Efficient heating of your home is essential for cost-effectiveness and comfort. Making educated decisions about your heating system can be facilitated by having a thorough understanding of how heating costs are determined. We’ll explore the various approaches to estimating heating costs in this post, including those that use individual meter readings for apartments or a common system for the entire building, depending on the size of your home.

The area of your house can be used as a common way to calculate your heating costs. Using this method, the energy needs are estimated according to the size of the home or apartment. Larger homes will usually need more energy to heat than smaller ones. Although this method gives a rough estimate of heating costs, it might not always accurately represent the property’s energy efficiency or real usage patterns.

A shared system for the entire building can be used as an additional method of calculating heating costs. Heating costs in multi-unit buildings, such as apartments or condominiums, are frequently split among all occupants according to variables like unit size or number of occupants. This approach seeks to equitably split the cost of heating between residents, irrespective of personal consumption. It might not, however, appropriately represent each unit’s heating requirements or provide incentives for energy-saving actions.

Meter readings can be used to compute heating costs for individual apartments. Every apartment has a meter installed to determine how much heat is actually used. Then, bills are sent to residents according to their individual usage, giving a more realistic picture of heating expenses. Since residents directly suffer the financial consequences of their heating habits, this method encourages energy efficiency.

Both landlords and renters need to understand how heating costs are determined. Understanding the different approaches involved will help you control your heating costs and make well-informed choices regarding upgrades to energy efficiency or changes to your way of life. The objective is always the same, regardless of whether it is determined by area, a shared system, or individual meter readings: to keep your house cozy and warm while cutting expenses.

- According to what rules do they consider payments for heat
- Heating costs in the absent centralized heat supply
- Legislative base for calculating heating
- The same and the permanent dibod: a subince, packets, okobl
- How is the cost of the cost in an apartment building?
- In the area
- By counter in the apartment
- According to the common meter
- The formula for the proportional payment of payment according to the indicators of a common house meter
- Example
- Heat accounting laws
- 3AAL INSIALLY AND A SCHOOL?
- Central heat supply – calculation options
- Calculation of heating with a common house counter
- Calculation of heating with a common house counter and individual metering devices
- Formulas for calculations
- Option #1 – without a common house meter
- Payment for heating
- Payment for the whole year
- Option #2 – with an installed house meter
- Payment for heating
- Features of calculations for the year
- Option #3 – with individual meters
- Option #4 – calculations for communal services
- Option #5 – for houses with a personal boiler room
- Example No. 1
- What temperature should be maintained in apartments
- Video on the topic
- A housing heat meter. Heat meter. Calculation of heating fees, common house needs. Receipts.
- Calculation of the cost of heating, taking into account the changes made by the PP of the Russian Federation of 29.06.2024 N603
- A housing heat meter: receipts, payment, savings, common house needs at the MKD / heating and DIS

## According to what rules do they consider payments for heat

Utilize the final formula to calculate categories based on the guidelines you have established for your home:

- Когда нет общедомового прибора учета тепла (ОДПУ), а плату за теплоснабжение начисляют только в месяцы отопительного сезона.
- If there is no ODPU, and payments are stretched for the entire calendar year.
- The house is connected in the house, and individual counters are not installed in any of the premises of the building.
- The building is installed by ODPU, the apartments are partially equipped with separate devices for calculating heat energy.

The standards are followed in the calculation of heat energy if your apartment is housed in a building without an ODPU connection and the fee is only charged during the heating season. The energy needed to heat one kV meter for thirty days is this fixed amount. The local leadership accepts and approves the standards, which vary based on the region and take the climate into consideration. This formula can be applied in this situation:

P = Plzh X NP X TT

Plzh is Housing Square; NP is the standard of consumption. Heat tariff, or TT.

The utility room’s coefficient of frequency of payment for heat energy is included in the computation for buildings without an ODPU, where payments are spread out over a 12-month period. The number of payments for the heating season divided by the number of months in a year is the coefficient. Additionally, the following formula will be used to make the calculation:

P = NP X Kf X TT X Plzh

Where KF is the monthly accounting calculated coefficient.

## Heating costs in the absent centralized heat supply

The most challenging calculation is this one, which is applied if the apartment building has a separate boiler room.

In fact, you can use this formula to determine the amount of energy and communal resource used to heat the house, as well as its volume and cost.

- the amount of communal resource (electricity, gas, solid fuel, water, etc. P.), which was spent on heat production;
- The cost of a communal resource set in accordance with industry prices and the legislation of the Russian Federation;
- individual residential premises;
- The area of the whole house.

## Legislative base for calculating heating

Modifications to housing laws

Prior to anything else, it’s important to ascertain the basis for the heat supply calculations. Examine the heating payment law to accomplish this. It was last published in No. 354, on May 6, 2011. Its points provide a detailed explanation of the payment calculation process.

The methods for determining the costs of the services rendered, the contract termination forms, and the receipts were all altered in comparison to the previous option. Prior to figuring out the heating surcharge, the customer needs to ascertain the layout of his residential building:

- A common -house metering device for the consumption of thermal energy has been installed, but there are no such in the apartments;
- Along with a common house meter, an individual energy metering device is installed in the apartment;
- There are no devices for monitoring the amount of thermal energy in the house in the house.

You won’t be able to figure out how to pay for heating until after that. Moreover, Decree No. 354 divides payments for thermal energy use into two categories: those for a designated living room and those for general household needs. The latter include heating building attics, basements, and stairwells. Therefore, you should inquire with the management company about the total area of these premises and the cost of setting the desired temperature before calculating the heating payment.

The receipts that were received should show the same information: I will pay 2 points to pay, which will give the total amount. Payment requirements for heating non-residential properties are typically higher than those for residential ones. But their sting in the receipt lessens when the entire amount is divided among all of the house’s apartments.

This information must be included in the contract with the management company because the cost of heating residential and non-residential properties is taken into consideration.

## The same and the permanent dibod: a subince, packets, okobl

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In figuring out how much it costs to heat your home, several factors come into play. Firstly, the size of your house matters – the larger the area, the more energy it takes to keep it warm. Secondly, there are two common ways to calculate heating costs: one based on the total area of the house and another based on individual meter readings, like in apartments. When considering the whole house, the total area and the type of heating system are usually used to estimate costs. However, in apartments, each unit typically has its own meter, allowing for precise billing based on actual usage. Understanding these methods can help homeowners and renters alike manage their heating expenses more efficiently, ensuring both comfort and affordability throughout the chilly seasons.

## How is the cost of the cost in an apartment building?

The formulas used in the calculation methods account for the following primary parameters:

- The area of the apartment;
- heat consumption standard;
- approved tariff;
- the duration of the heating season;
- meter readings, etc.

To illustrate the variations in formulas and techniques, we will state the following parameters:

- Square – 62 kV.m;
- norm – 0.02 GKL/kV.m;
- tariff – 1600 rubles./GKL;
- Heating season coefficient – 0.583 (7 out of 12);
- indications of a common house meter – 75 GKL;
- The total area of the house is 6000 square meters.m;
- the volume of thermal energy consumed last year is 750 GKL;
- Indications of an individual device in the apartment – 1.2 GKL;
- The sum of the readings of all meters in apartments is 53 GKL;
- average monthly readings of apartment meters – 0.7 GKL;
- the amount of the average monthly readings of individual household appliances – 40 GKL;
- The average monthly readings of the common house device – 44 GKL.

### In the area

In the event that the apartment building lacks accounting equipment—either individual or collective—the cost is determined by adjusting the apartment’s size, permitted tariff, and consumption guidelines. The ratio of the number of months in the heating season to the total number of months in the year is an additional factor added with uniform payment throughout the year.

Subsequently, in the initial scenario (where fees are only assessed during service delivery), the owner will be required to pay 62 * 0.02 * 1600 = 1984 rubles every month. When making payments over the course of the year, the total will be 62 * 0.02 * 1600 * 0.583 = 1156.67 rubles, which is one month less. Nonetheless, roughly the same sum will be collected from the customer for the year in both scenarios.

### By counter in the apartment

The calculation formula for installing common and apartment meters in a house consists of two steps:

- calculating the difference between the readings of the collective device and the sum from the addition of the readings of the apartment devices;
- accrual of fees taking into account the readings of an individual device, share from common house expenses and approved tariff.

Therefore, during the heating season, tenants who pay for heating services directly will accrue a payment of ((75-53)*62/6000+1.2)*1600 = 2118.40 rubles per month. The formula uses the average monthly values of the devices rather than the actual readings when calculating payments for the entire year. The homeowner in this instance will receive the same amount each month, which is (44-40)*62/6000+0.7)*1600 = 1186.13 rubles.

### According to the common meter

The calculation formula varies slightly if a multi-apartment building has a common house accounting device installed but no individual meters in each apartment. It is the result of the private apartment’s and the tariff-approved device’s testimony to the entire house. The owner will be required to pay 75*1600*(62/6000) = 1240 rubles in this instance. this month.

The formula changes and equalizes the work of the apartment’s approved tariff and the private from dividing the annual volume of heat by the number of months and the total area of the house if the residents pay for heating throughout the year. The user will receive a monthly payment receipt in the amount of 62*1600*(750/12/6000) = 1033.33 rubles in this scenario.

In the event that a collective meter and the chosen payment method are in place for the entire year, an adjustment will be made in the first quarter of the following year based on the actual amount of energy used during the preceding period. Excessive payments will therefore be written off or preceded. They are computed using the formula below:

The amount that the customer paid for the year, calculated as the volume of heat that was actually consumed for the year*approved tariff*(apartment area/area of the house).

If the value is positive, it will be added to the next payment; if it is negative, it will be subtracted from the next payment.

## The formula for the proportional payment of payment according to the indicators of a common house meter

The calculation of heat consumption is done in the presence of a single common house; individual housing is either fully or partially ignored by these meters.

The cost is determined using Appendix No. 2 of the Rules, Formula No. 3, to account for heat consumption (Resolution No. 344).

- The tariff for thermal energy installed in the general service provider in the region;
- the amount of thermal energy consumed, taken from the difference in the indicators of the common house meters at the entrance of the thermal line to the house and at the exit from it;
- the total area of the heated room in the apartment without an individual meter;
- The total area of all heated premises in the house.

### Example

The house needed 300 gigacalories in total to be heated.

The apartment is 50 square meters in size.

Ten thousand square meters are made up of heated rooms and non-residential apartments.

One gigacalorium of heat is priced at 1300 rubles in the region.

We obtain the following by entering the data into the formula: 300 x 50 /10000 x 1300 = 1950 rubles.

## Heat accounting laws

List of laws that have been in effect since 2018 and control how much an apartment building can charge for heating:

- RF Housing Code, in which the initial provisions on the content and payment of housing and communal services are spelled out.
- Federal Law from 27.07.2010 No. 190-ФЗ, which regulates the procedure for the production and transfer of heat, as well as all other relations arising in this area.
- Rules … RF PP from 06.05.2011 No. 354 with amendments that entered into force in 2020. They describe in detail the procedure for calculating the fees for heat, the quality of the supplied energy resource, as well as the procedure for installing meters for heating.
- PP of the Russian Federation from 29.07.2013 No. 642 which contains hot water supply rules.
- PP of the Russian Federation from 29.07.2013 No. 644 which contains the rules of cold water supply and sanitation.
- PP of the Russian Federation from 18.eleven.2013 No. 1034, containing the basic requirements for thermal energy accounting nodes.
- Other acts in the field of water supply, as well as GOSTs and SNiPs.

## 3AAL INSIALLY AND A SCHOOL?

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## Central heat supply – calculation options

General-purpose home heat meter

There aren’t any set tariffs in place at the moment that would govern how housing and community services are paid for heating. Rather, there are guidelines and suggestions for how management firms in charge of residential building heating should determine the cost of services. The thermal energy meters that are installed in the home or apartment directly affect the calculation process.

The size of the amount is also influenced by the region’s climate, the degree of equipment wear, and the house’s thermal insulation. When preserving the appropriate temperature in the building’s residential and non-residential areas, these factors are taken into consideration.

°C air heating level

That is to say, the annual cost of heating increases with decreasing system efficiency. Examine the primary choices for determining the price of heat supply services in accordance with the most recent techniques governed by laws.

A single apartment may occasionally have multiple heating risers passing through it. Each of them requires a meter to be installed, which is an expense. Then installing a standard heat metering device is the best course of action.

### Calculation of heating with a common house counter

The house’s distributed heating unit

Should the residence be situated within the thermal energy accounting house, the management firm must carry out computations utilizing a particular formula. In this instance, there should be multiple points in the process for charging payment for heating.

Prior to performing the calculation, it is imperative to synchronize both the building’s overall area and a particular apartment. After that, the following procedures are followed:

- Reconciliation of the readings of a common house meter at the beginning and end of the payment period. The difference will be the general energy consumption of the house. Thus, you can correctly calculate the payment for heating of the apartment or non -residential premises;
- Calculate the ratio of the total area of the apartment to the same indicator for the house;
- Find out the tariff for the heat energy of the management company.

The following formula is used to further calculate the payment for heating:

Where p is the anticipated payment amount, V is the amount of thermal energy used during the period, TC, etc., is the apartment’s and houses’ area, and K is the apartment’s heating tariff.

For instance, we can figure out how much the heating costs for a 43 m² apartment that is housed in a 7000 m² house would be. 85 Gcal of heat were consumed in total. The average tariff for Voronezh is 1371 r/Gcal. The total will then be as follows, in accordance with the heating payment standards:

Apart from this, however, a heating payment system was instituted. When there are no separate heat metering devices, it is utilized. Currently, the monthly average norm W for residential properties ranges from 0.022 to 0.03 Gcal/m². Afterwards, the following formula is used to determine the payment for heating:

Assume that w equals 0.027. The payment in this instance will be:

All management companies prefer to base their calculations on this formula.

You need to confirm that you understand the calculation methodology before submitting an application for a heat supply agreement. In actuality, management firms don’t always offer it.

### Calculation of heating with a common house counter and individual metering devices

The apartment’s thermal energy meter

When the apartment is equipped with a heat metering device, things become much easier. In this instance, all you have to do is multiply the readings from the meter by the management company’s tariff.

A person should be aware of the tariffs in light of the differing interpretations of the law regarding the payment of heating. There can be a thirty percent price difference between different providers of this service. Furthermore, even if each counter’s heating is paid for separately, a high tariff can undo any efforts to reduce present expenses.

However, in reality, the customer is not given the option to select a management company. This is particularly valid for residential buildings. Consequently, current tariffs must be applied when a verification calculation of heating payment is made for a single heat metering device.

However, the costs of common house heating must be considered in addition to the cost of service for energy consumption in residential premises. Initially, the thermal energy volume for this kind of heat source is computed. Use the following formula to do this:

Where n is the consumption standard for paying for common-house heating, V is the apartment owner’s share of the cost, and s is the total area of the premises that date back to this category, TC, etc. – the area of the house and apartment.

Indicator N is 0.016 Gcal/m² at the moment. For instance, it is reasonable to assume that the area of the house’s non-residential premises is 500 m² when calculating the payment for common house heating. The following heat consumption for the apartment’s heating is then the owner’s responsibility:

The result must then be multiplied by the result by the service provider’s tariff. Typically, this portion accounts for 5% to 15% of the total cost of the heating bill.

The installation of a total heating counter is advised in order to lower common house expenses. As a result, current heating expenses can be lowered from 15% to 30%.

## Formulas for calculations

There are different formulas for calculations when a common, personal heat metering device is present compared to when it is not. We then look at the process for accruals under different circumstances.

### Option #1 – without a common house meter

Three requirements must be met in order for payment to be made if the apartment building’s occupants have not installed a common house meter:

- established standard;
- heating tariff;
- Heated area.

The heating standard is determined by local authorities in each area on their own and is based on the local climate. Every region has its own method for setting the tariff. Except for the balcony and loggia, the entire apartment is included in the definition of "heated area."

Thus, the following image displays the formula for figuring out the cost of heating:

The formula’s ultimate cost of heat is independent of the amount of heat energy actually required to heat the space. A proactive company is used to install heating counters widely in order to improve the energy efficiency of the heat supply.

This is an approximate formula for figuring out how much electricity a home uses if it doesn’t have common house meters.

The payment method must be considered when making calculations: is it for the entire year or just the heating season? The following formulas are used to calculate the amounts based on the payment methods.

#### Payment for heating

Payment for the heating period is made using the following formula in compliance with the regulations:

Pi is equal to (VI + (SI x sOI x nt x (sob – Sind)) / (sob x (sob – Sind + sOI)) x TT.

Pi is the total amount owed for the heat that was utilized.

SI is the room’s area for which the computation is made (M2).

Sob is the total area of the house’s premises (M2).

The entire area of common property, or public premises, is known as the SOI (M2).

NT: the officially recognized heating standard (Gcal).

Sind is the total area (m2) of all apartments and non-residential buildings without any heating equipment.

Tt is the installed tariff (rub./Gcal) for heating.

VI is the amount of energy used for heating in a specific room.

Within the definition of "public premises" are the following:

- staircases;
- Tambourus and halls;
- corridors;
- other premises not belonging to individual owners.

The following formula is used to determine the amount of heating energy used in a specific room (VI):

(nt x(sob – Sind))/(Sob – Sind + SOI)) = vi x

Where the values of the same as in the preceding formula are si, sob, soe, sind, and nt.

The battery’s installed electronic temperature sensors are meaningless in terms of determining how much thermal energy is consumed. All they can do is regulate the temperature of the provided heat.

#### Payment for the whole year

In some areas, the cost of heating is spread out over the whole year to lessen the financial burden of utility payments.

The following is the formula used to calculate this cost:

(VI + (Si x SOI x nt x (sob – sind)) / (sob x (sob – sind + sOI)) x tt is the formula for Pi.

The coefficient K, which appears when the number of months in the heating season is divided by 12, distinguishes this character from the previous formula.

The coefficient K is also added to the formula used to determine the amount of thermal energy that enters a given room:

(nt x k x (sob – sind))/(sob – sind + sOI) = si x.

Calculations based on intricate, seemingly simple formulas can be performed independently when all values are present.

### Option #2 – with an installed house meter

The most typical scenario is thought to occur when a general heating supply meter is set. Because individual meters cannot be incorporated into the engineering communications design, a general metering device is used instead.

In the end, no consumer can determine how much thermal energy is needed for his apartment on his own.

Consequently, the following primary factors will be considered when calculating the cost of heating:

- the total amount of thermal energy consumed;
- the area of the room;
- building area (taking into account all rooms)
- Heat tariff.

This calculation’s general formula will resemble this:

It is impossible to precisely control electricity consumption when using a common-house meter since there is no way to control the amount of heat that is supplied to each apartment separately.

A particular method of payment is also considered when calculating heating.

#### Payment for heating

For every customer, a unique formula is derived using the general calculation formula:

Pi is equal to (vi + (si x (vd – ∑vi)) / sob) x tt.

Pi is the total amount owed for the heat that was utilized.

SI is the room’s area for which the computation is made (M2).

Sob is the total area of the house’s premises (M2).

If the payment is computed for the duration of the heating season, VD is the volume of heating submitted based on the meter (Gcal).

The installed heating tariff, or TT (rub./Gcal), is used.

∑VI is the total energy used for heating throughout the entire home. It can be computed by multiplying the total area of residential buildings by the volume of thermal energy divided by the number of apartments and buildings that are not included, as indicated by the house meter VD.

VI is the amount of energy used for heating in a specific room.

The following formula is used to calculate the VI:

(VD / (Sob – SOI + Sind)) = sih

The entire area of the house’s apartments and non-residential spaces is known as the sob (M2).

Sind is the total area (m2) of all apartments and non-residential buildings without any heating equipment.

The SOI is the total area of all the house’s common premises, or common property (M2).

Utility services are determined using this formula in order to determine the appropriate amount for heating.

Your management company must receive a monthly report from the heat meter detailing its findings so that calculations are based on the real thermal energy consumed.

#### Features of calculations for the year

The computation is performed using the same formulas as those used to determine heating period payment.

Still, some aspects of the computations are as follows:

- The calculation of the amount for consumed heating in the previous year is calculated.
- Calculation of the amount of payment for heating this year.
- Correction of the final amount of payment.

The following formula corrects the error:

PKPI: The amount of the heating charge that has been accumulated based on usage during the previous year.

Pnpi is the amount that the customer has accumulated in heating fees for this year.

The VDZA parameter from the prior year is used to compute the amount paid for heating over the course of the previous year. The annual volume of thermal energy, as indicated by the common house metering device, must be divided by 12 in order to determine the monthly payment amount.

This year’s VD parameter is utilized to determine payment.

We looked at the calculation issue on common house meters for heating in more detail in another article.

### Option #3 – with individual meters

Installing a separate meter is one way to pay for thermal energy that is actually used.

Nevertheless, the computation of payment by a single counter becomes increasingly intricate and encompasses the subsequent parameters:

- the amount of heat consumed;
- the amount of heat consumed by the house;
- the area of the room;
- the area of the house that is heated;
- Installed heat tariff.

The picture displays the calculation’s general formula:

In order to compute using this formula, 95% of the building’s rooms must have individual meters installed. Of course, a common house meter needs to be installed in the home as well.

The residents of the house pay for the entrance’s heating as well as that of other public areas. The amount of payment is calculated by deducting the total of all individual meter readings from the common house meter’s indications, then dividing the result by the number of occupants in the house.

An individual heat meter for an apartment starts at 6,000 rubles. In the first year of using the meter, this amount might pay for itself.

The following formula is used to perform the calculation:

Pi is equal to (viodn + vin x (si / sob)) x tt,

Pi is the total amount owed for the heat that was utilized.

SI is the room’s area for which the computation is made (M2).

Sob is the total area of the house’s premises (M2).

The installed heating tariff, or TT (rub./Gcal), is used.

The calculated room’s heat consumption meter’s indication is given by the VIN.

VIODN: the results of a shared home thermometer, adjusted for the quantity of energy delivered to every room.

In the event that not every resident of the home installed a personal meter, the thermal energy consumption for each individual apartment can be determined using the counter’s readings.

The formulas for calculating the amount for heating in apartment buildings with a common house counter are comparable to these:

Pi is equal to (vi + (si x (vd – ∑vi)) / sob) x tt.

The element VI calculation is where the differences lie.

VI is the amount of energy used for heating in a specific room:

- for premises with meters – according to devices of devices, when calculating heating for the heating period;
- for premises without meters – is calculated during the year from the average monthly volume.

The following formula is used to get the amount of energy consumed:

(∑vip / ∑siip) = vi x

Si is the room’s total area, measured in meters squared.

∑VIP is the entire meter indication for the heating season, or one month if the calculation is done annually (Gcal).

∑SIIP is the total area of all the locations that have counters installed and are included in the computation.

The adjustment must be determined using the following formula in order to determine the precise amount to be paid for heating for the entire year:

PKPI: The amount of the heating charge that has been accumulated based on usage during the previous year.

Pnpi is the amount that the customer has accumulated in heating fees for this year.

### Option #4 – calculations for communal services

There are two more options in addition to the ones mentioned above, for which the computation formulas are also shown:

- Communal apartment;
- apartment buildings without central heating.

The computation for shared apartments is comparable to that based on consumption guidelines or the counter for apartment complexes. The board’s decision-making process is proportionate to each room, which is the only distinction.

The following formula is used to make this calculation:

The difference that results from accounting for the kitchen, vestibule, restroom, and corridor when determining the cost of heating in a shared apartment is deemed negligible and is not included in the calculation.

### Option #5 – for houses with a personal boiler room

The spent utility resource for heating a specific apartment is also computed in homes without central heating and with a separate boiler room.

The general formula’s perspective is as follows:

Boiler rooms are standard in modern apartment buildings. Utilizing their gas-powered boiler houses is thought to be the most cost-effective method of heating the space.

Construct a private residence with separate heating? In this situation, it is advised that you become acquainted with the rates of gas flow for heating or view an example of how to calculate the gas flow for heating a 150 m2 house.

## Example No. 1

In a residential building, there is only one common device installed; there are no individual devices on the property. In determining the method of heating the apartment, we observe that the living room heating fee is determined by applying Formula No. 3 of the Rules, which is based on the readings from the individual heating metering device installed in the apartment or the standard heat consumption set for residential heating facilities. The Gcal takes into account all of the device’s readings.

- The volume of heat according to the general house device was 250 Gcal.
- The area of the house is total, which includes all apartments, as well as non -residential premises, is 7000 square meters. meters.
- The area of the apartment is 75 square meters. meters.
- The heating tariff is 1400 rubles. For 1 Gcal.

Such a scheme will be used to calculate the heating according to the area of the apartment:

3750 rubles are equal to 250 * 75 /7000 * 1400.

The first component of the receipt was calculated as follows; formulas Nos. 10 and 14 will be used to calculate the second component. The first formula determines the service volume, and the second determines the amount of the fee in rubles. You must consider the area of apartments and non-residential buildings when determining volume. For instance, the area is 6000 square meters in size.

The following computation will be used to determine the heat volume:

This equals 0.446428571 Gcal: 250 * (1-6000 / 7000) * 75/6000.

Following these computations, the heating cost can be determined:

625 + 3750 = 4375 rubles.

Installing a heat meter in an apartment building’s basement

## What temperature should be maintained in apartments

Apartment building heating requirements during the winter:

The type of room | Optimum temperature in degrees Celsius | Permissible temperature in degrees Celsius |

Living room | 20-22 | 18-24 |

A living room in regions with a temperature on the street -31 ° C and below | 21-23 | 20-24 |

Kitchen | 19-21 | 18-26 |

The corridor between the apartments | 18-20 | 16-22 |

Toilet | 19-21 | 18-26 |

Bathroom | 24-26 | 18-26 |

Lobby, landing | 16-18 | 14-20 |

Pantry | 16-18 | 12-22 |

Living rooms should typically be between 22 and 25 °C in the ideal range and between 20 and 28 °C in the acceptable range during the warm season.

You can get in touch with the utility company or the service company if the temperature in your apartment during the heating season is not up to the specified standards. They must gather evidence and carry out an investigation. Payments for heating will be lowered in this scenario. However, this kind of fix is only really temporary; few people will find a use for it, and the apartment’s uncomfortable conditions won’t go away.

Method | Description |

By Area | The cost of heating is calculated based on the total square footage of the house or apartment. The larger the area, the more heating is needed, so the cost is higher. |

Common Meter | In some cases, the cost of heating is divided equally among all the residents in the building, regardless of individual usage. This is often done through a common meter, where each resident pays a fixed portion of the total heating bill. |

Individual Meter | Alternatively, some apartments have individual heating meters. In this case, residents pay for the exact amount of heating they use, which can vary depending on factors like insulation, thermostat settings, and personal habits. |

Both renters and homeowners should be aware of how heating costs are determined. Whether you live in an apartment or a house, understanding how these expenses are calculated will help you effectively manage your budget.

Area-based heating cost calculations are one popular approach. The entire square footage of the area that needs to be heated is taken into account in this method. Generally speaking, more energy is needed to maintain a comfortable temperature in larger areas. Although this approach offers a simple means of calculating heating costs, it might not take into consideration elements like insulation quality, which has a big influence on energy efficiency.

Using common meters in apartment buildings is an additional technique. This system divides the building’s total heating costs among all tenants according to various parameters, like the size of each unit and the number of occupants. Even though this approach is straightforward and convenient, it could lead to an uneven cost distribution, especially if some units are more energy-efficient than others.

As an alternative, certain apartments have separate meters for every unit. Tenants can now pay for their actual usage as opposed to a fixed portion of the building’s heating expenses. Although this approach encourages accountability and fairness, it necessitates precise meter readings and might incur extra administrative costs for landlords.

In conclusion, a variety of factors, including the type of property and management preferences, can affect the method used to calculate heating costs. Knowing how these calculations are made, whether they are based on area, common meters, or individual meters, gives residents the power to budget and use energy wisely.

## Video on the topic

### A housing heat meter. Heat meter. Calculation of heating fees, common house needs. Receipts.

### Calculation of the cost of heating, taking into account the changes made by the PP of the Russian Federation of 29.06.2024 N603

### A housing heat meter: receipts, payment, savings, common house needs at the MKD / heating and DIS

**What type of heating you would like to have in your home?**