DIY heating wiring in a private house

Making sure your house is sufficiently heated as winter draws near becomes a major concern for many homeowners. While there are many different heating systems available, DIY heating wiring in a private home is an affordable option that permits customization. You can customize the system to meet your unique needs by doing this project yourself, and you might even be able to save money on installation.

It’s important to comprehend the fundamentals of heating system operation before delving into the complexities of do-it-yourself heating wiring. The main components of a heating system are usually a heat source, like a boiler or furnace, which produces heat, and a distribution system, like underfloor heating or radiators, which distributes the heat throughout the house. In order to ensure effective and regulated heating, the heat source and distribution system must be connected in a certain way.

The flexibility that DIY heating wiring offers in terms of system design is one of its main advantages. You can select the parts that best fit your needs and budget, whether you like the uniform warmth of radiant floor heating or the straightforward design of traditional radiators. To further optimize energy usage, DIY wiring also gives you the ability to customize zoning options, which let you heat different areas of your home independently.

Although there is room for customization with DIY heating wiring, the project must be approached carefully and thoroughly planned. If done incorrectly, electrical work can be complicated and even dangerous. It’s a good idea to become familiar with local building codes and safety regulations pertaining to electrical installations before starting any wiring work. A certified electrician or heating specialist can also offer insightful advice and guarantee a safe and effective installation of your system.

Finally, DIY heating wiring gives homeowners the ability to design a heating system that suits their requirements and tastes. Your home can be kept warm and comfortable throughout the winter months with an economical and effective heating solution if you plan ahead, follow safety precautions, and maybe hire a professional.

  1. Varieties and methods
  2. Types of heating systems
  3. Used fuel
  4. Type of coolant
  5. Type of circulation
  6. Heating pipes wiring scheme
  7. Radial (collector) scheme
  8. Troinic (two -pipe) scheme
  9. The choice of materials
  10. Pipes
  11. Heating devices
  12. Installation and replacement of pumps
  13. Turnkey heating installation price in a private house
  14. Heating installation in Moscow and Moscow Region
  15. Heating installation How we work
  16. Choosing a heating boiler
  17. Binding options for heating radiators
  18. Binding during one -sided connection
  19. Diagonal connection
  20. Binding with a saddle connection
  21. Pipeline marking
  22. Liquid fuel boilers
  23. Installation of engineering systems water supply, sewage, heating
  24. Radiators
  25. Heating system installation schemes in a private house
  26. One -pipe system
  27. Two -pipe system
  28. Where and how to place
  29. Heating systems for a private house
  30. Other types of heating systems
  31. Air heating
  32. Air heating advantages:
  33. Minuses:
  34. Air heating scheme
  35. Electric heating
  36. Advantages of electric heating:
  37. Disadvantages of electric heating:
  38. Also, heating systems are divided
  39. Installation of heating, water supply, sewage in a private house, cottage, in the country
  40. Installation of the heating system
  41. Installation of a water supply system
  42. Installation of sewage
  43. We also fulfill:
  44. Professional approach
  45. Customer advisory support
  46. Important information
  47. Order installation of heating and water supply systems
  48. Guaranteed quality:
  49. Connection of the boiler
  50. Heat consumption for ventilation
  51. Starting and adjusting boiler equipment
  52. Turnkey bathroom decoration
  53. The main stages of installation
  54. Preparation of the boiler room and installation of the boiler
  55. Installation of heating devices
  56. Installation of pipelines, as well as installation of distribution devices – collectors (when wiring according to a collector scheme)
  57. ISSURE
  58. What is needed for installation
  59. Maevsky crane or automatic air vent
  60. Plug
  61. Controversial reinforcement
  62. Related materials and tools
  63. Video on the topic
  64. How to mount heating in your house with your own hands.

Varieties and methods

As you are aware, there are three primary choices for heating your house on your own: electric, water, and air systems. In actuality, everything goes like this:

  • If the construction is located near the gas line, then the issue is usually resolved in favor of water heating with the installation of a gas boiler unit.
  • If there is no way to connect gas, then most developers purchase solid fuel heat generators with a water circuit.
  • If the gas is impossible, and the boiler unit on solid fuel is unacceptable due to the low degree of automation, then for the most part, the same water heating system is equipped, but complete with an electric heater.

And only in the event that these alternatives are unsuitable for some reason does the developer select air as a coolant, and electricity even more so. Why do most people select household water? since it is the most developed and efficient technology available to address the problem. However, high-quality materials and efficient equipment are not the only factors that affect how effective water heating is.

Selecting the appropriate wiring option is crucial. A private home’s heating system apparatus consists of a precisely planned layout and connections for the pipeline, radiators, and other equipment.

Types of heating systems

Numerous indicators can be used to categorize all heating systems.

Used fuel

Heat sources can vary depending on the energy source type used.

  • Gas
  • Solid fuel
  • Liquid fuel
  • Electric
  • Geothermal

It is very uncommon to install heating cottages with liquid fuel-burning boilers. Usually only when delivery is prohibitively expensive and all alternative fuel sources are unavailable.

Electric heating equipment is very convenient to operate and is easily mounted. However, the price of this heat is more than that of burning gas or solid fuel. Using Tesla’s flat induction coils, which have just started to show up on the Russian market, will probably be possible if this situation is changed.

Type of coolant

Depending on the coolant type, specific heating systems can be:

  • Water
  • Steam
  • Electric
  • Gas
  • Air

These are the most widely used liquid coolant heating schemes in our nation. equal portions of gas and electricity came next. Only industrial facilities use steam, and only in the southern states is air heating installed as the primary system.

Type of circulation

There are two ways to arrange the flow of heated water in heating systems:

  • Naturally
  • Forcibly

The primary benefit of the first species is total independence from a stable power source. In them, the liquid’s capacity to rise when heated and fall when cooled allows the coolant to flow through the pipeline. However, the use of such heating systems is unpopular due to low work stability, the requirement to increase pipe diameters, the difficulty of temperature settings, and the use of radiators with large internal volumes.

The coolant moves against its will because electric drive circulation pumps are in operation. This enables you to drastically lower operating costs while also greatly improving comfort of use and reliability.

Heating pipes wiring scheme

Currently in use are two primary wiring schemes for heating pipelines: trigeminal (two-pipe) and radiation (collector).

Radial (collector) scheme

When heating systems are installed using the collector scheme, two supply and reverse pipes are used to connect each heating device to the collectors.

Heating of the collector can only occur in a concealed form. In the floor screed are installed heating pipes.

It is possible to use stitched polyethylene or metal-plastic pipes when doing this kind of wiring for use. These are contemporary materials with a respectable amount of service life.

Unquestionably, the collector scheme’s greatest benefit is that there are no connections between any of the pipes that go from the collector to the heating device. This greatly improves system dependability and removes the need for pipe joints in the floor screed.

The ability to regulate the heating of each individual radiator or convector is another benefit of the collector scheme. which improves comfort and has an impact on how accurately the temperature is set throughout the building.

However, you must pay for comfort and dependability. Perhaps the only drawback of the collector scheme is that it is more expensive than trigeminal wiring.

It should be mentioned that setting aside space for collectors is necessary in order to employ this method.

When installing heating systems in private homes, collector scheme wiring is most in demand. Because of its expense, this scheme is essentially non-utilized at industrial sector objects.

Troinic (two -pipe) scheme

Under this plan, the supply and reverse pipes have radiators installed one after the other.

All heating devices share the same supply and reverse pipes (in the shoulder). This plan can be implemented in a covert or public manner.

It is important to realize that the trigeminal scheme requires a lot of pipes when utilizing hidden trigeminal wiring (at least six connections for each heating device in hidden cavities).

It is not hard to imagine that each of these compounds might eventually start to dig. Furthermore, this digestion will not be immediately apparent due to the hidden wiring, making a timely repair unfeasible. Frequently, information regarding system malfunctions is only discovered after building structures have been destroyed.

It is strongly discouraged to use polypropylene pipes for hidden trigeminal wiring!

Stitched polyethylene pipes are used in a hidden trigeminal scheme to increase its reliability. Experts in the field firmly believe that this material has the highest reliability of all the compounds available on the market.

Copper or metal-plastic pipes with press-fittings—fittings that improve connection reliability—can also be used for hidden trigeminal wiring. At the same time, it is important to realize that using copper raises the overall cost of the system due to increased labor and material costs.

The open trigeminal scheme entails working on polypropylene or copper pipes. Due to their poor aesthetics, using metal-plast and stitched polyethylene at the same time is inappropriate. The most common material is polypropylene, however copper pipes are occasionally used during home heating installation.

Furthermore, there is a single -pipe scheme (referred to as the "Leningrad"), although it is presently used very infrequently.

Selecting a particular option for wiring schemes, materials, equipment, etc. D. Production is required due to several reasons. The primary factors include: the overall cost of installation and ongoing maintenance, the viability of implementing the chosen option in a specific object, the aesthetic component, the contractor’s degree of qualification, etc.

In any event, it is wise to consider the advice of knowledgeable experts who have successfully finished the work on over a hundred objects when making a decision.

In the realm of home heating and insulation, tackling the task of DIY heating wiring in a private house can be both empowering and practical. By taking matters into your own hands, you not only save on installation costs but also gain a deeper understanding of your home"s heating system. With the right guidance and precautions, such as ensuring safety standards and adhering to local regulations, homeowners can successfully wire their heating systems. This endeavor involves selecting suitable wiring materials, planning the layout effectively, and connecting the components securely. Whether you"re installing underfloor heating, electric radiators, or a central heating system, DIY wiring allows for customization and control tailored to your specific needs. However, it"s crucial to prioritize safety throughout the process, from the initial planning stages to the final connection. By following expert advice and guidelines, homeowners can navigate the intricacies of heating wiring with confidence and achieve a comfortable, efficient, and cost-effective heating solution for their private abode.

The choice of materials

It is vital to choose the equipment carefully before beginning any installation work.


The following kinds of pipes are used during heating system installation:

  • Stitched polyethylene (both for the radiator network and for water warm floors)
  • Metal -plast
  • Polypropylene reinforced with fiberglass or aluminum
  • Cink Steel
  • Copper
  • Brass
  • Stainless steel

Because the limiting heating temperature of non-reinforced polypropylene pipes is 60 °C, heating systems cannot be installed using them.

Excellent strength and resistance to high temperatures with overheated water are features of steel black or galvanized pipes. They are more challenging to mount, though, and are subject to rust. These materials are reasonably priced for their use in boiler rooms and strapping furnaces.

Small-section plastic pipes are robust and simple to install, but their operating temperature and pressure are limited. In locations where emergency operating modes are available, plastic pipeline heating systems are not laid. For instance, at the furnace’s drainage dumping lines and water heat-fuel boiler output.

The rarity of using copper, brass, or stainless pipes can be attributed to their high cost and the requirement for specialized tools during installation.

As of right now, the best option for heating installation is to use either open-laying reinforced polypropylene pipe or stitched polyethylene pipe. When strapping boiler equipment, copper or reinforced polypropylene are the recommended materials.

Heating devices

The most important factors to consider when selecting a type of heating radiator are its heat transfer efficiency, water heating system pressure, coolant type, aesthetic requirements, and cost.

The following types of radiators exist, depending on the manufacturing and structural characteristics of the units:

  • Steel panel
  • Steel tubular
  • Bimetallic sectional
  • Aluminum sectional
  • Cast iron

There is very little oxygen intake into the water in closed systems, and any kind of radiator can be used when installing heating systems. The coolant that is being used imposes the restriction.

Steel panel radiators demonstrate the best results in the average price range. It is important to keep in mind that bimetallic sectional radiators will flow if the coolant—if it isn’t water—corrodes between the sections.

Installation and replacement of pumps

Our company’s primary focus is on installing and replacing water pumps, including submersible, semi-loading, and superficial models. In the shortest amount of time, the company’s highly skilled specialists will install, disassemble, and reassemble the following pumping equipment:

  • well pumps;
  • well pumps;
  • water pumps;
  • circulation pumps;
  • increasing pumps;
  • Pumps for watering.

Apart from installing and replacing pumps, we also work at intricate pumping stations, executing intricate procedures for equipment installation, disassembly, and reinstallation.

Turnkey heating installation price in a private house

Setting up a boiler of the wall type

The unit’s wall attachment and connection to the current gas supply pipeline

Setting up a boiler of the floor type

The apparatus is set up on the catwalk and connected to the gas line.

Boiler assembly (if it arrives disassembled)

Setting up an electric wall boiler

Installing a diesel boiler; however, a diesel burner and fuel filter are not installed.

Setting up a diesel burner

Installing a fuel filter

Installing a boiler for indirect heating

Placing the boiler on the podium and attaching it to the hot water supply’s contour

Not more than 200 liters

Fewer than seven hundred liters

Greater than 700 liters

Establishing a security group for the boiler

Installing an indirect heating boiler security group

Setting up a hydraulic collector for distribution

Attaching the collector to the wall and aligning it with the heating network’s contours

Setting up a shotgun with hydraulics (horizontal or vertical)

Repairing the shotgun’s hydraulic system and connecting it to the collector

Setting up a fast installation team (pumping groups)

The pump group is fixed to the wall and connected to the contour.

Putting in an expansion tank

Connective tank connection to hot water supply system or heating network

Greater than 40 liters

Boiler room bandage applied hydraulically

Piping (or welding and painting them), installing locking-regulating reinforcement, filters, and valves

Installing a coaxial chimney and connecting it to the boiler without drilling any holes

Chimney assembly and connection

Setting up a system for remote monitoring and control (LAN or GSM modules)

Connecting the module, establishing the primary work parameters

Boiler automation system installation

Setting and debugging operation parameters, and connecting the automatic control system

Boiler equipment electrical strapping installation

Setting up the power supply system for the room (installing machine guns, running an electric cable)

Installing voltage stabilizers and connecting all electrically-consuming equipment (such as circulation pumps, sensors, and boilers) to the power source

Testing includes pressure checks, coolant leak checks, automation system checks, and other tests.

Boiler launch, verifying that the primary modes are operating correctly, and other. If required, debugging

Setting up a bright convector

A vaul convector connected

Highways for the heating system are installed.

Pipeline wiring installation by floor

Installing thermal insulation and a heated floor with a connection

Warm floor: 650 rubles/m^

Putting in subsurface highways

Setting up a thermostat in the room to maintain a warm floor

Installing distribution collectors and connecting and setting up a reinforcement with a shut-off regulator

Installing collector cabinets

Hydraulic examinations of the warm floor and heating system

Adding coolant to the system

Creation and setup of registers

After determining the complexity of the work, the price is established.

Sewage and water supply

Setting up DIS and HVS

2750 rubles. To the point

Putting in a water collector

Installing a cabinet for the collector water supply

2750 rubles. To the point

The sewer ramp’s installation

The sewer pump (Sololift) installation

Only the prices for work are displayed in the price list.

The cost of the complete turnkey complex is displayed in the following table for your convenience.

Heating installation in Moscow and Moscow Region

The creation of the project plan, the choice of heating system components, and the inaccurate estimation of the work’s cost will be the initial stages of the project. You can be sure that there won’t be any unanticipated costs with us because every aspect of the project, including every estimate point, is discussed with the customer. The project’s execution, heating installation, maintenance, and repairs for the duration of the system’s life will come next.

The objective of the Aquis company is to provide expert and superior installation services for heating systems, while considering all safety regulations and customer preferences.

Furthermore, Aquis will provide you with moderate anti-crisis prices for the installation of heating.

The experts at the company handle every kind of development and installation work related to heating, including:

  • Design and creation of autonomous heating systems, the selection of appropriate equipment and components;
  • Installation of boiler houses and their operational maintenance;
  • Connecting the customer system to the central heating system;
  • Development of a project of heating systems of suburban cottages "turnkey";
  • Installation of hot water supply systems;
  • Installation of heating radiators;
  • Installation of "warm floor" systems;
  • Installation of heating pipes;
  • Installation of floor and wall boilers;
  • Design and installation of autonomous heating systems in the suburbs;

We also have an online store with a large selection of parts and equipment at competitive prices.

Heating installation How we work

The Ecosyle Group of Companies consists of a group of skilled and certified professionals who install and maintain various engineering systems while also completing the necessary paperwork for sanitary services and other regulatory bodies.

• Five years of experience in the Moscow and surrounding area markets; seven specialized licenses and certificates; forty workers, four service vehicles, and three operational brigades for the efficient execution of orders; two sets of television inspectorate and expert European equipment We’ll take 20% off of your expenses. Our service fees are less than the market average, even with no reduction in labor or upkeep.

Choosing a heating boiler

The selection of the boiler is contingent upon the thermal energy source.

  • A gas boiler. Most often, such a boiler is used as the main source of heating. The fuel for such equipment is natural gas, therefore it is installed only if a gas pipeline passes nearby, to which you can crash. Many models are represented on the market, but the cost of heating in a particular region depends on the price of the gas.


  1. Automation of work.
  2. No combustion products are left.
  3. High efficiency.


  1. Danger due to open fire and possible gas leakage.
  2. The need to install a chimney.
  3. Be sure to have a gas pipeline.
  • Solid fuel boiler. Such an unit is used for the main or additional heating. Firewood, Eurodrov, coal, etc. are taken as fuel. D.


  1. Simplicity of operation.
  2. Universality for different types of fuel.
  3. Independence from trunk communications.


  1. Big dimensions.
  2. Requires to control the heating process.
  3. Leaves combustion products. It is required to periodically clean.
  • Electric boiler. This equipment converts electrical energy into thermal. The coolant in the expansion tank is heated using the heater and is supplied to the heating system.


  1. Simplicity of installation.
  2. Compact dimensions.
  3. Simplicity of operation.
  4. Freedths do not remain.
  5. Low cost of equipment.


  1. High electricity consumption.
  2. The electrical wir must comply with the requirements of the electric boiler.
  3. High cost of operation.

Variety of heating boilers available on the market

Binding options for heating radiators

Heating radiators must be connected to pipelines in order to be installed. There are three primary ways to get connected:

  • saddle;
  • one -sided;
  • Diagonal.

You are stuck with the lower connection and the radiators where they are. Every manufacturer binds the feed and return securely, and if you don’t follow their instructions, you won’t receive the heat. More choices with a lateral connection are available (more information about them is written here).

Binding during one -sided connection

In apartments, one-way connections are most frequently used. can have one pipe (the most popular option) or two pipes. We think about strapping the radiator with steel pipes on the drives because apartments still use metal pipes. It is necessary to have two ball valves, two tees, and two drives in addition to pipes with the appropriate diameter. These components have external threads on both ends.

Connection on the Baypas side (one-pipe system)

As seen in the picture, everything is related. Bypass is necessary for single-pipe systems because it enables you to turn off the radiator without stopping or lowering the system. It is not permitted to place the crane on the bypass since doing so will prevent the coolant on the riser from moving, which is not going to please your neighbors and will probably result in a fine.

Fume tape or linen winding is used to compact all threaded joints, and then packing pasta is applied on top. It is not necessary to wind the crane tightly when it is screwed into the radiator collector. An excessive number of them may cause microcracks to form and eventually demolish. With the exception of cast-iron, practically all heating device types should be aware of this. Please install everyone else without becoming overly passionate.

Option for welding

You can embrace the bypass if you are skilled or able to weld. This is the typical appearance of radiator binding in apartments.

There is no need for a bypass in a two-pipe system. It goes without saying that the feed, return, and taps are connected to the upper entrance.

Two-pipe system with one-sided strapping

This kind of connection is extremely uncommon with lower wiring (pipes are laid on the floor); it looks awkward and unattractive, and in this situation, a diagonal connection is far more appropriate.

Diagonal connection

When it comes to heat transfer, installing heating radiators with a diagonal connection is the best choice. She is the highest in this instance. This kind of connection (shown in the photo) is simple to make in the event of lower wiring: feed from this side at the top, return from the other below.

Utilizing a dual-pipe lower wiring

Although everything looks bad with a single-pipe system with vertical risers (in apartments), people lay down because of the higher efficiency.

The coolant supply coming from above

Please be aware that bypas are once more required in a single-pipe system.

The coolant supply coming from below

Binding with a saddle connection

This is the most practical and unobtrusive way to install heating radiators because it requires less wiring or a concealed pipe supply.

Using a pair of pipes

There are two options with saddle connections and lower one-pipe wiring: with a bypass and without it. The taps are still in place without a bypass; if needed, you can take out the radiator and put in a temporary jumper called a drive—a length of pipe with threads at the ends—between the taps.

Sedel connection using a single pipe

This kind of connection is uncommon with vertical wiring (risers in high-rise buildings) because of the excessive heat loss (12–15%).

Pipeline marking

Where the pipes are kept is indicated by the developed scheme. Now, make marks on the room’s walls using the provided scheme. In certain areas, the design must have holes cut in order to accommodate the placement of pipes. The locations of the fastener devices (clips), whose dimensions rely on the pipe’s diameter and the radiator installation brackets, are also marked.

Punch holes in the structures to allow pipe wiring to pass through the walls and ceilings. The hole needs to be marginally bigger than the pipe’s diameter. A drill with a wood drill is used to drill holes in a wooden structure.

Drilling is done in the walls along the pre-marked area in order to install clips and brackets.

To prevent debris and dust from accumulating in the pipe, the end of the pipe that is being wired through the hole needs to be sealed with a film.

Liquid fuel boilers

Heating with waste oil or diesel combustible will cost roughly the same as using natural gas, including the cost of the equipment and installation. They are comparable to performance indicators as well, albeit exercising for clear reasons detracts a little. Furthermore, it is safe to say that this kind of heating is the dirtiest. The smell of diesel fuel or oily hands will be gone from any visit to the boiler room. Additionally, the yearly cleaning of the unit is a complete event, following which you will be covered in soot up to your waist.

Diesel fuel can be expensive; therefore, using it for heating is not the most cost-effective option. The cost of the produced oil increased, but there are still affordable sources available. This implies that installing a diesel boiler makes sense in situations where there are no other energy sources available, such as when main gas supplies become scarce. The burner for working out cannot be burned by methane, but the unit can easily switch from diesel fuel to gas.

Installation of engineering systems water supply, sewage, heating

Our business installs heating, sewage, and water supply systems in residential and other types of buildings on a turnkey basis. Our experts have installed hundreds of projects in their years of working on engineering system installations; many of these projects were so challenging to complete that they should have been included in construction textbooks.

A number of guiding principles inform our work, the primary one being the client is always right. No matter how complicated the job is, the water supply, sewage, and heating systems are installed in the time frames agreed upon with the client. We only use premium, certified materials for the work, the majority of which have a service life longer than 50 years. At the moment, our business offers the following primary service categories:

  • design and installation of water supply – development of a water supply scheme, selection of materials and plumbing, assembly and checking the system under pressure;
  • Design and installation of sewage – development of a sewage system, selection of materials, crimping and checking the system for the lack of leaks;
  • Design and installation of heating – development of a heating system, the selection of materials and heating radiators, assembly and checking the system under pressure.


The following kinds of radiators are used as heating devices to heat private homes:

  • cast iron;
  • aluminum;
  • bimetallic;
  • steel panel;
  • Steel tubular.

Varieties of radiators for heating

The owner’s preferences, the design solution, the equipment cost, and the technical specifications all play a role in the radiator selection.

The installation process for turnkey radiators follows a specific workflow:

  1. The radiator must be installed strictly horizontally, for this, brackets are arranged in the markup performed earlier.
  2. The necessary plugs, gaskets, a thermostat for correcting the required temperature and the Maevsky crane for air spacing are installed on the radiator.
  3. Cut valves are installed on the presentation and “Return”.
  4. The radiator is connected to the pipeline.

Radiators made of cast iron are heavy. Strong brackets are required to hang them on the wall.

Heating system installation schemes in a private house

In actuality, two kinds of systems are employed: circuits, or different kinds of pipes:

  • one -pipe;
  • two -pipe.

Each of them is employed in various situations and has benefits and drawbacks of its own.

One -pipe system

This is a simpler and less expensive wiring type. The system is constructed like a ring; each battery is linked to the others in turn, and hot water travels from radiator to radiator before returning to the boiler.

The figure illustrates how the coolant passes through each battery and how they are connected in order of sequential connection.

This heating scheme is simple to install and design, and it operates very economically. However, there is one major flaw in it. Because of its importance, many people reject this type of wiring in favor of a more costly and intricate two-pipe system. The coolant will gradually cool down as it moves forward, which is the issue. The water will act a little warm until the last battery. The first radiator will overheat the air if the boiler’s power is increased. Such an unbalanced heat distribution forces you to give up on a straightforward, low-cost one-pipe setup.

Increasing the last radiator’s section count can help you get out of a tight spot, but it’s not always a good idea. This means that if there are no more than three batteries connected in sequential order, one-pipe wiring can be utilized.

Some conclusions from the situation are as follows: attach the pump to the boiler and force the water to flow against its natural flow. The liquid flows through every radiator practically without losing temperature because it does not have time to cool. However, there will be a small inconvenience in this case:

  • The pump costs money, which means that the costs of installing the system are growing;
  • The consumption of electricity increases, as the pump works on electricity;
  • If electricity is turned off, then there will be no pressure in the system, which means that there will be no heat.

In conclusion. Only modest homes with one or two rooms and few radiators in use can benefit from a single-pipe system. Even though it is easy to use and dependable, it is not worth installing in country homes where the whole living space requires more than three radiators.

Two -pipe system

One pipeline supplies hot water, and another supplies cooled water. Thus, every battery guarantees the same distribution of heat.

In a private home, this type of heating wiring will be far more efficient and superior than a single pipe. It will help create comfortable conditions, but it is more expensive and requires more installation work. However, it allows you to distribute heat evenly over all batteries. In contrast to a single pipe, each radiator in this wiring has a pipe carrying hot water underneath it, and the cooled liquid travels down the opposite line to the boiler. All of the batteries receive an instant supply of coolant, so their temperatures are equal.

Although you will need to purchase additional materials because you will need to run pipes to each radiator, this system is not significantly more complicated than the first.

There are two ways a two-pipe system can function:

The wiring is older in the radiation version. The supply pipe in this embodiment is mounted at the top of the house, and the pipes are then positioned on each battery. Because of this design, the plan is known as radiation.

The first scheme operates as follows: a collector, a unique apparatus made up of numerous pipes, must be installed in the attic in order to distribute the coolant through heating pipes. Installing shut-off valves in the same location is essential to remove the contours. This design is very practical because it makes it easier to repair the entire line as well as a separate radiator. The scheme is dependable, but it has a major flaw in that it requires a lot of materials for a complex installation (shut-off valves, pipes, sensors, and control devices). Similar to the radial scheme, but more intricate and efficient, is the collector scheme used in heating pipe wiring.

A two-pipe system does not require additional forced coolant circulation, in contrast to a one-pipe system. Even without a pump, her efficiency is high.

Where and how to place

Heating radiators are typically mounted beneath windows. This is required so that the warm air rising through the window will stop the cold air from coming in. The width of the heating device needs to be at least 70–75% of the window width in order to prevent sweating on the glass. It needs to be set up:

  • In the middle of the window opening, the permissible deviation is 2 cm;
  • the distance from the radiator to the floor is 8-12 cm;
  • to the windowsill-10-12 cm;
  • from the back wall to the wall-2-5 cm. Distances from the heating radiator to the window

These are all suggestions that should be followed to guarantee that the room is properly heated and that warm air is circulated throughout.

Heating systems for a private house

Single- and double-pipe heating systems are used in private homes. Making a distinction between them is not tough:

  • In a single -pipe scheme, all radiators join one collector. It is simultaneously serving and return, passing by all the batteries in the form of a closed ring;
  • In a two -pipe circuit, the coolant is supplied to the radiators one pipe, and returns to the other.

Choosing a heating system for a private residence is a difficult task; consulting a specialist won’t hurt in this situation. If we claim that the two-pipe scheme is more progressive and dependable than the one-pipe scheme, we won’t be going against the truth. We observe that, in contrast to popular belief regarding the low installation cost when arranging the latter, it is not only more costly than two-pipe, but also more complex. In the video, this subject is covered in great detail:

The reality is that water in a single-pipe system cools down more quickly as it travels from radiator to radiator, necessitating the addition of sections to boost their power. Furthermore, the outlet collector’s diameter ought to be greater than that of the highway lines. And finally, because batteries affect one another mutually, automatic control with a single-pipe scheme is challenging.

It is safe to implement a single-pipe horizontal scheme (commonly known as Leningrad) in a small house or cottage with up to five radiators. It won’t be able to operate normally if there are more heating devices because the final batteries will get cold.

Using one-pipe vertical risers in a two-story private home is an additional choice. These kinds of schemes are fairly popular and effective.

Since all radiators receive the coolant through two-pipe wiring at the same temperature, adding more sections is not required. Thermostatic valves are used to automatically regulate the operation of batteries when highways are divided into supply and reverse.

The system is simpler overall, and pipeline diameters are smaller. Two-pipe schemes come in the following varieties:

Dead East: the coolant travels along the highways toward one another along the branches (shoulders) that make up the network of pipelines;

A two-pipe system that passes: in this case, the circuit forms a ring and the coolant flows in a single direction through the reverse manifold, which functions as an extension of the feeder;

Gatherer (beam). The priciest wiring method involves hiding the laying technique in the floor and installing separate pipelines from the collector to each radiator.

The system will function due to gravity if we take horizontal lips with a bigger diameter and lay them with a slope of 3-5 mm per 1 m. The circuit will then be power-dependent, negating the need for the circulation pump. To be fair, we should point out that one-pipe and two-pipe wiring are both functional in the absence of a pump. If only the circumstances were right for water to circulate naturally.

By adding an expansion tank that connects to the atmosphere at the very top, the heating system can be opened up. In gravity networks, this kind of solution is necessary; otherwise, it would not be possible. Installing a membrane-type expansion capacity on the reverse line close to the boiler will cause the system to operate under excessive pressure and close down. This is a more recent option that is used in networks where the coolant is forced to move.

It would be impossible to discuss the system of warm floor heating in the house without mentioning it. Its drawback is its high cost, as each room will require a heating water circuit due to the hundreds of meters of pipes that must be installed in a screed. The pipes terminate in a mixing knot and have their own circulation pump as they converge at the camshaft. A significant benefit is the reasonably priced, evenly heated rooms, which make people feel very comfortable. It is highly recommended that heating floors be used in residential buildings.

Suggestions. It is safe to advise the owner of a small home (up to 150 m2) to install a traditional two-pipe circuit with forced coolant circulation. Then, the branches will be 20 mm in diameter, the highways no larger than 25 mm, and the batteries to batteries – 15 mm.

Other types of heating systems

Air heating

A possible substitute for heating the water in the house could be to use the ventilation system’s air ducts to distribute heated air from the boiler’s heat exchanger or calories throughout the rooms.By heating the incoming mass of fresh air over the recuperator, the system can make use of secondary heat from the used air. Go to the "Air Heating" section to learn more.

Air heating advantages:

• The absence of coolant eliminates the possibility of leaks and system freezing; •The system can be integrated with supply and exhaust ventilation, air conditioning, and air humidifier. • Rapid room heating; • High efficiency.


• Equipment costs are relatively high; sufficient room is needed for the calorifier and air ducts.

Air heating scheme

The incoming air is supplied to the building in accordance with the ducts of the ducts after being heated by the heat exchanger from the boiler or the calorifier integrated into the air duct (rolled ventilation grilles).

Electric heating

Electric current heating is a popular choice for homeowners; however, when building a home with high-quality thermal insulation, particular consideration must be given to the selection of materials.

Advantages of electric heating:

• The installation and design simplicity • Leaks can be prevented because there is no coolant present.

Disadvantages of electric heating:

• Exorbitant electricity bills; •The possibility of a house freezing during an extended power outage; •Since operating electrical appliances consume oxygen, frequent airflow throughout the building is necessary.

Also, heating systems are divided

– In line with the carrier’s mode of circulation:

• Closed heating systems – with forced circulation (coolant moves via a circulation pump); • Open heating systems with natural circulation (coolant moves through the system due to expansion in volume during heating and gravity).

– Based on the action’s radius:

• Heating locally. Local heating is a one-room device that combines the burning of fuel and the transfer of heat to the air inside the heated space. • Heating via central heating. Heat is produced in a different building when using central heating.

You can select the heating system that best fits your house thanks to the variety of options available. The system should be mounted and the heating pipes should be wired by qualified experts who can guarantee the equipment operates safely.

Our company’s skilled staff, who have been in the business for over six years, will assist you in selecting and installing the appropriate heating equipment. We provide dependable solid-fuel, electric, and gas boilers as well as air heaters from top European producers.

Installation of heating, water supply, sewage in a private house, cottage, in the country

Installation of the heating system

Installation of a water supply system

Installation of sewage

Working with our company benefits customers as well because you can order the installation of water supply and heating systems in a cottage or country home, as well as purchase all the required materials and equipment at a discounted price.

We also fulfill:

  • set of cottages, country houses and cottages by heating equipment;
  • installation of all types of climatic systems and water supply systems;
  • necessary commissioning;
  • warranty and post -warranty service;
  • seasonal service, and repair work;
  • We also make the installation of a warm floor, the price of which is much lower than that of competitors, and the quality of work is an order of magnitude higher

Professional approach

Following acceptance of the application, the object is set in accordance with the design and settlement documentation, and all relevant commercial offers and estimates are created. In this instance, a customized approach for every client is guaranteed.

Customer advisory support

Even with specialized knowledge and some experience, there are usually many questions when selecting parts and components of water supply and heating systems. The most frequent ones are as follows:

  • Which manufacturer or brand of the boiler to give preference?
  • Boiler, on which fuel it is better to buy?
  • How to solve the problem of heating water for household needs?

Every client who approaches us does so with a sequence of inquiries that are precisely the same, to which he gets thorough, well-informed responses from an expert. Some attempt to delve into technical details, studying the principles of how this or that type of equipment functions with the aid of the Internet, what features of installing water supply and heating systems under specific conditions, etc., even though the information posted on some sites is useless from an expert’s perspective.

Please ask us any questions you may have!

Important information

Our primary source of income is not from the resale of supplies and machinery, but rather from the provision of services for the execution of installation, maintenance, and repair work related to sewage, water supply, and heating.

After familiarizing yourself with the equipment and service price lists, you will realize that ordering a boiler from us along with installation will prove to be more cost-effective than purchasing the same model elsewhere and leaving its installation in the hands of unreliable "craftsmen." Alternatively, arrange for the installation of a heated floor; the cost of the job will be highly appealing. Therefore, even though you will spend the same amount of money, trying to save money will rob you of a guarantee because it only applies to equipment installed by certified companies.

The fact that our installers have registered certificates and diplomas attests to their training from Vailant, Baxi, and Protern training centers. The Tormoprospector company carries out preventive, repair, and installation work in accordance with the specifications listed on our website, which also features a large selection of equipment from top manufacturers at competitive prices.

Order installation of heating and water supply systems

  • All equipment and materials should be purchased only in our company.
  • We do not install equipment purchased from other suppliers.

Guaranteed quality:

  • Accurate compliance with technologies and deadlines;
  • Quality control at each stage of work;
  • Warranty and post -warranty support;
  • The presence of its own emergency repair brigade allows you to quickly resolve all issues related to the maintenance and repair of heating, water supply and sewage systems.

Connection of the boiler

It should be mentioned that electric, diesel, and gas heat generator strapping is nearly identical. Here, it’s important to keep in mind that the great majority of wall boilers come with an expansion tank and a built-in circulation pump. Let’s start by looking at the connection diagram of a basic gas or diesel unit:

A closed system with a membrane expansion tank and forced circulation is depicted in the figure. The most popular strapping technique is this one. The pump has an expansion capacity and is situated on a reverse line with a bypass line and mud. An automatic air vent removes air from the boiler circuit, and pressure gauges are used to regulate the pressure.

Note: The same principle applies when strapping an electric boiler that isn’t fitted with a pump.

The wiring of pipes and element installation are as follows when the heat generator has its own pump and a contour for heating water to meet hot water needs:

A wall boiler with forced air injection into a sealed combustion chamber is depicted. A double-walled coaxial gas car that was transported horizontally through the wall to the street is used to remove smoke gases. You will need a traditional chimney with a good natural thrust if the aggregate firebox is open. The following figure illustrates the proper way to install a chimney pipe made of sandwich modules:

Large suburban homes frequently require the boiler to be connected to multiple heating sources, such as warm floors, radiators, and an indirect heating boiler for hot water needs. Using a hydraulic separator will be the best course of action in this case. In addition to acting as a distribution comb for the remaining branches, it will arrange independent coolant circulation in the boiler circuit. The two-story house’s primary heating system will therefore be of the following type:

This scheme provides a separate pump for each heating circuit so that it operates independently of the others. Three-way valves are used on these branches because the warm floors should receive heat carriers that are no hotter than 45 °C. When the coolant temperature in the curved areas of the heated floors drops, they combine hot water from the main highway.

The situation becomes more complex when solid fuel is used for hard generators. Two considerations should be made in their strapping:

  • possible overheating due to the inertia of the unit, firewood will not be able to extinguish quickly;
  • The formation of condensate when the cold water from the network is entered in the cat -headed tank.

The circulation pump is always set to return in order to prevent overheating and potential boiling, and a security group should always be positioned right behind the heat generator. It is composed of three parts: a safety valve, an automated air vent, and a pressure gauge. The latter is essential because it is the valve that will release excess pressure when the coolant reaches an excessive temperature. In the event that you choose to plan wood-heating the house, the following binding scheme must be followed:

Here, the unit’s furnace is shielded from condensate loss by the bypass and three-way valve. Until the temperature inside it reaches 55 ° C, the valve will not allow water from the system to enter a small contour. You can view the following video for more detailed information on this matter:

Suggestions. It is advised to use solid fuel boilers in conjunction with a heat accumulator or buffer capacity because of their operational characteristics, as illustrated in the diagram:

Numerous homeowners equip the furnace room with two distinct heat sources. They need to be linked to the system and tied properly. In this instance, we provide two schemes: one involves using an electric boiler in conjunction with a solid fuel boiler to heat radiators.

The house’s heating system and the process of heating water for hot water are powered by a combined gas and wood heat generator in the second circuit:

Heat consumption for ventilation

You must total the heat loss from each room in the private house to determine the overall heat loss. However, this is not all—it is also important to consider the heating of ventilation air, which the heating system provides. It is suggested to use the following straightforward formula to determine this heat consumption rather than delving into a maze of intricate calculations:

Whereas Qvost = cm (tv – tn),

  • Qvost – the desired amount of heat for ventilation, W;
  • M – the amount of air by mass is defined as the internal volume of the building, multiplied by the density of the air mixture, kg;
  • (tv – tn) – as in the previous formula;
  • C – heat capacity of air masses, is taken equal to 0.28 W / (kg ºС).

To determine the need for the warmth of the entire building, it remains to add the value of the QTP for the home as a whole with the value of Qvosts. The power of the boiler is taken with a margin for the optimal mode of operation, that is, with a coefficient of 1.3. Here it is necessary to take into account the important point: if you plan to use the heat generator not only for heating, but also to heat water at the hot water, then the power supply should be increased. The boiler is obliged to work effectively immediately in 2 directions, and therefore the stock coefficient must be taken at least 1.5.

Starting and adjusting boiler equipment

Setting up operating modes and performing diagnostics on the heating system is crucial during its initial launch. Keep in mind that all boilers with automation depend on reliable and consistent power sources. The functioning of numerous control devices, regulators, pumps, sensors, and other equipment requires electricity.

For the system to operate safely, the specialist will determine the specifications for stabilizers and sources of continuous power (generators, UPS).

Any carelessness in the boiler’s installation can result in malfunctions, incorrect boiler operation, or even carbon monoxide poisoning. It is preferable to entrust professionals with the selection of the installation location for heating equipment, including boilers.

It is necessary for experts from an approved service organization to launch a gas boiler into operation and perform equipment maintenance. Maintaining heating equipment warranty service requires doing this.

The boiler equipment commissioning entails:

1. Inspecting, adjusting, and turning on the boiler:

– installing electrical networks and grounding; – connecting the chimney and the boiler room’s ventilation channel; – installing the fuel system and gas connection; – the best location for the equipment;

2. Verifying the pipeline’s connection and availability

Air release valves, locking and auxiliary reinforcement, all required filters, a safety valve, control and measurement devices,

3. Launch of the boiler and setting up the combustion device.
4. Adjustment of automatic protective devices of the boiler.
5. Control measurements of the temperature of the heating of water and the hot water supply system.
6. Checking the functioning of equipment in various temperature operating modes.
7. Stop the entire system.
8. Checking all parameters.
9. Re -launch of the boiler and checking the automatic operating mode.
10. Connection to the system of boilers and electric pumps.
11. Installation and configuration of the thermostat in the room (if necessary).
12. Fare.
13. Drawing up an act on the work and their completion.

Our company’s workers are prepared to complete the heating installation by the customer-specified deadline. Only the consumables recommended by the manufacturer are used by us. Whichever heating system you’ve selected, our professionals assure you of the boiler equipment’s long-term and safe operation.

Turnkey bathroom decoration

The installation of a water supply, heating and sewage system is often accompanied by large -scale work in the bathroom. We are ready to put in order this one of the main premises in any housing, and we also offer turnkey bathroom decoration as a separate service. The specialists of our company will begin work only after coordination with the customer of the list of materials and types of work required in the decoration of the bathrooms. Work at the facility will be completed within the time period established by the client and only after their final acceptance by the customer. Regardless of the scale of the work performed, their value remains unchanged before the delivery of the object, regardless of the situation in the market.

The main stages of installation

Preparation of the boiler room and installation of the boiler

In addition, the boiler room’s equipment installation (strapping). Automation system, pumping groups (if required), regulating instruments (thermometers, pressure gauges), and expansion tanks are some of the equipment included in this set. Furthermore, an electric binding is performed.

Essentially, the equipment housed in the boiler room is not a part of the heating system, and the specifics surrounding its arrangement are covered in greater detail in other sections of our website.

Installation of heating devices

Warming appliances: convectors, registers, and radiators. Radiator and wall-based register installations are done with brackets; it’s important to keep in mind that the wall surfaces on which the installations are to be made should already be plastered.

This prerequisite must be met in order to properly align the devices with respect to the wall being installed.

Since there should be at least 12 centimeters between the device and the clean floor, you must be aware of the clean floor mark.

The proper installation of convectors also requires a clean floor and the floor structure. Convectors are most frequently utilized when installing home heating systems. It is rare to find intra-fire convectors in industrial facilities.

Installation of pipelines, as well as installation of distribution devices – collectors (when wiring according to a collector scheme)

Sharp rises and falls, or so-called "slides," should be avoided when installing heating pipes. They can accumulate air traffic jams. For example, the doorway should pass under the floor rather than be bent on top. Should these modifications be necessary for specific reasons, air valves must be installed in the higher points.

Thermal insulation is required for pipes with a concealed laying. Dock pipes require the use of only "native" fittings if they are made of metal-plast or stitched polyethylene. Additionally, only use the tool that the pipe manufacturer produces. There could be major repercussions if "non-native" fittings and instruments are used.

Standard burners for copper soldering and soldiers for polypropylene are used if the work involves copper or polypropylene pipes. One uses a low-temperature ratio when working with copper.

You must select a solder that doesn’t lead if you plan to install copper pipes for a water supply. In this instance, using solder tin-honey—a more costly variant of tin-silver—is advised.

Collectors are placed in collector cabinets, which can have an internal or outdoor performance, when it comes to collector wiring. The interior designer’s solution and the object’s architectural features are typically taken into consideration when choosing the type of cabinet.


The assembled system undergoes its first pressure test at the end of the project. In the event that the system malfunctioned during startup or that a leak occurred, the reasons for the errors are identified and fixed.

If required, further crimping is done after this point. Moreover, the procedure keeps going until a favorable outcome is achieved. During this phase, the automation system is modified and the system’s overall operation occurs.

It is important to keep in mind that the boiler should only be fired up for the first time with a contractor service representative present!

What is needed for installation

The steel panel ones are also different, but only in the sense that they hang differently. The back panel has unique metal arches that are cast there and attach to the brackets that hang on the heating device.

For these hugs, hooks are being turned on.

Maevsky crane or automatic air vent

This little air release mechanism has the potential to build up inside the radiator. Install the collector, or free upper output. is required for the installation of aluminum and bimetallic radiators on every heating appliance. Since the diameter of the collector is much smaller than the size of this device, an adapter is needed; however, since Maevsky taps typically come with adapters, all you really need to know is the collector’s diameter (connecting dimensions).

Maevsky crane and installation method

Apart from the Mayevsky crane, there are air vents that operate automatically. They have slightly larger sizes and are only made in brass or nickelled cases for some reason, but they can also be placed on radiators. White enamel is absent. They are rarely placed, despite the fact that they automatically lower the air, and the image is generally ugly.

This is the appearance of a small automatic air vent (larger models available).


The radiator’s outputs have four side connections. While the other two are occupied with the feed and reverse pipeline, the Maevsky crane is placed on the third. A plug blocks the fourth entrance. She is typically painted with white enamel, just like the majority of contemporary batteries, and her appearance is unaffected.

Where to install a Maevsky plug and crane with various connection methods

Controversial reinforcement

It will be necessary to add two more ball valves, or shut-off ones that can be adjusted. Both at the entrance and the exit, they are put on each battery. If these are standard ball valves, they are required for emergency repairs or replacement during the heating season so that you can, if needed, turn off and remove the radiator. In this scenario, the remainder of the system will function even if something were to happen to the radiator, which you will cut off. The small cost of ball valves is a benefit of this solution; the drawback is that heat transfer cannot be adjusted.

Cranes for radiator heating

Regulatory taps that can adjust the coolant flow’s intensity accomplish nearly the same functions as shut-off taps. They cost more, but they also have better external looks, eat in direct and angular designs, and let you adjust the heat transfer (to make it smaller), making the strapping itself more accurate.

You can place the thermostat after the ball valve following a ball crash, if you’d like. This is a comparatively tiny gadget that lets you adjust the heating device’s heat transfer. They cannot be installed if the radiator heats up slowly; this will make matters worse since they can only produce a smaller stream. There are various battery types available, including automatic electronic batteries, but mechanical batteries are used more frequently.

To hang on the walls, you’ll also need hooks or brackets. The size of the batteries determines their number:

  • If sections are not more than 8 or a radiator length of not more than 1.2 m, two points of fastening on top and one below are enough;
  • For each of the next 50 cm or 5-6 sections, one fasteners are added from above and below one.

Therefore, to seal compounds, you’ll need plumbing paste, flax winding, and FUM tape. You will need a second drill with drill bits, a level (ideally the level, but the standard bubble will do), and a suitable amount of dowels. Depending on the type of pipes, connecting pipes and fittings will also be required. That’s it.

Materials Needed Tools Needed
Thermostat Wire Strippers
Heating Cables Screwdriver
Insulation Tape Drill
Electrical Tape Measuring Tape
Wire Nuts Marker

Starting a do-it-yourself heating wiring project in your home can be gratifying and difficult at the same time. By taking charge of your heating system, you can potentially reduce installation costs and tailor it to your unique requirements. But it’s imperative that you approach this task cautiously and meticulously.

Your primary concern should always be safety first and foremost. Working with electricity can be dangerous, particularly if you don’t understand the fundamentals of wiring. Make sure you are well-versed in electrical safety procedures and laws before beginning any work. To make sure your plans are in compliance with the codes and to address any possible safety issues, think about speaking with a qualified electrician.

The secret to a successful DIY heating wiring project is preparation. Spend some time carefully planning the layout of your heating system, taking into account the locations of the thermostats, heating components, and wiring. Take into account elements like your home’s design, insulation levels, and the amount of heat each room needs. A well-planned strategy will reduce the possibility of mistakes and guarantee peak performance.

When choosing parts and materials for your heating wiring system, give dependability and quality top priority. Select products and brands that are reliable and made for use in residential heating applications. Investing in high-quality materials will pay off in the long run by lowering the likelihood of malfunctions and expensive repairs, even though it may be tempting to save costs by selecting less expensive alternatives.

Finally, if you run into problems while installing, don’t be afraid to ask for assistance. It’s acceptable to ask for help—whether from professionals you hire for guidance or from online communities you join. Recall that the purpose of do-it-yourself projects is to learn and develop in addition to saving money. You can successfully improve your home’s comfort and efficiency by approaching your heating wiring project with perseverance, diligence, and an openness to learning.

Video on the topic

How to mount heating in your house with your own hands.

What type of heating you would like to have in your home?
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