Electric warm floor device: types, diagrams, do -it -yourself installation

Comfort and wellbeing during the winter months depend on keeping your house warm and inviting. An electric warm floor system installation is one efficient way to accomplish this. Electric warm floors offer reliable and effective heat distribution from the ground up, in contrast to conventional heating techniques that rely on forced air or radiators, guaranteeing a comfortable living environment throughout your house.

There are several varieties of electric warm floor systems, and each has advantages and installation requirements of its own. Selecting the best option for your home can be made easier if you are aware of the various types and how they operate. When building a new home or remodeling an existing one, electric warm floors provide a flexible heating option that can be tailored to your requirements.

The electric resistance heating system is one of the most popular varieties of electric warm floor systems. Under the flooring, heating cables or mats are positioned as part of this system. Heat is produced by the cables when power is applied to them, and this heat is then transmitted to the floor above. With the help of this radiant heat, the room is heated evenly and comfortably from the bottom up.

An additional well-liked choice is the electric radiant heating system, which makes use of electrically conductive components embedded in the floor structure, like heating films or panels. These systems generate efficient radiant heat that warms the room, much like electric resistance heating. On the other hand, electric radiant heating systems might be a better option for retrofitting existing floors because they are frequently simpler to install.

It’s crucial to comprehend the fundamental installation principles of electric warm floor systems for anyone thinking about installing one. Although it is always possible to hire a professional installer, many homeowners decide to save money by doing the installation themselves. An enjoyable and doable project is installing electric heated floors yourself, provided you have the proper equipment and advice.

Types of electric floors

The type of heating element—a cable or an infrared heater—distinguishes the designs of warm electric floors.

The initial perspective is owned by:

  • Hearing cable – one, two -core or self -regulating wire can be used;
  • Heating mats are the same cable, but fixed on the grid.

Among infrared systems are:

  • film – a flexible canvas with an infrared element of heating;
  • rod – mats with carbon rods.

We shall talk more in-depth about their benefits and drawbacks below.

Cable floor

The wire, which emails energy into thermal form, is the primary component in the design of the cable electric floor.

Cable floor device and heating element

Heating cables, coupling connections, device adjustments, and control are all included in cable heating.

The warming cable, which has multiple isolation layers, is the main component. Live cores, polyester film, fiberglass reinforcement, copper conductor, aluminum screen, and a PVC protective layer are some of its components.

Warm electric floor cables are self-regulating and resistant. Among the resistant are:

  1. One -core – is not expensive, but the high level of electromagnetic radiation makes the installation unacceptable in living rooms.
  2. Two -core – in it one heating core performs the function of a conventional wire, the second – heating. This property increases the cost, but it reduces AMI.

Self-regulating cable: based on the ambient temperature in the space, it can adjust the heating intensity. Two closed parallel current cores with a semiconductor matrix make up a wire device.

These semiconductors are in charge of regulating and controlling the temperature. This kind of cable has a feature that helps save electricity, but it has no effect on how evenly the surface warms.

Principle of operation

Although heating cable looks like a regular wire used to transfer electricity, it’s not quite that easy. Thermal energy is produced in its veins from electrical energy.

The shielded nature of the wire makes it appropriate for installation in highly humid spaces.

Advantages and disadvantages


The hearing mats are 0.5 meters wide and have a wire fixed with an installed step. The apparatus consists of thermomatters with corrugation and cable. She keeps him dry by inserting a temperature sensor into the corrugation. Installing a moisture-resistant device is required if the structure is filled with glue and the sensor is not fully covered.

You’ll need to stock up on mounting boxes, wires, and thermostats with remote sensors in order to set up such a warm electric floor. The energy consumption of a thermostat is considered when selecting one, and the wires—or rather, their cross section—are chosen with consideration for the device’s power and material.

The heating element device is a basic 45 mm cable, usually with two cores. Veins frozen and encased in a protective layer.

The warm floor with heating mats is designed with a black base, the mat, tile glue, hydromaterial, heat, and finishing coating.


The match operates on the same principle as the floor of a regular cable.

Heat is released by the current as it flows through the conductor; convection transfers this heat from the floor to the screed, warming the surrounding air.

Advantages and disadvantages


Infrared flooring has just lately become popular as a heating tool. Its set includes a thermal switch, clamps, electrical wiring, insulating products, sensors, and foil material.

The structure of the system is approximately 2 mm, and it consists of a two-layer dielectric durable film with a carbon heater inside.

There are two ways to make infrared type films:

  • continuous – two -layer polyurethane canvas, with continuous carbon spraying inside;
  • Striped – this is the same, two -layer lavsan or polyurethane film, with carbon or ultra -pounded aluminum stripes.

Using thin copper-silver conductors, the heating elements are connected in a parallel and sequential fashion.

The "dry" film system installation technique, which skips filling the screed.

Principle of operation


The rod system consists of carbon parallel rods that are wired with power to elastic mats. The paintings are 25 meters long and have an average width of 0.8.

The heating element’s apparatus consists of copper, silver, and carbon rods; only the carbon component emits heat. Such electrical equipment is also designed with a sensor and a temperature controller. Corrugated pipe, thermal insulation material, and bituminous insulation are required.

Principle of operation

Since the thermostat is always in use, it should be made of high-quality materials with dependable contact connections. He reacts to the sensor’s signals by disconnecting or activating the heating.

The various types of electric warm floor devices that are available will be discussed in this article along with diagrams for easier comprehension and instructions for do-it-yourself installation. Electric warm floors are a contemporary way to keep your house warm in the winter and we will go over their functions, advantages, and how to install them. Electric warm floors might be the solution you’re looking for, whether you’re remodeling your house or just need a cost-effective heating option. Come explore this cutting-edge technology with us and discover how to effortlessly add coziness and warmth to your living area.


Examine the installation of an electric floor using infrared film as an example of a straightforward, contemporary model.

A thermal switch, thermostat, temperature sensor, connecting wires, mounting, dumping, and insulating tape, among other items, will be required purchases.

Preparation of the base

Since the warm floor installation is "clean," you should clean the walls, plaster them, and seal any cracks before laying. However, dirt and even hardened concrete solution tubercles cover the surface after such work.

All of this dirt needs to be removed because infrared systems require a clean, even base, according to the technology used to lay warm floors and their associated devices. Concrete fragments that have hardened can be scraped away using a spatula or specialized tool. The surface needs to be moistened after that, and a broom with all the trash on it needs to be used.

If there are deep fissures, cement mortar is used to seal them. When there are significant variations in the floor surface, a thin layer of screed can be poured to create a level base.

The laying of thermal insulation

Reducing heat loss is the purpose of thermal insulation products.

The substrate for heat-refracting glass is laid out with a thickness of 3–4 mm. Using a product with a foil surface that faces the ceiling is preferable. Adhesive tape is used to secure the canvases to the base.

You can use foil and polystyrene sheets together as thermal insulation.

Installation of a thermostat

The thermostat must be installed before the heating film can be installed. It is hung on the wall, at least 30 centimeters away from the ground.

Prior to the base being cleaned, a wall recess was created for the thermostat and the wires that ran from it to the string’s floor.

Laying heating elements

IR film is placed five centimeters from the walls and in accordance with the plan (it does not creep under the furniture). Copper stripes are positioned downward on the canvas. One canvas cannot possibly end up on another. The process of fixing is done using construction tape.

The movie can be trimmed along those lines if needed.


There are multiple steps involved in connecting an infrared film:

  1. A thermal attemptor is connected – it is placed in a corrugated pipe, which is located in a recess in the heat -insulating material (its average width up to 1 cm). The wiring from the sensor, also placed in the corrugation, stretches along the strokes made in the wall to the thermostat and is connected to it. The sensor is laid at a distance of 50 – 70 cm from the wall with the installed thermostat, and is attached to the tape. It is impossible for the device to toward thermal insulation material.

  • The film is connected – for this, terminals are used that are in the floor set. On the edge of the film, isolation from the wire is removed. It curls and sticks into the terminal, the clamp is fixed by the pliers. Then the connection place is insulated with bitumen tape. So that the terminals do not toward the design, for them the recesses in thermal insulation are also made for them.

One side of the terminal is mounted on the copper strip, and the other side ought to be on the inside of the film. Additionally isolated is clamping contact with the product.

  • The thermostat is connected – that is, it is connected to the source of electric power.

Performance checks on the system are then required. You can move forward with installing the flooring if all of the stripes warm up normally and there are no closures. Prior to that, though, a plastic protective film covers the device to shield it from an unintentional water leak.

Type Diagram and Explanation
Mat Consists of a heating wire woven into a mat. Lay it out evenly under the flooring.
Cable Flexible heating cable laid out in a serpentine pattern. Suitable for irregularly shaped rooms.
Film Thin heating film installed directly under the floor covering. Ideal for retrofitting existing floors.
Installation 1. Prepare the subfloor. 2. Lay out the heating element according to the chosen type. 3. Connect to a thermostat and power supply. 4. Cover with flooring material.

Adding an electric heated floor to your house will make it much more comfortable in the winter. There are options to fit different needs and budgets thanks to the variety of types that are available, such as cable systems, mats, and film heaters. Although each type has a unique installation procedure, many of them allow homeowners to install them themselves, saving time and effort.

Comprehending the wiring schematics is essential for an effective installation. In order to ensure correct operation and safety, these diagrams offer instructions on how to connect the heating elements to the power source and thermostat. Even though the diagrams might look intimidating at first, if you follow them step-by-step, the process can become simpler and mistakes can be prevented.

Careful planning and preparation are necessary for a do-it-yourself electric heated floor installation. It’s crucial to precisely measure the area and select the right kind and size of heating system before starting. Furthermore, for the warm floor to function at its best and last a long time, it is imperative that the subfloor be level, clean, and ready for installation.

All things considered, putting in an electric heated floor is a worthwhile project that can improve your home’s coziness and comfort. Even those with no prior installation experience can successfully finish the installation with the correct supplies, equipment, and advice. Whether you’re building a new house or remodeling an old one, adding a warm floor can improve the value and standard of living in your home.

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Michael Kuznetsov

I love to create beauty and comfort with my own hands. In my articles I share tips on warming the house and repairing with my own hands.

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