How much you can increase the balcony without a permit

For homeowners who want to improve the usability of their outdoor space and increase their living space, expanding their balcony can be an exciting prospect. However, it’s crucial to comprehend the rules governing balcony expansions, especially with regard to permits, before diving into construction plans. Many homeowners want to extend their balcony as much as possible without getting a permit in order to save money and hassle with the bureaucracy. Let’s discuss the rules and things to think about when enlarging your balcony without a permit.

First of all, it’s important to remember that local building codes differ. Regulations pertaining to home expansions and renovations vary amongst municipalities and regions. Certain localities might have lax laws governing small-scale modifications, but others might have stringent permit requirements for any major constructions, including balcony additions. Therefore, before beginning any construction projects, it is imperative that you conduct research and become familiar with the particular regulations governing your property.

The laws governing balcony extensions without permits typically depend on how big and how complex the proposed modifications are. Permit requirements may not apply to minor alterations that do not significantly affect the building’s structural integrity. For instance, if your small balcony extension fits within the size restrictions imposed by your local building codes, you might not need a permit to add it for extra seating or storage.

To guarantee that rules are followed, it is crucial to use caution and speak with local authorities or a trained expert. Changes that may appear insignificant at first glance can have a significant impact on structural integrity, safety, and legal compliance. In addition to possible safety risks for neighbors and occupants, breaking building codes and permit requirements can result in fines, penalties, or even legal action.

In conclusion, even though adding more space to your balcony without a permit might seem like a good idea, you should approach such projects carefully and in accordance with local laws. To guarantee a secure, law-abiding, and trouble-free renovation process, make sure you study the applicable building codes, confer with the appropriate authorities, and think about obtaining professional advice before starting any construction work.

Size of Balcony Extension Permit Required?
Less than 6 square meters No
6 to 15 square meters Depends on local regulations, check with authorities
More than 15 square meters Yes, permit required

Glazing of a balcony in a khrushchevka house

Installing window frames can be challenging because older homes often have smaller balconies.

You can select from one of the following styles of balcony glazing in the Khrushchevka, depending on the intended use of the new balcony area and your available budget:

  • Aluminum;
  • PVC;
  • Wooden;
  • panoramic.

In a Khrushchevka, glazing a balcony is not a luxury but rather a need.

Though lightweight, strong, and useful, aluminum window systems work best when the balcony is separated from the living area because they cannot hold heat during the winter. Thanks to advancements in technology, aluminum frames with extra insulated inserts started to be produced.

PVC systems are the most widely used and reasonably priced. Customers can choose what they want thanks to the best price, exceptional operating qualities, and high resilience to external environmental factors. However, you must "weigh" everything before putting in plastic windows in the Khrushchevka because PVC is a heavy material that won’t hold up against every building, particularly not a Soviet balcony. Experts advise installing these windows in buildings with two or three chamber double-glazed or triple-glazed windows, whether they are residential or non-residential.

The finest, albeit priciest, option are wooden windows. Wood is less wear resistant than other materials, but it has a beautiful appearance, high thermoregulation, and is environmentally friendly. Humidity and abrupt temperature changes over time can cause wooden frames to splinter and distort, violating the building’s temperature regulation.

The positioning of windows plays a crucial part in the Khrushchevka’s balcony design.

When selecting a natural type of system, you ought to prioritize oak or coniferous species for the frames. The family will also save money because they are simple to install themselves.

Frameless or panoramic glazing is rarely used because of its poor thermal insulation.

However, these systems offer a host of other benefits:

  • Wide view;
  • Low weight;
  • Durability;
  • Creating additional balcony area;
  • Saving on finishing and decoration.

How to legalize a balcony on the first floor

4. The body executing the approval should decide whether to approve or deny the request based on the findings of reviewing the pertinent application and additional documents submitted in line with Part 2 of this article, and they should do so no later than 45 days after the date on which these documents were submitted to this body.

5. Within three working days of the approval decision’s adoption date, the approval authority must issue or send a document to the applicant at the address provided in the application attesting to the decision’s adoption. The federal executive body designated by the Russian Federation’s government established this document’s format and content. Federal Law of July 23, 2008, N 160-FZ, ed. (Refer to the text in the earlier version.)

You should be aware of the limitations if you want to expand your balcony without having to deal with obtaining a permit. While local laws may differ, in general, you can expand your balcony without a permit as long as you stay inside certain bounds. Small additions that don’t affect your home’s safety or structural integrity are usually acceptable, but it’s important to confirm local regulations first. If you want to make sure your modifications adhere to zoning laws and safety standards, you may need a permit if you go over these boundaries. To make sure your balcony extension is safe and compliant and to avoid any legal issues, always consult with local authorities or a professional.

How to expand the balcony slab on the first floor

There are countless (within reason) opportunities to extend the balcony slab on the lower floor. Avoid welding and attaching a metal frame to the house wall for this device. The lower floor has the benefit of allowing all work to be done from the ground up.

Before the supporting walls made of bricks, foam blocks, or other building materials are built on top of the future slab, a shallow strip foundation must first be constructed around its perimeter. The walls and the slab should be at the same height. Lags consisting of metal or wood channels are installed on the side walls, and a board floor is placed over them. Depending on how the room will be used, you can also install a reinforced concrete slab, create a screed on it, and cover it with any type of flooring, such as ceramic tile, laminate, or linoleum.

Supports such as metal pipes and concrete pillars are used to extend the balcony on the second floor. In order to provide stability, they are buried in the ground beneath the frame’s protruding corners and concreted. It is sufficient to fasten the profile to the bottom level wall because the structure is entirely supported by the posts, negating the need to construct a metal frame out of pipes. Similarly, if you intend not to use the area beneath the balcony as a cellar, you can enlarge the first-floor balcony.

It can be challenging to increase the balcony on a slab; in certain situations, derricks and other specialized electrical and mechanical equipment are needed (welded machine, drill with crowns). Weighing your options carefully is necessary before choosing to grow. Selected supplementary materials that will aid in the realization of the balcony redesign plans are included in the attached photos and videos.

Every owner of a tiny balcony hopes to make it larger. The owners of the apartment may have to consider enlarging the balcony if they require more space. The potential for increased apartment space has led to the widespread adoption of this procedure to date. In terms of technology, expanding the balcony is a fairly involved process that costs money and takes time. Nonetheless, it is possible if professional advice and instructions are followed precisely. After being removed, balconies are glazed, insulated, furnished, and added to the living area. This kind of work can be done in a variety of ways.

The order of works

Because of the relatively large weight of the remote glazing, the work makes use of metal profiles with high margins of safety and stiffening ribs to increase the overall structure’s reliability.

  1. At the first stage, the dismantling of structures and fencing, except for its base, is carried out.
  2. At the second stage, right above the bearing slab, in the wall, special recesses are made for attaching channels. They will become the basis. Now you can expand the balcony in different directions. On average, the increase in the distance to each side reaches 40 cm. If the construction of the walls allows, the balcony can be expanded even more. Still, too large an outrigger should not be made, because in this case the load on the load-bearing wall and channels can become too large. Then the frame is welded from the angle bar. The channel, adjacent to the wall of the house along the perimeter, is fixed with powerful dowels. After that, the load will be distributed over the entire area of the wall.
  3. At the next stage, the construction of the roof and external cladding is carried out. All joints are carefully sealed to keep moisture out. After that, the installers of metal-plastic windows can take on the job.
  4. The next stage is insulation. You can use mineral wool, foam or styrofoam (extruded polystyrene) as insulation. It is better, of course, to use styrodur for this purpose. It is moisture resistant, and in terms of thermal insulation properties it is much superior to foam plastic. This will allow to reduce the thickness of thermal insulation during reconstruction. Sheets of styrodur are installed between the frame and guide strips. Then all joints are thoroughly sealed with foam and a vapor barrier is installed, which will not allow external moisture to get inside. For the lining of the balcony inside, you can use several options. It can be siding, metal profile, natural wool, plastic wool or fiberboard. If necessary, natural wool can be covered with water-resistant varnish. Such finishing will allow your balcony to look very cozy and neat.
  5. The next stage is to insulate the floor on the balcony. It is better to use the same styrodur to insulate the floor. To the frame and the channels the lags are fixed, and between them again the insulation is laid. OSB boards, foil, and laminate flooring are laid on top of the lags. If you wish, you can lay heating strips, thereby organizing warm floors on the balcony. But here everything depends on your financial possibilities and desire.
  6. And the last stage – the interior. Blinds, lighting, skirting boards and many other useful little things – all this can be installed according to your personal preferences.

The most crucial thing is to make good use of this benefit if the kitchen has access to the balcony. You can accomplish this with the kitchen’s well-thought-out balcony design.

What can be made into a claustrophobic, tiny balcony? It can be used as a storage area for old equipment, sleds, and skis without requiring much creativity.

The question of how best to use square meters is crucial in small apartments. This is because the family has grown and expanded.

Frameless method of increasing the balcony from the bearing slab

Although this approach requires less work than the frame method, it is not appropriate for Khrushchevka’s independent balcony expansion.

  1. The railings, parapet, old screed up to the reinforcement in the upper and lower part of the slab are dismantled.
  2. The substrate is primed. With the help of an attachment for removing rust on a drill or screwdriver, the fittings are cleaned. After re-priming, the fittings are degreased with a solvent.
  3. A formwork for conventional or poured (self-leveling) screed is created on the bearing slab. Notches on the bottom of the slab are sealed with finishing glue (you can also seal the slab from above, neighbor"s balcony).
  4. An enlarged base of the required length and width is cut out of 2.5 cm thick OSB sheets, as well as the roof, which are mounted to the boards with a layer of hydro-barrier film using anchor bolts. If desired, OSB boards can also be used to make the sides of the balcony.
  5. Glazing, exterior and interior finishing works are carried out.

Use the extra meters to set up a greenhouse, a recreational area, or anything similar. Some people would rather have more space than a balcony. In this instance, installing the heating system and removing the dividing wall, either completely or partially, will be necessary.

Given that the average kitchen area in Khrushchevki is six square meters, it is not a bad idea to expand the kitchen at the expense of the balcony. м. No matter which room the balcony is connected to, it’s important to keep the following guidelines in mind:

  • Before demolishing the sill wall, the balcony must be glazed and insulated;
  • Threshold between the balcony and the living space is forbidden to dismantle, if it holds the load-bearing slab;
  • If the wall between the room and the balcony is load-bearing, the upper lintel and side partitions cannot be dismantled;
  • It is not necessary to install a warm water floor on the connected balcony – it is better to replace it with an electric one.

Increasing the slab

Expansion of the slab makes it possible to increase the territory of the balcony more. This is due to the fact that not only the upper part from the window sill, but also the entire floor expands. It is not recommended to realize such a project on your own. In addition, in order to carry out the work, it will be necessary to draw up a full-fledged project, as well as its coordination with the relevant services. The latter must issue a permit and record the changes that will be made to the design of the balcony, so that later penalties will not be applied. It can take several months to obtain the necessary permits, so it makes sense to address this issue in the cold weather, so that closer to summer it is possible to realize the project.

Kindly take note! Most of the time, more heavy machinery will be required to complete the task. This can include a crane or different types of elevators.

For this reason, it’s common practice to leave this kind of balcony expansion to experienced professionals.

The parapet must be completely disassembled before any balcony expansion work can begin. Space needs to be allocated for more framework. The slab has a metal belt put around it. Typically, a 5 x 5 cm corner is utilized for this purpose. To provide additional support, it is also fastened to the bearing wall. A 10×5 cm profile pipe is required for the following step. It is welded to the balcony slab that was installed on the corner. In this instance, the pipe needs to be removed to the extent that the slab expansion is intended.

When extending to a distance of more than 50 cm, it will be necessary to install additional triangular supports, which will be fixed to the capital wall at the bottom of the entire structure. Along the perimeter of the resulting frame, metal posts are welded, as described above. They are tied with fixation to the capital wall. After that, additional vertical posts made of profile pipe are installed. They should be of such a height, on which the roof of the future balcony will be placed. In the upper part is made strapping metal beam, which is also fixed to the wall. This is necessary to be able to glaze the balcony unobstructed.

Once the balcony extension’s frame is prepared, you can start working on the installation process. Assembling and mounting the roof trusses is the first step. Corrugated steel sheeting or metal can be used as a balcony decking material. The roof’s inclination angle should be such that snow does not build up during the winter. The balcony’s exterior cladding is installed next. Siding made of PVC or metal is the simplest to accomplish this with. It will need a separate frame installed from the profile—which is made for siding—in order to be fixed. This work may require the use of a cradle.

After assembly, siding framing is fastened. You can call a master during this process, who will measure the windows and issue the order to begin work. When the window frames are prepared, installation can begin right away. The installation of insulation material and waterproofing come next. To improve comfort, it is possible to install an electric floor heating system on the balcony. Below is a video that details the balcony’s expansion.

How to enlarge a balcony with your own hands

Article Image & Video

Typical high-rise buildings frequently have balconies that beg the question of why they were built. Though intended to be a component of the building’s external and interior comfort, this element still needs to be modified. The potential to enlarge the balcony’s area and thereby increase its usefulness is utilized for this reason. As a result, the apartment’s owner is able to add more space for a greenhouse, office, or bathroom.

Take note! Any balcony extension that extends beyond 0.3 meters from the facade needs permission from the relevant authorities. Expanding the balcony yourself is a very realistic option, particularly if you are skilled with welding and have a knowledgeable helper.

After a project (drawing) of the future construction was made, materials are chosen based on the point of removal. There are two widely dispersed construction methods for increasing the area: from the parapet (top level of the railing) and from the bearing slab (sole). Although the first method requires more work, it gives you an extra 2 square meters.

Expanding the balcony yourself is a very realistic option, particularly if you are skilled with welding and have a knowledgeable helper. After a project (drawing) of the intended structure has been created, materials are chosen based on the point of removal. The area can be extended structurally in two common ways: from the parapet (top level of railing) and from the bearing slab (sole). Although requiring more work, the first method gives you an extra 2 square meters of area.

Advice: It’s a good idea to become knowledgeable about the safety requirements for welding and high-rise construction before beginning to expand the area.

Removing a balcony with a permit

Please be patient if you have chosen to remove the balcony to a width greater than thirty centimeters.

Prior to beginning any work on the redevelopment project, you must visit the city’s architectural department and submit an application for authorization. The processing of your application will take approximately one month. Once you have this authorization, you can get in touch with the company creating the suitable redevelopment initiatives.

Once the project is prepared, coordination with the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the fire department, and the Sanitary and Epidemiological Facility will be required. After obtaining approval from each of the aforementioned cases, you will be issued a warrant to begin remodeling.

A commission made up of representatives from the City Council and your public utility is invited once the construction is finished. Being there is also essential, as are the people who worked on your project. Should the commission find your completed project to be lawful, you will receive an act of acceptance certifying that the object is operational.

The last stop is the BTI, where your apartment’s ownership certificate needs to be updated. This is required because the dwelling’s area has changed, and its plan needs to appropriately account for this.

Kindly take note! If you have made a foundation and your apartment is on the first floor, you will need to arrange this with the organizations that manage the land plots within your area. Recall that removing a balcony more than thirty centimeters without authorization carries a risk.

You will eventually still need to formally remove the balcony, which will involve additional work and cost. There are legal nuances to consider whether you choose to inherit the apartment, re-register it, or sell it.

Recall that there is a risk involved in moving a balcony more than 30 centimeters without authorization. You will eventually still need to go through the formal, time-consuming, and costly process of removing the balcony. There will be legal nuances whether you choose to sell the apartment, re-register it, or make an inheritance.

The order of registration of authorization documents for the reconstruction of the balcony

If changes are made to the project’s design during the installation process, it will be necessary to disassemble the balcony unit or glazing. Permission to glaze the balcony should be obtained prior to installation.

Fig. 7: Implications of choosing to build an illegal balcony addition or repair

The steps involved in this process are similar to registering a permit for renovation inside an apartment; they are broken down into the following stages:

1.Drawing up the project

It is not necessary to create drawings yourself or ask the homeowners of a home with approved balcony glazing for them; instead, you can get them from the company that drew up the contract for the work. Glazing is typically made by hired specialists from specialized firms for the installation of glass.

2. Obtaining a house plan from the BTI

A copy of the house’s floor plan can be obtained from the Bureau of Technical Inventory (BTI) if you do not have a technical passport. All the information required for the work is contained in the technical passport (apartment plan with dimensions, year of house construction, etc.).

3. Design organization

This structure concludes that installing balcony glazing is a viable option as long as the necessary safety precautions are taken.

Reece. 8. Approved work to expand the balcony’s area.

4. APU

The primary impediment to a well-thought-out glazing project is the Department of Architecture and Planning. If the trim material and frame have a different color scheme than the facade’s primary color, there may be challenges when implementing it. Concerns regarding the relief of the balcony cladding, the arrangement of the window coverings, and the main issues with the modern remote glazing may come up.

The neighborhood architect might not approve the project if the balcony frame is moved outside the room’s perimeter because, in this scenario, the balcony will stand out visually from the other homeowners’ glazed frame structures.

5. ROGPN

The project must be inspected by the district State Fire Supervision Department for compliance with fire codes regarding materials (primarily plastic siding when installing exterior trim) and installation methods, the potential for person evacuation in the event of a fire, and the impact of glazing on the building’s fire performance. Glazing balconies will be prohibited if hatches and stairs are removed or blocked for the purpose of evacuating people.

Fig. 9: What results from attempting to glaze a balcony without following a formal process?

6. Sanitary supervision

Along with ensuring that the balcony room complies with sanitary regulations, another important consideration is whether the room serves its intended purpose. For example, it is not permitted to install a bathroom or cooking stove on the loggia, converting it into a kitchen or sanitary unit. The health inspectorate may object to the reduction of natural daylight in the apartment and require the landlord to remove tinted or mirrored glass if the architect approved it.

7. Directorate for Buildings Management (DEZ)

The building maintenance work caused by glazing will cause objections, so the house maintenance service will not permit the radiators to be brought out onto the balcony room, as this would throw off the heating system’s balance.

8. Housing Inspectorate

Once you’ve made it through the "seven circles of hell," your authorized project is sent to the ZhI, where you’ll almost certainly be required to have a state expert examine it to make sure it complies with SNiP residential premises.

9. MVK and District Administration

All paperwork is sent to the interdepartmental commission following the housing inspectorate’s favorable ruling, and subsequently to the District Administration, which will grant a final permit for balcony glazing.

Fig. 10: Unauthorized balcony expansion through extensions

If you do not expand the balcony, there is no clear legislation in this area, so everyone solves the problem on their own. The necessity of coordinating the glazing of balconies and how to legalize this procedure is established by officials and is caused by bylaws. The services of intermediary firms in the capital will cost 1000 u.е. Balcony glazing and coordination in this case may become equivalent processes on financial costs and lost time to do everything according to the law.

In order to add more space to your house, it may seem appealing to expand your balcony without a permit. Before moving forward, it is imperative to comprehend the rules and any potential repercussions.

First and foremost, find out the exact laws and regulations pertaining to balcony expansion by contacting your local authorities. Depending on where you live, different regulations may apply. Violating them may result in fines or even legal action.

Think about the structural effects of expanding your balcony. If you add more weight without the necessary support, your home’s structural integrity may be compromised, posing a risk for accidents and requiring expensive future repairs.

Additionally, consider the effect on your neighbors. A bigger balcony could interfere with their privacy or block their views, leading to arguments that could strain their relationships and the peace in the community.

Prior to making any choices, balance the advantages over any possible risks or repercussions. Is the additional room worth the possible ramifications for law, structure, and society?

In the end, even though you might be able to expand your balcony without a permit in some circumstances, you should always prioritize adhering to local laws and safety requirements and take extra care when doing so.

Video on the topic

Expanded balconies in Cherkessk will be demolished?

Penalty for glazing a balcony from March 1, 2024

Expansion of the balcony without permission on Shevchenko Avenue in Odessa had to be shortened!

Expansion of the balcony – the norm or violation of the law?

Balcony extension.

HOW NOT TO JOIN A LOGGIA? #045

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Sergey Ivanov

I like to help people create comfort and comfort in their homes. I share my experience and knowledge in articles so that you can make the right choice of a heating and insulation system for your home.

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