Heating steps and walkways

Heating steps and walkways can make a big difference in keeping your home warm during the winter months, but they’re frequently neglected. These spaces are essential to the accessibility and security of your property; they are more than just routes. You can reduce the risk of accidents caused by ice and snow buildup and improve convenience by installing efficient heating solutions for steps and walkways.

Safety is one of the main factors to be taken into account when heating steps and walkways. Snow and ice buildup can result in slippery surfaces, which can be dangerous for kids, the elderly, and people with mobility issues. By keeping these spaces free of ice and snow, heating systems can lower the risk of slips and falls and give homeowners and guests alike peace of mind.

Additionally, heating walkways and stairs improves the general comfort of your house. Going outside should be a smooth transition rather than feeling like you’re facing the weather. By eliminating the discomfort of walking on chilly, icy ground, heated surfaces improve the invitingness and year-round enjoyment of your outdoor areas.

In addition to providing comfort and safety, heated stairs and walkways have useful advantages. Maintaining these areas free of snow and ice saves you time and effort, especially in the harsh winter months, as it removes the need for manual shoveling or de-icing. Furthermore, a well-kept exterior improves your home’s curb appeal and makes it feel more inviting to visitors and potential buyers.

Thankfully, there are a number of heating options available to meet the unique requirements of walkways and steps. Homeowners can choose radiant heating systems that are buried beneath surfaces or electric heating mats that are appropriate for their climate, tastes, and budget. Investing in these technologies increases the value of your house while also improving the usability of your outdoor areas.

Heating Steps Walkways
Install heated mats or cables beneath steps Clear snow and ice promptly from walkways
  1. Control options for heating outdoor areas
  2. Controlling the heating system for outdoor areas.
  3. Outdoor area heating from Devi
  4. Peculiarities of heating of outdoor areas
  5. Working principle of Devi heating system
  6. Application area of Devi heating systems
  7. Sensors
  8. Connecting and setting the temperature controllers
  9. Heating of outdoor areas
  10. What are the advantages of the system
  11. Types of heating
  12. Installation under paving slabs
  13. Is it necessary and profitable to heat the street?
  14. Mounting under tile
  15. Warm floor for the street reason for installation
  16. Where to use street heating
  17. The most effective way to control ice
  18. Areas of application:
  19. Benefits:
  20. The snow and ice flocking system consists of:
  21. How to heat the steps. Snow-free stairs. Heating the porch and outdoor areas
  22. Installation and wiring diagrams for power circuits
  23. Heating of steps
  24. Optimal thermal treatment of porches and steps
  25. Electric porch heating
  26. Advantages of electric heating
  27. Country house pavement heating which system to choose
  28. Technical details
  29. Types of heating of steps
  30. Heating cable
  31. Water heating of steps
  32. Heating of porch steps with thermomats
  33. Installation of step heating with heating cable
  34. Advantages of porch heating
  35. Installation of heating systems
  36. How to organize heating of steps
  37. Heating options for steps
  38. Liquid heating
  39. Thermal mats
  40. Heating cable
  41. Related Articles
  42. Infrared devices
  43. Electric heating of the entrance area
  44. Installation of the outdoor porch heating system
  45. Contour with liquid coolant
  46. Installation of heating elements
  47. Liquid coolant
  48. What to pay attention to when connecting
  49. Video on the topic
  50. Warm paths on the site in a severe frost. How much it costs? UPONOR snow melting system.
  51. Overview of the new outdoor heating tracks! Heating of steps!
  52. Cables for outdoor heating

Control options for heating outdoor areas

  • The simplest variant: the self-regulating heating cable is plugged directly into a socket or panel and is manually switched on when needed. Self-regulating cable can be used with all thermostats.
  • A simple resistive cable option: heating a walkway or porch can be done with a resistive cable via a conventional underfloor heating sensor to protect the heating cable from overheating.
  • With thermostat and sensors: the heating system is controlled by the thermostat according to the air temperature and precipitation sensor readings.

Combinations of control options and layout are possible. This makes sense, for instance, when there is a power consumption cap (which occasionally exists in cottage settlements). It is feasible to control the resistance of the main entrance and the pathway from the weather station, ensuring that they are always free of ice. Additionally, a self-regulating cable that must be manually turned on when the main section is off will heat the remaining sections, which will not have enough power to heat them simultaneously.

A self-regulating cable for extra guest parking is on the right, and a resistive cable for the garage entrance is on the left.

Calculating power to heat outdoor spaces

300–350 watts are required for every square meter of heated surface. The thickness of the layer between the heating cable and the surface determines the power output.

For instance, if a pathway is 0.8 m wide and 3 m long, you must heat it, so the area is 2.4 m³ 2, 4 * 300 = 720 W.

With a rated power of 40 W/m, the self-regulating cable Lavita GWS 40-2CR should be taken at a distance of 18 meters (720/40 = 18). Selecting the closest larger set of resistant cable is required because it comes in fixed length and power sets. We select a section of 890 W (31,78 m) for the tested double-core resistive heating cable that is prepared to lay TXLP/2/28 DEFROST SNOW (TWIN).

A key point to remember when using self-regulating cable for heating porch steps with a standard width of 30 cm is that GWS 30-2CR, which has a nominal power of 30 watts, works best when used in three strings spaced 10 cm apart. Precisely 300 W per m^2. In contrast, three strands of Lavita GWS 40-2CR might be too much and two strands might not be enough.

The steps have the self-regulating heating cable installed in the etched grooves.

Choices for installing the heating cable

  1. on a plastic grid spread over the entire heated surface
  2. on mounting tapes, pre-fixed with dowels
  3. in etched grooves, pre-fixed with weights and a small amount of mortar

The heating cable’s strand spacing is measured, and clamps or mounting tape tabs are used to secure the cable to the grid.

Using clamps to secure the Lavita GWS 40-2CR self-regulating heating cable

Using clamps to secure the resistive cable to the grid

Controlling the heating system for outdoor areas.

For control purposes, an independent electrical cabinet (or electrical board) is installed. It can be metal or plastic, surface-mounted or built-in, etc. It is equipped with a built-in temperature regulator and power supply for the heating sections. When the pad heater’s operation is determined by information from the thermostat, that is excellent.

The greatest possible energy efficiency is attained with this automated control. It is frequently possible to have manual control in addition to automatic control. For example, it’s required to melt the snow that unexpectedly accumulated over night when the heater is turned on at full power in the morning before switching to automatic mode.

While the precipitation sensor keeps an eye on the amount of water present on the heated surface, the thermostat keeps track of the outside temperature. On the surface that needs to be heated, water sensors and thermostats are installed.

As a result, they solely manage the surface condition of the area that is needed, which is crucial for cost-effectiveness. Simultaneously, automatic activation only takes place in specific circumstances, such as below-freezing temperatures and damp snow (water-snow) on the surface.

The power and control cabinets with microprocessor control are used in the current heating platform concept. They are put together in accordance with the guidelines established by the object’s circumstances. Power is the primary one. It is required that the cable used match the cable heating cabinet or be of a lower wattage.

The cable heating system is covered by a 3-year (36-month) warranty from SCO-GROUP.

Outdoor area heating from Devi

It is hard to find someone who hasn’t experienced slick sidewalks or steps during the winter. Not only are the centuries-old techniques involving reagents, salt, and sand out of date, but they also take a great deal of time, money, and effort to complete. Modern technology has made it much simpler to prevent icing on street platforms and steps; specialized heating systems are used to achieve this.

Peculiarities of heating of outdoor areas

Preventing the accumulation of snow or ice is the primary goal of heating outdoor spaces or stairwells. People’s movement can be secured in this way. Devi heating cable or a specialized heating mat from the same manufacturer, which is buried beneath the surface during construction, is typically the central component of such a system. The control device for the heating elements is an essential component of this kind of system. The automation system’s primary responsibility is to adjust the heating temperature in response to outside factors.

Working principle of Devi heating system

Anybody who has ever experienced "warm floors" is aware that an electric cable serves as the system’s foundation. The same idea applies to heating sites: the surface traps the heat produced by the cable. As a result, the cable is embedded in the substrate that will eventually be covered in stepping stones or pavers.

However, you must select the appropriate heating cable in order to use Devi systems to adequately heat an outdoor space.

It is imperative to take into account not only the rate of surface heating, which is closely linked to power consumption, but also the potential for cost savings. Not everyone has the financial means to pay energy bills that are rather high in order to heat the street.

Devi cables are less powerful when used outside than when installed indoors. The cable’s power can also be changed because of the zigzag pattern in which it is laid. As demonstrated by practice, the cable’s power is individually chosen at 0,2-0,3 kW / sq. m.м., considering all of the application’s features. However, the data are averaged, and a unique computation is done for each unique situation.

Application area of Devi heating systems

It’s important to understand a few aspects of how outdoor heating systems work in order to maximize their effectiveness. A layer of concrete or another construction mixture is spread over the cable or heating mats, which are secured with a unique reinforcing mesh. Simply put, the Devi heating system is controlled by microprocessor-controlled power cabinets and control panels. This kind of cabinet is put together using prefabricated parts, which allow the control to be adjusted to the object’s specifications.


You will need to purchase specialized sensors if you do not want the heating to run continuously. Here, devices that respond to humidity and precipitation events are very helpful.

It should be noted that in regions with moderate temperatures, the system can run continuously for up to 1000 hours per season if it is configured solely using the air temperature sensor or heated surface. For the same season and set of circumstances, snowmelt systems equipped with precipitation sensors (miniature weather stations) will not accrue more than 300–400 hours of accumulation.

Stated differently, the energy savings will exceed twofold.

Systems for melting snow that use precipitation sensors (miniature weather stations) should only be used 300–400 hours in the same season under the same circumstances. Stated differently, the energy savings will exceed twofold.

In both situations, the outcome will be clean pathways or steps.

Every humidity and precipitation sensor is installed in accordance with the guidelines provided by the manufacturers. They are typically placed in between heating cable lines.

This makes it possible for you to assess the screed’s condition quickly. Because of this, snow does not build up on the surface during frost or other precipitation and melts almost immediately.

It’s also a good idea to note beforehand where on your plot the snow usually appears first, given the patterns of the winds. Snow will continuously accumulate on the opposite side of the house if the sensor is placed on the sunny, windless side.

These intelligent weather stations not only monitor the surface humidity but also have an internal heating system. This makes it easier to recognize the start of precipitation right away and to seize the opportunity.

In the corrugation between the heating lines is another sensor called cable temperature.

How can I figure out how much heating power I need? Everything is contingent upon the location.

Usually determined by the 300–350 W/m2 parameter. Here, a cable with a power of 20–30 W per meter is the best choice.

It is advised to use 20W/m of power for small steps and 30W/m for pathways and wide open spaces.

The following formula can be used to determine the heating cable’s total length:

N-step of laying, S-heating area m2, and L-length in meters.

Connecting and setting the temperature controllers

The control and power supply wires should be connected to the thermoregulator, which is situated inside the house. in a warm, moderately humid place.

For upkeep and accessibility, a hallway or corridor works well. The thermoregulator’s connection scheme is comparable to that of warm floor installations in homes.

The article below provides step-by-step pictures and a detailed process for home variants.

But you can’t use your standard indoor temperature controller outside. They just "go into a coma" at low temperatures of -10C and below, ceasing to respond to anything until they thaw.

In this situation, you will need special devices if you want the street’s floor heating system to not activate automatically at high frosts (since it rarely snows and it makes no sense to submerge pathways and steps).

Typically, these devices are not mounted in sub-sockets but rather mounted on a din-rail within a remote panel.

But even traditional ones have a switch for this purpose on the front surface. In the event of extreme frost, you simply snap it off and wait for it to thaw.

The temperature should always be kept within +3 degrees on the outside of the steps and paths to guarantee that the snow melts continuously and does not freeze into ice. This seems to be the precise setting that needs to be made on the regulator.

There is one crucial detail in this instance, though.

The thermostat should be adjusted by 1.5 degrees for each 1 cm layer of screed, tile, or other material covering the heating cable.

That means you should set the thermostat to +3C instead of 3 degrees if you have a 2 cm thick tile that is glued to the steps. The melting point will therefore be +6 C.

It will rise even further if the screed or tile is thicker. This is the heating de-icing system’s "operating temperature."

Thermoregulators with two positions are also commonly utilized. When the temperature of the surface being monitored falls between two predetermined values, they are automatically activated. Additionally, factory settings have the option to set one of the thresholds (plus) rigidly.

Of course, a standard automatic control unit can be used to operate the entire system. However, in this instance, comfort and savings are not possible. Every step is icy or covered in snow when you wake up in the morning after going to bed in one type of weather.

Within the switchboard, RCDs with a leakage current greater than 30 mA connect the 220V supply wires.

The following represents the most basic conventional wiring diagram for the de-icing system for porches and pathways.

Heating of outdoor areas

Heating driveways, parking lots, outdoor spaces, etc. – the needed power per square meter needs to be calculated. The power is determined by the minimum ambient temperature, which is determined by the climate in the heated space’s location (refer to the following table). (refer to the table below), snowfall intensity, and wind exposure.

Ambient temperature Heating power (W/m²)
> -5°C 200
-5°C + -20°C 300
-20°C + -30°C 400
< -30°C 500

Greater power is needed in locations that are exposed to cold temperatures, downward wind (stairs, ramps), and heavy snowfall.

The most common Elektra cables used are TuffTec and SnowTec. Elektra SnowTec heating mats are used when a large area needs to be heated, and thermal insulation is used to lower energy costs and heating times when it comes to steps.

Elektra VC, VCD, and TuffTec heating cable designs

Petr Artemyev is the project manager.

930-72-02 Phone: +7 911 E-mail:

What are the advantages of the system

The majority of workplaces, retail establishments, and malls have long utilized cable heating for open spaces, which is crucial for their reputation. The following are some benefits of installing a heated floor on the street:

  • The surface will be clean and dry throughout the day.
  • Tile, asphalt or natural stone will not be damaged by mechanical cleaning with shovels or, even worse, with a crowbar.
  • No injuries, which is especially important even when considering a country house.

The snowmelt system at the location is shown in the following video:

How heated paths function

As you can see, installing a heating system for steps and paths makes perfect sense. If everything is done correctly, the cost of installing a heated floor on the street won’t be too high, nor will the system’s electricity consumption.

Types of heating

Implementing a heating cable is the most optimal choice. Both people who would rather use paving tiles and those who are thinking about concrete steps can have the installation process completed. Prior to anything else, the cable that will be mounted needs to be chosen. The most popular are cable mat, a type of mat that is affixed to the mounting adhesive, and two varieties of rubber heating cable, both of which are excellent for pouring into the concrete screed.

The option of "water heating" is less common for heating. The actual structure is an embedded "warm floor" made of water in the steps. Professionals complete the installation, which takes place at the stage of house construction.

Let’s now examine more closely at the cable installation process in both screed pouring and paving tile laying.

Setting up beneath the screed

  • You need to clean the surface on which the cable will be fixed. Double-core cable is convenient because you can adjust not only the length, but also the area of cable laying. For owners of "patterned" steps or a non-standard porch, this is the ideal option.
  • Having fixed the cable with mounting tape, the surface is poured. The consistency of the screed should be dense, without various seals. Otherwise, you risk creating "air pockets", which in turn will lead to a violation of thermal insulation and deformation of the cable.
  • Once the mix has been poured on site, you must wait at least 30 days before connecting the heating cable. During this time, the screed hardens, and after that you can operate the insulation. Also, pouring the mixture should take place in the warm season, as a sharp temperature difference will damage the integrity of the concrete, and you will have to start all over again. This kind of insulation is suitable for a house under construction, and will not complicate your life by reducing the movement in the yard.

Installation under paving slabs

In the second scenario, the process will be a little bit different if you decide to insulate steps that are covered in paving tiles.

  • After preparing the surface for the heating grid, the grid itself is laid, which is fixed at the edges with a mounting grid or construction adhesive.
  • After, sprinkle the surface of the site with a thin layer of sand (until you cover the grid) and lay tiles. The work must be carried out carefully, as the cable in the heating grid is thinner and more susceptible to deformation.

Installing an insulated porch surface in less time and without having to wait a month is a convenient way to go about things. Watch the video to gain a better understanding of the technology involved in installing heating steps.

High-quality heating on your steps is the goal of both options. A major benefit is that heating your home’s entryway landing not only keeps you safe from unintentional falls but also prolongs the lifespan of the ladder material. Insulation cable installation is done just once. You can ensure long-lasting quiet movement in your yard with appropriate installation and safe operation.

Is it necessary and profitable to heat the street?

Someone will quickly point out that dealing with this icing is a hassle and that shoveling a few times a week is a more cost-effective option.

Large retail chains and stores that appreciate their brand and clientele have, of course, long since made the switch to this kind of street heating since they can afford it.

Even in the early stages of construction, they install heating on the walkways, parking lots, and access roads leading to their offices and retail locations.

The West has long since come to the realization that it is far less expensive than paying all the legal bills from hurt shoppers who unintentionally fell while carrying full bags of groceries.

What benefits do these de-icing and snow melting systems offer the house?

  • First of all, a clean and dry surface of the places of your movement during the whole winter period

After a snowfall, clearing out all the snow with a shovel might not seem like a big deal to some, but what if it’s your parents’ house? And one day you’ll be older than 70.

It’s not like you’ll employ a janitor every time.

  • Longer life of tiles, asphalt and other pavements

This eliminates the need for you to use a crowbar to chip away at the next layer of ice. Furthermore, as the ice expands in the joints, it ruins the original mosaic and tidy path design.

Furthermore, rough tiles and asphalt might be able to handle it, but what about marble steps?

  • and most importantly – no fractures, sprains and other injuries associated with ice

Consequently, you will eventually have to make the deliberate choice to perform this kind of de-icing on your site if you want to live in your home comfortably and safely for the rest of your life.

Mounting under tile

Heated stair installation beneath tile. (Toggle to make larger)

The process for putting in a heater beneath a tile is a little bit different from the preceding choice:

  1. Surface preparation.
  2. Laying of the heating system with subsequent fixing.
  3. Backfill the surfaces with sand until the insulation system is completely covered.
  4. Tiling the steps with tiles.

Important to know: The fact that you don’t have to wait 30 days before using the system is advantageous for this kind of heated porch trim.

Every choice available for warming sidewalk steps is of a high enough caliber. Heating not only provides comfort when moving throughout the winter, but it also helps to prolong the life of the material used to line the porch.

Watch the video to see the expert demonstrate and go over the features of various porch step heating systems:

Warm floor for the street reason for installation

Weighing the advantages and disadvantages should be done before taking up the implementation of a contentious solution with your own hands. Is the sole purpose of floor heating to provide a comfortable walking surface? Obviously not; the need for heated outdoor surfaces only arises in the winter months.

Porch steps can get so icy in the winter that they are not only dangerous to climb but also very difficult. It’s simple to trip and get hurt.

You can increase the safety and practicality of the street steps by using a heated floor.

Ice sidewalks and mounds of snow are additional issues. Who would want to shovel snow first thing every day? But for individual homeowners, this is a fact of life during the winter. In the warm months, owning a home in the private sector is very convenient, but in the winter, one must at the very least make prudent snow removal decisions. For this reason, a lot of people are searching for a heating solution for surfaces like asphalt or sidewalks.

Ensuring effective heating and insulation for your home is crucial for comfort and energy efficiency, but often overlooked are the steps and walkways leading up to it. These areas not only contribute to the overall aesthetics of your property but also play a significant role in safety during colder months. By implementing appropriate heating solutions and ensuring proper insulation for your walkways and steps, you can create a welcoming and safe environment while minimizing the risk of slips and falls. This article will explore various steps and walkway heating options, including electric heating systems, heated mats, and snow-melting chemicals, as well as practical tips for insulation to prevent heat loss and maintain durability in harsh weather conditions.

Where to use street heating

Such systems can include porch and step heating in addition to the following features:

  • Roofing to prevent icicles on the roof;
  • An area on the street – for example, in front of your house;
  • parking lots or the area in front of your garage;
  • Floors in the garage, basement and other cold rooms.

When using a heating system anywhere, keep in mind that you need to use an anti-slip liner in order to prevent injuries from slipping when the snow melts. You can buy specialty pavement; it’s especially necessary for pavements made of porcelain stoneware or natural stone.

The most effective way to control ice

Winter ice and snowdrifts frequently result in major issues, such as traffic accidents, injuries from falls, and obstructions to passage. Any outdoor areas will benefit from the snow and ice melting cable system in preventing drifts of ice and snow.

Areas of application:

  • steps;
  • paths and sidewalks;
  • parking lots;
  • driveways to garages;
  • ramps;
  • loading and unloading areas;
  • Bridges;
  • sports grounds and stadiums.

Almost any place that needs to be kept free of snow and ice has flocking and heating systems installed for snow and ice. The heating cable is installed on a layer of compacted sand or gravel, on old asphalt or concrete, or on any surface that needs to be shielded from snow and ice. Sand or concrete are placed or poured over the cable. The facing coating, such as granite, marble, asphalt, or paving tiles, is then installed.

As a "weather station," the sensor system—which consists of a humidity, air, and ground temperature sensor—reads the weather and sends the information to the temperature controller. The thermoregulator activates the heating system and the heating cable begins to heat up and release heat when the weather is suitable for ice and snowdrifts. The pavement will not become wet as the snowmelt runs off and empties into the catchments.


  • automatically clearing snow and ice from the surface;
  • keep walkways, steps, ramps and platforms in good condition around the clock;
  • reduce the risk of accidents;
  • protect concrete from the damaging effects of salt;
  • save time and money on manual clearing of ice and snow.

Any open areas (steps, overpasses, parking lots, pathways, sidewalks, etc.) can be heated with the aid of the large selection of heating cables available, and the cable system can be installed beneath any surface, including concrete, tile, marble, and asphalt.

The snow and ice flocking system consists of:

  • The heating part – the actual heating cables – electrically safe, mechanically strong, resistant to sunlight and precipitation. Ensure snow and ice melting.
  • Distribution network – power and data cables, junction boxes and fasteners. Provide power supply for all elements of the heating part and conduct information signals from the sensors to the control panel.
  • Control systems – special thermoregulators, temperature and humidity sensors, control and protection equipment corresponding to the system capacity.

You can cut your electricity operating costs significantly by using high-tech thermoregulators equipped with humidity sensors, air and soil temperature sensors, and other sensors. The snow and ice flocking cable system operates in standby mode and only activates the heating element when snow is present on the heated surface.

Thermocable Profline Series solid core heating cable is used for the heating stages.

Pathway heating using a two-core series heating cable

How to heat the steps. Snow-free stairs. Heating the porch and outdoor areas

At the onset of cold weather, there are problems associated with snowfall and icing of the surfaces of steps, paths, entrances, the occurrence of ice on adjacent areas. All this can lead to accidental injuries and property damage. Cable heating systems of various capacities and configurations are used to prevent icing. Heating with heating cables is successfully applied both in private homes and in modern business centers and shopping malls. The system is economical due to the fact that it works in automatic mode and activates heating only when the temperature sensor installed under the surface to be heated shows that the temperature has dropped to the point where it is necessary to turn on the heating.

Installation and wiring diagrams for power circuits

By heating the stairs, you can avoid having to clear the snow and ice off of them and enjoy a safe ascent to the second floor of the dacha. Interstorey spans are clear even after a lot of snow. Graz-style modular stairs with an electric heating cable installed are completely safe to use in both rain and snow. The structure is easy to assemble, and the cost of the labor is reasonable. Operations are made simpler by the meticulous coordination of dimensions between all parts and assemblies.

When it comes to areas where the elderly, ill, and disabled walk, dry and non-slip steps are a need. Paying and installing once is preferable to endangering the well-being and lives of close ones.

Cables with reinforced insulation are installed in the stairs leading to the second floor of the house or cottage in order to provide heat for each step. Before activating the braided conductor during installation, experts measure its resistance. You can use the equipment in your home because of the reasonably small size and affordable cost of the connecting elements.

Component and part layout for the heating device

After the voltage is applied, the steps that comprise a summer house’s porch or the stairs leading to the second floor are heated. The primary benefits of these kinds of systems are:

  • The process can be controlled manually or automatically.
  • Low power consumption.
  • Uncomplicated installation.
  • Comparatively low price.

Inter-floor staircases are evidently kept clear of snow and ice crusts, which significantly improves their safety. We offer to watch themed videos and provide feedback on our experiences using such systems.

And you, cherished readers, offer your opinions on something this helpful. Since many of us experience bitterly cold winters, having dry sidewalks is a need rather than an extravagance.

Heating of steps

Using a resistive cable and an Elektra VC20 or VCD25 two-way or one-way power supply, the de-icing system is the most efficient way to heat porches and stair treads. The cable can be placed beneath granite, marble, ceramic tiles, and concrete. If raising the step level is not an option, cable laying is done in pre-cut channels, with the aid of Elektra TME mesh, or with mounting tape. Thermal insulation lowers the system’s running costs dramatically while increasing efficiency and cutting down on heating time.

An illustration of how to lay cables and how to fix them, including the necessary indentation step

Optimal thermal treatment of porches and steps

The following are the best techniques for stage de-icing:

  • Installation of a self-regulating, resistance heating cable;
  • Installation of a coil with a heat carrier;
  • Installation of infrared heaters.
  • Average temperature in the cold period;
  • The amount of atmospheric precipitation;
  • Width, height of the heated area;
  • Variety of material used to cover the surface.

Based on the acquired parameters, you can choose the right degree treatment type and power needed.

Electric porch heating

It is distinguished by its availability of components, simplicity, and ease of installation. You’ll need a heating cable that fits the parameters if you want to install electric heating in the porch. The installation of cables is done beneath the porch’s exterior, the steps, the concrete base, and the tile masonry. The ability to tolerate low temperatures, mechanical loads, and moisture resistance are the three main factors to consider when selecting the appropriate cable. A distribution group (fastening elements, electric boxes, adjustment equipment) and a control group (thermoregulators, temperature and humidity sensors) are needed in addition to the heating cable.

Advantages of electric heating

  • Safety of operation;
  • Low cost of maintenance;
  • Heating of structures of any complexity;
  • Installation under any flooring;
  • Durability of used elements for more than ten years;
  • Energy saving. The system is automatically switched on only at minus temperature;
  • Easy to use, without additional maintenance.

OOO "TermoKabel" specialists ensure that the products and services provided are of the highest caliber. We provide resistive cables with single and double cores in different capacities. You can get more specific information by calling the numbers listed. During the fall and winter, protect your family and yourself from unintentional falls and bruises. By insulating your steps with heating cable, you can remove unsightly ice buildup and maintain the attractive appearance of your house.

Country house pavement heating which system to choose

If the heating area is large enough, it is best to use a water heating system. Its meaning is that pipes are laid under the surface to be heated and warm water is pumped into them. In general, everything is absolutely the same as with heating in the house, however, on the street you will have to warm the ground, sidewalk and melt snow. Undoubtedly, such a solution will cost a penny, but if you can afford heating sidewalks, then in the first winter you will feel a new level of comfort – in any weather the paths will be clean and dry. Even after a heavy rain, they will dry quickly, because liquid evaporates almost instantly from the warm floor.

Installing a heated floor in front of the garage entrance is a great solution.

The water floor is thought to be far more cost-effective than the electric cable floor, although system installation is more costly. Naturally, you can easily conceal a thin cable beneath the screed to quickly heat an area of the house, like the porch. Nonetheless, heating large surfaces is facilitated by a water-heated sidewalk.

Technical details

When there is still time to create a plan, it is preferable to set up the electric heating of the street tiles before the territory is organized. Thus, the first step is to figure out how much power the heating system will have, how big it will be, how big it will be in section, and what kind of cable it will be.

  • The power of street heating varies from 250 to 300 W/m square meter., but can be increased up to 400 W/m² if necessary. On this range and should be guided, calculating the power. Table for calculating the power of heating the street with electric heating
  • The linear power of the conductor depends on the power of the system as a whole – based on these parameters, the calculation of total electricity consumption is made.
  • Control over the system of street floor heating is carried out in autonomous or manual mode. Autonomous mode is more often used – for this purpose it is necessary to install a thermoregulation system, which will assess the state of the level of precipitation and moisture on the surface of the tile, checking it with the air temperature. When all parameters coincide, the system turns on automatically, snow or ice begins to thaw on the surface, and excess moisture is discharged into water collectors.

An electric cable serves as the warm floor’s primary operational component.

  • Resistive – with a constant resistance, which makes it impossible to self-regulate the heating temperature. Positive quality – the cable is easy to bend. Resistive heating cable
  • Self-regulating – is more expensive, but has the property to independently regulate the amount of heat given to the surface. Due to this feature, the system as a whole is much more economical. Self-regulating cable design

The grounding and polymer sheath that protects the electric cable used for street heating beneath tiles.

Types of heating of steps

The effectiveness of chemical and mechanical porch deicing techniques won’t always be relevant. Applying chemicals to the steps may cause damage to your shoes, and using a crowbar to break off ice will harm the cladding and not always remove ice.

Porch steps can be heated in three different methods:

Heating cable

This is the best option, based on feedback from people who have heated the steps. This cable has its own operating algorithm; it turns on and off when the temperature reaches a predetermined point. There are two conductors in the cable, and current travels through them. They are composed of a polymer material that contains coal dust. Two layers of insulating material surround the matrix that encases these cores.

It is imperative to consider that an electric cable serves as the foundation for the heated floor:

  • Resistive – this cable bends perfectly, but you should know that it has a constant resistance, so there is no possibility of self-regulation of the heating temperature.
  • Self-regulating – its price is much higher than the previous one, but it has such functions as self-regulation of the heat given to the surface. The total cost of this type of heating will be cheaper.
  • It should be noted that such heating of outdoor surfaces directly depends on electricity – accordingly, with frequent operation may increase the payment for electricity.

Water heating of steps

This type of heating will cost more than the previous one, as you will have to buy pipes, fittings, various sensors, a boiler and a water pump. But it is possible to save money by connecting such heating to the home system. In this case, this type of heating should be planned when building a house. When choosing water heating, it is worth considering that the liquid cools down quickly, especially if you want to heat a larger area. If your climate has severe frosts, the system will have to work in constant mode. According to reviews about the use of different types of heating, water heating will be cheaper than electric heating. Only for this purpose it is necessary to install thermostats, programmers and RCDs.

Suggested reading

The porch’s metal steps

Porch railings made of metal

Heating of porch steps with thermomats

This is typically one of the types of electric heating. As a result, you won’t have to worry about calculations or whether the electrical cable was laid correctly. Thermo-mats are sections or plates that can be customized to each customer’s exact measurements. It won’t be hard to connect them to one another. Each layer has two cables that emerge: an "input" cable and an "output" cable. Both cables have handy connectors that allow them to be connected. You won’t require any extra equipment. These cables will also be removed and placed in designated boxes or laid out neatly.

Installation of step heating with heating cable

Owners of country homes and vacation homes frequently use this type of street landscaping. The materials and tools listed below are needed to install the cable system:

Options for setting up the cable heater.

  • heating cable with a power of at least 28 W/m;
  • level;
  • screwdriver;
  • tester;
  • ground temperature sensor;
  • air temperature sensor;
  • humidity sensor;
  • control gear.

Installing during a stairway, porch, bridge, or path’s construction is more practical and straightforward. Here, the cable is installed straight onto the concrete foundation before being covered in cladding. Prior to anything else, the system’s capacity must be calculated as required. The indicators listed below can help you make decisions:

  • for driveways and sidewalks – 250 W/m2;
  • for exterior steps without thermal insulation – 300-375 W/m2;
  • for exterior steps with thermal insulation – 200-300 W/m2.

Three fundamental components make up the cable system:

  • heating network;
  • distribution network;
  • control systems.

A video concerning the heating of staircases:

  1. Clean the concrete or stone surface.
  2. If necessary, perform a set of works on leveling (use cement-sand mortar, self-leveling screed or sand backfill with a thickness of 3-4 cm).
  3. Lay the cable (zigzag). It is important that the rows of cable are placed at the same distance from each other.
  4. Connect the sensor system; the manufacturer"s instructions are used to select the location for the sensors.
  5. A control group is connected.
  6. Fill the area with self-levelling screed or concrete.
  7. Carry out finishing works.

There are numerous benefits to electric heating, including its ease of use, fire safety, and lack of need for system replacement or repair.

However, it has a drawback of its own: reliance on the electrical grid. It should be considered along with the fact that electricity costs will rise dramatically if the cable system operates around-the-clock.

A video explaining where the pipes are on the stairs:

Setting up a circuit that uses water heating, much like when a warm floor is installed. The cost of purchasing materials (pipes, fittings, sensors) will be high if you decide to go with this option for heating street areas. Select metal-plastic pipes the most frequently. The circuit is installed on a base made of concrete, connected to the heating system, and then covered in concrete.

Sand and cement work that is labor-intensive is not necessary for infrared heating. Over the area that will be shielded from ice and precipitation, heating components are installed.

Advantages of porch heating

When planning the heating of sidewalks and stairwells, there are expenses involved. However, they are rewarded with happy moments:

  • attractive appearance of the object;
  • you do not need to spend money on a janitor (or do the job of snow removal yourself);
  • surface safety (tiles are not broken with a crowbar and are not corroded by reagents);
  • Heating the steps not only removes snow and ice, the cladding dries quickly during rain;
  • extending the service life of cladding materials: water does not freeze in microcracks and does not split tiles.

It is evident from analyzing the material benefits that purchasing a street heating system can make sense.

Installation of heating systems

Typically, the porch’s finishing is completed in the following order:

  • pouring a screed;
  • laying of facing tiles.

After this is complete, installing heating involves the following steps:

  1. Prepare the surface, level it and be sure to clean it up.
  2. Laying the selected heating for outdoor steps and porches. If your choice is wired heating, then lay it in a zigzag pattern, according to the advice of masters, with a distance between the cables of 8 cm.
  3. Fix the laid heating with mounting tape or special fasteners. It is necessary to perform the fixation extremely carefully, so as not to deform the heating elements.
  4. Fill the required area with cement. When you prepare the cement mixture, make sure that there is no compaction in the mixture, this can lead to the formation of air spaces. This will reduce the heat output or cause deformation of the cable.Masters recommend to carry out these types of work at a time of year when the temperature is stable plus, because before the cement mixture fully hardens, about a month should pass. And if there will be temperature spikes, it will lead to a violation of the integrity of the concrete. And it is not recommended to use the system during this period of time!
  5. Install sensors and regulation systems so that the system itself controls switching on and off depending on the ambient temperature.

How to organize heating of steps

There are various methods to stop ice or snow from being trampled on the steps in front of the home, business, or store: heating the porch and steps nearby, applying a chemical treatment, or using a mechanical action.

A 100% removal of ice and snow will not be possible with mechanical cleaning.

The first two approaches are not well known. Their use results in the coating’s surface developing chips and cracks, the coating’s protective layer being destroyed, more expenses for coating restoration, and 24-hour operation.

By using machinery to remove the ice, you can quickly clad the steps.

Recognize that there are multiple ways to combat ice on the steps using the third method:

  • by the placement of thermal mats with infrared heater;
  • laying of tubes with non-freezing liquid;
  • with heating cable.

You can eliminate their icing on the street in a matter of hours by installing electric heating on the porch and steps. More severe frosts won’t be too bad if the temperature is maintained at this level to achieve a dry surface for the lining material. Ice forms in the temperature corridor between plus three and minus seven. This is because there’s usually no need to heat at other temperatures because snow and ice don’t fall at those temperatures.

The steps will remain clean even in the event of snowfall because of electric heating.

Heating options for steps

One significant similarity unites all three variations: they are connected to the 220 V supply and add to the electrical network’s load. When designing a private residence or business or office space, it is important to consider the heating of outdoor steps and determine the main cable’s capacity for the input.

If things are different for you, don’t worry; there’s always a way out.

It’s crucial to figure out the capacity if you want to heat the surrounding area in addition to the porch.

Initially, the street’s heating system can be manually adjusted and turned on at night, when nobody else uses the porch or steps save the neighbor’s cat. Second, as night frosts deepen and the sun sets, steps won’t become icy thanks to outdoor heating. The usage of electrical appliances also drastically decreases during this time. Overnight ice formation will be prevented by the electric heating.

Liquid heating

Half-inch pipes are installed on the porch’s surface and along its steps in order to install liquid heating. Before the entrance door is installed, tubes should be laid in the floor beneath it in a "snake" pattern. They are pumped with glycols, such as antifreeze.

Installing the pipes for the steps’ liquid heating

Purchasing a pump and a larger capacity heating boiler is required when connecting the outdoor circuit to the general "water" heating system. By the way, you don’t need to build a spring over a separately heated porch; instead, you should continuously check the system’s pressure and replenish the liquid volume.

Liquid heating connection to the heating system

Thermal mats

Thermomats are sections or plates that contain an internal infrared heating element "string." They can be made with their own frame and protective coating, and they can be made to the exact dimensions provided by the customer. Each section has two cables coming out of it; these are the outlets and the inlets. Convenient connectors allow them to be readily connected to one another without the need for additional tools. It only takes a beginner to twist and snap them together. Cables can be arranged in specifically designed fixed boxes or left loose on the stairwell’s edges.

There are thermal mats with a step overlay style.

However, be aware that a sizable portion of the street’s porch and steps are covered in thermal mats. The primary drawback of this technology is that it completely obscures the aesthetic appeal of the thermomate staircase cladding.


Thermal mats are not a solution to the issue; rather, they are more of an emergency. Plan "stationary" heating if you want to permanently eliminate frost on the stairs.

Heating cable

You can prepare yourself for multiple pleasant surprises at once in the future if you take care of the porch heating beforehand. Installing a heating cable on the porch’s concrete base and the steps’ horizontal surface is sufficient. Position it in waves with a four to ten centimeter step, pour a void-free screed, and then place the chosen facing material on top of it. The most important thing is to make sure the cable is resistant—either self-regulating or resistive—both before and after the screed is poured.

Porch in cross-section with a heating cable

The entire stairwell can be heated by the heating cable.

Or it can only cover the middle portion of the steps.

The porch heating system will operate silently for 4-4.5 kWh provided that the total height of the surface layer above the cable (including the facing material) does not exceed seventy millimeters, the porch’s side walls are insulated, and the steps’ angle is maintained.

Comparative chart for step heating using cable and liquid


Any heating systems for steps and porches must have temperature and moisture sensors, a relay-regulator, and a starter installed in order for them to function in accordance with the weather.

The porch will last longer thanks to all of these "warm little things." The remainder is left to you.

Using a heating cable, heat the steps

Infrared devices

Sections or plates with an infrared heating element inside are called thermomats. Thermomats are available in standard sizes, or you can order a device to be manufactured in the necessary size. Thermomats have their own frame and a layer of protection. The device has two cable outlets: input and output. Connectors are used to connect them to one another. Without any trouble, connect them with any extra tools. Wires can be placed around the porch steps’ edges or inside designated boxes.

The infrared device’s primary drawback is that thermomats will cover the majority of the steps and porch. This will hide the porch cladding’s entire beauty.

Steps on the porch can become iced over, even with thermomats. It is essential to set up a regular stationary porch heater in order to fully resolve this issue. The use of thermomats is limited to a temporary fix for the issue.

Electric heating of the entrance area

The following components make up the de-icing system that insulates the porch:

  • The control of such a system is ensured by temperature and humidity sensors, as well as by a thermoregulator. All this contributes to the quality heating of the steps;
  • there is also a distribution system, which is a junction box, protective equipment, temperature distribution and fasteners;
  • there is also a heating part, which consists of heating cables (they can be self-regulating and resistive).

Alternatives for arranging the thermal mat on the ground.

The requirements for such a system are more stringent because, unlike underfloor heating for interior spaces, such de-icing systems are used in more severe conditions. The high efficiency of the heating cable used to heat outdoor spaces is guaranteed by its complete electrical safety as well as its resistance to sunlight, low temperatures, and precipitation. Not to be overlooked is this type of cable’s high mechanical strength.

In this sense, steps can be heated continuously during the winter without requiring maintenance or repairs (assuming the operation is performed in compliance with the instructions, of course).

A distribution group of elements in such a system is also in charge of providing power to the heating cable. Furthermore, information signals are transmitted from the sensors to the thermoregulator and from the thermoregulator to the heating cable via a distribution group of elements.

In such a system, there are soil and air temperature and humidity sensors that are a part of the control group. These sensors send environmental data to the thermoregulator, which controls power regulation and turns on and off the heating cable. Reliable electric cables, which come in two varieties—resistive, which has a constant power, and self-regulating, which has variable power—are used to carry out heating steps.

Installation of the outdoor porch heating system

Under the most various types of step coverings—concrete, marble, tile, artificial or natural cable—heating cable can be installed. The process of installing such a system is as follows: a heating cable, which is a thin tape, or a heating mat must be laid on the surface that needs to be shielded from the formation of ice (the surface should be level). Following that, it can be covered with a layer of sand or poured with a concrete screed.

Once everything is finished, you can apply another coating or a layer of tiles. It should be mentioned that the heated floor in the street has unique sensors and is wired into the electrical system.A thermoregulator is also installed in one of the rooms, and it regulates the entire system.

As for the power of the heating system, it is in direct dependence on different parameters (you need to take into account the average air temperature during the season, how abundant precipitation is, whether there is a thermal insulation layer). If we take the central region of Russia as an example, the power of the heating cable is about 300 W/m². When designing, calculating and laying the system, it is necessary to take into account the vertical rise between the steps, their width, the material of the coating and some other factors, in this regard, such work is better to entrust to professionals. Nevertheless, everything can be done with your own hands, if you have the appropriate technical skills to do so. When installing such a warm floor, the cable must be laid carefully, because if it is damaged by shaped elements of paving, it will lead to the fact that the system will simply fail. It is also necessary to carefully monitor that there are no stones in the sand. And the porch will cease to be a place where you can slip.

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Contour with liquid coolant

This system’s layout is comparable to the room’s water underfloor heating system.

Installing a system of this kind is more difficult since it is prearranged and completed while the building is being constructed.

It is limited by the fact that this kind is linked to the household’s common heating sources. This method is thought to be more effective the larger the heating area.

Expert advice: It’s important to choose a coolant that won’t freeze, so it should be carefully considered. Propylene or ethylene glycol are examples of such a liquid.

The structure of the circuit with a liquid coolant as a system is as follows:

  • pipelines for fluid movement;
  • heating boiler, which is a source of heat;
  • pump;
  • control sensors and fasteners.

Installation of heating elements

The following are the main steps involved in installing the porch and step heating system.

  1. Surface preparation – it must be leveled and cleaned.
  2. Laying the cable or thermo mat with subsequent fixation with fasteners.
    This process should be carried out particularly carefully to avoid damage to the heating elements.
    When using cable, the power of the future system can be regulated by means of the density of its laying. The optimal distance between the rows of heating cable is considered to be 80 mm.
  3. Cement screed pouring.
    When preparing the mixture it is required to use sifted sand, t.к. Large inclusions, firstly, may damage the insulating layer of the heating element or deform it, and secondly, worsen heat transfer due to the formation of air "pockets".
    This work should preferably be carried out in the warm period, t.к. The cement-sand screed strength is set within 28 days. During this time it is not recommended to allow alternate freezing-thawing of the laid layer, as well as to perform cladding or connect the heating element to the power supply.
    It should be noted that the process of installing a heating system of structures may not include this stage. In this case, after laying the cable or thermomate, a thin sandy layer of backfill is used.
  4. Installation of the necessary sensors, controllers, thermoregulators.
  5. Facing of porch surfaces and steps.
    As noted above, the surface can be finished with any material: ceramic or marble tiles, natural stone, etc.д.

Figure 4: Wintertime view of steps with heating system

Liquid coolant

Long-standing and technologically advanced, the tubular heat exchanger system is utilized in home floor heating systems. There are no issues when lying inside. Making sure the tube is strong enough is crucial. And without pouring concrete, the coating can just rest like Lego on a pad.

But for the street, this option is not suitable. It requires a monolithic structure that can withstand the high loads of people walking by, as well as the thermal expansion of the material during temperature changes. Therefore, the tube with the heat transfer medium is embedded in the standard concrete structure of the porch. Technologically, it looks like this: a structure is built, 10-15 cm below the planned plane. The pipes for the heat transfer medium are then laid on the foundation. Concrete is poured on top (at least 5 cm on top of the pipe). It is advisable to lay a reinforcing mesh to minimize the possibility of damage to the pipes. And on the plane of the finishing layer is laid facing material (ceramic, granite, marble).

What to pay attention to when connecting

Because the circuit is linked to the room’s main heating system (boiler, pipes, and radiators), caution must be used to keep outdoor heaters from "defrosting." Organizing continuous heating with a high water flow via the external pipes is impractical. It also cools more quickly than it does inside the house. As a result, you won’t just lose your porch heat. The house’s unified heating system will not function if frozen pipes burst. As a result, it is preferable to use a container for heat exchange—much like a two-circuit boiler—to divide the inner and outer circuits.

The coil of the street circuit travels through the room system’s heated water. The heat transfer medium needs to be resistant to extremely low temperatures, of course. Using the radiator of a car as an example, one could fill the external system with regular antifreeze (tosol). The external circuit can then be turned on as needed, saving you from wasting heat.

Furthermore, just organizing a little pathway will do; heating the porch and steps as a whole is not necessary.

Special materials cannot be purchased in order to save money. Standard metal-plastic pipes work great for these kinds of uses. The continuance of the laying is the sole requirement. That is, without splitters, joints, or couplings. One "in" and one "out" pipe. It is not necessary to have a coolant circulation pump. It is placed in the space and activated at the same time as the heating system.

Heating a country home’s pathways in this manner leads to illogical organization. The primary line’s length from the house—which has a heating system—to the sidewalk is excessive; the carrier will cool down en route.

The method’s indisputable benefit is its low cost. Of course, there’s a chance that the porch pipe could get damaged and need costly repairs. However, the absence of operating expenses surpasses all other issues.

It is essential to allow the concrete screed to shrink after installation. In 20 to 30 days, full solidification is accomplished. It is preferable to avoid providing heat to the chimney at this time.

For your family’s safety and comfort, especially in the winter, make sure that the steps and walkways surrounding your house are properly heated. You can prevent potential accidents caused by slippery surfaces and improve the aesthetic appeal of your property by putting effective strategies into place.

First and foremost, it is crucial to invest in high-quality materials for your walkways and steps. Choosing sturdy materials, such as brick, stone, or concrete, will ensure longevity and reduce the need for frequent replacements or repairs because they can withstand inclement weather and high foot traffic.

In addition, installing effective heating systems under your walkways and steps can greatly reduce the possibility of snow accumulation and ice formation. In order to provide residents and guests with safe passage, snow and ice buildup can be avoided with the installation of radiant heat mats or electric heating cables beneath the surface.

Furthermore, maintaining the efficiency of heating systems for steps and walkways depends heavily on adequate insulation. Maintaining sufficient insulation below the surface aids in heat retention, increasing energy efficiency, and lowering long-term heating expenses.

Maintaining the functionality and safety of heated walkways and steps also requires routine maintenance. Regular maintenance of the heating systems, debris removal, and fast damage repair can avert problems and increase the infrastructure’s lifespan.

In summary, making the heating and insulation of your home’s walkways and steps a top priority is a wise investment that will pay off in the long run. Regardless of the weather, you can create a secure and welcoming environment for yourself and others by choosing high-quality materials, installing effective heating systems, making sure proper insulation is in place, and performing routine maintenance.

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What type of heating you would like to have in your home?
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