Heating from pipes without batteries

The typical methods of providing warmth to a room are baseboard heaters or radiators, which come to mind when we think about heating our homes. However, heating via pipes rather than conventional batteries or radiators is another technique that is becoming more and more well-liked due to its effectiveness and aesthetic appeal. This creative method distributes heat in a different way, converting your home’s structure into a heat source in and of itself.

The fundamental concept is straightforward. This system heats the surrounding area through the pipes themselves, eliminating the need for large radiators. It’s a useful technique for distributing heat uniformly across a space, minimizing cold spots and raising the ambient temperature. Furthermore, it frees you from having to use bulky, inconvenient radiators, allowing you greater creative freedom when designing your home.

Underfloor heating systems, which use pipes running beneath the floor to distribute heat evenly, frequently use this technique. However, it isn’t just applicable to setups below ground. Depending on the design of your home and your heating requirements, pipes can be installed in walls or ceilings, giving you a variety of options. The end effect is a cozy, warm space free of the cluttered appearance of conventional heating systems.

In addition to being more aesthetically pleasing, pipe heating can also be more energy-efficient. This system warms the people and things in the room directly instead of just the air because it uses radiant heat. Lower energy costs and a smaller environmental impact may result from this. It’s a clever option for people who want to modernize their home’s interior design while simultaneously upgrading their heating system.

Pipe heating radiators: types and characteristics, calculation of home -made devices

The range of different heating room devices available on the market today is astounding; you can now easily find products to suit nearly every taste and budget. But even now, you can still heat radiators by hand thanks to the pipe. These designs can be prefabricated or welded; various metals are used in this production process, and the forms are entirely up to the master’s creativity. We will discuss each of these nuances in more detail.

Constructing tube radiators by hand.

Heating your home using warm pipes without traditional radiators, also known as radiant piping, is a sleek and efficient way to keep your space cozy. This method involves embedding pipes within walls, floors, or ceilings to spread warmth evenly throughout the room. It creates a gentle, consistent heat that feels comfortable without the need for bulky radiators or vents. Not only does this system allow for a more streamlined and flexible interior design, but it also minimizes dust and allergens by reducing air circulation. Additionally, radiant piping can be energy-efficient, as it maintains a steady temperature without the on-off cycling of conventional heating systems. If you"re looking for a cleaner, quieter, and more aesthetically pleasing way to heat your home, consider radiant piping as a smart and modern alternative.

Which metal is better

First of all, we should point out that these kinds of structures can be designed to serve as heat fences when the tubular register is installed directly within the boiler or furnace’s combustion chamber, or they can be used for heat transfer, acting as radiators.

Moreover, some models use heated gas—such as a radiator chimney pipe—instead of liquid coolant.

  • Steel pipes for heating radiators are deservedly considered the leaders of this market sector. Of course, the heat transfer became not as high as that of aluminum or copper, it is subject to corrosion and requires regular care. But these shortcomings more than compensate for the affordable price, as well as a wide range of types and sizes. In addition, cooking ordinary black metal is much easier than non -ferrous.
  • Stainless steel for such structures is extremely rare. In addition to the fact that its cost, to put it mildly, is far from the budget, argon welding is used to solder stainless steel, and not every professional welder can work with it.

Important: In this instance, galvanized iron just does not make sense. When welding, light zinc spraying just burns. because of a weakened weld that was further impacted by corrosion.

  • The use of copper tubular registers is justified only in the case of copper wiring around the house. The heat transfer of copper is four times higher than that of ferrous metals, so here we can talk about heating with pipes without radiators, more precisely with a minimum number of radiators.
    But, firstly, the price of copper is fabulously high, and secondly, this metal is very demanding on operating conditions.

Heating wire made of copper.

  1. Copper systems require a finely purified coolant that does not have solid abrasive interspersed.
  2. In such systems, accessories should be copper or compatible metals, such as bronze, nickel, chrome or brass. Moreover, aluminum with copper is strictly forbidden to combine.
  3. Copper pipelines without fail requires high -quality grounding, since there is a danger of electrochemical corrosion.
  4. Copper material is soft, so the system needs additional protection, naturally casings and shields also cost money.
  • Cast iron radiator heating pipes shown in the photo, in industrial buildings and technical rooms are still used. But the weight of this design is much higher than that of the household cast -iron battery. Given not aesthetic appearance and rather low efficiency, they do not use popularity.

Cast iron batteries in tubular form.

The best tubular registers to install in the furnace camera are made of cast iron. Their superior heat capacity, affordability, and modesty when it comes to coolant make them pioneers in this field.

Types and characteristics of tubular radiators

It is evident from everything above that steel pipes have an alternative. In this instance, there really isn’t. Even though these hand-crafted structures have a very mediocre appearance, they are ideal for garages, greenhouses, or cottages, and the instructions for self-assembly are straightforward.

Electric heating and battery diagram.

Types of homemade tubular radiators

These kinds of handcrafted creations are frequently made in register or serpentine. The title lays out how the former is configured. After the metal pipe is bent into the shape of a snake, fasteners and docking pipes are sometimes welded to it.

Guidelines for the production of registers.

Naturally, the whole-bent radiator has many advantages over pieces that are welded together. However, you’ll need a special pipe bend or a gas burner at the very least to bend a steel pipe. Additionally, the pipe’s diameter typically doesn’t go above 50 mm. Therefore, register structures are typically used for systems with greater power.

The register system does not impose any limitations on the tube diameter. Here, smooth round pipes with a diameter ranging from 32 to 150 mm are most frequently utilized.

There are two ways to join sections together: as a thread or as a column. The thread connection differs from the coil connection solely in that connecting pipes are present. Other than that, this snake remains the same.

The column’s pipes are linked in parallel. That is, vertical paws on both sides connect horizontally mounted sections with a greater diameter. This is somewhat similar to an ordinary factory radiator, but with one side inverted.

These do-it-yourself registers can be linked to single- or dual-pipe systems. Technical features do not indicate the kind of system. These registers function best in heating systems with a natural coolant current because of their large diameter and low hydraulic resistance.

However, keep in mind that natural systems are positioned with a bias of roughly 5 mm per 1 m linear in the water string.

Items derived from a profile pipe.

Important: Heating radiators from a profile pipe with your hands is as easy as it is from a round if you have access to a welding machine, grinder, and other auxiliary tools. Naturally, there will be a little increase in hydraulic resistance in this situation, but this error is negligible for pipes larger than 50 mm in cross section.

Products with nuts or "plumage" are commonly used in both factory-made and handcrafted structures. Here, we’re referring to the fact that metal plates or strips are propelled along a smooth pipe. The metal’s increased area results in a significant increase in heat transfer. Specifically, the photo’s pipe radiator for fireplaces operates on this principle.

Chimney hose.

Calculation of a homemade tubular radiator

It is not worthwhile to wait for high efficiency from such structures because the area of contact between the radiator and air is small in relation to the internal volume of the coolant.

Partially solving the issue involves reinstalling the circulation pump in the system. Here, though, you should exercise caution because increasing the pump’s power will unavoidably cause unnecessary noise to appear.

Characteristics of various steel pipe types.

The large coolant volume is determined by the pipes’ diameters, which range from 32 to 150 mm, as was previously mentioned. The boiler will operate in a more subdued and gentle mode on the one hand. At the same time, though, temperature adjustment with a large volume is extremely difficult, and acceleration energy will require many times more.

There are still limitations in place even though DIY tubular radiators are very simple to assemble. In particular, pipes cannot be placed too closely together for the system to function effectively. The regulations state that the spacing between the sections must equal at least 1.5 times the radius of the main pipe.

These structures are actually very long pipes that have been bent in a specific way to reduce the overall system’s bulk. The same formulas as for a standard steel pipe are used to determine the quantity of homemade steel radiators. The averaged data in the table is oriented toward the middle lane of our country.

Go in a different direction, though, if the desired tables are not available. Generally speaking, experts use a simple formula for approximations. You only need to extract the material’s coefficient of heat transfer from the tables. The remaining data can be acquired immediately.

The determination of heat content.

The pros and cons of steel home -made structures

  • Perhaps the most important plus is the low cost of such a battery. But this corresponds to the truth only if welding is not a problem for you and everything will really be done independently. If you pay for the work of the welder, then the price of such a radiator may be the cost of an inexpensive aluminum product from China.
  • Such batteries, for the most part, release radiant thermal energy, so that oxygen is not burned.
  • It is much easier to care for voluminous smooth surfaces than modern corrugated batteries.
  • Steel easily withstands any working pressure and is not afraid.
  • Steel homemade batteries work equally well both in the system with forced and natural circulation of the coolant.

The drawbacks of these designs are partially outlined above. Specifically, steel is prone to rust, so these batteries need to be painted in heat-resistant hues, the design is terribly subpar, and the heat transfer is inadequate.

Original metal corrugation coil.

This article’s video provides resources on the subject.

The answer to the question of which is better for radiators or heating pipes should depend on the particulars of each room. Costly cast-iron casting, after all, will also appear absurd in a summer greenhouse—just like a homemade coil in an opulent bathroom.

The production room’s battery.

How to independently make a heating radiator out of pipes

After getting everything ready, we start the battery’s manufacturing right away.

Instructions for the manufacture of heating radiator

You must follow the technological instructions to the letter in order to produce a high-quality and effective product. Naturally, we begin by using a grinder to cut a large steel pipe.

  1. First, understand the main provisions. The pipe should be cut into three identical parts. Therefore, we take a grinder and, guided by the previously made marking, proceed to cutting.

  • At the end of the cutting, we take the welding machine and with it we make in each of the pipe segments two holes with a diameter of about 25 millimeters. These holes should be located 5 centimeters from the ends of the products at an angle of 180 degrees relative to each other.
  • Next, we clean the three segments from the molten metal remaining after welding.
  • We take a steel sheet and cut out round blanks from it in the amount of six pieces. What is characteristic, the diameter of the workpieces should be equal to the diameter of the large pipe.
  • We take the blanks and, using the same welding machine, brew the ends of all three pipes with their help.
  • We take a smaller diameter pipe, cut it in half, so that in the end there are two identical segments. We weld these segments to the pipes of larger diameter in those places where we previously made 2.5 centimeter holes.
  • We continue to make a home -made heating radiator from pipes. We take two 10-centimeter pieces of reinforcement and weld them to the pipes of smaller diameter. As a result, the strength and reliability of the finished design should increase significantly.
  • It remains only to weld the two signs that we prepared in advance. Everything, the work is practically completed!
  • We verify the strength and tightness of the completed structure after completing all necessary preparations. We shut off one of the radiator’s drives to see if it flows, and then we add the necessary amount of liquid in the next. We can find even the smallest leaks in the battery in this straightforward manner. Should any leaks be found, we will remove the product’s water content and re-brew all of the undercooked sections.

    Take note: the price of this homemade battery is in the range of several hundred rubles, whereas the "store" equivalent will cost at least three times as much.

    How to Make a Heating Battery in a Video

    There are several things you should know about this responsible process before moving forward with the manufacture. Thus, you must first list the materials that you’ll need and decide how the future battery will be configured. Generally speaking, there are no material issues: metal pipes with the largest diameter are the best choice for radiator manufacturing.

    However, we advise visiting the closest scrap metal reception to save money on this essential material as there are plenty of different pipes there. With this easy "maneuver," you can save a substantial amount of money.

    Take note: A heating device’s power (measured in terms of heat transfer) is its most crucial feature. It is not possible to ascertain the technical specifications of every material. For this reason, we will base our computations on the general specifications of cast iron standard radiators.

    It is important to remember that the following factors must be considered when calculating power:

    • battery weight;
    • the weight of the working fluid that will be in it;
    • the total area of the heating device;
    • Thermal conductivity.

    There are essentially no differences between cast iron and steel when comparing their thermal characteristics. We will therefore expand upon the general qualities of both materials, irrespective of the selection made.

    The overall area is the primary distinction between the "self-packing" battery and the factory battery. DIY gadgets are typically smaller. While steel has a higher thermal conductivity than cast iron, the difference in time is not very significant. As a result, the disparity between the areas is made up.

    To start, we provide one straightforward example. Assume we have ten registers in a factory cast-iron radiator, and that each register has roughly 1.5 liters of working fluid in it. A single register has 160 watts of thermal power. Why is everything like this? Thus, we discover through the comparative analysis that a homemade battery needs to have a minimum of 14.5 liters of working fluid.

    You will need an ordinary steel pipe with a diameter of approximately 10 centimeters to construct a homemade heating radiator out of pipes. Regarding the product’s wall thickness, it should be 0.35 centimeters. It turns out that a pipe of this type will have an inner diameter of 9.5 centimeters. The product’s section’s total area is approximately 71 centimeters when calculated next.

    The necessary pipe length is then calculated by performing the simplest division of the total capacity into a section area (71 centimeters). It is 2 meters and 5 centimeters in this instance. One heating battery needs to be made with a product of this specific length.

    Method Description
    Hydronic Heating Warm water circulates through pipes installed in the floor, creating gentle, even heat without visible radiators or batteries.
    Air Duct Heating Warm air flows through hidden ducts, providing indirect heat without traditional radiators. This system can be used for both heating and cooling.

    In conclusion, heating your house without the use of conventional radiators is a creative solution with advantages for both functionality and appearance. You can achieve a more uniform and cozy warmth in your living areas by installing heated pipes into the walls, floors, or ceilings. This technique not only increases energy efficiency but also gets rid of big, ugly radiators, giving your home more design options.

    The steady, soft warmth this kind of heating system offers is one of its main benefits. Your rooms feel more spacious and uncluttered when the radiators are hidden. Additionally, since there are no hot surfaces that need to be avoided, this method may be perfect for homes with young children or pets.

    Notwithstanding these advantages, it’s important to take into account the upfront installation costs and the possibility that your home may require structural modifications. It can be difficult to retrofit pipes into already-existing walls or floors, so it’s crucial to work with qualified experts to guarantee correct installation and safety. However, over time, the increased comfort and energy savings might justify this expenditure.

    All things considered, battery-free pipe heating is a cutting-edge and effective way to keep your house comfortable. This method could be a great option if you’re looking to build a new home or upgrade your heating system because it creates a warm and inviting space without compromising on design or size.

    Video on the topic

    Innovative heating system XL PIPE | Electro-water warm floor | Without batteries and boiler

    Budget and cheap heating, without radiators

    What type of heating you would like to have in your home?
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    Anna Vasilieva
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