determine how warm your home is.

How to connect the heating radiator in the apartment correctly

The heating system should maintain the most comfortable temperature in every room of the house during cold weather, the off-season, and severe winter frosts. The area of the house, the number of batteries, and the method by which they are connected to the central risers are just a few of the variables that affect how the heating network should be installed correctly. It turns out that every building has a different heating system chosen for it. A common question among homeowners, particularly those who reside in apartment buildings, is how to connect a heating battery correctly.

Two types of heating systems

Household heating systems are classified into two categories: single-pipe systems, which are more cost-effective, and two-pipe systems, which offer additional benefits. Examine them and identify the primary distinctions.

One -pipe system

Hot water flows from top to bottom through the pipes in a single-pipe system. It flows through the heating device in an even distribution before entering the same pipe once more. This kind of heating network is more typical of multi-story homes. It doesn’t require a lot of materials and is simple to install. It has a system and some shortcomings.

  • The temperature of the radiators on the first floors of an apartment building is significantly lower than on the upper ones, since the water gets into them is not so hot.
  • There is no way to change the degree of heating in individual apartments.
  • To eliminate leaks as a result of an accident and replacing the battery on one floor, you have to turn off the entire riser.
  • To install an autonomous heating of a separate apartment, it can be difficult to disconnect from the overall system.

If you’re wondering how to connect the heating batteries so that the lower floor apartment is heated, you can use a circulation pump to supply hot water to all of the radiators. To improve heat transfer in long rooms, you can suggest to the owners of your house that the heating units be divided into more sections.

In order to prevent the riser’s heating from ceasing due to a blockage or leak in an external device, a bypass, or jumper between the two wirings, is installed.

Two -pipe system

It is more common to use a two-pipe system with properly connected heating radiators to heat a private home or cottage. Its benefit over a single pipe is that all radiators, even those that are far from the boiler, are heated to the same temperature.

This system’s higher cost is influenced by its effectiveness. Ultimately, mounting two pipe circuits is necessary. The radiator receives hot water from the first, which combines with the second. In a system like this, batteries are installed in parallel. The benefits of this pipe installation are as follows:

  • Hot coolant is distributed along the radiators most evenly;
  • It is possible to regulate temperature in each room;
  • If a separate battery is repaired, the rest of the heat system continues to work.

The main circuits for connecting radiators to the thermal system

Sometimes non-specialists wonder why the radiator is connected to pipes in different ways and how to connect the battery correctly. The main takeaway is that different connection options have different effects on the heating device’s heat transfer percentage, coolant flow direction, and intensity.

There are various ways to connect batteries in two-pipe and single-pipe systems, including lateral, diagonal, lower, and other methods.

Most popular method of communication. It consists of one pipe that is suitable for the upper pipe, the supply pipe, and the return pipe that is connected to the lower and along which hot water that has been slightly cooled exits. There is a maximum number of sections that can be present in the radiator for such a connection—15.


Long radiators are connected to the heating system using this technique. The coolant is connected in this manner: the return is found on the lower pipe on one side, and the supply is appropriate for the upper pipe from the other. The heating device has the capacity to distribute hot water most evenly.

This type of connection is used in homes where the heating system’s pipes are concealed beneath the flooring. Suitable for installation in two-pipe systems for low-rise private buildings in addition to single-pipe systems. It’s not the most efficient way to connect. Adding a circular pump to the system is often necessary.

Radiators can be connected in different ways. Take a one-sided lower one, for instance, where the feed and return are close by. In this scheme, the pipes are nearly invisible, but a large number of sections are needed for good heating.

The effectiveness factor of different connection methods

You must consider the connection method’s effectiveness when determining the proper way to connect the heating batteries. After determining the heating device’s power, a range of increasing and decreasing coefficients are employed. The way the radiator is connected to the central riser is the most obvious connection between them. The following signs can be found in different schemes:

  • side – to equal to 1, 0;
  • diagonal-to equal to 1.1-1.2;
  • lower-equal to 0.7-0.9.

As you can see, if the heating radiator is connected correctly using a diagonal method, it may have the largest efficiency coefficient. However, each homeowner chooses the kind of connection that works best for them.

Battery installation: necessary factors

In an apartment or home, heating radiator connections are typically made in accordance with certain guidelines. Batteries can be positioned anywhere in the space. Depending on what the owners want. To lower their value and obtain a sense of comfort, it will be wiser to select a location where heat loss occurs.

Windows are where heat loss occurs that is most visibly felt. The newest double-glazed windows will always lose more heat than the walls, regardless of the technology employed to create them. As a result, radiators in apartment buildings are located in the spaces beneath the windows, where they serve to restrict the amount of cold air.

When installing the radiator, the following requirements are usually observed:

  • The distance from the windowsill to the top of the radiator should be at least 5-10 cm;
  • to the wall-2-5 cm;
  • to the floor-8-12 cm.

Calculation of the number of radiator sections

Determine the length of the radiator or the necessary number of sections before connecting the heating batteries in the apartment. Whether the room is warm and cozy on really chilly days may depend on this. These computations can be done in a number of ways using intricate formulas and coefficients.

Less complex computations can be performed by a non-specialist, such as the apartment’s owner or occupant. All you need to know is the power of the chosen batteries and the specifications of your space. Well, one square meter can be heated by a 100 W radiator. Multiply the room’s area by 100. The value of the battery’s total capacity is revealed. Divide the amount we were given by the power of the documentation’s first section. The proper amount of sections is received.

For the proper connection of the heating radiator, there is an older, more straightforward rule. The battery section can heat up to 2 m² of space with a ceiling height of no more than 2, 7 m. Rounding is done when determining how many sections there are. Large rooms with high ceilings found in private houses and corner apartments are not appropriate for this design. The computation is done on an individual basis there.

Installation of the battery step by step

Prior to properly connecting the apartment’s heating radiator, consider whether installing a potential heat supply control system would be worthwhile. Both automatic and manual creation options are available.

There is no reason to forgo installing the manual taps, valves, and other devices that enhance radiator safety. They will assist in rapidly shutting off the radiators in emergency situations. They are also essential for fixing individual batteries, which eliminates the need to turn off the heat in the entire house.

You can use the following guide to determine the proper way to connect the heating battery:

  1. First, the necessary marking is made before mounting brackets, then mount them to the wall.
  2. Maevsky’s taps are installed on the batteries, special devices that help lower air from batteries in cases of air traffic jams.
  3. Install plugs and regulators for supplying heat, valves and other mechanisms.
  4. Having placed the radiator on the brackets, they align it horizontally relative to the floor.
  5. Connect the battery to the general heat system using transitional drives.
  6. The battery is pre -tested for checking reliability with the launch of the coolant.

This is something you should be aware of! Unauthorized heating radiator transfers, installations, and connections can lead to a number of issues for the apartment’s owner as well as the neighbors who will be in violation of the building’s thermal regime. These tasks are only completed with the management company’s approval and following a specialist’s examination.

Step Description
1 Choose a suitable location for the heating battery.
2 Measure the available space to ensure the battery fits.
3 Turn off the heating system to avoid accidents.
4 Prepare the area by clearing any obstacles.
5 Install mounting brackets securely on the wall.
6 Connect the heating pipes to the existing system.
7 Hang the heating battery on the brackets.
8 Securely fasten the battery in place.
9 Turn the heating system back on and test for leaks.

Your apartment’s comfort during the colder months can be greatly increased by installing a heating battery. It’s a workable answer, particularly for older buildings where central heating might not be adequate. Make sure you have permission from building management or your landlord before beginning, as some modifications to heating systems may need their consent.

Examine the area where the heating battery will be installed first. Examine the room’s dimensions, the heating system that is currently in place, and any obstructions that may interfere with installation. For efficient heat distribution, placement is essential. The best location might be determined by speaking with an expert.

Select a heating battery based on your needs and financial situation. There are several kinds available, ranging from conventional radiators to more contemporary choices like underfloor heating or convectors. Making the proper size choice is crucial to providing sufficient heating without wasting energy. Take into account the aesthetics as well to make sure the new addition blends in with the interior design of your apartment.

For safety and functionality, installation should only be done by trained specialists. It is not advisable to attempt DIY installation as this could lead to leaks, incorrect connections, or even harm to the current heating system. Employing a certified technician reduces the possibility of mishaps or malfunctions and guarantees that the work is done correctly.

Maintaining the optimal condition of your heating battery after installation is crucial. Check for leaks, corrosion, and potential inefficiencies on a regular basis. Periodically bleeding the radiator can help to release trapped air and guarantee ideal heat distribution. Maintaining your heating system will allow you to have a warm and comfortable living area all year round.

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Autonomous. Connecting an additional battery one of the options.

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